Conversion table for Y chromosome haplogroups

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In human population genetics, Y-Chromosome haplogroups define the major lineages of direct paternal (male) lines back to a shared common ancestor in Africa. Men in the same haplogroup share a set of differences, or markers, on their Y-Chromosome, which distinguish them from men in other haplogroups. These UEPs, or markers used to define haplogroups, are SNP mutations. Y-Chromosome Haplogroups all form "family trees" or "phylogenies", with both branches or sub-clades diverging from a common haplogroup ancestor, and also with all haplogroups themselves linked into one family tree which traces back ultimately to the most recent shared male line ancestor of all men alive today, called in popular science Y Chromosome Adam.

History[edit]

Creation of the Y-Chromosome Consortium[edit]

In the 1980s and 1990s, individual academic research groups each had their own nomenclature for naming Y-Chromosome haplogroups. This created an increasingly unmanageable communication barrier. In 2002, the Y-Chromosome Consortium (YCC) published a widely used proposal to standardize the naming of all Y-Chromosome haplogroups. This effort was based on comprehensive retesting of DNA samples (YCC 2002).

The Y-Chromosome Consortium for many years left individual groups to maintain this standard. In 2008, they again published a comprehensive review of tree changes and retested samples. With this work, they strengthened their recommendation to move to a nomenclature system they referred to as shorthand (Karafet 2008).

Creation of the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) Tree Committee[edit]

In 2006, a group of citizen scientists with an interest in genetic genealogy formed a working group to document both their own discoveries and those in published research. They created a web based tree that attempted to be timely and had annual benchmark versions.

Conversion Table[edit]

The table below brings together all of these works at the point of the landmark 2002 YCC Tree. This allows a researcher reviewing older published literature to quickly move between nomenclatures.

