United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

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United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Type Organized crime; international criminal law
Drafted 15 November 2000
Signed 12 December 2000
Location New York City, United States
Effective 29 September 2003
Condition 40 ratifications
Signatories 147
Parties 179
Depositary Secretary-General of the United Nations
Languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) is a 2000 United Nations-sponsored multilateral treaty against transnational organized crime. The Convention was adopted by a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on 15 November 2000. As of August 2014, the Convention has been ratified by 180 states.[1] It is also called the Palermo Convention, and its three protocols (the Palermo Protocols) are:[2]

All four of these instruments contain elements of the current international law on human trafficking, arms trafficking and money laundering. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) acts as custodian of the UNTOC and its protocols.

The Convention came into force on 29 September 2003.

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