Contemporary Saudi Arabian female artists

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There are no public galleries exhibiting modern art in Saudi Arabia; however, there is a recent influx of commercial galleries and a growing grass-roots movement of artists which have acquired international status. Saudi Arabia is making its mark on the contemporary art scene and at the centre of this are women. They are noted for pushing at existing boundaries in the socially conservative country. Their work is largely feminist in nature posing questions on the current political climate and women’s rights. They question existing parameters and challenge proposed gender roles and social norms. They use art to express injustices felt and give voice to an otherwise marginalised self.[1]

Origins[edit]

The scene began in Saudi Arabia's Asir Province where Prince Khalid Al Faisal, himself a poet and artist inaugurated a cultural center that promoted young fresh talent. It was from this project that one of Saudi Arabia’s most prominent contemporary artists, Ahmed Mater emerged.[2] The coastal town of Jeddah also saw the emergence of a grass-roots art scene, where artists incorporated media outlets such as photography and video technology which enabled their work to make a transitional path through to the global art scene.[3] Under King Abdullah, the Saudi Arabian government has encouraged women to have better work and educational opportunities.[4] In September (2011) the government stated that in the future women would be able to vote in the Shura Council the appointed consultative council that advises the king and advocate women’s rights in the kingdom.[5][6] This has set into motion a burgeoning movement of female artists expressing themselves in the artistic domain. Manal Al Dowayan an artist central to the movement, claims that their art gives them voice otherwise denied them to express themselves in a society they have little opportunity to do so. Women are typically considered dependants and are often contingent on male guardians. They are subject to male guardianship laws which oblige them to seek permission from their husband, father or even son to work, travel, study and many other activities.[7]

Important shows[edit]

Nabatt[edit]

Nabatt: A Sense of Being (2010) is an exhibition of contemporary art from Saudi Arabia. It is presented by the Saudi Arabian Pavilion at the Shanghai World Expo.[8] Amongst the artists exhibiting, it features works by Shadia & Raja Alem,[9] Reem Al Faisal,[10] Lulwah Al Homoud,[11] Jowhara Al Saud,[12] Noha Al-Sharif[13] & Maha Mullah.[14] The show attempts at engaging with the diverse nature of life, notably human relationships and the interactions amongst and within social groups and communities.

Edge of Arabia[edit]

Edge of Arabia (2003) is a UK independent non-profit organisation, founded by an artist collective.

We Need to Talk: Jeddah[edit]

In January 2012, it organised a 40-piece exhibition entitled ‘We Need to Talk’. More than a third of the works displayed were by women.[15]

Come Together: London[edit]

In October 2012, it presented 'Come Together' curated by Stephen Stapleton displaying large-scale, multi-media work by leading Arab artists.[16] The name of the exhibition, Come Together was a reference to social networking channels and their influence on individual expression in the Arab World. The show featured the work of 30 emerging artists which included works by Saudi Arabia's Sarah Al Abdali[17] and Manal Al Dowayan.[18] In addition to the exhibition Edge of Arabia teamed up with The Crossway Foundation,[19] Dar Al Mamûn[20] and Future Shorts[21] to incorporate an education programme comprising workshops, film screenings, topical discussions, and guided exhibition tours.

Soft Power[edit]

Soft Power (September 26 – December 10, 2012) was the inaugural show at Alaan Artspace[22] art center in Saudi’s capital. The multifunction venue was Riyadh’s first curated contemporary art platform.[23] The name Alaan, meaning ‘now’ in Arabic is supposed to represent the energy and power of the prevailing art scene in Saudi Arabia. The exhibition shows works entirely created by women, whom are both diverse methodologically and in terms of their artistic style. Further, the founder, creative director and chief curator are all women.[24]

