2006 in aviation

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This is a list of aviation-related events from 2006:

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

  • 1 February – UAL Corporation, United Airlines '​ parent company, emerges from bankruptcy for the first time since 9 December 2002, the longest such filing in history.
  • 8–11 February – The American adventurer Steve Fossett breaks the record for the absolute longest-distance flight without landing by taking off from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida, on 8 February, circumnavigating the world eastbound, and, after passing over Florida, continuing across the Atlantic Ocean for a second time to land in Bournemouth, England, after a flight of 76 hours 43 minutes, covering 42,469.46 km (26,373.54 miles).
  • 16 February – Kobe Airport, a controversial offshore airport in Kobe, Japan, opens for airline service.

March[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

  • 7 July – An Antonov An-12B operated by Mango Airlines of the Democratic Republic of the Congo suffers an engine failure after departure from Goma for a domestic flight to Kisangani. While attempting to return to Goma, it crashes into a hill and burns 10 km (6.2 miles) northwest of Sake, killing all six people aboard.
  • 8 July – Scientists at the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, conduct the first confirmed flight of a manned ornithopter operating under its own power.
  • 9 July – S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310-300, crashes on landing at Irkutsk International Airport in Irkutsk, Russia, killing 124 of the 203 people on board and injuring all 79 survivors.
  • 10 July – All 45 people aboard Pakistan International Airlines Flight 688, a Fokker F27 Friendship, die in a crash on takeoff in Multan, Pakistan. Following the crash, Pakistan International withdraws all of its Fokker aircraft from service and replaces them with ATR aircraft.
  • 12 July – The 2006 Lebanon War begins when Hezbollah attacks against northern Israel prompt an Israeli response that includes air strikes against Hezbollah and transportation targets in Lebanon.[6]
  • 13 July – The Israeli Air Force bombs Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport in Lebanon, forcing it to close and international flights bound for Beirut to divert to Cyprus; Israel claims that Hezbollah has used the airport to smuggle arms and declares an air blockade of Lebanon.[7] Israeli aircraft also bomb the main highway between Beirut and Damascus, Syria,[8] as well as Hezbollah long-range missile launch sites and stockpiles, destroying 59 missile launchers in 34 minutes.[9]
  • 14 July – Israeli aircraft bomb the offices of the Secretary General of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah.[10]
  • 15 July – The Israeli Air Force destroys Hezbollah '​s headquarters in Haret Hreik, Lebanon, and several offices and residences of senior Hezbollah officials, and Israeli attack helicopters pound targets in central Beirut.[11]
  • 19 July – Israeli warplanes carry out airstrikes against over 200 Hezbollah targets in Lebanon, including buildings and command posts, vehicles, and rocket launchers.[12]
  • 20 July – Israel carries out 150 airstrikes on Lebanon, targeting Hezbollah structures, bases, headquarters, ammunition warehouses, vehicles, and rockets.[13]
  • 21 July – Israel continues its airstrikes on Lebanon while massing troops on the border.[14] Two Israeli helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Israel, leaving one Israeli soldier dead and three injured.[15]
  • 21–26 July – The 17th FAI World Precision Flying Championship is held in Troyes, France. Individual winners are 1. Krzysztof Wieczorek (Poland) in a 3Xtrim, 2. Janusz Darocha (Poland) in a Cessna 152, 3. Krzysztof Skrętowicz (Poland) in a 3Xtrim. Team winners are 1. Poland, 2. Czech Republic, 3. France.
  • 22 July – Israeli aircraft conduct over 90 airstrikes against targets in Lebanon, hitting Hezbollah headquarters and buildings, media facilities, rocket launching sites, and major roads.[16]
  • 24 July – An Israeli Apache attack helicopter on its way to support ground forces in Lebanon crashes in northern Israel, killing its two-man crew. Hezbollah claims to have shot it down, while Israel says that the helicopter may have been hit by friendly fire.[17][18]
  • 25 July – The Israeli Air Force conducts 100 airstrikes on southern Lebanon and Beirut.[19]
  • 26 July
    • Israeli warplanes and artillery attack and destroy a United Nations observer post in Lebanon, killing all four United Nations observers inside. Israel claims that it had been trying to hit Hezbollah fighters in the vicinity, and did not target United Nations personnel deliberately.[20][21]
    • An Israeli airstrike scores a direct hit on Hezbollah '​s missile command center in Tyre, Lebanon.[22]
  • 26–31 July – The 15th FAI World Rally Flying Championship takes place in Troyes, France. Individual winners are Wacław Wieczorek/Michał Wieczorek (Poland), Jiří Filip/Michal Filip (Czech Republic), and Petr Opat/Tomas Rajdl (Czech Republic). Team winners are 1. Czech Republic, 2. Poland, and 3. France.
  • 27 July – Israeli warplanes carry out 120 airstrikes in Lebanon, hitting suspected Hezbollah hideouts in hills and mountainous areas of the Bekaa Valley and targets in Beirut.[23]
  • 29 July – Israeli Air Force airstrikes in Lebanon hit targets in Beirut, destroy Hezbollah long-range rocket launchers which had been used to attack Afula, destroy two bridges on the Orontes River and a road on the Lebanon-Syria border, and destroy a house in the Old City of Bint Jbeil, killing three Hezbollah fighters including commanders Khalid Bazzi and Sayiid Abu Tam. One Israeli airstrike wounds two Indian peacekeepers in Lebanon.[24][25]
  • 30 July – An Israeli airstrike hits an apartment building in Qana, Lebanon, killing 28 civilians, more than half of them children.[26] The airstrike is widely condemned.
  • 31 July – Israel announces a 48-hour halt to airstrikes depending on "operational developments" in Lebanon. However, Israeli airstrikes hit targets in southern Lebanon later in the day after Hezbollah attacks an Israeli tank, wounding three Israeli soldiers.[27]

