Convention of Shkodër

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The Convention of Shkodër[1] (Modern Turkish: İşkodra Barışı, also known as Convention of Scutari) was a treaty signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Principality of Montenegro on 31 August 1862.[1]

Background[edit]

The principality of Montenegro was a vassal of Ottoman Empire. During the first half of the 19th century the Ottoman dominance was weakened and Nikola I, the prince of Montenegro, felt free to support a rebellion in the neighbouring Ottoman province of Herzegovina.[citation needed] Ottoman general Ömer Pasha, who was in charge of suppressing the rebellion, defeated the rebels and marched towards Cetinje (then the capital of Montenegro) .

The treaty[edit]

The treaty was signed in Scutari in Ottoman Empire (present-day Shkodër, Albania) after Montenegro sued for peace. The terms were[citation needed]

  1. Vassal status of Montenegro (as well as province borderline) was ratified
  2. Nikola’s father who had fought against Ottomans was deported
  3. Weapon import to Montenegro was banned
  4. The provincial borderline between Monternegro and Herzegovina was put under Ottoman military control

Aftermath[edit]

Montenegro became independent by the Treaty of Berlin signed after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Erik Goldstein, Wars and Peace Treaties: 1816 to 1991, Routledge, 1992, ISBN 978-0-203-97682-1, p. 28.