List of convicts on the First Fleet

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The First Fleet convicts are named on stone tablets in the Memorial Garden, Wallabadah, New South Wales.

The First Fleet is the name given to the first group of eleven ships that carried convicts from England to Australia in 1788. Beginning in 1787 the ships departed with about 759 convicts (586 men, 192 women), provisions and agricultural implements. Seventeen convicts died and two were pardoned before departure. Another nine died before reaching Santa Cruz plus another 14 who died before arrival at Port Jackson, during the eight-month trip.

In 2005, the First Fleet Garden, a memorial to the First Fleet immigrants was created on the banks of Quirindi Creek at Wallabadah, New South Wales. Stonemason, Ray Collins, researched and then carved the names of all those who came out to Australia on the eleven ships in 1788 on tablets along the garden pathways. The stories of those who arrived on the ships, their life, and first encounters with the Australian country are presented throughout the garden.[1]

No single definitive list of people who travelled on those ships exists; however, historians have pieced together as much data about these pioneers as possible. In the late 1980s, a simple software program with a database of convicts became available for Australian school students, both as a history and an information technology learning guide. An on-line version is now hosted by the University of Wollongong.[2]

The six ships that transported the First Fleet convicts were:

The convict manifest[edit]

The following is a list of partial details of all convicts who arrived at Port Jackson in January 1788.

Note that the "from" refers to where they were tried.

A[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
ABEL Mary Worcester,

Worcestershire

5 Mar 1785 7 alias TILLEY Lady Penrhyn c30
ABEL Robert London 15 Sep 1784 Death commuted to 7 aka ABLE
About 12–13 years old when convicted. Originally sentenced to death, he received the King's Pardon upon the condition of being of being transported for seven years.[4]
Alexander c15
ABRAHAMS Esther London 30 Aug 1786 7 alias JULIAN, JULIANO. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing twenty-four yards of black silk lace, value 50s.[5]
Travelled with her baby daughter Rosanna (1787-1837)
Became wife of Lt.Col. George Johnson.
Lady Penrhyn[6]
or
Prince of Wales
c20
ABRAMS Henry Chelmsford, Essex 9 Mar 1785 7 aka ABRAHAMS Scarborough c28
ACRES Thomas Exeter, Devon 14 Mar 1785 7 aka AKERS Charlotte c29
ADAMS John London 26 May 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John AYNERS) for stealing 214lbs of lead, value 30s.[7] Scarborough c47
ADAMS Mary London 13 Dec 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing two cotton gowns, value 24s, one green sluff petticoat, value 3s, one white callico petticoat, value 12 pence, two shirts, value 5s, one shift, value 1s, one hat, value 2s, one ostrich feather, value 6s, one silver thimble, value 12 pence.[8] Lady Penrhyn c29
ALLEN Charles London 7 Jul 1784 7 About 17 yrs old when convicted. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Peter SAMPSON) of burglarious breaking and entering a dwelling and stealing one linen sheet, value 10s, eight damask table cloths, value 40s, one sheet, value 10s, eight shirts, value 3s and 1 penny and one counterpane, value 10s.[9] Scarborough c20
ALLEN John Hertford, Hertfordshire 3 Mar 1786 7 Alexander c45
ALLEN Mary London 25 Oct 1786 7 Convicted of stealing by highway robbery a watch with a tortoise-shell case, value 30s, a chain, value 2s, four gold seals, value 40s, a base metal watch key, value 2 pence.[10] Lady Penrhyn c22
ALLEN Mary London 10 Jan 1787 7 alias CONNER. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one man's hat, value 12s.[11] Lady Penrhyn c28
ALLEN Susannah London 18 Apr 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one dimity gown, value 15s, a cotton petticoat, value 6s, a silk cloak, value 5s, a muslin apron, value 7s, a pair of linen pockets, value 12s, a silk handkerchief, value 3s, a pair of base metal shoe-buckles, value 2s, a muslin handkerchief, value 2s, and a pair of thread stockings, value 6 pence.[12] Prince of Wales unknown
ALLEN Tamasin London 25 Oct 1786 7 aka Jamasin, alias BODDINGTON. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one leather pocket-book, value 1 s, ten grains of rose diamonds, value £8, seven grains weight of other diamonds, value £6, two brilliant diamonds, value 50s, a pearl, value 12s, one topaz, value 5s, a silver pencil-case, value 2s, and one promisory note called a bank note, value £10.[13] Known as a prostitute,[14] described at her trial as "a lustyish woman with black hair."[15] Lady Penrhyn c32
ALLEN William Ormskirk, Lancashire 11 Apr 1785 7 Alexander c24
ANDERSON Elizabeth London 10 Jan 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth BRUCE) of stealing three linen table-cloths, value 15s and two aprons, value 5s.[16] Lady Penrhyn c32
ANDERSON Fanny Winchester, Hampshire 7 Mar 1786 7 aka Francis Charlotte c30
ANDERSON John London 20 Mar 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one silk handkerchief value 2s.[17] Charlotte c26
ANDERSON John London 26 May 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing three linen table cloths, value 20s and three linen aprons, value 6s.[18] Scarborough c24
ARCHER John London 26 May 1784 7 alias FORRESTER. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing two large coach glasses, value 40s.[19] Scarborough c31
ARSCOTT John Bodmin, Cornwall 18 Aug 1783 7 About 16 yrs old when convicted. Scarborough c20
ATKINSON George London 21 Apr 1784 7 aka ATKINS Scarborough c22
AULT Sarah London 21 Feb 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth SCOTT) for stealing four bridles, value 11s, one bradoon, value 2s, two strap irons, value 1s, and two leather straps, value 1s.[20] Prince of Wales unknown
AYNERS John London 26 May 1784 7 alias AGNEW. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John ADAMS) for stealing 214lbs of lead, value 30s.[7] Scarborough c27

B[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
BAILS Robert Reading, Berkshire 28 February 1785 Death commuted to life aka BALES Alexander c21
BAKER Martha London 30 August 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing by highway robbery a silver watch, value 40s, a watch key, value 1 pence, and a seal, value 2s.[21]
Became wife of Walter BATLEY
Friendship
Lady Penrhyn c25
BAKER Thomas Exeter, Devon 10 January 1786 7 Charlotte c23
BALDING James London 12 January 1785 Death commuted to 7 aka William and BALDWIN Scarborough c32
BALDWIN Ruth London 25 October 1786 7 alias BOWYER. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing three table spoons, value 20s and two silver desert spoons, value 10s.[22] Prince of Wales c25
BALL John Exeter, Devon 20 March 1786 7 Charlotte c51
BANNISTER George London 21 April 1784 7 About 16 yrs old when convicted. Alexander c19
BARBER Elizabeth Became wife of
Thomas BROWN
Charlotte
Friendship
BARFERD John London 14 December 1785 7 aka BARFORD. Convicted at the Old Bailey (With John CROPPER) of stealing one hair trunk, value 12 pence, four silk gowns, value 40s, one silk apron, value 2s, six linen ruffled shirts, value 30s, one plain linen ditto, value 3s, six stocks, value 6s, a silk cloak trimmed with fur, value 5s, two linen gowns, value 20s, one petticoat, value 4s, six children's night-gowns, value 5s, a yard of printed cotton, value 12 pence two linen table-cloths, value 10s, one child's linen clout, value 12 pence one silk petticoat, value 5s, a counterpane, value 10s, six pillow-cases, value 12 pence a pair of stays, value 4s, one box iron, value 12 pence a pair of steel snuffers, value 12 pence a snuffer-stand, value 6 pence a blanket, value 6 pence six yards of silk ribbon, value 12 pence one gauze cap, value 1 penny.[23] Alexander c20
BARLAND George London 7 July 1784 7 About 17 yrs old when convicted. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with James BURLEIGH) for stealing one cloth great coat, value 20s.[24] Scarborough c20
BARNES Stephen York, Yorkshire 9 July 1785 7 Alexander unknown
BARNETT Henry Warwick, Warwickshire 21 March 1785 Death commuted to 7 aka BARNARD
alias BURTON
Alexander c43
BARRET Daniel Winchester, Hampshire 29 July 1783 7 aka BARRETT, BARNETT, BARNEY, Friendship c30
BARRETT Thomas Exeter, Devon 11 September 1782 Life Charlotte c29
BARRY John Bristol, Gloucestershire 23 November 1785 7 About 17-18 yrs old when convicted. Friendship c19
BARSBY George Winchester, Hampshire 1 March 1785 Death commuted to life Scarborough unknown
BARSBY Samuel Exeter,

