Continuous wound infiltration
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2010)|
Continuous wound infiltration first appeared on the market in the late 1990s when a US company (I-Flow Corporation) found a way to evenly spread and continuously infiltrate a local anesthetic via a specially designed multi holed catheter inside the wound, to enable post-op pain treatment.
The benefits of wound infiltration are quite prominent which is the reason why "single shot" wound infiltration has already been done for several decades. The limiting factor of the single shot approach has always been the half-life period of the local anesthetics which would not allow a long term post-op pain treatment.
A local anesthetic is administered into the wound with a specially designed, multi-holed catheter. The catheter allows for even spread throughout the entire area of the wound, depending on the size of the catheter.
The surgeon places the catheter during surgery shortly before closing the surgical incision. For best catheter placement and nerve blockage, the catheter must be located as close as possible to the nerve. Tunneling should be applied if a distal infiltration of the adjacent nerve root is preferred.
For thoracic and abdominal surgeries, the surgeon will place the catheter superior to the respective fascias. For thoracic surgeries, the catheter goes superior to the pleura. For all type of abdominal surgeries the catheter should be close to the peritoneum.
After put in place, the catheter is connected to an elastomeric pump that ensures a constant delivery of the anesthetic and also serves as the drug container. Depending on the flow rate and the pump size, one pump can provide continuous wound infiltration for several days.
CWI is considered as an alternative to other regional anesthetic techniques: peripheral nerve blocks and spinal-epidural anesthesia. It is especially applicable where those techniques are contra-indicated.
The medical outcome in most cases is beneficial for the patient because of a faster return to normal body functions, less pain, faster rehabilitation and less side infections.
Continuous wound infiltration may last for up to 5 days depending on the size of the elastomeric pump that is attached to the catheter.