Convoy PQ 1

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Convoy PQ-1 was the second of the Arctic Convoys of World War II by which the Western Allies supplied material aid to the Soviet Union in its fight with Nazi Germany. The Convoy sailed from Hvalfiord Iceland on 29 September 1941 and arrived at Archangelsk on 11 October 1941.

Ships[edit]

This Convoy consisted of 11 merchant ships loaded with raw materials, 20 tanks and 193 crated Hawker Hurricane fighter planes.
Escorted ships convoy PQ-1 (29 Sep 1941 - 11 Oct 1941)

Escorted ships convoy PQ-1 initially (29 Sep 1941 - 4 Oct 1941)

Escorted ships convoy PQ-1 at later stage (2 Oct 1941 - 11 Oct 1941)

Escorted ships convoy PQ-1 in the coastal waters of the USSR (10 - 11 Oct 1941)

All ships arrived safely.

Complete List of Ships[1][edit]

Name Flag Tonnage (GRT) Notes
HMS Antelope (H36)  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
HMS Anthony (H40)  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
Atlantic (1939)  United Kingdom 5,414 Commodore’s ship
RFA Black Ranger (1941)  United Kingdom 3,417 Detached on 4 Oct with HMS Antelope
Blairnevis (1930)  United Kingdom 4,155
HMS Britomart (J22)  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
Capira (1920)  Panama 5,625
Elna Ii (1903)  Soviet Union 3,221
Escapade  Royal Navy Escort 01 Oct - 11 Oct
Gemstone (1938)  United Kingdom 4,986
Gossamer  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
Harmonic (1930)  United Kingdom 4,558
HMS Harrier  Royal Navy Escort 10 Oct - 11 Oct
HMS Hussar (J82)  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
HMS Impulsive (D11)  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
HMS Leda (J93)  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
Lorca (1931)  United Kingdom 4,875
North King (1903)  Panama 4,934 Vice-commodore’s ship
River Afton (1935)  United Kingdom 5,479
HMS Suffolk (55)  Royal Navy Escort 29 Sept - 11 Oct
Uritski  Soviet Union Escort
Valerian Kuybyshev  Soviet Union Escort
Ville D'Anvers (1920)  Belgium 7,462

Trivia[edit]

The code PQ was chosen from the initials of Commander Phillip Quellyn Roberts an operations officer in the Admiralty

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Convoy PQ.1". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 15 October 2013.