Devon

20 March 1786 Death commuted to 7 Charlotte c23
BARTLETT James Winchester, Hampshire 1 March 1785 7 Pardoned & released before 1st fleet departed
BASELY John Charlotte
BASON Elizabeth Salisbury, Wiltshire 24 July 1784 Death commuted to 7 Became wife of James HEATHERLY, crew of Sirius Charlotte c30
BATLEY Oten Exeter, Devon 7 Charlotte
BATLEY Walter London 29 October 1783 7 aka Walton
alias John ROUS,
ROUSE, ROWSE
Became husband of Martha BAKER
Lady Penrhyn
Friendship c27
BAYLEY James New Sarum 7 Charlotte
BAZLEY John Exeter 7
BEARDSLEY Ann Derby 5 Friensdhip
then from Rio
Charlotte
BECKFORD Elizabeth London 7 Lady Penrhyn
BELL William London 7 Scarborough
BELLAMY Sarah Worcester 9 July 1785 7 married James Bloodsworth Lady Penrhyn
BELLET Jacob London 7 Scarborough
BENEAR Samuel London 7
BEST John London 7 Friendship
BINGHAM Elizabeth London alias MOORING
BIRD Elizabeth Maidstone 7 alias WINIFRED
BIRD James Croydon 7
BIRD Samuel Croydon 7
BISHOP Joseph London 10 December 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing five silk handkerchiefs, value 12s, a cotton handkerchief, value 2s, one linen handkerchief, value 12 pence.[25] Friendship
BAUGHAN John Oxford 7 aka BAUGHN, BINGHAM, BOUGHAN, BUNHAM
alias BAFFEN, BOFFIN, BUFFIN
Friendship
BLACKHALL William Abingdon 7
BLAKE Francis London 26 May 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing nine linen shirts, value 18s, two pair of silk stockings, value 4s, four handkerchiefs, value 2s, two pair of ruffles, value 12 pence, eight oz. weight of chocolate, value 2 pence and six muslin neckcloths, value 20s.[26] Total value 39s. The prosecution was led by William Garrow.
BLANCHETT Susannah Kingston 7
BLATHERHORN William Exeter/London 10 September 1783 Death commuted Life aka BEANS, FISHER. Originally convicted in the Old Bailey for stealing six yards of printed cotton, value 12s, five yards of other printed cotton, value 14s, twelve cotton handkerchiefs, value 24s, he was sentenced to be transported for 7 years on 26 February 1783.[27] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John KELLAN which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.[28] Charlotte
BLOODSWORTH James Kingstone 7 aka BLOEDWORTH, BLOODWORTH Charlotte
BLUNT William London 10 December 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey alongside a man named John Berryman for breaking and entering a dwelling house with intent to burglariously steal goods, chattels and monies.[29] During the trial William mentions that he is a Coachman by trade and his father, also named William, is among those giving him a reference to good character. Originally both were sentenced to death. However, this was later overturned to seven years transportation for both those convicted.[30]
BOGGIS William Kingston upon Thames 7 Scarborough
BOLTON Mary Shrewsbury 7
BONNER Jane London 18 April 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one black silk cloak, value 21s.[31]
BOND Peter London 15 September 1784 7 Although a transcript of Peter's trial does not exist, the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries note that he was tried there on 15 September 1784 and sentenced to seven years transportation.[32]
BOND William Exeter 7 Charlotte
BOULTON Rebecca Lincoln 7 aka BOLTON
Had been in prison for 4 years before the Fleet sailed. Considered both mentally ill and in poor physical condition.[33]
Prince of Wales
BOYLE John London 21 April 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of fraud. Boyle, a seaman of the Royal Navy adopted the name of his former fellow seaman John Frazier upon returning home in order to obtain his wages. Upon the Navy Clerk stating that Frazier was listed as dead in the Americas, Boyle persisted to adopt several other identities in order to obtain wages that were not his. His story was disproved by three of his former shipmates present at the trial. Boyle had served with Frazier on board H.M.S. Marlborough and finally on board H.M.S. L'Hector, a captured French vessel.[34] Originally sentenced to death, this sentence was commuted to seven years transportation on 23 February 1785.[35]
BRADBURY William London 10 September 1783 7 Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing a Bank post-bill, for £20 a bank-note for £10 another note for £5 5s the said notes being the property of John Baring and Company on 3 July 1782.[36] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John KELLAN which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.[37]
BRADFORD John Exeter 7 Charlotte
BRADLEY James London 7
BRAND Curtis Maidstone 7 alias BRYN Friendship
BRAND Lucy London 19 July 1786 7 alias WOOD. Previously convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing by pickpocketing one piece of silver coin, called half a crown, and five shillings and sixpence on 11 May 1785 for which she was sentenced to privately whipped and imprisoned for one year.[38] She was convicted and sentenced to seven years transportation at the Old Bailey approximately fourteen months later for stealing one gold ring, value 5s, three guineas, value £3 and 3s and two pieces of base metal, value 2 pence.[39]
BRANHAM Mary London 23 February 1785 7 Although a transcription of Mary's trial at the Old Bailey is not listed, her sentence is listed in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries for the 23 February 1785.[40]
BRANNEGAN James Exeter 7 aka BRANAGAN Charlotte
BREWER William Exeter 7 Charlotte
BRICE William Bristol 7
BRINDLEY John Warwick 7
BROAD Mary Exeter, Devon 7 aka BRAUND or BRAND
Pregnant when boarded ship.
Daughter born on voyage
Charlotte Spence, 8 Sep 1787.
aka Mary BRYANT
Became wife of William BRYANT
Charlotte
Charlotte
BROUGH William Stafford 7
BROWN James Hertford 7
BROWN Richard Reading 7
BROWN Thomas London 30 April 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Joseph Dunnage) for stealing one chariot glass door, value 22s.[41]
BROWN Thomas Exeter 29 Oct 1783 7 Became husband of Elizabeth BARBER
Friendship
Charlotte c25
BROWN William Southwark 7
BROWN William Exeter 7 died at sea, 19 September 1787 Charlotte
BRUCE Elizabeth London 10 January 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth ANDERSON) of stealing three linen table-cloths, value 15s and two aprons, value 5s.[42]
BRUCE Robert Exeter 7 Charlotte
BRYANT John Exeter 7 Charlotte
BRYANT Michael London 10 December 1783 14 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one black cloth coat, value 5s, one striped silk waistcoat, value 2s and 6 pence, one velvet waistcoat, value 2s and 6 pence, one pair of cloth breeches, value 2s and 6 pence, one pair of fustain breeches, value 2s and 6 pence, one hat, value 1s, one handkerchief, value 9 pence and three pair of stockings, value 1s and 6 pence.[43] Friendship
BRYANT Thomas Maidstone 7
BRYANT William Launceston 7 Charlotte
BUCKLEY Joseph Dorchester 7 Charlotte
BUFLEY John
BUNN Margaret London 26 April 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen handkerchief, value 6 pence, one cotton handkerchief, value 2s, and twelve halfpence, value 6 pence and one shilling in money.[44]
BURDO Sarah London 25 October 1786. 7 aka BURDOE. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Rebecca DAVIDSON) of stealing three guineas, value £3 and 3s and one half guinea, value 10s and 6 pence. Burdo was alluded to being a prostitute during the trial.[45]
BURKITT Mary London 30 August 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one handkerchief, value 1s, one rule, value 6 pence and six shillings in money.[46]
BURLEIGH James London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with George Barland) for stealing one cloth great coat, value 20s.[47]
BURN Patrick
BURN Peter London 7
BURN Simon
BURNE James London 21 April 1784 Death commuted to 7 Originally sentenced to death at the Old Bailey for assault and stealing by highway robbery one black silk bonnet, value 4s, and one silver hat pin, value 4 pence on 25 February 1784.[48] His sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation on 21 April 1784.[49]
BURRIDGE Samuel Dorchester 7 Charlotte
BUTLER William London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Andrew GOODWIN) of stealing 200lbs of lead, value 20s.[50]

C[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
CAESAR John Maidstone 7 Alexander
CAMPBELL James London 7 alias George Campbell. Convicted of highway robbery in 1784. Death sentence commuted to transportation for 7 years.[51] Scarborough
CAMPBELL James Guildford 7
CAREY Ann Taunton 7 Charlotte
CARROLL Mary London 25 Oct 1786 7 Mrs James CARROLL.

Married John NICHOLLS
Scarborough
in Sydney Mar 1788.
Lived with William THOMPSON
Scarborough
on Norfolk Island.