August[edit]

  • 2 August – Ferried by helicopter, commandos of the Israeli Air Force '​s Shaldag Unit storm a Hezbollah stronghold in Baalbek, Lebanon, 100 km (62 miles) from the border with Israel in Operation Sharp and Smooth.[28] They kill 19 Hezbollah combatants and seize military equipment.
  • 3 August – Hezbollah Secretary General Hassan Nasrallah warns Israel against further strikes against targets in Beirut and promises retaliation against Tel Aviv if such strikes continue.[29] He also says that Hezbollah will stop its rocket campaign against Israel if Israel ceases aerial and artillery strikes against Lebanese towns and villages.[30]
  • 4 August – Israel aircraft attack the southern outskirts of Beirut, and an Israeli airstike against a building in the area of al-Qaa in Lebanon '​s Bekaa Valley kills 33 farm workers.[31] IDF aircraft also strike a number of Hezbollah targets throughout Lebanon and hit the office of Hamas in Beirut. Thirty of the airstrikes are meant to disrupt the firing of Hezbollah rockets into Israel.[32]
  • 5 August – The Israeli Air Force attacks over 80 Hezbollah targets in Lebanon.[33]
  • 6 August – The Israeli Air Force carries out airstrikes in Lebanon that kill at least 12 civilians, one Lebanese Army soldier, and a Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command militant.[34]
  • 7 August
    • The Israeli Air Force attacks over 150 targets in Lebanon. During the strikes, Israeli aircraft bomb the Shiyyah suburb in Beirut, destroying three apartment buildings and killing at least 50 people.[35]
    • The Israeli Air Force shoots down a Hezbollah unmanned aerial vehicle.[36]
  • 10 August – British authorities announce that a plot to simultaneously denonate bombs smuggled in hand luggage aboard ten airliners bound for the United States over the Atlantic Ocean has been foiled.[37] Tightened security measures in the United Kingdom and United States and flight cancellations which happen afterwards cause severe chaos at several London airports.
  • 11 August – Hezbollah shoots down an Israeli CH-53 Yas'ur helicopter with an anti-tank missile, killing five aircrew members.[38][39] Hezbollah claims it attacked the helicopter with a Waad missile.[40]
  • 13 August – The Israeli Air Force shoots down two Hezbollah unmanned aerial vehicles, one of which was carrying at least 30 kilograms (66 pounds) of explosives.[41][42]
  • 14 August
    • The Israeli Air Force claims to have killed the head of Hezbollah’s special forces, identified as Sajed Dewayer, in an airstrike. Hezbollah denies the claim.[43]
    • A ceasefire brings the 2006 Lebanon War to a close. The Israeli Air Force has flown more than 12,000 sorties during the war.[44]
  • 18 August – Lebanese police sources report that Israeli Air Force planes had fired missiles at Baalbek, Lebanon. Lebanese officials later contradict the claim.[45]
  • 19 August – Airlifted by helicopters with two Humvees to a location near Baalbek, Lebanon, Israeli Sayeret Matkal commandos led by Lieutenant Colonel Emmanuel Moreno launch a raid in Lebanon '​s Bekaa Valley to disrupt arms shipments to Hezbollah, attacking a Hezbollah base in the village of Bodei being used for weapons smuggling. Strikes by Israeli Air Force jets and attack helicopters prevent Hezbollah reinforcements from reaching the battle or encircling the commandos, who are eventually extracted after a gunfight with Hezbollah forces in which Moreno dies.[46]
  • 22 August – Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612, a Tupolev Tu-154M carrying 160 passengers and 10 crew on a domestic flight from Anapa to Saint Petersburg, Russia, descends sharply from 37,000 feet (11,278 m) and crashes in eastern Ukraine, killing everyone on board.
  • 25 August – The first Block 20 RQ-4 Global Hawk is rolled out at Northrop Grumman '​s Plant 42 manufacturing facility in Palmdale, California.
  • 27 August

