Forest Preserve District of Cook County

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Forest Preserve District of Cook County
FPDCC Logo.jpg
Seal of FPDCC
Formation 1914
Type Governmental organization
Headquarters River Forest, Illinois
Region served Cook County
Website http://fpdcc.com

The Cook County Forest Preserves are a network of open spaces, containing forest, prairie, wetland, streams, and lakes, that are mostly set aside as natural areas. Cook County contains Chicago, Illinois, and is the center of a densely populated urban metropolitan area in northeastern Illinois. The Forest Preserves encompass approximately 68,000 acres (275 km²) of open space within the urban surroundings of Chicago. It contains facilities for recreation, as well as a zoo and a botanic garden.

Background[edit]

A herd of white-tailed deer in a Chicago Forest Preserve.

Most often being left more in their natural state, the Forest Preserves have a different purpose than urban parks, also they generally do not contain organized recreational facilities such as tennis courts or softball diamonds. They do contain hiking, bicycling, and riding trails, as well as facilities for nature and group activities, and they are heavily used for picnicking.[1] They are administered by the Forest Preserve District of Cook County, a special taxation district that crosses municipal boundaries. Their headquarters are located in River Forest near Harlem Avenue and Lake Street.

In 1905, at the instigation of the Cook County Board of Commissioners and private nature groups, Illinois adopted a forest preserve act but because of defects in the law, it was declared inoperable. The Forest Preserve District Association was formed in 1911 and a new state law was adopted, however, the courts declared the 1911 law unconstitutional. Finally in 1913, the State adopted a Forest Preserve Act that survived legal challenge. The 1913 law allowed a county board:

To acquire … and hold lands … containing one or more natural forests or lands connecting such forests or parts thereof, for the purpose of protecting and preserving the flora, fauna and scenic beauties within such district, and to restore, restock, protect, and preserve the natural forests and said lands together with their flora and fauna, as nearly as may be, in their natural state and condition, for the purpose of the education, pleasure, and recreation of the public.

A Cook County referendum required by the 1913 law was passed by voters in 1914, establishing the Forest Preserve District of Cook County and the first Board meeting was held in February 1915.[2]

Facilities[edit]

Both the Brookfield Zoo (managed by the Chicago Zoological Society) and the Chicago Botanic Gardens (managed by the Chicago Horticultural Society) are located in the forest preserves. The Forest Preserve District also maintains eleven public golf courses.

National Sites[edit]

The Ned Brown Forest Preserve contains Busse Woods, a National Natural Landmark. The District also administers the Chicago Portage National Historic Site. In addition, the District's Red Gate Woods was the war-time home of the Manhattan Project's first nuclear facility.

Trail systems[edit]

There are thirteen trail systems within the preserve district, they are the:

  • Arie Crown Forest trail system
  • Burnham Greenway trail system
  • Busse Woods bicycle trail
  • Centennial and I&M Canal trail system
  • Deer Grove trail system
  • Des Plaines trail system
  • Des Plaines River Trail follows the river through much of Cook County and Lake County.
  • North Branch trail system
  • Palos trail system
  • Poplar Creek trail system
  • Sag Valley trail system
  • Salt Creek trail system
  • Thorn Creek trail system
  • Tinley Creek trail system

Facilities by region[edit]

Region 1: Northwest Cook County[edit]

Poplar Creek Division

Includes: Spring Lake Preserve, Crabtree Preserve, Arthur L. Janura Preserve

Activity Areas  · Barrington Road Pond  · Beverly Lake  · Bluff Springs Fen  · Bode East  · Bode Lake  · Crabtree Nature Center  · Great Egret Family Picnic Area  · Old Stover Trailhead  · Penny Road Pond  · Poplar Creek Bicycle Lot  · Poplar Creek Equestrian Parking  · Poplar Creek Model Airplane Flying Field  · Shoe Factory Road Woods  · Spring Creek Valley Headwaters  · Spring Lake Nature Preserve

