Cooper Island

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For the island in the British Virgin Islands, see Cooper Island (British Virgin Islands).
For the islet in the US Minor Outlying Islands, see Palmyra Atoll.
Cooper Island
Drygalski-Fjord-Map.png
Southeast extremity of South Georgia
with Cooper Island
Cook-1777.jpg
Cooper Island can be seen on Cook's 1777 South-Up map
Geography
Coordinates 54°48′S 35°47′W / 54.800°S 35.783°W / -54.800; -35.783Coordinates: 54°48′S 35°47′W / 54.800°S 35.783°W / -54.800; -35.783
Archipelago South Georgia
Length 2 mi (3 km)
Highest elevation 1,365 ft (416.1 m)
Country
United Kingdom
Demographics
Population 0

Cooper Island is a small island, 2 miles (3 km) long, which lies at the north side of the entrance to Drygalski Fjord, off the southeast end of South Georgia. It was discovered by a British expedition under James Cook in 1775, and named for Lieutenant Robert Palliser Cooper, an officer aboard HMS Resolution.

A navigable channel, Cooper Sound, nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, separates Cooper Island from the coast of the main island of South Georgia. There is a small bay, Cooper Bay, 1.3 miles (2 km) southwest of Cape Vahsel on the mainland, and 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of Cooper Island, indenting the southeast end of South Georgia, which derives its name from Cooper Island.

The island reaches 1,365 feet (416 m) at its highest point, and the upper parts of the island are above the snow line.

Wildlife[edit]

As one of a handful of rat-free islands, Cooper Island is South Georgia's only Special Protection Area, it has large numbers of sea birds including Snow Petrels, Antarctic Prions, 12,000 pairs of Black-browed Albatross, Chinstrap Penguins and 20,000 Macaroni Penguins. There are also a number of fur seals and this is one of the few places where they were not hunted by humans.

The island is covered in tussock grass.

See also[edit]

References[edit]