Coonabarabran

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Coonabarabran
New South Wales
CountryTown0002.jpg
Town centre/ Impirial Hotel
Coonabarabran is located in New South Wales
Coonabarabran
Coonabarabran
Coordinates 31°15′S 149°16′E / 31.250°S 149.267°E / -31.250; 149.267Coordinates: 31°15′S 149°16′E / 31.250°S 149.267°E / -31.250; 149.267
Population 2,609 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2357
Elevation 505 m (1,657 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Warrumbungle Shire
State electorate(s) Barwon
Federal Division(s) Parkes
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
23.7 °C
75 °F
7.4 °C
45 °F
748.4 mm
29.5 in

Coonabarabran /knəˈbærəbrən/[2] is a town in Warrumbungle Shire that sits on the divide between the Central West and North West Slopes regions of New South Wales, Australia. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 3,175.[1]

History and description[edit]

Lewis Gordon first proposed a town plan survey for Coonabarabran in 1859 although the area had been opened up by a Government-sponsored expedition in 1817. John Oxley found Aboriginal people living here the following year 1818 — later identified as the western language reach of the Kamilaroi clans (Gamilaraay is the spelling used by linguists). Kamilaroi people are still well represented in the region, having occupied Coonabarabran for approximately 7,500 years.

It seems no one really knows the source and meaning of the word Coonabarabran. It may derive from a person's name or from the Kamilaroi language word 'gunbaraaybaa' meaning 'excrement', translated earlier as meaning, 'peculiar odour', this possibly is a bowdlerisation. Another meaning is derived from an Aboriginal word for 'inquisitive person'. 'Coolabarabran' was the name of a station owned by James Weston in 1848.[3]

Coonabarabran Post Office opened on 1 January 1850.[4]

The township is located on the Newell Highway and the Oxley Highway, approximately halfway between Melbourne and Brisbane and can be reached in about six hours by car from Sydney. There are numerous motels, hotels, and caravan parks for travellers.

Coonabarabran is the gateway to the Warrumbungle National Park and the Pilliga Forest. A central feature of the town is the Town Clock which is situated in the middle of town at the intersection of John Street and Dalgarno Street.

Coonabarabran is the closest town to the Siding Spring Observatory, which is home to the 3.9-metre Anglo-Australian Telescope, the largest optical telescope in Australia. It is operated by the Australian Astronomical Observatory (formerly the Anglo-Australian Observatory). A dozen other telescopes are on Siding Spring Mountain, a number of which are operated by the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics of the Australian National University. Siding Spring is also home to the Uppsala Telescope where Robert H. McNaught discovered his now famous daylight comet C/2006 P1 in August 2006. The Mopra Observatory, which is home to a 22-metre radio telescope owned and operated by the CSIRO is also near the Siding Spring Observatory, but is operated remotely from Narrabri. A recent addition to the town was the construction of the world's largest virtual solar system drive[5] on the roads leading to the observatory. Considered[by whom?] the "astronomy capital of Australia", many of the businesses and government buildings in the town feature astronomically themed information plaques.

There are aged care facilities in the town, providing hostel, lodge and nursing home facilities. There are also village self-care units.

There are a number of doctors, a dentist, and a hospital.

Coonabarabran is on a main inland truck route between Queensland and Victoria.

Climate[edit]

Coonabarabran has a warm subtropical climate, with hot summers and cool winters. Temperature extremes have historically ranged from 42.6 C° (108.7 F°) to -9.0 C° (15.8 °F).

Climate data for Coonabarabran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.6
(108.7)
41.3
(106.3)
37.5
(99.5)
35.0
(95)
28.2
(82.8)
24.6
(76.3)
23.7
(74.7)
29.0
(84.2)
33.6
(92.5)
38.8
(101.8)
41.1
(106)
40.5
(104.9)
42.6
(108.7)
Average high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
30.7
(87.3)
28.2
(82.8)
23.9
(75)
19.3
(66.7)
15.6
(60.1)
14.8
(58.6)
16.8
(62.2)
20.4
(68.7)
24.2
(75.6)
27.8
(82)
30.5
(86.9)
23.7
(74.7)
Average low °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
14.6
(58.3)
11.8
(53.2)
7.1
(44.8)
3.3
(37.9)
1.3
(34.3)
0.1
(32.2)
0.9
(33.6)
3.5
(38.3)
7.2
(45)
10.6
(51.1)
13.2
(55.8)
7.4
(45.3)
Record low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
3.6
(38.5)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.6
(25.5)
−6.1
(21)
−7.2
(19)
−9.0
(15.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−5.0
(23)
−2.2
(28)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.7
(36.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 90.9
(3.579)
81.8
(3.22)
62.7
(2.469)
52.2
(2.055)
54.0
(2.126)
57.0
(2.244)
55.5
(2.185)
52.8
(2.079)
49.9
(1.965)
59.4
(2.339)
65.6
(2.583)
71.3
(2.807)
753.1
(29.651)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 7.2 6.3 5.7 5.1 6.1 7.7 7.6 7.1 6.7 7.1 7.2 7.3 81.1
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[6]