Lady Penrhyn c36
CARTER Richard Shrewsbury alias CARTWRIGHT
CARNEY John Exeter 7
CARTY Francis Bodmin 7
CARVER Joseph Maidstone 7
CASTLE James London 7
CHAAF William Exeter 7 Charlotte
CHADDICK Thomas London 7
CHANIN Edward Exeter 7 Died at sea

8 Jan 1788

Charlotte
CHIELDS William
CHINERY Samuel Exeter 7 Charlotte
CHURCH William Dorchester 7 Charlotte
CLARK Elizabeth
CLARK John London 7 alias HOSIER

Died at sea
6 Jun 1787

Charlotte
CLARK William London 7
CLARKE John Exeter 7
CLEAR George
CLEAVER Mary Bristol 7 Son born

on voyage
James
1787.

Charlotte
CLEMENTS Thomas London 7
CLOUGH Richard Durham 7
COFFIN John Exeter 7 Charlotte
COLE Elizabeth Exeter,

Devon

7
COLE Elizabeth London 7
COLE William London 7
COLLEY Elizabeth London 14
COLLIER Richard Kingstone 7
COLLING Joseph London 7
COLMAN Ishmael Dorchester 7 Died at sea

29 May 1787

Charlotte
COLPITTS Ann Durham 7
COOMBES Ann Taunton,

Somerset

30 Mar 1786 7 Became wife of

John BRYANT
Charlotte.
Lived with
James Bryan
CULLEN
Scarborough.

Charlotte c27
CONELLY Cornelius Exeter 7
CONNELLY William Bristol 7
CONNOLLY William Bodmin 7
COOK Charlotte London 7
COOPER Mary Worcester 7
COPP James Exeter 7 Charlotte
CORDEN James Warwick 7
CORMICK Edward Hertford,

Hertfordshire

7
COX James Charlotte
COX John Matthew London 7 July 1784 7 aka BANBURY JACK. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John PONTIE) of stealing thirteen yards of lace, value £5.[52] He alluded to being a sailor during his trial. Originally sentenced to death, overturned to transportation for life on 23 February 1785.[53]
CRABTREE Taylor New Sarum 7
CREAMER John Exeter 7 Charlotte
CREEK Jane London 1785 7 Worked as a butcher of birds and seller of feathers.
Convicted of stealing and sentenced to seven years transportation.
Worked on Norfolk Island from 1790 to 1796.[54]
Lady Penrhyn
CROPPER John London 14 Dec 1785 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (With John BARFERD) of stealing one hair trunk, value 12 pence, four silk gowns, value 40s, one silk apron, value 2s, six linen ruffled shirts, value 30s, one plain linen ditto, value 3s, six stocks, value 6s, a silk cloak trimmed with fur, value 5s, two linen gowns, value 20s, one petticoat, value 4s, six children's night-gowns, value 5s, a yard of printed cotton, value 12 pence two linen table-cloths, value 10s, one child's linen clout, value 12 pence one silk petticoat, value 5s, a counterpane, value 10s, six pillow-cases, value 12 pence a pair of stays, value 4s, one box iron, value 12 pence a pair of steel snuffers, value 12 pence a snuffer-stand, value 6 pence a blanket, value 6 pence six yards of silk ribbon, value 12 pence one gauze cap, value 1 penny.[23]
CROSS William Coventry 7
CROWDER Thomas Restell London 4 Dec 1782 Death commuted

to Life

aka Thomas Ristol

CROWDER
Became
husband of
Sarah DAVIES
Lady Penrhyn

Alexander c29
CUCKOW William
CUDLIP Jacob Bodmin 7 alias NORRIS
CULLEN James Bryan London 6 Apr 1785 7 Lived with

Ann COOMBES
Charlotte

Scarborough c45
CULLYHORN John Exeter 7
CUNNINGHAM Edward London 7
CUSS John New Sarum 7 alias HUNSBOY Charlotte

D[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship DAY Richard Reading 7
DAVIES Edward Stafford 7
DAY Samuel Glocester
DAVIS Samuel Glocester 7
DAVIS William
DAVIS James London 7
DANIELLS Daniel London 7
DICK RICHARD London 7
DAVIDSON John London 7
DAVIS William Brecon Life
DAVIS Richard
DALEY Ann Nether Knutsfo 7 Mrs Gore Daley
DARNELL Margaret London 7
DAVIS Ann London 7
DALTON Elizabeth London 7 lady penrhyn
DAVIDSON Rebecca London 7 Mrs Robert Davidson. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Sarah BURDO aka BURDOE) of stealing three guineas, value £3 and 3s and one half guinea, value 10s and 6 pence.[55]
DAWSON Margaret London 7 Lady Penhryn
DAVIS Frances Chelmsford 14
DAVIES Sarah Worcester,

Worcestershire

7 aka DAVIS

Became wife of
Thomas CROWDER
Alexander

Lady Penrhyn
DAVIES Mary Shrewsbury 7
DENNISON Michael Poole 7
DENISON Barnaby Bristol 7
DELANY Patrick
DICKSON Thomas Durham 7 alias Ralph RAW
DISCALL Timothy Bodmin 7
DIXON Mary London 7
DICKENSON Mary Southwark 7 Became wife of

William EGGLETON
Alexander

Lady Penrhyn
DOUGLAS William Lincoln 7
DOWLAND Ferdinand London 7
DODDING James aka DORING
DRING William Kingston upon 7
DUNNAGE Joseph London Life Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Thomas BROWN) for stealing one chariot glass door, value 22s on 30 April 1783 to seven years transportation.[56] This sentence was later commuted to transportation for life on 21 April 1784 for reasons currently undiscovered.[57]
DUDGENS Elizabeth London 7 aka DUDGEON. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Susannah GARTH) for stealing by pickpocketing nine guineas, value £9 9s and one half-guinea, value 10s and 6 pence in monies on 10 September 1783. Friendship

then from Cape
Charlotte

DUNDASS Jane London 7
DUTTON Ann London 7
DEYER Leonard Southwark 7
DYKES Mary London 7

E[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
EGGLETON William Kingston 7 aka EAGLETON

alias BONES

Alexander
EARLE William New Sarum 7
EARLY Rachel Reading 7
EATON Martha
EATON Mary alias SHEPHERD
ECCLES Thomas Guildford Life
EDMUNDS William Monmouth 7
EDWARDS William Westminster 7
EGGLESTON George Maidstone 7
ELAM Deborah Chester 7
ELLAM Peter Ormskirk 7
ELLIOT Joseph Croydon 7
ELLIOT William Croydon 7
ENGLISH Nicholas London 7
EVANS Elizabeth London 7
EVANS Williams Shrewsbury 7
EVERETT John Hertford 7
EVERINGHAM Matthew London 7

F[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
FARLEY William Bristol 7
FARMER Ann London
FARRELL Phillip London 7
FENTUM Benjamin London 7
FERGUSON John Exeter 7 Charlotte
FILLESEY Thomas Bristol 7
FITZGERALD Jane London 7 alias PHILLIPS Charlotte
FIELD William
FINLOW John alias HERVEY
FIELD Jane London
FITZGERALD Elizabeth London 7
FLYN Edward
FLARTY Phebe London 7 268. ANN PARSLEY and PHEBE FLARTY were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 19th of January last, three muslin shawls, value 30 s. the property of Robert Hincksman, privily in his shop owned by Mr. Robert Hincksman, in Holborn (direct extract from recordings at the Old Bailey in London.)
FOWKES Francis London 7
FORRESTER Robert London 7[58]
FOYLE William New Sarum 7 Charlotte
FOWLES Ann London 7 Convicted on 16 April 1785 for the theft of gowns and petticoats worth £2, 16s.[59] Transported with her four-year-old daughter Mary, who was made a ward of the state and resettled on Norfolk Island.[14][60] Lady Penrhyn
FOWNES Margaret Shrewsbury 7 Lady Penrhyn
FORBES Ann Kingston 7
FREEMAN James Hertford 7
FREEMAN Robert London 7
FRANCIS William London 7
FRANCISCO George London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing three linen shirts, value 3s, one pair of stockings, value 6 pence, and four guineas, value £4 4s on 8 December 1784. Claimed to have been formerly in a French prison for three years and that he had served in some naval capacity.[61]
FRY George 7
FRYER Catherine alias PRIOR
FRASER William Manchester 7 aka FRAZER Charlotte
FRASER Ellen Manchester 7
FULLER John Manchester 7

