This article has multiple issues.
Please help or discuss these issues on the improve it . talk page
This article's factual accuracy is . disputed (December 2011)
This article is incomplete. (March 2010)
contrasting and categorisation of emotions describes how emotions are thought to relate to each other. Various recent proposals of such groupings are described in the following sections.
Contrasting basic emotions [ edit ]
The following table,
based on a wide review of current theories, identifies and contrasts the fundamental emotions according to a set of definite criteria. The three key criteria used include: 1) mental experiences that have a strongly motivating subjective quality like pleasure or pain; 2) mental experiences that are in response to some event or object that is either real or imagined; 3) mental experiences that motivate particular kinds of behaviour. The combination of these attributes distinguish the emotions from sensations, feelings and moods. [1 ]
Kind of Emotion
Related to object properties
Attraction, desire, admiration
Aversion, disgust, revulsion
Indifference, familiarity, habituation
Joy, elation, triumph, jubilation
Pride in achievement, selfconfidence, sociability
Embarrassment, shame, guilt, remorse
Avarice, greed, miserliness, envy, jealousy
HUMAINE's proposal for EARL (Emotion Annotation and Representation Language) [ edit ]
emotion annotation and representation language (EARL) proposed by the Human-Machine Interaction Network on Emotion (HUMAINE) classifies 48 emotions. [2 ]
Parrott's emotions by groups [ edit ]
tree-structured list of emotions was described in Shaver et al. (1987), and also featured in Parrott (2001). [3 ] [4 ] [5 ]
Plutchik's wheel of emotions [ edit ]
Plutchik's Wheel of Emotions
Robert Plutchik created a wheel of emotions in 1980 which consisted of 8 basic emotions and 8 advanced emotions each composed of 2 basic ones. [6 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Robinson, D. L. (2009). Brain function, mental experience and personality. The Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 64, 152-167".
^ "HUMAINE Emotion Annotation and Representation Language" . Retrieved June 30, 2006.
^ Shaver, P., Schwartz, J., Kirson, D., & O'connor, C. (1987). Emotion knowledge: further exploration of a prototype approach. Journal of personality and social psychology, 52(6), 1061.
^ Changing Minds: Basic emotions
^ Parrott, W. (2001), Emotions in Social Psychology, Psychology Press, Philadelphia.
^ Plutchik, R. "The Nature of Emotions". American Scientist . Retrieved 14 April 2011.
External links [ edit ]