The Coongie Lakes Ramsar site has an area of 19,800 km2, the IBA is 593 km2, while a smaller area of 279 km2 was declared the Coongie Lakes National Park on 22 December 1988. Land tenure is a mix of crown land, pastoral lease and national park. The surrounding region is arid and has a very low human population density; it is used mainly for cattle grazing, as well as for oil and gas production, and is becoming increasingly important for tourism. Some of the wetlands fill only on rare occasions; some contain water for a short time after periodic flooding, while others are permanent or almost permanent. It lies within the traditional lands of the Yandruwandha, Yawarrawarrka, Ngamini and Dieri people.