YCC 2002/2008 (Shorthand) (α) (β) (γ) (δ) (ε) (ζ) (η) YCC 2002 (Longhand) YCC 2005 (Longhand) YCC 2008 (Longhand) YCC 2010r (Longhand) ISOGG 2006 ISOGG 2007 ISOGG 2008 ISOGG 2009 ISOGG 2010 ISOGG 2011 ISOGG 2012
A-M31 7 I 1A 1 H1 A A1 A1 A1 A1a A1 A1 A1a A1a A1a A1a A1a
A-M6 27 I 2 3 H1 A A2* A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A1b1a1a
A-M114 27 I 2 3 H1 A A2a A2a A2a A2a A2a A2a A2a A2a A2a A2a A1b1a1a1a
A-P28 27 I 2 4 H1 A A2b A2b A2b A2b A2b A2b A2b A2b A2b A2b A1b1a1a1b
A-M32 * * * * * * * * A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A3 A1b1b
A-M28 7 I 1A 1 H1 A A3a A3a A3a A3a A3a A3a A3a A3a A3a A3a A1b1b1
A-M51 7 I 1A 1 H1 A A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A3b1 A1b1b2a
A-M13 7 I 1A 2 Eu1 H1 A A3b2* A3b2 A3b2 A3b2 A3b2 A3b2 A3b2 A3b2 A3b2 A3b2 A1b1b2b
A-M171 7 I 1A 2 Eu1 H1 A A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a A3b2a (removed)
A-M118 7 I 1A 2 Eu1 H1 A A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A3b2b A1b1b2b1
B-M60 2 II 1B 5 - H1 B B* B B B B B B B B B B
B-M146 2 II 1B 5 - H1 B B1 B1 B1a B1a B1a B1a B1a B1a B1a B1a B1a
B-M182 * * * * * * * * B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2
B-M150 2 II 1B 5 - H1 B B2a* B2a B2a B2a B2a B2a B2a B2a B2a B2a B2a
B-M109 2 II 1B 5 - H1 B B2a1 B2a1 B2a1a B2a1a B2a1a B2a1a B2a1a B2a1a B2a1a B2a1a B2a1a
B-M108.1 2 II 1B 5 - H1 B B2a2* B2a2 B2a2 B2a2 B2a2 B2a2 B2a2 B2a2 B2a2 removed removed
B-M43 2 II 1B 5 - H1 B B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a B2a2a
B-M112 6 II 1B 6 - H1 B B2b* B2b B2b B2b B2b B2b B2b B2b B2b B2b B2b
B-P6 6 II 1B 7 - H1 B B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1 B2b1
B-M115 6 II 1B 6 - H1 B B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2 B2b2
B-M30 6 II 1B 6 - H1 B B2b3* B2b3 B2b3 B2b3 B2b3 B2b3 B2b3 B2b3 B2b3 B2b3 B2b3
B-M108.2 6 II 1B 6 - H1 B B2b3a B2b3a B2b3a B2b3a B2b3a B2b3a B2b3a B2b3a B2b3a removed removed
B-P7 6 II 1B 8 - H1 B B2b4* B2b4 B2b4 B2b4 B2b4 B2b4 B2b4 B2b4 B2b4 removed removed
B-P8 6 II 1B 10 - H1 B B2b4a B2b4a B2b4a B2b4a B2b4a B2b4a B2b4a B2b4a B2b4a removed removed
B-M211 6 II 1B 9 - H1 B B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b B2b4b
C-M216 10 V 1F 16 Eu6 H1 C C* C C C C C C C C C C
C-M8 10 V 1F 19 Eu6 H1 C C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1
C-M38 10 V 1F 16 Eu6 H1 C C2* C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2
C-P33 10 V 1F 18 Eu6 H1 C C2a C2a C2a1 C2a1 C2a C2a C2a1 C2a1 C2a1 removed removed
C-P44 10 V 1F 17 Eu6 H1 C C3* C3 C3 C3 C3 C3 C3 C3 C3 C3 C3
C-M93 10 V 1F 17 Eu6 H1 C C3a C3a C3a C3a C3a C3a C3a C3a C3a C3a C3a1
C-M208 10 V 1F 17 Eu6 H1 C C3b C2b C2a C2a C2b C2b C2a C2a C2a C2a C2a
C-M210 36 V 1F 17 Eu6 H1 C C3c C2c C4a C4a C4b C4b C4a C4a C4a C4a C4a
