Convention on Domestic Workers
|Convention concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers|
Parties to the convention (green)
other ILO members (Grey)
|Signed||16 June 2011|
|Effective||5 September 2013|
|Ratifiers||11 (Bolivia, Ecuador, Germany, Guyana, Italy, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Philippines, South Africa, Uruguay)|
|Depositary||Director-General of the International Labour Office|
|Languages||French and English|
The Convention on Domestic Workers, formally the Convention concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers is a convention setting labour standards for domestic workers. It is the 189th ILO convention and was adopted during the 100th session of the International Labour Organization. It entered into force on 5 September 2013.
The main rights given to domestic workers as decent work are daily and weekly (at least 24 h) rest hours, entitlement to minimum wage and to choose the place where they live and spend their leave. Ratifying states parties should also take protective measures against violence and should enforce a minimum age which is consistent with the minimum age at other types of employment. Workers furthermore have a right to a clear (preferably written) communication of employment conditions which should in case of international recruitment be communicated prior to immigration. They are furthermore not required to reside at the house where they work, or to stay at the house during their leave.
Adoption and entry into force
The convention was put to vote on 16 June 2011 by a vote at the ILO conference in Geneva. As ILO is a tripartite organization, for every country the government, employers and workers' representatives are entitled to vote. The convention was adopted with 396 votes in favour and 16 against (and 63 abstentions). All Persian Gulf states voted in support, while abstentions were cast by (amongst others) the United Kingdom.
The convention entered into force one year after ratification by two countries, which is a standard entry into force condition for ILO conventions. Ratifications are to be communicated to the Secretary-general of the ILO.
On 26 April 2012, the Uruguayan parliament approved the convention and thereby became the first country to ratify it, followed by presidential assent on 30 April 2012 and deposit of its instrument of ratification in June 2012.
The Philippines became the second country to ratify the convention on 6 August 2012. The convention was signed by President Aquino on 18 May 2012 and ratified by the Philippines senate on 6 August 2012. The Philippines deposited its ratification on 5 September 2012; the convention thus came into force one year later on 5 September 2013.
- One year on, Uruguay is first to ratify ILO domestic work Convention ILO
- "Domestic Workers Convention: Labor Rights Treaty to Take Effect". Human Rights Watch. 6 August 2012.
- "Italy ratifies the Domestic Workers Convention". International Labour Organization. 22 Jan 2013. Retrieved 24 Jan 2013.
- "100th ILO annual Conference decides to bring an estimated 53 to 100 million domestic workers worldwide under the realm of labour standards". International Labour Organization. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- Hui Min Neo (16 June 2011). "ILO passes landmark treaty to protect domestic workers". Global Nation Inquirer. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "Uruguay First Country to Ratify C189". International Domestic Workers' Network. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "Uruguay: First to Ratify Domestic Workers Convention". Human Rights Watch. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- Full text of Convention 189 & Recommendation 201 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers at the website of ILO (also available in other languages)