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

First flights[edit]

April[edit]

June[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

  • 23 October – Production CH-47F

December[edit]

Entered service[edit]

Retirements[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iraq Terror Chief Killed In Airstrike". CBS News. June 8, 2006. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Strike Hits Insurgent at Safehouse"
  3. ^ Knickmeyer, Ellen; Finer, Jonathan (June 8, 2006). "Insurgent Leader Al-Zarqawi Killed in Iraq". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Tucson Raytheon had role in al-Zarqawi death". Arizona Daily Star. June 9, 2006. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Middle East". The New York Times. 11 June 2006. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  6. ^ "Israel battles militants on two fronts". Reuters. 13 July 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  7. ^ Hasson, Nir; Jack Khoury, Amos Harel, Aluf Benn, and Gideon Alon (14 July 2006). "Israel targets Hezbollah stronghold in Beirut suburb". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 4 June 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2008. 
  8. ^ Hasson, Nir; Jack Khoury, Amos Harel, Aluf Benn, and Gideon Alon (14 July 2006). "Israel targets Hezbollah stronghold in Beirut suburb". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 4 June 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2008. 
  9. ^ Benn, Aluf (2 April 2008). "Report: IAF wiped out 59 Iranian missile launchers in 34 minutes". Haaretz Daily Newspaper. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Hezbollah leader vows 'open war'". BBC News. 15 July 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  11. ^ "Israel destroys Hezbollah chief's HQ". Mail & Guardian Online. 15 July 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  12. ^ John Pike. "Operation Change of Direction". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  13. ^ John Pike. "Operation Change of Direction". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  14. ^ Asthana, Anushka (21 July 2006). "Israel calls up reservists for push into Lebanon". The Times (UK). Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  15. ^ Israeli helicopter pilot dies in border collision, Euronews, 21 July 2006
  16. ^ ynetnews.com
  17. ^ Katz, Yaakov, "Friendly Fire May Have Downed Apache", Jerusalem Post, 25 July 2006
  18. ^ Greenburg, Hanan, "Officer, Soldier Killed in Lebanon Battle, Ynetnews, 25 July 2006
  19. ^ "Fighting rages as Israel besieges Hezbollah border HQ". The Daily Star. 25 July 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  20. ^ "Israeli bomb kills UN observers". BBC News. 26 July 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  21. ^ "Soldier missing at UN border post, presumed dead". CTV television network. 26 July 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  22. ^ Katz, Yaakov, "8 Soldiers Killed in Battle of Bint Jbail, Jerusalem Post, 26 July 2006.
  23. ^ "Israel readies more troops for Lebanon conflict". The Daily Star. 28 July 2006. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  24. ^ "ynet הצנחנים שבו לבינת ג'ביל והרגו 20 מחבלים – חדשות היום". Ynet.co.il. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  25. ^ Ze'ev Schiff, Amos Harel and Agencies. "IAF hits road on Lebanon-Syria border". Haaretz Daily Newspaper. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  26. ^ "Israel/Lebanon: Qana Death Toll at 28". Human Rights Watch. 2 August 2006. Archived from the original on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2008. 
