Control (Janet Jackson song)
|Single by Janet Jackson|
|from the album Control|
|B-side||"Fast Girls", "Pretty Boy"|
|Released||October 21, 1986|
|Format||7" single, 12" single|
Flyte Tyme Studios
|Genre||Dance-pop, R&B, new jack swing|
|Length||5:55 (album version)
3:26 (single version)
|Writer(s)||James Harris III, Terry Lewis, Janet Jackson|
|Producer(s)||Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis|
|Janet Jackson singles chronology|
"Control" is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Janet Jackson for her third album Control (1986). It was written by Jackson, James Harris III, and Terry Lewis and produced by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis. The song was released as the fourth single from the album on October 21, 1986 by A&M Records. Its arrangement, built upon complex rhythmic tracks, showcased state-of-the-art production. The song is about Jackson wanting to finally take control of her life.
In 1988, the song won a Soul Train Music Award for Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music Video, beating out her brother Michael, Whitney Houston, and Jody Watley.
Jackson has performed the song on many of her tours, including Rhythm Nation 1814 Tour, The Velvet Rope Tour, All for You Tour, Rock Witchu Tour, and Number Ones: Up Close and Personal. The only tour that it was not included on was the janet. Tour.
Released in 1986, the single peaked at number five on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, becoming Jackson's fourth consecutive top five hit on the chart; it also peaked at number one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and the Hot Dance Club Play charts. The song captured a pivotal moment off the album by showcasing a female streak of independence. It was the 37th biggest Hot 100 single of 1987, the fifth biggest Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs single of 1987, and the ninth biggest-selling 12" single of 1987. In the UK it missed the top 40, peaking at number 42.
The music video was directed by Mary Lambert who had previously directed the video for "Nasty". The video shows Jackson playing a young singer preparing for her first gig, only to end up arguing with her parents because she wants to move out of the family home and live on her own. Her father is deadset against her plan. When he refuses to discuss the subject any further, she storms out of the house and is greeted in the driveway by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Jellybean Johnson, and Jerome Benton. They take her to a concert hall to perform her single "Control" where she shows that she wants to be "the one in control". The video version of the song is different from the album version. The nine-minute video was made available on the iTunes Store on April 27, 2007. Ja'net Dubois, who co-starred on Good Times with Jackson in the 1970s, plays her mother in the video. Paula Abdul choreographed the video.
The live footage was recorded at the Grand Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles. Both Lambert and producer Sharon Oreck recall it as a difficult and trying experience; Oreck said in 2011 that it was her "worst nightmare" of the many videos she had produced. The crowd, which had been told that they would see Janet Jackson perform, had expected a free concert. "Instead we gave them 50 takes of Janet lip-synching 'Control,'" said Oreck.
At the time, Janet Jackson was in the midst of firing her father, Joe Jackson, from his position as her manager. Oreck said he was bitter and taking it out on everybody else. He told Oreck that he would not let Janet sit on the trapeze she is seen being lowered onto the stage in unless there was $1 million of liability insurance coverage on her. She told the record company, which responded "Don't tell him anything, but don't tell him no, because we don't say no to Joe Jackson." This evasiveness did not work, and he became even angrier and threatened her with violence. Finally Lambert told A&M she and Oreck would quit the video unless they told Joe Jackson his daughter was insured.
The situation got worse later in the shoot. A&M told Lambert they wanted more white people visible in the audience. There were a few scattered throughout, and under the guise of simple repositioning she began having them sit further forward. Eventually the crowd as a whole figured out what was really happening, and grew angry. Lambert told the record company representative that she absolutely could not go on due to the potential for violence, and he went out and explained things to the crowd, which calmed down enough to complete the video.