The gallery also hosts master classes and workshops, organized by Sara Raza (the former curator of public programmes for London’s Tate Modern Museum) teaching prospective artists about contemporary art. Moreover, Alaan Artspace funds its non-commercial exhibitions, commissions new works and offers free non-profit educational arts programming through revenues from its shop, restaurant and café.[25] Soft Power represents an innovative project, looking at the complex domain of a woman’s role and the position of women within contemporary Saudi society. It features three Saudi female artists Sarah Abu Abdallah,[26] Sarah Mohanna Al-Abdali[17] and Manal Al Dowayan.[18] The exhibition, rather than being explicitly political explores the subtleties of the political and social contentions prevalent in Saudi Arabia. Throughout the exhibition, there are references made to the guardianship laws adopted in Saudi Arabia. The female subjects represented; are givers, consumers, objects, power-brokers and caretakers.[27] As stated by the exhibitions website, the artists embrace ‘a nuanced and at times humorous approach towards exploring the position of women within contemporary society.’[28] The name of the exhibition encapsulates this stance, and the subjects of the works themselves, which attempt at reshaping the expected narrative. Moreover, it offers a platform for discussion and dialogue on matters concerning art in Saudi Arabia.

Prominent artists[edit]

Manal Al Dowayan[edit]

Manal Al Dowayan (1973) was born in Dhahran, the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Initially she studied computing and worked as an engineer and later decided to become an artist. Dowayan has rapidly become one of the leading advocates of contemporary artists in the Middle East. She studied abroad in a number of art institutions including London, Dubai and Bahrain.[29] She works mostly with photographs and installations and her work is largely feminist in nature. Her most revered piece is 'Suspended Together', a flock of doves made from paper chits . The doves are interlocked and made up of chits that women in Saudi Arabia must have signed by their husbands or male guardians to have permission to travel and carry out certain hospital procedures.

An internationally acclaimed artist, she has exhibited her work at Fluid Form: Contemporary Art from Arab Countries (2010) in Seoul [30] at Freedom to Create (2011) in New York [31] and at Simply Words in Switzerland (2012) [32]

Samiah Khashoggi[edit]

Samiah Khashoggi, born 1958 in Abha, is an interior designer, painter, and organizer of Saudiaat, an art exhibition. [33] In 1982, she graduated from Kingston University in the UK with a bachelor's degree in interior design, and in 2005 completed her Masters of Fine Arts from De Montfort University. She is an assistant professor of interior design at Dar Al Hekma College. [34] For a few years starting in 1983, she worked as the first female designer at her brother's furniture and design company.

Saudiaat[edit]

Working on her MFA required her to interview and organize an exhibit for local female artists. Her exhibition for her MFA turned into a regular exhibition called Saudiaat, featuring contemporary female Saudi Arabian artists. As well as featuring artwork, Saudiaat also supports local female artists and educates the public about the techniques involved in their work. As of 2012, the group has had four exhibitions, with the 2012 exhibition, titled "Directions", having been held in Jeddah.[35]

Other artists[edit]

Wadjda[edit]

Wadjda, is the first feature film to be made in Saudi Arabia it was directed by a woman. Haifaa Al Mansour, made her debut at the Venice film festival. Her feature film explores the restrictions placed on women in the conservative Islamic kingdom. It took her three years to have the permission and backing to make. It is a Saudi/German co-production, produced by the Berlin-based Razor Film Produktions with support from Rotana Studios.[36] It is the first film entirely shot in Saudi Arabia, documenting the everyday trials and tribulations of a young Saudi Arabian girl, Wadja. It encapsulates her childhood journey opposing social norms and restrictions both at home and school. Al Mansour hoped the film would help to change attitudes towards women and film both within and outside Saudi Arabia.[37] However, the film is yet to be seen in Saudi Arabia until its subsequent television release. Al Mansour claims to have faced a number of challenges casting and filming in a country steeped in conservative attitudes. She aimed to depict the segregation of women in Saudi Arabia. Namely, the fact that women have lower legal status than men, are subject to guardianship laws and are banned from driving.[38]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Llyod, Fran (2002)Contemporary Arab Women's Art: Dialogues of the Present: (Women's art library): ISBN 1860645992
  • Al Farsy, Fouad (2004) Modernity and Tradition: The Saudi Equation: Panarc International Ltd: ISBN 0-9548740-1-3
  • Amirsadeghi, Hossein (2009) New Vision: Arab Contemporary Art in the 21st Century: Thames & Hudson Ltd: ISBN 0500976988
  • Monem, Nadine (2009) Contemporary Art in the Middle East: Artworld: ISBN 1906155569
  • Bailey A. David, Gilane Tawadros (2003)Veil: Veiling, Representation, and Contemporary Art: First MIT Press: ISBN 0262523485
  • Ahmed, Leila (2003) Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate: Yale University Press: ISBN 0300055838
  • Eigner,Saeb (2010) Art of the Middle East: Modern and Contemporary Art of the Arab World and Iran: Merrell Publishers: ISBN 1858945003
  • Kluijver, Robert (2013) Contemporary Art in the Gulf: Contexts and Perspectives. Self-published, online at Gulf Art Guide/Essay

