Kumasi

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Kumasi
City
Top: Aerial view of Central Business District (CBD) in Kumasi and Private Housing Estates in Kumasi, Bottom left: Kumasi Sports Stadium, Bottom: Ghana Commercial Bank (GBC) Building in Kumasi, Ghana Armed Forces (GFA) Museum in Kumasi and Luxury Real Estates in Kumasi.
Top: Aerial view of Central Business District (CBD) in Kumasi and Private Housing Estates in Kumasi, Bottom left: Kumasi Sports Stadium, Bottom: Ghana Commercial Bank (GBC) Building in Kumasi, Ghana Armed Forces (GFA) Museum in Kumasi and Luxury Real Estates in Kumasi.
Official seal of Kumasi
Seal
Satellite Imagery of the City of Kumasi with Lake Bosumtwi from the International Space Station in Outer Space.
Satellite Imagery of the City of Kumasi with Lake Bosumtwi from the International Space Station in Outer Space.
Location of Kumasi in Ashanti
Location of Kumasi in Ashanti
Kumasi is located in Ghana
Kumasi
Kumasi
Geographic Coordinate System of the City of Kumasi
Coordinates: 6°40′00″N 1°37′00″W / 6.66667°N 1.61667°W / 6.66667; -1.61667Coordinates: 6°40′00″N 1°37′00″W / 6.66667°N 1.61667°W / 6.66667; -1.61667
Country  Ghana
Region Ashanti
District Kumasi Metropolitan
Founded 1680
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Mayor Kojo Bonsu
Area[1]
 • Total 254 km2 (98 sq mi)
Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Population (2013 est.)[2]
 • Total 2,069,350
 • Density 8,100/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC
Area code(s) 032
Website kma.gov.gh

Kumasi (historically spelled Comassie or Coomassie)[3] is a city in Ashanti, South Ghana and the largest city of Ghana. Kumasi is located near Lake Bosumtwi, in a Rain Forest region, and is the commercial, industrial and cultural capital of Asanteman. Kumasi is approximately 300 miles (480 km) north of the Equator and 100 miles (160 km) north of the Gulf of Guinea. Kumasi is alternatively known as "The Garden City" because of its many beautiful species of flowers and plants.It is also called Oseikrom.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

There is evidence that the area around Kumasi has been kept cleared since the Neolithic age, and that the first human settlement was at Lake Bosumtwi.

Asanteman[edit]

Kings Way Road in Kumasi, 1925.

The city rose to prominence in 1695 when it became capital of the Ashanti Confederacy due to the activities of its ruler Osei Tutu. The ruler of Kumasi, known as the Asantehene, also served as ruler of the Confederacy. With their 1701 victory over Denkyira the Asante confederacy became the primary state among the Akans.[4] Parts of the city, including the Royal Palace, were destroyed by British troops in the Third Anglo-Ashanti War of 1874.

Lady Mary Alice Hodgson, the first English lady to visit Ashanti, wrote "The Siege of Kumassi" an account of the siege of the fort by the nationals of Ashanti Confederation and of the subsequent march to the coast.[5]

She was the daughter of Hon. W. A. G. Young, C.M.G., former Governor of the Gold Coast, and the wife of Sir Frederick Mitchell Hodgson, K.C.M.G., the Governor of the Gold Coast (1900).[5]

Kumasi remains a royal city, in 1926 the Ashanti was restored ceremonial control over Kumasi, the full role of king was restored in 1935. The city holds an important place in the history of the Ashanti people, as legend claims that it was here Okomfo Anokye received the Golden stool, an embodiment of the soul of the Ashanti nation.

Climate[edit]

Kumasi
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
16
 
32
19
 
 
68
 
33
21
 
 
122
 
33
22
 
 
139
 
32
22
 
 
180
 
31
22
 
 
214
 
30
21
 
 
135
 
28
21
 
 
76
 
28
20
 
 
170
 
29
21
 
 
184
 
31
21
 
 
90
 
31
21
 
 
28
 
31
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Kumasi features a tropical wet and dry climate, with relatively constant temperatures throughout the course of the year. Kumasi averages around 1400 mm of rain per year.

The city almost features two different rainy seasons, a longer rainy season from March through July and a shorter rainy season from September to November.

In actuality, the months of February through to November is one long wet season, with a relative lull in precipitation in August. Similar to the rest of West Africa, Kumasi experiences the harmattan during the “low sun” months. Lasting from December to February, the harmattan is the primary source of the city’s dry season.

Landmarks[edit]

Features of the city include Fort Kumasi (built by in 1896 to replace an Asante fort and now a museum) and the Kumasi Hat Museum.

Royal Asante attractions include the Kumasi National Cultural Centre (including the Prempeh II Jubilee Museum with various Asante regalia including a reproduction of the golden stool), the Okomfo Anokye Sword, the Asantehene's Palace (built in 1972), and the Manhyia Palace, dating from 1925, now a museum.

Kumasi is also home to a zoo, and St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kumasi. The large Kumasi Central Market and Tafo Kumasi.


Economy[edit]

The main occupations in Kumasi are professional occupations such as services and manufacturing.