  27. ^ John Pike. "Operation Change of Direction". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  28. ^ "Lebanon: Israel's Strategic Raid on Baalbek". Stratfor. 2 August 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  29. ^ "Lebanese Hezbollah warns of rocket attacks at Tel Aviv if Beirut struck", People's Daily, 4 August 2006
  30. ^ (Hebrew) "Mabat", IBA, 3 August 2006.
  31. ^ Raved, Ahiya (4 August 2006). "For first time: Hizbullah targets Hadera area". Ynetnews. Archived from the original on 29 June 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2008. 
  32. ^ John Pike. "Operation Change of Direction". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  33. ^ John Pike. "Operation Change of Direction". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  34. ^ John Pike. "Operation Change of Direction". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  35. ^ "Katz, Hezbollah UAV shot down off Acre coast". The Jerusalem Post. 8/6/6. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  36. ^ "Katz, Hezbollah UAV shot down off Acre coast". The Jerusalem Post. 8/6/6. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  37. ^ "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, 10 August 2011, p. 30.
  38. ^ "Security and Defense: Coordinating capabilities". Jerusalem Post. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  39. ^ "Israel studies CH-53 shoot-down". Flightglobal. 6 August 2006. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  40. ^ "Hezbollah downs Israeli helicopter". Al Jazeera. 16 March 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  41. ^ "Eshel, Israel intercepts two attack UAVs launched by Hezbollah". Defense Update. 8/14/9. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  42. ^ "Strategy Page, Hizbollah cruise missiles shot down". Strateypage.com. 8/15/6. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  43. ^ Greenberg, Hanan (16 August 2006). "IDF: Senior Hizbullah man killed before truce". Ynetnews. Retrieved 13 July 2008. 
  44. ^ "The war in numbers". Jane's Defence Weekly. 23 August 2006. 
  45. ^ Janelle, Chantelle (18 August 2006). "Israel flies over Lebanon, but no airstrikes". WIS-TV. Retrieved 21 August 2006. 
  46. ^ Glick, Caroline, "Our World: Emanuel Moreno's Legacy," Jerusalem Post, 22 August 2006.
  47. ^ Seattle Times
  48. ^ Georgia-South Ossetia: Helicopter attack sparks hostile words. ReliefWeb, September 8, 2006.
  49. ^ Dakroub, Hussein (9 September 2006). "Israel ends naval blockade of Lebanon". Toronto Star/AP. Retrieved 13 July 2008. 
  50. ^ Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: A Premier Fighter," Naval History, April 2012, p. 14.
  51. ^ (French) L'armée française au Liban se sent menacée par Israël, Le Figaro
  52. ^ "Germany, Israel confirm naval vessel-planes incident". Telugu Portal. October 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  53. ^ "Germany, Israel confirm naval vessel-planes incident". Middle East News. October 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2011. [dead link]
  54. ^ "Israel denies firing shots at German ship". Ynetnews. October 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2011. [dead link]
  55. ^ Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: A Premier Fighter," Naval History, April 2012, p. 14.