Jackson has performed the song on many of her tours, excluding her Janet World Tour. It opened her first concert tour Rhythm Nation 1814 Tour in 1990. It began with Jackson rising out of the floor perched upon a steel lift that resembled an oil rig. As she rose through the fog, she started singing the song. The song was performed during a "frenzied" medley of "Control" "The Pleasure Principle", "Nasty" and "Throb" on the The Velvet Rope Tour in 1998. The medley at the October 11, 1998 show in New York City, at the Madison Square Garden, was broadcast during a special titled The Velvet Rope: Live in Madison Square Garden by HBO. It was also added to the setlist at its DVD release, The Velvet Rope Tour – Live in Concert in 1999. During the All for You Tour in 2001 and 2002, "What Have You Done for Me Lately" was performed in a re-worked version, during a medley with "Control" and "Nasty". According to Denise Sheppard from Rolling Stone, it was "another crowd favorite; perhaps best dubbed as the "bitter" portion of the night", also adding that "this performer - who has been performing onstage for twenty-eight years - knows what the crowd comes for and gives it to them in spades". The February 16, 2002 final date of the tour at the Aloha Stadium in Hawaii, was broadcast by HBO, and included a performance of it. This rendition was also added to the setlist at its DVD release, Janet: Live in Hawaii, in 2002.
On December 4, 2006, Jackson opened the Billboard Music Awards with a medley of past hits "Control", "The Pleasure Principle" and new single "So Excited", accompanied by black and red-clad dancers. For her first tour in seven years Rock Witchu Tour in 2008, she chose to open the show a medley with "The Pleasure Principle", "Control" and "What Have You Done for Me Lately". After an interlude, Jackson made her entrance amid fireworks and theatrical smoke to perform the medley, while donning a Mohawk hairstyle. While promoting her second greatest hits album Number Ones, the singer performed an eight-minute medley of six hits during the American Music Awards of 2009. It included "Control", "Miss You Much", "What Have You Done for Me Lately", "If", "Make Me", and finished with "Together Again".
Usage in media and covers
In 1990, the Philippine Basketball Association covered the song was used as a credits for the highlights of the PBA All-Filipino Conference in the longtime television partner Vintage Sports a sports-oriented media company was aired on PTV-4. It was the Game 7 of the 1990 All-Filipino Conference Finals between the Presto Tivolis vs. Purefoods Hotdogs, Presto wins 115-96 in Game 7 before the credits of this song.
In 2011, the song was included in the Dance Central DLC setlist to be played using Kinect for the Xbox 360. The song is also listed in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's list of 500 songs that shaped rock and roll.
Glee covered the song in the Season 3 Sectionals episode "Hold On to Sixteen" where the New Directions covered a trio of Jackson songs. Dianna Agron (as Quinn Fabray) opens the song, with leads sung by Darren Criss (as Blaine Anderson) and Kevin McHale (as Artie Abrams).
- Album version – 5:53
- A cappella – 3:56
- Design of a Decade US edit – 5:15
- 7" edit – 3:26
- Extended mix – 7:33
- Dub version – 5:55
- Video mix – 6:02
- Video mix edit – 4:35
|Australian Kent Music Report||82|
|Belgian Singles Chart (Flanders)||20|
|Canadian Singles Chart||18|
|Dutch Top 40||12|
|New Zealand Singles Chart||16|
|UK Singles Chart||42|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||5|
|U.S. Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs||1|
|U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Club Play||1|
|End-of-year chart (1987)||Position|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||37|
Chart procession and succession
"Brand New Lover" by Dead or Alive
|U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Club Play number-one single
December 20, 1986 – January 3, 1987
"Musique Non Stop" by Kraftwerk
"Girlfriend" by Bobby Brown
|U.S. Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs number-one single
January 10, 1987
"Stop to Love" by Luther Vandross
- Marks, Craig; Tannenbaum, Rob (2011). I Want My MTV: The Uncensored Story of the Music Video Revolution. New York, NY: Dutton. pp. 289–90. ISBN 978-0-525-95230-5.
- The Velvet Rope Tour – Live in Concert (Laserdisc, VHS, DVD). Janet Jackson. Eagle Rock Entertainment. 1999.
- "Janet Opens the American Music Awards". JanetJackson.com. November 27, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- Kaufman, Gil (November 22, 2009). "Janet Jackson Kicks Off American Music Awards With Energetic Medley". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
- 1990 Highlights of the All-Filipino Conference on YouTube
- "Janet in Australia". MJJ Charts. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "Janet in Belgium". MJJ Charts. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "RPM weekly magazine". RPM. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 49 – 1986". Radio 538 (in Dutch). Top 40. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "charts.org.nz – Janet Jackson – Control". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. charts.org.nz. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- "Chart Stats – Janet Jackson – Control". The Official Charts Company. Chart Stats. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "Control > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- Billboard Top 100 - 1987 - Longbored Surfer - Charts