G[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
GARDNER Francis London 7
GARTH Edward London 7
GARLAND Francis Exeter 7 Charlotte
GARTH Susannah London 7 aka GRATH. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth DUDGENS) for stealing by pickpocketing nine guineas, value £9 9s and one half-guinea, value 10s and 6 pence in monies on 10 September 1783. Friendship

then from Rio
Charlotte

GABEL Mary Southwark 7 Lady Penrhyn
GASCOYGNE Olive/Olivia Worcester 7 Lady Penrhyn
GEARING Thomas Oxford Life
GESS George Gloucester 7
GEORGE Anne London 7 Lady Penrhyn
GLENTON Thomas Northallerton 7
GLOSTER William London 7
GORDON Daniel Winchester 7
GOODWIN Edward London 7
GOODWIN Andrew London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with William BUTLER) of stealing 200lbs of lead, value 20s on 7 July 1784.[62]
GOULD John Exeter 7 Charlotte
GRAY Charles Southwark 7
GRIFFITHS Samuel Gloucester alias BRISCOW
GREENWELL Nicholas London 7
GREEN John Reading 7
GRIFFITHS Thomas London 7
GRANGER Charles Plymouth 7
GRACE James
GREEN Hannah Friendship

then from Rio
Charlotte

GROVES Mary Lincoln 7
GREEN Mary London 7
GREEN Ann London 7
GREENWOOD Mary (?) London 7
GUNTER William Bristol 7

H[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
HADON John Exeter 7 Convicted of stealing to the value of 39s
HAGLEY Richard Winchester Life commuted

to 7

aka AGLEY Scarborough
HAINES Joseph Gloucester 7
HALL Elizabeth Newcastle 7
HALL John Exeter 7 Charlotte
HALL Joseph Exeter Life Charlotte
HALL Margaret
HALL Samuel London 7
HALL Sarah London 7 alias HAMMOND. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing two gowns, value 14s, a bed gown, value 6 pence, a shirt, value 4 pence a sheet, value 18 pence, two waistcoats, value 2s. 6 pence, two aprons, value 5s, a cloak, value 6 pence, five handkerchiefs, value 18 pence, and three pair of stockings, value 18 pence on 17 January 1787. Lady Penrhyn
HAMILTON Maria London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen gown, value 21s, nine yards and a half of linen trimming, value 2s. 3 pence, one silk and cotton gown, value 6s, one black stuff flounced petticoat, value 6s, one apron, value 12 pence, one black silk bonnet, value 12 pence and 9s. 6 pence in monies on 19 October 1785 (Guilty of stealing 39s total).
HAMLIN William Exeter 7 aka HAMLYN Charlotte
HANDFORD John Winchester 7
HANDLAND Dorothy London 7 alias GRAY. Convicted at the Old Bailey of perjury in her evidence given at the trial of William Till at the Old Bailey in December 1785 on 22 February 1786.
HANDY Cooper
HARBINE Joseph London 7
HARPER Joshua London 7
HARRIS William Maidstone 7
HARRIS John London Life Scarborough
HARRISON Joseph London 7
HARRISON Mary Lincoln 7
HARRISON Mary London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Charlotte SPRINGMORE) of unlawfully, wilfully, maliciously, and feloniously, making an assault upon Susannah Edhouse, with intent to burn, spoil, and destroy her clothes, and did spoil, burn, and deface, a certain garment of her the said Susannah, being one cloth cotton gown, value 10 s. her property, being part of the apparel which she had on her person, and then wore. A second count, for making an assault on her, with intent to spoil and deface the garments and clothes of the said Susannah, and then and there spoiling and defacing the same. Tried on 19 October 1785 (Said to be a prostitute during their trial).
HART Frances Friendship

then from Rio
Charlotte

HART John London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen cloth, value 1 pence, one rush basket, value 2 pence, 16lbs of mutton, value 6s, 3lbs of cheese, value 15 pence, 4lbs of butter, value 2s, 4oz of tea, value 15 pence, 2lbs of moist sugar, value 10 pence, 1lb of loaf sugar, value 8 pence on 12 January 1785.
HART Catherine London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing three gowns, value 20s, a silk petticoat, value 3s, a dimity petticoat, value 3s, five shirts, value 20s, four shirts, value 8s and 3 bonnets, value 3s on 8 December 1784. The total value of these items was said to be 49s. The Court argued that if the items stolen were above 40s then the sentence would be death. The Prosecutor claimed they were worth 30s in order to save the life of the accused.
HART John Stafford 7
HARTLEY John Oxford 7
HARWOOD Ester London 7 aka HOWARD. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one silver watch, value 20s, two iron keys, value 1s, one half guinea and two shillings in monies on 30 October 1786.
HATCH John Reading 7
HATCHER John Winchester 7
HATFIELD William Maidstone 7
HATHAWAY Henry Gloucester 7
HATTOM Joseph York, Yorkshire 7 years Scarborough
HAWELL Thomas Stafford 7
HAYES Dennis London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of highway robbery with a knife on 8 December 1784.
HAYES John Guildford 7
HAYDON John Charlotte
HA?ES William
HAYNES William
HAYTON George London 7 aka CLAYTON
HAYWARD Elizabeth London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a linen gown, value 4s, a silk bonnet, value 2s and a bath cloak, value 1s on 10 January 1787
HEAD Richard Reading 7
HEADING James Chelmsford Life
HEADINGTON Thomas Abingdon 7
HENRY Catherine London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing three muslin shawls, value 50s on 10 January 1787
HERBERT Jane London 7 alias ROSE, also known as Jenny Russell. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one promisory note, called a Bank note, No. 8269, dated 30 March 1786, value £20 on 30 August 1786. Prince of Wales
HERBERT John London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a silk handkerchief, value 1s on 21 April 1784 Charlotte
HERBERT John Exeter 7
HERVEY Elizabeth Friendship

then from Rio
Charlotte

HILL John Maidstone Life
HILL John London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen handkerchief, value 6s, on 26 May 1784.
HILL Mary London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing by highway robbery a gilt watch in an enamel case, value £3, a blue watch ribbon, value 1 penny, a gold seal, value 20s and a gold key, value 5s on 25 October 1786 (Suggested to be a prostitute during her trial).
HILL Thomas London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one pair of linen sheets, value 10s, one cotton gown, value 7s, one check linen apron, value 12 pence, one cloth cloak and value 6 pence on 7 July 1784.
HILL Thomas 7
HILT William Exeter Life
HINDLEY William Ormskirk 7 alias PLATT
HINDLE Ottiwell Preston 7
HIPSLEY Eliabeth London 7
HOGG William London 14 Convicted at the Old Bailey of Deception and Forgery by unlawfully stamping certain wares, with a certain mark and stamp in imitation of, and to resemble the said mark and stamp of the Lion and unlawfully, wilfully, and knowingly had, and were possessed of a certain mark and stamp, that was made to resemble the said mark and stamp (that of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths) on 21 April 1784
HOLLAND William Exeter 7
HOLLISTER Job Bristol 7
HOLLOGIN Elizabeth London 7
HOLLOWAY James London 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey a silk handkerchief, value 3s on 20 October 1784
HOLMES Susannah Accompanied

by young son
Henry.

Friendship

then from Cape
Charlotte

HOLMES William London 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey one linen hankerchief, value 2s on 7 July 1784
HORTOPP James Exeter 7 Charlotte
HOWARD John London 7
HOWARD Thomas London 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey to the value of 39s on 12 January 1785
HUBBARD William Surrey 7 Convicted of theft in the Kingston Assizes on 24 March 1784 Scarborough
HUDSON[63][64] John London 7[65] 8 yrs old

(going on 9)
when convicted
in Dec 1783.
12 yrs old when
arrived NSW Jan 1788.