Media[edit]

Independently owned and operated, the Coonabarabran Times newspaper circulates throughout the Warrumbungle Shire area. Approximately 2700 copies are printed each Thursday and distributed across the townships of Coonabarabran, Binnaway, Baradine, Coolah, Dunedoo, Mendooran and Mullaley. The Coonabarabran Times was founded in 1927 as an amalgamation of The Bligh Watchman (1877–1927) and The Clarion (1910–1927). It continues to be a solid publication, consisting of local news and issues facing the community, sport, advertisements and events.

The area is currently served by a small community radio station, 2WCR FM. This station broadcasts on 99.5 FM, it has a good broadcasting range but it can be a bit scratchy due to the hill-like terrain.

Old Coonabarabran Court House
War memorial at Coonabarabran

Schools[edit]

The town of Coonabarabran is home to three schools:

Coonabarabran Public School[edit]

Coonabarabran Public School is a Government-funded school, located on John Street, on the Oxley highway. It has approximately 350 students, and its educational facilities range from Kindergarten to Year 6. Its Principal is Mr Noel Willoughby.The School has many awards for achievements such as Personal Best, Strive to Achieve and Aiming for eExcellence

Coonabarabran High School[edit]

Coonabarabran High School is located on the Oxley highway, is also Government-funded, has approximately 400 students. It has a range of academic and sporting facilities, an Ag-plot, two computer labs, a gym, and a hall. The Principal is Mr Mel Johnston, and the Deputy Principal is Mr Graham Enks.

St Lawrence's Catholic School[edit]

St Lawrence's Catholic School is located on Dalgarno Street. It caters for Kindergarten to Year Six and has approximately 150 students. It is not Government-funded[citation needed], and education is based around a Catholic lifestyle. It has an ag-plot, a computer lab, recently renewed basketball courts and is across the road from St Lawrence's Catholic Church. The high school part of the school closed at the end of 2009.[7]

Shops and services[edit]

Being a small country town, Coonabarabran has limited shops. There are two major chain shopping centres, Woolworths and Foodworks (formerly Coles, Bi-lo, Tuckerbag, Payless, Permewams, and many others over the years), plus the fast food stores Subway and Dominos Pizza, it also has other small cafe restaurants and take away stores. Until 2007 there was an IGA store, run by the Woo family, that supplied most of the town. There is a newsagency, local bakery, catering service, three Chinese restaurants and two open hotels and two open clubs. The Coonabarabran hotel the imperial hotel the Coonabarabran bowling club and the Coonabarabran golf club. It also has two variety clothing stores ADRA and a St Vincent DePaul. There are two hardware stores Home Hardware and Thrifty link hardware. The town has two pharmacies, NRMA office, RTA office and several car and heavy vehicle repairers as well as two tyre repairers. Coonabarabran has many churches, the Parish of St Lawrences Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, Presbyterian Church, Uniting Church and the Seventh Day Adventist Church. The Coonabarabran Gym, Action Specific Health and Fitness opened in 2011.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Coonabarabran (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-06-28. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Coonabarabran". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 August 2013.  The GNB quotes Place Names of NSW their origins & Meanings by A.W. Reed and also Appleton 1992 which presumably refers to the Cambridge Dictionary of Australian Places, Richard & Barbara Appleton, 1992.
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  5. ^ "World's Largest Virtual Solar System Drive". Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "COONABARABRAN (NAMOI STREET)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  7. ^ ABC Online. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/05/15/2571188.htm

External links[edit]

Media related to Coonabarabran, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons

Preceding station   NSW closed lines   Following station
towards Gwabegar
Gwabegar Line
towards Wallerawang