Mining and Exports[edit]

Due to large gold deposits that have been mined in the area, Kumasi has been among the wealthier cities in Africa. The city's major exports are gold bars, hardwood and cocoa.

Manufacturing[edit]

Kumasi has 50% of the timber industry of Ghana, and the Kaasai Industrial Area plays an important role in the Kumasi and Ashanti industry. The Guinness Ghana Breweries is based there and is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange.

Energy[edit]

Solar panels are prevalent in Kumasi and Ashanti; Solar energy technology is a major energy source and contributor of electricity generation in Ashanti.

Commerce[edit]

Much of the shopping and trading activity in the city takes place at Kumasi's shopping streets, in and around Kejetia Market and Adum. These two areas; Kejetia and Andum are in close proximity with the two having a common boundary.


Panoramic view of shopping street in Kumasi, and the biggest shopping street in West Africa, 2008.

Education and science[edit]

Pearson House of Prempeh College, and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) main entrance.

Secondary and College[edit]

There are notable senior high schools like Prempeh College which was founded in Kumasi by the King Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II in 1949, and Opoku Ware School; named after the Asanteman King Opoku Ware I and founded in 1952, and there is a Kumasi Polytechnic. John Kufuor attended and graduated from the Prempeh College.

Universities[edit]

The Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi (formerly the Kumasi College of Technology) is the Premier University of Science and Technology in West Africa. The city's most famous son is the 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, who attended and graduated from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Kumasi is the location of Garden City University College.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Kumasi is served by the Kumasi International Airport.

Bus and Taxicab[edit]

Kumasi Taxicabs

Public transport in the city is provided by transit buses, a mix of privately owned mini-buses known as Tro-Tros, taxicabs and buses. Tro-Tros are usually converted mini-buses that run regular, well-known routes. Some taxis also run regular routes, which cost more but provide for a more comfortable ride.

In 2002, the city introduced the metro bus services a rapid transit system for public road transport in Kumasi (MetroMass).[6] This was in order to reduce congestion on roads and to make a larger and more organised bus routine system available in the city.[7]


Aerial view and Wide dynamic range of Kumasi Bus Rapid Transit (V.I.P Bus Service) Bus-Based Mass Transit System

Rail[edit]

Kumasi Railway Station in March 2002

Kumasi is served by the railway lines to Sekondi-Takoradi and Accra. The train service has been suspended for several years because of damaged track, bridges and locomotives. A $6 billion project to upgrade the railways, was due to get underway in 2011.[8]

Port[edit]

As of 2011, construction of the Boankra Inland Port, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) away, has come to a halt.[9]

Sports[edit]

The local football (soccer) team, the Kumasi Asante Kotoko has won several national and continental trophies and awards. Their stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium also known as Baba Yara Stadium was built in 1959, renovated in 1978, and again in 2007 with a seating capacity of 40,000.[10] It is also the home of King Faisal Football Club a premier division side. There is the Royal Golf Club which has the Asantehene as President. Professional wrestler Kofi Kingston was also born in Kumasi.

Healthcare[edit]

The Kumasi has a teaching hospital to support the medical training at the University (Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital), the West End Hospital, several other private hospitals, public clinics and small hospitals.


Cityscape[edit]

Kumasi has a population of 2,069,350.[2] Kumasi is the largest city in Asanteman.

Panoramic view and skyline of Kumasi

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kumasi is twinned with:

Country City County / District / Region / State Date
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast AbidjanLogo.gif Abidjan AbidjanLogo.svg Lagunes 2004
Treichville
United States USA Flag of Atlanta, Georgia.png Atlanta Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg Georgia 2010
Netherlands Netherlands Almere vlag.svg Almere Flevolandflag.svg Flevoland 2001
United States USA Charlotteflag.png Charlotte Flag of North Carolina.svg North Carolina 1996
United States USA Flag of Columbus, Ohio.svg Columbus Flag of Ohio.svg Ohio 2008
Canada Canada Flag of Kitchener, Ontario.svg Kitchener Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario 2010
United States USA Flag of Newark, New Jersey.jpg Newark Flag of New Jersey.svg New Jersey 1999
South Africa South Africa
Tshwane
Gauteng 2010
United States USA Winston-Salem flag.gif Winston-Salem Flag of North Carolina.svg North Carolina 2001
* Numbers in date column list the year of twinning.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Demographic Characteristics". Ghanadistricts.com. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  2. ^ a b "World Gazetteer online". World-gazetteer.com. 
  3. ^ Coomassie and Magdala the story of two British campaigns in Africa
  4. ^ McCaskie, T. C. "Denkyira in the Making of Asante" in The Journal of African History vol. 48 (2007) no. 1, p. 1
  5. ^ a b Morgan, Henry James Types of Canadian women and of women who are or have been connected with Canada : (Toronto, 1903) [1]
  6. ^ "Ashanti Region". Metro Mass Transit Ltd. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Bus Rapid Transit System". Metro Mass Transit Ltd. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "Ghana, China signs railway contract". Ghana News Link. 30 November 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Baonkra Inland Port Project, stuck?". Kapital News. Kapital Radio 97.1 FM. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Kumasi Sports Stadium Ready. TheStatesManOnline.com.

External links[edit]