Friendship
HUFFNELL Susannah Worcester 7
HUGHES Frances Ann Lancaster 7
HUGHES Hugh Southwark 7 "Alexander"
HUGHES John Maidstone 7
HUGHES Thomas
HUMPHREYS Edward London 7[66] aka HUMPHRIES. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one cloth great coat, value 30s and one pair of leather boots, value 10s on 8 December 1784. Scarborough
HUMPHREYS Henry Exeter 7 Charlotte
HUMPHRIES Mary London
HURLEY Jeremiah Exeter 7
HUSBAND William London 7
HUSSEY James
HUXLEY Thomas Warwick 7 alias JONES
HYLIDS Thomas Guildford 7

I[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
INETT Ann Worcester 11 Mar 1786 Death commuted

to 7

Lady Penrhyn c30
INGRAM Benjamin London 8 Dec 1784 7 aka INGRAHAM. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one linen handkerchief, value 1s on 8 December 1784. Scarborough c18
IRVINE John Lincoln 6 Mar 1784 7 aka IRVIN Scarborough c26

J[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
JACKSON William Durham 7
JACOBS David London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing two livery cloth great coats, value 40s on 20 October 1784.
JACOBS John London 7
JACKSON Hannah Bristol 7
JAGET Joseph Exeter 7
JAMESON James
JACKSON Jane London alias Esther ROBERT Lady Penrhyn
JACKSON Mary London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing a total of 6 shillings on 30 August 1786. Lady Penrhyn
JEFFRIES Robert Devizes 7
JEFFERIES John Maidstone 7
JENKINS Robert Maidstone 7 alias BROWN
JEPP John London 7 Conviction mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summary for 23 February 1785.
JENKINS William Exeter 7
JONES Francis Winchester 7
JOHNSON Charles Manchester 7 Alexander
JONES Edward London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing six watch movements, value 20s, one hundred and eighty five watch movements framed, value £4, one brass watch cap, value 6 pence, forty eight centre watch wheels and pin, value 12s, seventy six watch barrels and harbours, value 15s, sixty six great watch wheels and fuzees, value 24s, twenty one cantright watch wheels, value 2s, two hundred and thirty seven small watch pins, value 16s, two hundred and forty eight watch screw wheels, value 5s, nine watch studs, value 6 pence, seventeen watch vergers, value 2s, thirty watch balances, value 18 pence, three turnbenches, value 5s, a pair of mens shoes, value 6 pence, a pair of buckles, value 6 pence, a spectacle case mounted with steel, value 6 pence, and one linen sheet, value 3s on 15 September 1784.
JOSEPHS Thomas London 7
JOHNSON William Kingston 7
JOHNS Stephen Launceston 7
JONES Margaret Launceston 14
JOHNSON Edward Dorcester 7
JONES John Exeter 14
JONES William Shewsbury 7
JONES Richard Shewsbury 7
JONES Thomas Bristol 14
JOHNSON Catherine London 7
JOHNSON Mary London 7

K[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
KABLE Henry Thetford 14 Mar 1783 Death commuted

to 7

aka CABLE Friendship c20
KELLAN John London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to Life aka John Herbert KEELING. Originally convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one steel hilted sword, value 10s. on 30 April 1783 and sentenced to 7 years transportation in America.[67] Returned from transportation with 24 other convicts after taking control of the vessel,Swift, in which he was to be transported. He was discovered "at large" on 31 August 1783 in Sandhurst, Kent and was apprehended peacefully.[68] He was convicted on 10 September 1783 for returning from transportation with the other convicts. Notably a Charles KEELING (a probable relative). During the trial he and Charles Keeling were described as having had a very principal share in taking the vessel out of the hands of the Captain, in arising on him and the company, and in freeing themselves and others; and though they appeared active afterwards, in endeavouring to protect the Captain from the violence of the crew, yet there is very great reason to apprehend that this was done in order to colour purposes that perhaps would not have been carried into execution without their assistance and countenance; and Charles Keeling in particular, by the effrontery and boldness he displayed at the time sentence of death was pronounced upon him, gave the Court too much reason to think that he was a very hardened offender. Originally all sentenced to death,[69] the King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life.[70] Scarborough c22
KELLY Thomas Pontefract 13 Jan 1785 7 Alexander c23
KENNEDY Martha Kingston 9 Apr 1787 7 Prince of Wales c31
KIDNEY Thomas Bristol 30 Oct 1782 7 aka KIDNER Alexander c23
KILBY William Reading 16 Jan 1784 Death commuted

to Life

Alexander c51
KING John London 21 Apr 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey fro stealing one man's box great coat, value 18s and one linen towel, value 6 pence on 21 April 1784. Scarborough c33
KILPACK David London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to Life aka KILLPACK. Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for animal theft of one live turkey cock, value 1s. 6 pence, one live cock, value 1s, two live hens, value 1s, and two live ducks, value 1s on 26 February 1783.[71] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John KELLAN which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.[72] Scarborough c27
KIMBERLY Edward Coventry 20 Mar 1783 7 aka KIMBERLEY Scarborough c22
KNOWLER John Maidstone 16 Mar 1785 7 aka NOWLAND Alexander c25
KNOWLAND Andrew London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to 7 aka ROMAN, RONAN, ROWLAND. Convicted at the Old Bailey for fraud of a shipmate onboard HMS Nemesis on 10 September 1783. Originally sentenced to death, it seems that this was commuted to transportation at a later date. Friendship c32

L[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
LANKEY David London 7 Scarborough
LANE Richard Winchester 7 Scarborough
LAWRELL John Bodmin 7 Scarborough
LANE William Chelmsford 7 Scarborough
LARNE James Exeter 7 Charlotte
LAMBETH John Bristol 7 Friendship
LAVELL Henry London 7 aka LOVELL Friendship
LARA Flora London 7 Prince of Wales
LAYCOCK Caroline London 7 Prince of Wales
LANGLEY Jane London 7 Young son

Philip travelled
with her.
Pregnant when
boarded ship.
Baby Henrietta
born during
voyage on
22 Oct 1787.
Had become wife of
Philip SHEWING
aka SKIRVING
crew of ship,
who claimed
to be father
of baby.
Became wife of
Thomas CHIPP
of marines.

Lady Penrhyn
LAWRENCE Mary London 7 Lady Penrhyn
LEMON Isaac Chelmsford 7 Alexander
LEVY Joseph London 7 Scarborough
LEARY John Winchester 7 Scarborough
LEGG George Dorchester 7 Charlotte
LEARY Jeremiah Bristol 14 Friendship
LEGROVE Stephen London 7 Friendship
LEE Elizabeth London 7 Lady Penrhyn
LEWIS Sophia London 7 Lady Penrhyn
LEONARD Elizabeth London 7 Lady Penrhyn
LEVY Amelia Southwark 7 Lady Penrhyn
LIST George London Life Scarborough
LIMEBURNER John New Sarum 7 Charlotte
LIMPUS Thomas Exeter Life Charlotte
LIGHTFOOT Samuel Exeter 7 Charlotte
LONGSTREET Joseph Marlborough 7 Alexander
LONG Joseph Gloucester 14 Alexander
LOCKLEY John London 7 Alexander
LONG Mary London Life Prince of Wales
LOVE Mary Maidstone 7 Lady Penrhyn
LOCK Elizabeth Gloucester 7 Lady Penrhyn
LUCAS Nathaniel London 7 Scarborough
LYNCH Humphry New Sarum 7 Alexander
LYNCH Ann Bristol 14 Charlotte
LYDE John London 7 Friendship

M[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
MAYNARD Dylan Riverton 7
M'DONNAUGH James Maidstone 7
M'LAUGHLIN Charles Durham 7
M'LEAN Edward Maidstone 7
M'LEAN Francis Guildford 7
M'LEAN Thomas Guildford 7
MACINTIRE John Durham 7
MANSFIELD John Chelmsford 7 Years Transportation Stole 8 pigs Alexander
MASON Betty Gloucester 14
McCORMICK Sarah Manchester 7
McCORMACK Mary Liverpool 7
McDEED Richard
McGRAH Redman
MACKRIE James
MARINER William Oxford 7
MARNEY William London 7
MARRIOTT Jane London 7
MARROTT John Gloucester 7
MARSHALL Mary London Life
MARSHALL Joseph London 14
MARSHALL Mary London 7
MARTIN Ann Southwark Lady Penrhyn
MARTIN Abraham New Sarum 7
MARTIN John London 7
MARTIN Stephen Bristol 7
MARTIN Thomas Exeter 7
MARTYN James Exeter 7
MASON Susannah London alias GIBBS
MATHER Ann London 7
MATHER Mather London 7
MATON Thomas Maidstone 7
MAY Richard New Sarun 7
McCABE Eleanor London 7 alias MAGEE
McNA MAR William
MEYNELL John Nottingham alias William RADFORD
MESSIAH Jacob
MEECH Jane Exeter 7 Mrs. William MEECH
MIDGLEY Samuel Lancaster 7
MIDDLETON Richard London 7
MILES Edward 7
MILLS Matthew
MILTON Charles Maidstone 7
MITCHCRAFT Mary Kingston 7
MITCHELL Mary Kingston 7
MITCHELL Nathaniel Dorchester 7
MOLLANDS John Launceston 7
MOBBS Samuel London 7
MOOD Charles 7
MOORIN John London 7
MOORE William London 7
MORLEY John London 7
MORGAN Richard Gloucester 7
MORGAN Robert London 7
MORGAN William London 7
MORLEY Joseph
MORRIS Peter Bristol 7
MORRISBY John London 7
MORTIMORE John Exeter 7
MORTON Mary London 7
MOWBRAY John Lincoln 7
MOULD William Guildford 7
MOYLE Edward Launceston 7
MULLENS Hannah London Life Became wife of