Trail Systems  · Crabtree Preserve (Paved)  · Poplar Creek (Paved)  · Poplar Creek (Unpaved)  · Spring Lake (Unpaved)

Region 2: Northwest Cook County[edit]

Northwest Division

Includes: Deer Grove Preserve, Jens Jensen Preserve, Paul Douglas Preserve, Ned Brown Preserve

Activity Areas  · Baker’s Lake Overlook  · Baker’s Lake Younghusband Prairie  · Busse Forest-Central  · Busse Forest-North  · Busse Forest-South  · Busse Forest-West  · Busse Forest Elk Pasture  · Busse Forest Main Dam  · Busse Lake Beisner Road Access  · Busse Lake Boating Center  · Camp Alphonse  · Camp Reinberg  · Deer Grove  · Deer Grove-East  · Deer Grove-West  · Deer Grove Lake  · Grassy Ridge Meadow  · Highland Woods Driving Range  · Highland Woods Golf Course  · Ned Brown Meadow  · Woodland Meadow

Trail Systems  · Busse Forest (Paved)  · Deer Grove (Paved)  · Deer Grove (Unpaved)  · Paul Douglas (Paved)

Region 3: North Cook County[edit]

Indian Boundary Division, Des Plaines Division

Includes: Seymour Simon Preserve

Activity Areas  · Allison Woods  · Axehead Lake  · Beck Lake  · Belleau Lake  · Big Bend Lake  · Blandings Grove Family Picnic Area  · Blue Beach Family Picnic Area  · Camp Baden Powell  · Camp Dan Beard  · Camp Ground Road Woods  · Camp Pine Woods  · Catherine Chevalier Woods  · Che-Che-Pin-Qua Woods  · Chippewa Woods  · Dam No. 1 Woods-East  · Dam No. 1 Woods-West  · Dam No. 2 Woods  · Dam No. 4 Woods-East  · Evans Field  · Fullerton Woods  · Fullerton Woods Family Picnic Area  · Harry H. Semrow Driving Range  · Indian Boundary Family Picnic Area  · Indian Boundary Golf Course  · Iroquois Woods  · Irving Park Road Canoe Landing  · Jerome Huppert Woods  · John E. Traeger Family Picnic Area  · Kloempken Prairie  · Lake Avenue Woods-East  · Lake Avenue Woods-West  · Lions Woods  · Massasauga Family Picnic Area  · Northwestern Woods  · Potawatomi Lake  · Potawatomi Woods  · River Bend Family Picnic Area  · River Trail Nature Center  · Robinson Homestead Family Picnic Area  · Robinson Woods-South  · Schiller Model Airplane Flying Field  · Schiller Playfield  · Schiller Pond  · Schiller Woods-East  · Schiller Woods-South  · Schiller Woods-West  · Sunset Bridge Meadow

Trail System  · Des Plaines (Unpaved)

Region 4: North Cook County[edit]

North Branch Division, Skokie Division

Includes: William N. Erickson Preserves, George F. Nixon Forest, Frank Bobrytzke Forest, Clayton F. Smith Preserves, Roman Pucinski Preserve

Activity Areas  · Billy Caldwell Golf Course  · Blue Star Memorial Woods  · Bunker Hill  · Caldwell Woods  · Calvin R. Sutker Grove  · Camp Adahi  · Camp Glenview  · Chick Evans Golf Course  · Chipilly Woods  · Edgebrook Golf Course  · Edgebrook Woods  · Erickson Woods  · Forest Glen Woods  · Forest Way Grove  · Glen Grove Equestrian Center  · Glenview Woods  · Harms Woods-Central  · Harms Woods-North  · Harms Woods-South  · Irene C. Hernandez Family Picnic Area  · LaBagh Woods  · Linne Woods  · Little House of Glencoe  · Mary Mix McDonald Woods  · Mathew Bieszczat–Volunteer Resource Center  · Miami Woods  · Perkins Woods  · St. Paul Woods  · Sidney Yates Flatwoods  · Skokie Lagoons  · Somme Nature Preserve  · Somme Prairie Grove  · Somme Woods  · Thaddeus S. “Ted” Lechowicz Woods  · Tower Road  · Tower Road Boat Launch  · Turnbull Woods  · Watersmeet Woods  · Wayside Woods  · Whealan Pool Aquatic Center