D-M174 * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
D-M15 4 IV 3G 12 Eu5 H3 B D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1
D-M55 * * * * * * * * D2 D2 D2 D2 D2 D2 D2 D2 D2 D2
D-P12 4 IV 3G 11 Eu5 H2 B D2a D2a D2a1a1 D2a1a1 D2 D2 D2a1a1 D2a1a1 D2a1a1 removed removed
D-M116.1 4 IV 3G 11 Eu5 H2 B D2b* D2a D2a D2a D2a D2a D2a D2a D2a removed removed
D-M125 4 IV 3G 11 Eu5 H2 B D2b1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1 D2a1
D-M151 4 IV 3G 11 Eu5 H2 B D2b2 D2a1 D2a2 D2a2 D2a2 D2a2 D2a2 D2a2 D2a2 D2a2 D2a2
E-P29 21 III 3A 13 Eu3 H2 B E* E E E E E E E E E E
E-M33 21 III 3A 13 Eu3 H2 B E1* E1 E1a E1a E1 E1 E1a E1a E1a E1a E1a
E-M44 21 III 3A 13 Eu3 H2 B E1a E1a E1a1 E1a1 E1a E1a E1a1 E1a1 E1a1 E1a1 E1a1
E-M75 21 III 3A 13 Eu3 H2 B E2a E2 E2 E2 E2 E2 E2 E2 E2 E2 E2
E-M54 21 III 3A 13 Eu3 H2 B E2b E2b E2b E2b1 - - - - - - -
E-P2 25 III 4 14 Eu3 H2 B E3* E3 E1b E1b1 E3 E3 E1b1 E1b1 E1b1 E1b1 E1b1
E-M2 8 III 5 15 Eu2 H2 B E3a* E3a E1b1 E1b1a E3a E3a E1b1a E1b1a E1b1a E1b1a1 E1b1a1
E-M58 8 III 5 15 Eu2 H2 B E3a1 E3a1 E1b1a1 E1b1a1 E3a1 E3a1 E1b1a1 E1b1a1 E1b1a1 E1b1a1a1a E1b1a1a1a
E-M116.2 8 III 5 15 Eu2 H2 B E3a2 E3a2 E1b1a2 E1b1a2 E3a2 E3a2 E1b1a2 E1b1a2 E1ba12 removed removed
E-M149 8 III 5 15 Eu2 H2 B E3a3 E3a3 E1b1a3 E1b1a3 E3a3 E3a3 E1b1a3 E1b1a3 E1b1a3 E1b1a1a1c E1b1a1a1c
E-M154 8 III 5 15 Eu2 H2 B E3a4 E3a4 E1b1a4 E1b1a4 E3a4 E3a4 E1b1a4 E1b1a4 E1b1a4 E1b1a1a1g1c E1b1a1a1g1c
E-M155 8 III 5 15 Eu2 H2 B E3a5 E3a5 E1b1a5 E1b1a5 E3a5 E3a5 E1b1a5 E1b1a5 E1b1a5 E1b1a1a1d E1b1a1a1d
E-M10 8 III 5 15 Eu2 H2 B E3a6 E3a6 E1b1a6 E1b1a6 E3a6 E3a6 E1b1a6 E1b1a6 E1b1a6 E1b1a1a1e E1b1a1a1e
E-M35 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b* E3b E1b1b1 E1b1b1 E3b1 E3b1 E1b1b1 E1b1b1 E1b1b1 removed removed
E-M78 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b1* E3b1 E1b1b1a E1b1b1a1 E3b1a E3b1a E1b1b1a E1b1b1a E1b1b1a E1b1b1a1 E1b1b1a1
E-M148 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b1a E3b1a E1b1b1a3a E1b1b1a1c1 E3b1a3a E3b1a3a E1b1b1a3a E1b1b1a3a E1b1b1a3a E1b1b1a1c1 E1b1b1a1c1
E-M81 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b2* E3b2 E1b1b1b E1b1b1b1 E3b1b E3b1b E1b1b1b E1b1b1b E1b1b1b E1b1b1b1 E1b1b1b1a
E-M107 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b2a E3b2a E1b1b1b1 E1b1b1b1a E3b1b1 E3b1b1 E1b1b1b1 E1b1b1b1 E1b1b1b1 E1b1b1b1a E1b1b1b1a1
E-M165 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b2b E3b2b E1b1b1b2 E1b1b1b1b1 E3b1b2 E3b1b2 E1b1b1b2a E1b1b1b2a E1b1b1b2a E1b1b1b2a E1b1b1b1a2a
E-M123 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b3* E3b3 E1b1b1c E1b1b1c E3b1c E3b1c E1b1b1c E1b1b1c E1b1b1c E1b1b1c E1b1b1b2a
E-M34 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3b3a* E3b3a E1b1b1c1 E1b1b1c1 E3b1c1 E3b1c1 E1b1b1c1 E1b1b1c1 E1b1b1c1 E1b1b1c1 E1b1b1b2a1