Charles PEAT
Scarborough

Lady Penrhyn
MULLIS Stephen Exeter 7
MULLOCK Jesse New Sarum 7
MUNRO Lydia Kingston 14 Lady Penrhyn
MUNROE John London 7 alias NURSE
MURPHY James 7
MURPHY William Liverpool 7

N[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
NEWLAND John London 7 Scarborough
NETTLETON Robert Kingston upon 7 Alexander
NEAL John London 7 Scarborough
NEAL James Bristol 7 Friendship
NEEDHAM Elizabeth London 7 Lady Penrhyn
NICHOLLS John London 7 Scarborough
NORTON Phebe London 7 Lady Penrhyn
NUNN Robert London 7 Scarborough

O[edit]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
O'CRAFT John Exeter 7 Also known as John OAKRAFT. Born c1750. Convicted in Exeter, 17 March 1783 for theft of clothes and money worth 80s. Charlotte
OGDEN James Manchester 7 (1768? - 1820) A labourer from Manchester. Convicted 20 January 1785 for theft of a purse. Alexander
OKEY William Gloucester 7 Alexander
OLDFIELD Thomas Manchester 7 Friendship
OLDFIELD Isabella Manchester 7 Friendship
ORFORD Thomas London 7 Alexander
OSBORNE Thomas London 7 Alexander
OSBORNE Elizabeth London 7 alias JONES Lady Penrhyn
OWLES John Croydon 7 Alexander
OWEN John London 7 Scarborough
OWEN Joseph Shewsbury 14 Friendship

P[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
PAIGE Paul Lincoln 7
PANE William Nottingham 7
PARRY Edward Stafford 7
PARR William Liverpool 7
PALMER John Henry London 7
PARKER John London 7
PARISH William London 7
PARTRIDGE Richard London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing one linen shift, value 3s, one linen apron, value 3s, one pair of cotton stockings, value 6 pence, and one pair of linen cover sluts, value 6 pence on 30 April 1783. He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John KELLAN which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
PARRIS Peter Exeter 7
PARKINSON Jane Manchester aka PARTINGTON
PARKER Elizabeth Gloucester 7 Accompanied by her daughter Ann Friendship

then from Cape
Charlotte

PARSELY Ann London 7 Sentenced 1787 to 7 years transportation for stealing.

In 1791, bore a son to naval lieutenant James Furzer.
Settled in Sydney on expiry of her jail term.[73]

Prince of Wales
PARKER Mary London 7
PARTRIDGE Sarah London 7 alias ROBERTS
PARRY Sarah London Life
PERROT Edward Bearcro Bristol 7
PETRIE John London 7
PEYTON Samuel London 7
PERCIVAL Richard London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one silver watch, value 30s, one silver milk pot, value 10s, one silver spoon, value 5s, one pair of steel scissors with silver bows, value 2s, one pair of leather shoes, value 5s, a quantity of sugar, value 1s, half 2 pound of tobacco, value 2s, one linen towel, value 6 pence and four hundred and eighty copper halfpence, value 20s on 7 July 1784.[74] On 23 February 1785, his sentence of seven years transportation was transferred from transportation to America to transportation to Africa,[75] a possible term for Australia, unless these sentences were later changed from Africa to Australia.
PETTITT John London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one flute, called an English flute, value 4s, and two fifes, value 1s, on 21 April 1784.[76]
PEAULET James London 7
PEAT Charles London Life Originally convicted at the Old Bailey on 5 December 1781 and sentenced to death for stealing by highway robbery a silk purse, value 3 pence, and 23 shillings in monies on Finchley Common, which was notorious for highwaymen. The jury recommended mercy during his trial.[77][78] The sentence of death was later overturned and Charles was sentenced to transportation for life in Nova Scotia. However, he was found "at large" in England, his return from transportation is recorded in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries of 10 September 1783.[79] He was tried for this at the Old Bailey on 7 July 1784. During the trial, Charles stated that the ship he had been sent on for the purpose of transportation had been "Bound for Virginia." George Holt, the steward of the ship Mercury stated that the vessel was bound "for Baltimore in Maryland, from thence to Honduras, and from thence to Virginia, (for we had sixteen or seventeen thousand pounds cargo on board) and from thence to Nova Scotia, to deliver the servants, as they are entitled indented servants" (The convicts). Although, interestingly, Charles insists during the trial that he had been sentenced to five years in Virginia not Nova Scotia. That would have been convenient given that at the time of his sentencing the American War of Independence was nearing its end. The court then brought forward John Owen as a witness, who stated that he knew Charles Peat and that upon being sentenced to death at trial in 1781 "he remained in Newgate a great while; he afterwards received his Majesty's mercy, and in July 1783, he accepted of the conditions, I was present then, and brought him to the bar, the conditions were, his being transported to Nova Scotia for the term of his natural life." He then notes that he was held in the Woolwich Hulks until a ship was ready to transport him to Nova Scotia. Following John Owen's statement, Charles gives his own account to the court, in which he states that after received his Majesty's pardon, on 4 June 1782 he was apprehended in Smithfield, and brought to prison. He then states I pleaded Not Guilty to this indictment, not with intent to give the Court any unnecessary trouble, but to explain the hardness of my case; the robbery I was cast for was attended with such circumstances of behaviour on my part, that the Court thought me not unworthy of clemency, and I was accordingly recommended to his Majesty's mercy, and I was afterwards pardoned on condition of serving in the royal army in the East Indies; but some difficulty arising in putting this pardon into execution, my prosecutor applied to Mr. Townsend, now Lord Sydney, for a free pardon; then I had a pardon on condition of serving on board any of his Majesty's ships or vessels of war; I went on board His Majesty's Ship the Prince Edward, two months after, having been six months at my liberty, and I was taken up for not complying with the terms of my pardon, and committed to Newgate, where I continued six months, and was had up every Sessions, and was informed I should be discharged: during the time I was in Newgate, I had a severe illness, which rendered me insensible, and whilst I was in that state I was brought before Counsellor Harrison, who sat as Deputy Recorder. When the sentence of the Court was read to me to be transported to Nova Scotia for the term of my natural life, it may be said I acquiesced, but I was then in a state of insensibility: I apply to Mr. Akerman, that during my long confinement, I never was charged with any offence; I have served his Majesty in the royal navy, and had the honour of bearing a commission. Whilst I was on board the hulk, I had the mortification of seeing my fellow sufferers die daily, to the amount of two hundred and fifty? several who have had pardons similar to mine. The court asked John Owen if he could positively identify Charles Peat as the same Charles Peat convicted of highway robbery in December 1781 at the Old Bailey. He said he could not and the court and jury decided that they were not satisfied with the evidence brought against Charles. He was given a decision of not guilty if he made out his case and they were sure every enquiry was made.[80] It would seem however, that evidence came to light to convict Charles as he was sentenced to transportation for life in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries for 23 February 1785.[81]
Became husband of Hannah MULLENS Lady Penrhyn
Scarborough
PECK Joshua Exeter 7
PERKINS Edward Plymouth 7
PETHERICK John Plymouth 7
PENNY John 7
PHILLIMORE William London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey on 10 December 1783.[82] Unusually, details of his trial is not transcribed.
PHILLIPS Richard London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing 16lbs of lead, value 4s on 10 December 1783.[83]
PHILLIPS Mary Taunton 7
PHYFIELD Roger Shrewsbury aka TWYFIELD Friendship
PHYN Mary London 7
PIGOTT Samuel Exeter 7
PINDER Mary Lincoln 7
PIPKIN Elizabeth London 7
PILES Mary London 7 aka PILE. Originally convicted at the Old Bailey on 15 January 1783 to be fined 1 shilling and to serve twelve months in a House of Correction for stealing one linen apron, value 5s, five caps, value 40s, one muslin handkerchief, value 3s, one metal watch, value £3, one steel chain, value 1 penny and 16 shillings in monies.[84] Convicted once again at the Old Bailey for stealing 29s and 6 pence in monies on 6 April 1785. During the trial she was referred to as "the female highwayman."[85]
POPE David Southwark 7
POWER John London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey with a man named Charles Young of stealing 2092 pounds weight of wood, called Red Sanders wood, value £20 the property of the East India company on 14 December 1785.[86] The trial in question results in a verdict of not guilty. However, interesting both Young and Power are listed in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries as sentenced to 7 years transportation.[87] Both defended by William Garrow who said in his defence that "There is no evidence at all against Power" when cross-examining the witness Judah Bottlebold and that "what [Bottlebold] says against Power alone, is not evidence."
PONTIE John London Life Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Matthew COX aka BANBURY JACK) of stealing thirteen yards of lace, value £5 on 7 July 1784.[88] Originally sentenced to death, overturned to transportation for life on 23 February 1785.
POOLE Jane Wells 7 Charlotte
POORE/POWER/POOR William Dorchester 7 Charlotte
POWLEY Elizabeth
POWELL Ann London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one pair of stays, value 10s, one gown, value 10s, one apron, value 2s, and one black silk cloak, value 10s on 13 December 1786.[89]
PRICE James Gloucester 7
PRICE John Southwark 7
PRIOR Catherine Son John Matthew

born at sea
14 Nov 1787

PRIOR Thomas Reading 7
PRITCHARD Thomas
PUGH Edward Gloucester 7
PULLEY Elizabeth Norfolk 1783 7

