Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons
The Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons is an international treaty regulating the extradition and social rehabilitation of imprisoned persons. The convention was elaborated in Strasbourg on 21 March 1983 and entered into force on 1 July 1985. It has been ratified by 64 countries, including every country of the Council of Europe (except Monaco). It has also been ratified by 18 states outside the Council of Europe, including Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, and the United States. The convention, in particular, gives foreigners convicted of a criminal offence the possibility of serving their sentences in their home countries.
Terms and conditions
According to convention, the extradition (transfer) may be requested by either the state in which the sentence was imposed (called "sentencing State") or the state of which the sentenced person is a national (called "administering State").
As per Article 12, each party of the convention may grant pardon or commutation of the sentence in accordance with its constitution or other laws.