E-M136 25 III 4 14 Eu4 H2 B E3ba1 E3b3a1 E1b1b1c1a E1b1b1c1a1 E3b1c1a E3b1c1a E1b1b1c1a1 E1b1b1c1a1 E1b1b1c1a1 E1b1b1c1a1 E1b1b1b2a1a1
F-M89 2 VI 1R 20 Eu10 H4 B F* F F F F F F F F F F
F-Apt/H-Apt 15 VI 1R 20 Eu10 H4 B F1 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2
G-M201 2 VI 1R 20 Eu11 H4 B G* G G G G G G G G G G
G-P20 2 VI 1R 20 Eu11 H4 B G1 G1a G1a G1a G1a G1a G1a G1a G1a G1a G1a
G-P15 2 VI 1Ha 22 Eu11 H4 B G2* G2 G2a G2a G2 G2 G2a G2a G2a G2a G2a
G-P16 2 VI 1Hb 22 Eu11 H4 B G2a* G2a G2a1 G2a1 G2a G2a G2a1 G2a1 G2a1 G2a1 G2a1a1
G-P18 2 VI 1Hb 22 Eu11 H4 B G2a1 G2a1 G2a1a G2a1a G2a1 G2a1 G2a1a G2a1a G2a1a G2a1a G2a1a
H-M52 35 VI 1R 20 Eu12 H4 B H* H1 H1 H1 H1 H1 H1 H1 H1 H1 H1
H-M82 35 VI 1R 20 Eu12 H4 B H1* H1a H1a H1a H1a H1a H1a H1a H1a H1a H1a
H-M36 35 VI 1R 20 Eu12 H4 B H1a H1a1 H1a1 H1a1 H1a1 H1a1 H1a1 H1a1 H1a1 H1a1 H1a1
H-M97 35 VI 1R 20 Eu12 H4 B H1b H1a2 H1a2 H1a2 H1a2 H1a2 H1a2 H1a2 H1a2 H1a2 H1a2
H-M39 35 VI 1R 21 Eu12 H4 B H1c H1a3 H1a3 H1a3 H1a3 H1a3 H1a3 H1a3 H1a3 H1a3 H1a3
I-M170 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I* I I I I I I I I I I
I-P38 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I1* I1 I I I1 I1 I I I I I
I-P30 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I1a* I1a I1 I1 I1a I1a I1 I1 I1 I1 I1
I-P40 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I1a1 I1a1 I1 I1 I1a I1a I1 I1 I1 I1 I1
I-M21 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I1a2 I1a2 I1a I1a I1a2 I1a2 I1a I1a I1a I1a removed
I-M72 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I1a3 I1a3 I1b1 I1b1 I1a3 I1a1a I1b1 I1b1 I1b1 I1b1 I1b1a
I-P37.2 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I1b* I1b I2a I2a - - - - - I2a1 I2a1
I-P41.2 2 VI 1R 21 Eu7 H4 B I1b1 I1b1 I2a1 I2a2a - - - - - I2a1b1 I2a1b1
I-M26 2 VI 1R 21 Eu8 H4 B I1b2* I1b2 I2a2 I2a1 - - - - - - -
I-M161 2 VI 1R 21 Eu8 H4 B I1b2a I1b2a I2a2a I2a1a - - - - - - -
J-12f2a 9 VI Med 23 Eu10 H4 B J* J J J - - - - - - -
J-M62 9 VI Med 23 Eu10 H4 B J1 J1a J1a J1a - - - - - - -
J-M172 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2* J2 J2 J2 - - - - - - -
J-M47 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2a J2a J2a1 J2a4a - - - - - - -
J-M68 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2b J2b J2a3 J2a4c - - - - - - -
J-M137 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2c J2c J2a4 J2a4h2a1 - - - - - - -
J-M158 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2d J2d J2a5 J2a4h1 - - - - - - -
J-M12 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2e* J2e J2b J2b - - - - - - -
J-M102 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2e1* J2e1 J2b J2b - - - - - - -
J-M99 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2e1a J2e1a J2b2a J2b2a - - - - - - -