R[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
RANDALL/REYNOLDS John Manchester 7 Alexander
RANKIN Felicity California 100
REYMOND George London 7
RAMFEY John Kinston 7
REPEAT Charles Warwick 7
READ William Croydon 7
REARDON Bartholomew Winchester 7
READ Ann London Life Lady Penrhyn
RISDALE Thomas Bristol Life alias CROWDER
RICHARD James East Grinstead 7
RICHARDSON James Maidstone 7
RISBY Edward Gloucester 7
RICHARDSON William London 7
RICHARDSON Hardwicke London 7
RICHARDSON John London 7
RICHARD David London 7
RICHARDSON Samuel London 7
RICKSON William Chelmsford 7
RICHARDS John Winchester 7 alias WILLIAMS
RICHARD James Launceston 7
RICE John Exeter 7
ROPE Anthony Chelmsford 7
ROGERS Daniel Croydon 7
ROBINSON George Lincoln 7
ROGERS Isaac Gloucester 14
ROBINSON Thomas Kingston upon 7
ROBERTS John Liverpool 7
ROBINSON George London 7
ROMAIN John London 7
ROWE John Launceston 7
ROWE William Launceston 7
ROBERTS William Bodmin 7 Scarborough
ROBINSON William Exeter 7
ROACH Henry Exeter 7
ROBINS John Exeter 7 alias MAJOR
ROUS Walton alias BATLEY
ROLT Mary London
ROSSON Isabella London 7
RUSSEL John London 7
RUGLASS John London Life
RUSSLER John London Life
RUSE James Bodmin 7 aka RUCE
RUTH Robert Exeter 7
RYAN John

S[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
SALTMARSH William Kingston 7 Alexander
SANDERSON Thomas Lincoln 7
SANDS William Lincoln 7 Alexander
SAMPSON Peter London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Charles ALLEN) of burglarious breaking and entering a dwelling and stealing one linen sheet, value 10s, eight damask table cloths, value 40s, one sheet, value 10s, eight shirts, value 3s and 1 penny and one counterpane, value 10s.[9] Scarborough
SANDLIN Ann London 7 alias LYNES Lady Penrhyn
SCATTERGOOD Robert Stafford 7 Alexander
SCOTT Elizabeth London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Sarah AULT) for stealing four bridles, value 11s, one bradoon, value 2s, two strap irons, value 1s, and two leather straps, value 1s.[20] Prince of Wales
SELSHIRE Samuel London 7 Scarborough
SEYMOUR John Sherborne 7 Scarborough
SHEARMAN William Reading 7 Alexander
SHAW Joseph Stafford 7 Alexander
SHEPHERD Robert Durham 7 Alexander
SHARP George Durham 7 Alexander
SHORE William Lancaster 7 Alexander
SHORE John Manchester 7 Pardoned before the fleet sailed,

so did not embark.

SHIERS James London Life Scarborough
SILVERTHORN John New Sarum 7 Alexander
SIDAWAY Robert London Life aka SIDEWAY, SIDEAWAY Friendship
SLATER Sarah London 7 Lady Penrhyn
SMALL John Exeter 7 Charlotte
SMART Richard Gloucester 7 Alexander
SMART Daniel Gloucester 7 Alexander
SMITH Thomas Lancaster 7 Alexander
SMITH William Liverpool 7 Alexander
SMITH Edward London 7 Scarborough
SMITH William London 7 Scarborough
SMITH Thomas London 7 alias HAYNES Scarborough
SMITH James London 7 Scarborough
SMITH John Guildford 7 Scarborough
SMITH William Bodmin 1 Scarborough
SMITH Ann Winchester 7 Mrs John SMITH.

Accompanied by
young daughter
Ann

Charlotte
SMITH Hannah Winchester 7 Charlotte
SMITH William Dorchester 7 Charlotte
SMITH Edward Exeter 7 Charlotte
SMITH John Exeter 7 Charlotte
SMITH Ann London 7 Lady Penrhyn
SMITH Catherine London 7 Prince of Wales
SMITH Catherine London 7 Lady Penrhyn
SMITH Mary London 7 Lady Penrhyn
SNALEHAM William London 7 Scarborough
SPARKS Henry
SPENCER Daniel Dorchester 14 Charlotte
SPENCER John alias PEARCE
SPENCE Mary Wigan 5 Prince of Wales
SPRINGMORE Charlotte London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Mary HARRISON) of unlawfully, wilfully, maliciously, and feloniously, making an assault upon Susannah Edhouse, with intent to burn, spoil, and destroy her clothes, and did spoil, burn, and deface, a certain garment of her the said Susannah, being one cloth cotton gown, value 10 s. her property, being part of the apparel which she had on her person, and then wore. A second count, for making an assault on her, with intent to spoil and deface the garments and clothes of the said Susannah, and then and there spoiling and defacing the same. Tried on 19 October 1785 (Said to be a prostitute during their trial).
SPRINGHAM Mary London 7 Lady Penrhyn
SQUIRES James Kingston 7 aka SQUIRE Charlotte

(Originally on the Friendship)

STANLEY William New Sarum 7 Alexander
STRONG James Dorchester 7 Alexander
STOW James Lincoln 7 Alexander
STONE Charles London 7 Alexander
STONE Henry London 7
STONE Martin Warwick 7 Alexander
STOKEE John Durham 7
STOGDELL John London 14 Alexander
STUART James London 7 Scarborough
STANTON Thomas Launceston 7 alias ABDIN, EBDEN, ELDON, IBDEN Scarborough
STEPHENS John Morris Dorchester 7 Charlotte
STEWART Margaret Exeter 7 Charlotte
STRECH Thomas Shrewsbury 7 aka STRETCH Friendship
SUMMERS John Gloucester 7 Alexander

T[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Sentence Other information Transport ship
TAYLOR Josh Manchester 7
TAYLOR Henry
TAYLOR Sarah Kingston 7
TENANT Thomas Hilton Chelmsford alias Phillip DIVINE
TEAGUE Cornelius Bodmin 7
TENCHALL James aka TENNINGHILL
THACKERY Elizabeth Manchester 7 Friendship

then from Cape
Charlotte

THOMPSON William Durham 7
THOMAS James London 7
THOMPSON James London 7
THOMAS James London 7
THOMAS John London 7
THOMPSON William London 7
THOUDY James
THOMAS Elizabeth Wigan 7
THORNTON Ann London 7
TUNMINS Thomas Warwick 7
TILLEY Thomas Stafford 7
TILL Thomas London 7
TODD Nicholas London 7
TROTTER Joseph Maidstone 7 Alexander
TRACE John Exeter 7
TRIPPETT Susannah London 7
TURNER Ralph Manchester 7
TUSO Joseph London Life
TURNER John
TUCKER Moses Plymouth 7
TURNER Thomas
TURNER John
TURNER Mary Worcester 7
TWYNEHAM William Reading 7
TWYFIELD Ann Shrewsbury 7 aka DAWLEY
TYRRELL William Winchester 7

U[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
UNDERWOOD James New Sarum 11 Mar 1786 Death commuted

to 14

Charlotte c44
USHER John Maidstone 17 Mar 1785 7 About 16

yrs old when convicted.