Special Activity Site  · Chicago Botanic Garden

Trail Systems  · North Branch (Paved)  · North Branch (Unpaved)

Region 5: West Cook County[edit]

Salt Creek Division

Activity Areas  · Andrew Toman Grove  · Bemis Woods-North  · Bemis Woods-South  · Brezina Woods  · Brookfield Woods  · Callahan Grove  · Cermak Family Aquatic Center  · Cermak Quarry  · Cermak Woods  · Cummings Square (General Headquarters)  · G.A.R. Woods  · Hal Tyrrell Trailside Museum  · LaGrange Park Woods  · Maywood Grove  · McCormick Woods  · Meadowlark Golf Course  · Miller Meadow-North  · Miller Meadow-South  · National Grove-North  · National Grove-South  · Ottawa Trail Woods-North  · Ottawa Trail Woods-South  · Plank Road Meadow Boat Launch  · Possum Hollow Woods  · Quercus Woods Family Picnic Area  · Salt Creek Woods  · Schuth’s Grove  · Silver Creek Family Picnic Area  · Stony Ford Canoe Landing  · Thatcher Woods  · Thatcher Woods Glen  · Thomas Jefferson Woods  · Twenty-Sixth Street Woods-East  · Twenty-Sixth Street Woods-West  · Westchester Woods  · White Eagle Woods-North  · White Eagle Woods-South  · Wolf Road Prairie  · Zoo Woods

Trail Systems  · Salt Creek (Paved)  · Salt Creek (Unpaved)  · Salt Creek Greenway (Paved)

Special Activity Sites  · Brookfield Zoo  · Chicago Portage National Historic Site

Region 6: Southwest Cook County[edit]

Salt Creek Division, Palos Division

Includes: Palos Preserves

Activity Areas  · Arie Crown Forest  · Belly Deep Slough  · Buffalo Woods-Central  · Buffalo Woods Family Picnic Area  · Buffalo Woods-North  · Buffalo Woods-South  · Bullfrog Lake  · Camp Kiwanis Equestrian Staging Area  · Columbia Woods  · Country Lane Woods  · Cranberry Slough  · Crawdad Slough  · Crooked Creek Woods  · Dan McMahon Woods  · Henry De Tonty Woods  · Hickory Hills Woods  · Hidden Pond Woods-East  · Hidden Pond Woods-West  · Joe’s Pond  · John Husar I&M Canal–Bicycle Trail Parking Lot  · Lake Ida  · Little Red Schoolhouse Nature Center  · Maple Lake Boating Center  · Maple Lake-East  · Maple Lake  · Maple Lake Overlook  · Morrill Meadow  · Palos Fen  · Paw Paw Woods  · Pioneer Woods  · Pulaski Woods  · Pulaski Woods-East  · Pulaski Woods-South–Mountain Bike Staging Area  · Red Gate Woods  · Saganashkee Slough-Central  · Saganashkee Slough-East  · Saganashkee Slough Boat Launch  · Spears Woods  · Sundown Meadow  · Theodore Stone Forest  · Tuma Lake  · White Oak Woods  · Willow Springs Woods  · Wolf Road Woods

Trail Systems  · Arie Crown (Unpaved)  · Centennial (Unpaved)  · John Husar I&M Canal (Paved)  · Palos (Unpaved)

Region 7: Southwest Cook County[edit]

Sag Valley Division

Includes: Black Partridge Preserve, Cap Sauer’s Preserve, John J. Duffy Preserve, Edward M. Sneed Forest