J-M67 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2f* J2f J2a2 J2a4b - - - - - - -
J-M92 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2f1 J2f1 J2a2a J2a4b1 - - - - - - -
J-M163 9 VI Med 24 Eu9 H4 B J2f2 J2f2 J2a2b J2a4b2 - - - - - - -
K-M9 26 VIII 1U 25 Eu16 H5 F K* K K K - - - - - - -
K-SRY9138/M-SRY9138 23 VIII 1E 25 Eu16 H5 F K1 K1 M2a M2a - - - - - - -
K-M70/T-M70 26 VIII 1U 25 Eu15 H5 F K2 K2 T T1 - - - - - - -
K-M147 26 VIII 1U 25 Eu16 H5 F K3 K3 K1 K1 - - - - - - -
L-M20 28 VIII 1U 27 Eu17 H5 F L* L L L - - - - - - -
L-M27 28 VIII 1U 27 Eu17 H5 F L1 L1 L1 L1 - - - - - - -
M-M4 24 VIII 1U 37 Eu16 H17 E M* M M1 M1 - - - - - - -
M-P34 24 VIII 1U 37 Eu16 H17 E M1 M1 M1a M1a - - - - - - -
M-P22 24 VIII 1U 38 Eu16 H17 E M2* M2a M1b1 M1b1 - - - - - - -
M-M16 24 VIII 1U 39 Eu16 H17 E M2a M2a1 M1b1a M1b1a - - - - - - -
M-M83 24 VIII 1U 38 Eu16 H17 E M2b M2a2 M1b1b M1b1b - - - - - - -
N-LLY22g 12 VIII 1U 25 Eu16 H5 F N* N N1 N1 - - - - - - -
N-M128 12 VIII 1U 25 Eu16 H5 F N1 N1 N1a N1a - - - - - - -
N-P63 12 VIII 1U 25 Eu16 H5 F N2 N2a N1b1 N1b1 - - - - - - -
N-TAT 12 VIII 1I 26 Eu13 H5 F N3* N3 N1c N1c - - - - - - -
N-M178 16 VIII 1I 26 Eu14 H5 F N3a* M178 N1c1 N1c1 - - - - - - -
N-P21 16 VIII 1I 26 Eu14 H5 F N3a1 N3a1 N1c1a N1c1a - - - - - - -
O-M175 26 VII 1U 28 Eu16 H9 I O* O O O O O O O O O O
O-M119 26 VII 1U 32 Eu16 H9 H O1* O1a O1a O1a O1a O1a O1a O1a O1a O1a O1a
O-M101 26 VII 1U 32 Eu16 H9 H O1a O1a1 O1a1a O1a1a O1a1 O1a1 O1a1a O1a1a O1a1a O1a1a O1a1a
O-M50 26 VII 1U 32 Eu16 H10 H O1b O1a2 O1a2 O1a2 O1a2 O1a2 O1a2 O1a2 O1a2 O1a2 O1a2
O-P31 26 VII 1U 33 Eu16 H5 I O2* O2 O2 O2 O2 O2 O2 O2 O2 O2 O2
O-M95 26 VII 1U 34 Eu16 H11 G O2a* O2a O2a O2a O2a O2a O2a O2a O2a O2a1 O2a1
O-M88 26 VII 1U 34 Eu16 H12 G O2a1 O2a1 O2a1 O2a1 O2a1 O2a1 O2a1 O2a1 O2a1 O2a1a O2a1a
O-SRY465 20 VII 1U 35 Eu16 H5 I O2b* O2b O2b O2b O2b O2b O2b O2b O2b O2b O2b
O-47z 5 VII 1U 26 Eu16 H5 I O2b1 O2b1a O2b1 O2b1 O2b1a O2b1a O2b1 O2b1 O2b1 O2b1 O2b1
O-M122 26 VII 1U 29 Eu16 H6 L O3* O3 O3 O3 O3 O3 O3 O3 O3 O3 O3
O-M121 26 VII 1U 29 Eu16 H6 L O3a O3a O3a1 O3a1 O3a1 O3a1 O3a1 O3a1 O3a1 O3a1a O3a1a
O-M164 26 VII 1U 29 Eu16 H6 L O3b O3b O3a2 O3a2 O3a2 O3a2 O3a2 O3a2 O3a2 O3a1b O3a1b
O-M159 13 VII 1U 31 Eu16 H6 L O3c O3c O3a3a O3a3a O3a3 O3a3 O3a3a O3a3a O3a3a O3a3a O3a3a
O-M7 26 VII 1U 29 Eu16 H7 L O3d* O3c O3a3b O3a3b O3a4 O3a4 O3a3b O3a3b O3a3b O3a2b O3a2b
O-M113 26 VII 1U 29 Eu16 H7 L O3d1 O3c1 O3a3b1 O3a3b1 - O3a4a O3a3b1 O3a3b1 O3a3b1 O3a2b1 O3a2b1
O-M134 26 VII 1U 30 Eu16 H8 L O3e* O3d O3a3c O3a3c O3a5 O3a5 O3a3c O3a3c O3a3c O3a2c1 O3a2c1
O-M117 26 VII 1U 30 Eu16 H8 L O3e1* O3d1 O3a3c1 O3a3c1 O3a5a O3a5a O3a3c1 O3a3c1 O3a3c1 O3a2c1a O3a2c1a
O-M162 26 VII 1U 30 Eu16 H8 L O3e1a O3d1a O3a3c1a O3a3c1a O3a5a1 O3a5a1 O3a3c1a O3a3c1a O3a3c1a O3a2c1a1 O3a2c1a1