Alexander c18

V[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
VICKERY William Exeter 20 Mar 1786 7 Charlotte c25
VINCENT Henry London 21 Apr 1784 7 Scarborough c27

W[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
WAGER Benjamin London 7
WAINWRIGHT Ellen Preston 7 alias Esther ECCLES
WADE Mary London 14 alias CACKLANE
WALBOURNE James London 7 Scarborough
WADDICOMB Richard Exeter 7
WALKER John London 7
WALL William Oxford 7
WALSH William London 7
WARD Ann London 7
WARD John Lowth 7
WARE Charlotte
WATERHOUSE William Kingston 7
WATKINS Mary Friendship

then from Rio
Charlotte

WATSAN John Maidstone 7
WATSON Thomas Exeter 7
WELCH James Maidstone 7
WELCH John Durham 7
WELCH John London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing one large copper, value 10s, one copper saucepan, value 3s, and one brass boiling pot, value 3s on 11 Septemnber 1782. He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John KELLAN which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
WELSH John London 7
WEST Benjamin London 7
WESTWOOD John London 7
WESTLALE Edward Exeter 7
WHEELER Samuel Croydon 7
WHITAKER George Maidstone 7
WHITE James Maidstone 7
WHITING William Gloucester 7
WHITTON Edward Maidstone Life Scarborough
WILCOCKS Samuel Dorcester 7
WILTON William Bristol 7
WILSON Charles London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to transportation to America, he was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John KELLAN which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
WILSON Peter Manchester 7
WILLIAMS Charles London 7
WILLIAMS Daniel Preston 7
WILLIAMS Frances Mold 7
WILLIAMS James London 7
WILLIAMS John Bodmin 7 alias FLOYD
WILLIAMS John Maidstone 7 alias Black Jack
WILLIAMS John Exeter 7
WILLIAMS Mary London 7
WILLIAMS Peter Exeter 7 alias FLAGGETT
WILLIAMS Robert Launceston 7
WILCOCKS Richard Exeter 7
WICKHAM Mary New Sarum 14
WILDING John Bury 7 alias WARREN

Died during passage to NSW

Scarborough
WISEHAMMER John Bristol 7
WOOD George London 7
WOOD Mark
WOODCOCK Francis Shrewsbury 7
WOODCOCK Peter London 7
WOODHAM Samuel London Life
WOLFF Jack London 7 Scarborough
WOOLCOT John Exeter Life
WOOLLEY Samuel London 15 Husband of Sarah WOOLLEY.

Sentenced together.

Charlotte
WOOLLEY Sarah London 14 Wife of Samuel WOOLLEY.

Sentenced together.

Charlotte
WORSDELL William Launceston 7
WRIGHT Ann London 7
WRIGHT Benjamin London 7
WRIGHT James Maidstone 7
WRIGHT Joseph London 7 Scarborough
WRIGHT Thomas Reading 7
WRIGHT William London 7

Y[edit]

Reference - First Fleet Database of the University of Wollongong[2]

Surname First name From Date of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship Age as of
May 1787
YARDSLEY Thomas Shrewsbury 4 Aug 1784 7 aka YASLEY Scarborough c28
YATES Nancy York 9 Jul 1785 Death commuted

to 7

aka YEATS

About 17 yrs old when convicted.

Lady Penrhyn c19
YOUNG John London 20 Oct 1784 7 Alexander c25
YOUNG Simon London 21 Apr 1784 Death commuted

to 7

Scarborough c25
YOUNGSON Elizabeth Lancaster 1 Mar 1787 Death commuted

to 7

aka YOUNGSTER Prince of Wales c15
YOUNGSON George Lancaster 1 Mar 1787 7 Prince of Wales c20

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wallabadah – Places to See Retrieved on 4 May 2009
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w First Fleet Database of the University of Woolongong
  3. ^ IFHAA Shipping Pages – Australia's First Fleet – 1788 Retrieved 2010-7-27
  4. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17841208-1-punish877&div=s17841208-1#highlight
  5. ^ Old Bailey Trial of Esther Abrahams
  6. ^ SMH: Online transcripts illuminate world of First Fleeters Retrieved 2010-7-29
  7. ^ a b http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840526-40-punish196&div=t17840526-40#highlight
  8. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17861213-14-punish76&div=t17861213-14#highlight
  9. ^ a b http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-16-punish87&div=t17840707-16#highlight
  10. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17861025-55-punish313&div=t17861025-55#highlight
  11. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17870110-26-punish145&div=t17870110-26#highlight
  12. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17870418-67-punish320&div=t17870418-67#highlight
  13. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17861025-72-punish419&div=t17861025-72#highlight
  14. ^ a b Kenneally 2006, p. 93
  15. ^ "October 1786, trial of TAMASIN ALLEN, alias BODDINGTON (t17861025-72)". Old Bailey Proceedings Online. p. 1305. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  16. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17870110-22-defend230&div=t17870110-22#highlight
  17. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17861213-20-punish110&div=t17861213-20#highlight
  18. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840526-9-punish54&div=t17840526-9#highlight
  19. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840526-91-punish415&div=t17840526-91#highlight
  20. ^ a b http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17870221-49-punish249&div=t17870221-49#highlight
  21. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17860830-91-punish457&div=t17860830-91#highlight
  22. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17861025-1-punish7&div=t17861025-1#highlight
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  24. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-15-punish81&div=t17840707-15#highlight
  25. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17831210-61-person787&div=t17831210-61#highlight
  26. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840526-13-defend173&div=t17840526-13#highlight
  27. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830226-45-defend547&div=t17830226-45#highlight
  28. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17830910-1-person1471&div=s17830910-1#highlight
  29. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830910-32-person368&div=t17830910-32#highlight
  30. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=o17831210-1-punish747&div=o17831210-1#highlight
  31. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17870418-69-defend593&div=t17870418-69#highlight
  32. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17840915-1-person1392&div=s17840915-1#highlight
  33. ^ Kenneally 2006, p. 92
  34. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840421-15-defend237&div=t17840421-15#highlight
  35. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=o17850223-3-defend1313&div=o17850223-3#highlight
  36. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17820703-48-defend446&div=t17820703-48#highlight
  37. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17830910-1-person1471&div=s17830910-1#highlight
  38. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17850511-27-defend366&div=t17850511-27#highlight
  39. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17860719-42-defend478&div=t17860719-42#highlight
  40. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=o17850223-4-defend1387&div=o17850223-4#highlight
  41. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830430-23-punish130&div=t17830430-23#highlight
  42. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17870110-22-defend230&div=t17870110-22#highlight
  43. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17831210-139-defend1345&div=t17831210-139#highlight
  44. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17860426-107-punish486&div=t17860426-107#highlight
  45. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17861025-54-punish308&div=t17861025-54#highlight
  46. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17860830-63-punish330&div=t17860830-63#highlight
  47. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-15-punish81&div=t17840707-15#highlight
  48. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840225-16-defend239&div=t17840225-16#highlight
  49. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=o17840421-2-punish712&div=o17840421-2#highlight
  50. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-36-punish198&div=t17840707-36#highlight
  51. ^ Chapman 1986, p. 58
  52. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-32-defend419&div=t17840707-32#highlight
  53. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17850223-1-punish580&div=s17850223-1#highlight
  54. ^ Chapman 1981, p.78
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  56. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830430-23-punish130&div=t17830430-23#highlight
  57. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=o17840421-2-punish712&div=o17840421-2#highlight
  58. ^ Loise Wilson: Robert Forrester, First Fleeter Retrieved 2010-7-24
  59. ^ Fowles#highlight "April 1785, trial of ANN FOWLES (t17850406-7)". Old Bailey Proceedings Online. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
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  63. ^ John Hudson, orphan and chimney sweep
  64. ^ Short film about John Hudson
  65. ^ Old Bailey Trial of John Hudson
  66. ^ Old Bailey Trial of Edward Humphreys
  67. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830430-55-defend709&div=t17830430-55#highlight
  68. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830910-9-defend152&div=t17830910-9#highlight
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  71. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830226-27-defend342&div=t17830226-27#highlight
  72. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17830910-1-person1471&div=s17830910-1#highlight
  73. ^ Chapman 1986, p. 143
  74. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-98-defend937&div=t17840707-98#highlight
  75. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17850223-1-person1574&div=s17850223-1#highlight
  76. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840421-23-defend437&div=t17840421-23#highlight
  77. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17811205-1-defend45&div=t17811205-1#highlight
  78. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17811205-1-person735&div=s17811205-1#highlight
  79. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17830723-1-person1275&div=s17830723-1#highlight
  80. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-6-defend102&div=t17840707-6#highlight
  81. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17850223-1-person1585&div=s17850223-1#highlight
  82. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=o17830910-5-punish661&div=o17830910-5#highlight
  83. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17831210-16-punish104&div=t17831210-16#highlight
  84. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17830115-3-defend82&div=t17830115-3#highlight
  85. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17850406-68-defend781&div=t17850406-68#highlight
  86. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17851214-113-defend1025&div=t17851214-113#highlight
  87. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=s17851214-1-person1149&div=s17851214-1#highlight
  88. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17840707-32-defend419&div=t17840707-32#highlight
  89. ^ http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t17861213-75-punish387&div=t17861213-75#highlight
Books
  • Chapman, Don (1986). 1788: The People of the First Fleet. Doubleday Australia. ISBN 0868242659. }
  • Kenneally, Thomas (2006). The Commonwealth of Thieves. Random House Australia. ISBN 9781741666137. }

External links[edit]