Activity Areas  · Bergman Slough  · Black Partridge Woods  · Cap Sauers Holding  · Cherry Hill Woods  · Forty Acre Woods  · Horsetail Lake  · McGinnis Slough  · McClaughrey Spring Woods  · Orland Grassland  · Orland Grove  · Paddock Woods  · Palos Park Woods-North  · Palos Park Woods-South  · Papoose Lake  · Sag Quarries  · Sagawau Environmental Learning Center  · Southland Volunteer Resource Center  · Swallow Cliff Woods-North  · Swallow Cliff Woods-South  · Tampier Greenway Family Picnic Area  · Tampier Lake Boating Center  · Tampier Lake-North  · Tampier Lake-West  · Teason’s Woods

Trail Systems  · Centennial (Unpaved)  · Sag Valley (Unpaved)

Region 8: South Cook County[edit]

Tinley Creek Division

Includes: South Green Belt Preserve

Activity Areas  · Arrowhead Lake  · Bachelor’s Grove Woods  · Bartel Grassland  · Bobolink Family Picnic Area  · Bremen Grove  · Bur Oak Woods  · Camp Falcon  · Camp Sullivan  · Carlson Springs Woods  · Catalina Grove Family Picnic Area  · Coopers Hawk Grove Family Picnic Area  · Elizabeth A. Conkey Forest-North  · Elizabeth A. Conkey Forest-South  · Flossmoor Road Bicycle Lot  · George W. Dunne National Driving Range  · George W. Dunne National Golf Course  · Goeselville Grove Family Picnic Area  · Midlothian Meadows  · Midlothian Reservoir  · Rubio Woods  · St. Mihiel Woods-East  · Tinley Creek Model Airplane Flying Field  · Tinley Creek Woods  · Turtlehead Lake  · Vollmer Road Grove  · Yankee Woods

Trail Systems  · Tinley Creek (Paved)  · Tinley Creek (Unpaved)

Region 9: Southeast Cook County[edit]

Calumet Division, Thorn Creek Division

Includes: Plum Creek Preserve

Activity Areas  · Beaubien Woods  · Beaubien Woods Boat Launch  · Brownell Woods  · Burnham Prairie Nature Preserve  · Burnham Woods Golf Course  · Calumet City Playfield  · Calumet City Prairie  · Calumet Woods  · Clayhole Woods  · Dan Ryan Woods-91st Street  · Dan Ryan Woods-Central  · Dan Ryan Woods-East  · Dan Ryan Woods-North  · Dan Ryan Woods-South  · Dan Ryan Woods-West  · Dixmoor Playfield  · Eggers Grove  · Flatfoot Lake  · Glenwood Woods-North  · Glenwood Woods-South  · Green Lake Family Aquatic Center  · Green Lake Woods  · Indian Hill Woods  · Joe Louis “The Champ” Golf Course  · Joe Orr Woods  · Jurgensen Woods  · Kickapoo Woods  · King’s Grove  · Lansing Woods  · Little Calumet Boat Launch  · Michael J. O’Malley Preserve  · North Creek Meadow  · Plum Creek Play Meadow  · Powderhorn Lake  · River Oaks Golf Course  · Sand Ridge Nature Center  · Sand Ridge Prairie Nature Preserve  · Sauk Lake  · Sauk Trail Woods-Central  · Sauk Trail Woods-East  · Sauk Trail Woods-North  · Sauk Trail Woods-South  · Schubert’s Woods  · Shabbona Woods  · Sweet Woods  · Thorn Creek Model Airplane Flying Field  · Thornton-Lansing Road–Nature Preserve (Zander Woods)  · Wampum Lake  · Wentworth Prairie  · Whistler Woods  · Woodrow Wilson Woods

Trail Systems  · Burnham Greenway (Paved)  · Major Taylor (Paved)  · Plum Creek (Unpaved)  · Thorn Creek (Paved)  · Thorn Creek (Unpaved)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Chicago Gardens: The Early History - Cathy Jean Maloney - Google Books
  2. ^ http://fpdcc.com/about/history/