References[edit]

  1. ^ Art Features. "Saudi's fearless female artists". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  2. ^ "Saudi Arabia’s female artists express their Soft Power - The National". Thenational.ae. 2012-10-14. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ Isobel Cloleman. "From Women's Rights". Heinonline.org. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  5. ^ Monday,02 December, 2013 (2013-01-16). "Saudi-women-on-Shura-Council - Al-Ahram Weekly". Weekly.ahram.org.eg. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  6. ^ "2000-now: Cautious reforms". Gulf Art Guide. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  7. ^ Stay informed today and every day (2012-04-03). "Art in the Middle East: An avenue of free expression". The Economist. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ [3][dead link]
  10. ^ [4][dead link]
  11. ^ [5][dead link]
  12. ^ [6][dead link]
  13. ^ Noha Al-Sharif
  14. ^ [7][dead link]
  15. ^ "Jeddah: We Need To Talk - Exhibitions". Edge Of Arabia. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  16. ^ "#COMETOGETHER: LONDON - Exhibitions". Edge Of Arabia. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  17. ^ a b "Sarah Al Abdali - Artists". Edge Of Arabia. 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  18. ^ a b "Manal Al Dowayan - Artists". Edge Of Arabia. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  19. ^ "Crossway Foundation". Crossway Foundation. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  20. ^ [8][dead link]
  21. ^ "Next Generation Film Festival". Future Shorts. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  22. ^ "Alaan Art Space". Gulf Art Guide. 2012-11-25. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  23. ^ Alaan Artspace, opens next month in Riyadh (2012-08-23). "Saudi Arabia breaks onto contemporary art scene". The Art Newspaper. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  24. ^ subscribe. "Soft Power". Brownbook.me. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  25. ^ "Topical Thursday: Saudi Arabian Women, Drivers in the Dark". What Women Make. 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  26. ^ "Sarah Abu Abdallah - Artists". Edge Of Arabia. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  27. ^ "Saudi Arabia’s female artists express their Soft Power - The National". Thenational.ae. 2012-10-14. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  28. ^ "Blog - Alāan | الآن". Alaanart.com. 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  29. ^ "Manal". Manaldowayan.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  30. ^ "FLUID FORM I: Contemporary Art & Urban Design from The Middle East - 10 Magazine Korea | 10 Magazine Korea". 10mag.com. 2010-05-19. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  31. ^ "Artists :: Manal Al Dowayan". Freedom to Create. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  32. ^ "'Simply Words?' Exhibition - News". Frameweb. 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  33. ^ Greenbox dictionary of Saudi Arabian artists -- Samiah Khashoggi. Greenbox.
  34. ^ Khashoggi, the woman behind Saudiaat. Saudi Gazzette. March 21, 2012.
  35. ^ Saudi women artists mount 4th Saudiaat exhibit Saudi Gazzette. Doha Ghouth. April 14, 2012.
  36. ^ "The film director who's not allowed to go to the movies - CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  37. ^ "Wajda: Film by first female Saudi director wins critical acclaim at Venice Film Festival". Riyadh Connect. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  38. ^ Venice Film Festival. "Wadjda director: Saudi women 'have to fight'". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 

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