P-M45 1 X 1C 40 Eu20 H14 P* P P P P P P P P P P
P-M124/R-M124 1 X 1C 40 Eu21 H14 P1 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2a R2a R2a
Q-P36 1 X 1C 40 Eu20 H14 Q* Q Q1 Q1 Q Q Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1
Q-M120 1 X 1C 40 Eu20 H13 Q1 Q1 Q1a1 Q1a1 Q1 Q1 Q1a1 Q1a1 Q1a1 Q1a1 Q1a1
Q-M25 1 X 1C 40 Eu22 H14 Q2 Q2 Q1a2 Q1a2 Q2 Q2 Q1a2 Q1a2 Q1a2 Q1a2 Q1a2
Q-M3 18 X 1G 41 Eu22 H15 Q3* Q3 Q1a3a Q1a3a1 Q3 Q3 Q1a3a Q1a3a Q1a3a1 Q1a3a1 Q1a3a1
Q-M19 18 X 1G 41 Eu22 H15 Q3a Q3a Q1a3a1 Q1a3a1a Q3a Q3a Q1a3a1 Q1a3a1 Q1a3a1a Q1a3a1a Q1a3a1a
Q-M194 18 X 1G 41 Eu22 H15 Q3b Q3b Q1a3a2 Q1a3a1b Q3b Q3b Q1a3a2 Q1a3a2 Q1a3a1b Q1a3a1a Q1a3a1a
Q-M199 18 X 1G 41 Eu22 H15 Q3c Q3c Q1a3a3 Q1a3a1c Q3c Q3c Q1a3a3 Q1a3a3 Q1a3a1c Q1a3a1c Q1a3a1c
R-M207 1 IX 1C 42 Eu20 H14 D R* R R R R R R R R R R
R-M173 1 IX 1C 43 Eu18 H14 D R1* R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1
R-SRY10831.2 29 IX 1C 45 Eu18 H14 D R1a* R1a R1a R1a1 R1a R1a R1a1 R1a1 R1a1 removed removed
R-M17 3 IX 1D 45 Eu19 H16 D R1a1* R1a1 R1a1 R1a1a R1a1 R1a1 R1a1a R1a1a R1a1a R1a1a R1a1a
R-M56 3 IX 1D 45 Eu19 H16 D R1a1a R1a1a R1a1a R1a1a1a R1a1a R1a1a R1a1a1 R1a1a1 R1a1a1a R1a1a1a removed
R-M157.1 3 IX 1D 45 Eu19 H16 D R1a1b R1a1b R1a1b R1a1a1b R1a1b R1a1b R1a1a2 R1a1a2 R1a1a1b R1a1a1b removed
R-M87 3 IX 1D 45 Eu19 H16 D R1a1c R1a1c R1a1c R1a1a1c R1a1c R1a1c R1a1a3 R1a1a3 R1a1a1c R1a1a1c removed
R-P25 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b* R1b R1b1 R1b1 R1b1 R1b1 R1b1 R1b1 R1b1 removed removed
R-M18 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b1 R1b1a R1b1a R1b1c R1b1a R1b1a R1b1a R1b1a R1b1a R1b1c1 R1b1c1
R-M37 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b2 R1b1c1 R1b1b2a R1b1a2a1a1b4a R1b1c1 R1b1c1 R1b1b2a1b6a R1b1b2a1a2f1 R1b1b2a1a2f1 R1b1a2a1a1b4a removed
R-M65 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b3 R1b1c2 R1b1b2b R1b1a2a1a1b1 R1b1c2 R1b1c2 R1b1b2a1b1 R1b1b2a1a2a R1b1b2a1a2a R1b1a2a1a1b1 removed
R-M73 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b4 R1b1b R1b1b1 R1b1a1 R1b1b R1b1b R1b1b1 R1b1b1 R1b1b1 R1b1a1 R1b1a1
R-M126 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b5 R1b1c3 R1b1b2h1 R1b1a2a1a1b3a R1b1c3 R1b1c3 R1b1b2a1b4a R1b1b2a1a2d1 R1b1b2a1a2d1 R1b1a2a1a1b3a removed
R-M153 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b6 R1b1c4 R1b1b2c R1b1a2a1a1b2 R1b1c4 R1b1c4 R1b1b2a1b2 R1b1b2a1a2b R1b1b2a1a2b R1b1a2a1a1b2a R1b1a2a1a1b1a1a1a
R-M160 1 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b7 R1b1c5 R1b1b2h2 R1b1a2a1a1b3b R1b1c5 R1b1c5 R1b1b2a1b4b R1b1b2a1a2d2 R1b1b2a1a2d2 R1b1a2a1a1b3b removed
R-SRY2627 22 IX 1L 44 Eu18 H14 D R1b8 R1b1c6 R1b1b2d R1b1a2a1a1b5a R1b1c6 R1b1c6 R1b1b2a1b3 R1b1b2a1a2c R1b1b2a1a2c removed removed

