Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
States parties and signatories of the convention. States parties in dark blue. State signatories in light blue
|Drafted||2 December 1949 (approval by the UN General Assembly)|
|Signed||21 March 1950|
|Location||Lake Success, New York|
|Effective||25 July 1951|
|Condition||Ratification by 2 states|
|Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others at Wikisource|
The Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others is a resolution of the UN General Assembly. The preamble states:
"Whereas prostitution and the accompanying evil of the traffic in persons for the purpose of prostitution are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person and endanger the welfare of the individual, the family and the community"
It was approved by the General Assembly on 2 December 1949 and came into effect on 25 July 1951. In 2012, eighty-two states were party to the convention (see map). Additionally, thirteen states had signed the convention but had not yet ratified it.
The Convention requires state signatories to punish any person who "procures, entices or leads away, for purposes of prostitution, another person, even with the consent of that person", "exploits the prostitution of another person, even with the consent of that person", run brothels or rent accommodations for prostitution purposes. It also prescribes procedures for combating international traffic for the purpose of prostitution, including extradition of offenders.
Furthermore, Member States are required to abolish all regulations that subject prostitutes "to special registration or to the possession of a special document or to any exceptional requirements for supervision or notification". And also they are required to take the necessary measure for the supervision of employment agencies in order to prevent persons seeking employment, in partucular women and children, from being exposed to the danger of prostitution (Article 20). And If any dispute shall arise between the Parties the present Convention relating to its interpretation or application, the dispute shall, at the request of any one of the Parties to the dispute, be referred to the International Court of Justice (Article 22).
The Centre for Human Rights, specifically the secretariat of the Working Group on Slavery, in close co-operation with the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs of the Department of International Economic and Social Affairs actively monitors this resolution.
- 1921 International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children
- Human trafficking
- Prostitution law
- Sexual slavery
- International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
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