Original Research Publications[edit]

The following research teams per their publications were represented in the creation of the YCC Tree.

α Jobling and Tyler-Smith 2000 and Kaladjieva 2001

β Underhill 2000

γ Hammer 2001

δ Karafet 2001

ε Semino 2000

ζ Su 1999

η Capelli 2001

See also[edit]

Genetics[edit]

Y-DNA Haplogroups and Subclades[edit]

Y-DNA Backbone Tree[edit]

Evolutionary tree of human Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups
MRC Y-ancestor
A00 A0'1'2'3'4
A0 A1'2'3'4
A1 A2'3'4
A2'3 A4=BCDEF
A2 A3 B CDEF
DE CF
D E C F
GHIJKLT
G HIJKLT
H IJKLT
IJ KLT (K)
I J LT(K1) K (K2)
L T MPS (K2b) X (K2a)
MS P NO
M S QR N O
Q R
  1. ^ van Oven M, Van Geystelen A, Kayser M, Decorte R, Larmuseau HD (2014). "Seeing the wood for the trees: a minimal reference phylogeny for the human Y chromosome". Human Mutation 35 (2): 187–91. doi:10.1002/humu.22468. PMID 24166809. 

References[edit]

Journals[edit]

Web Pages[edit]

ISOGG (2006). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2006". 

ISOGG (2007). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2007". 

ISOGG (2008). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2008". 

ISOGG (2009). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2009". 

ISOGG (2010). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2010". 

ISOGG (2011). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2011". 

ISOGG (2012). "Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2012".