Cooper Mark IV
||It has been suggested that Cooper T12 be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since September 2011.|
The ladder frame was retained, with the aluminum body supported by hoops. Lockheed twin-shoe disc brakes became standard, coupled to two master cylinders. The suspension was Fiat 500 transverse leaf spring independent suspension, used at front and rear.
The Mark IV came in a standard version (T11) for F3, and long-wheelbase (T12) variant for F2. Standard for the T11 was a 498 cc (30.4 cu in) one-cylinder Speedway JAP engine. The T12 was powered by a 1000cc engine. The first 500 modified with a 1000cc JAP twin was prepared by customer Spike Rhiando in 1948. In 1949, a model powered by the 1,250 cc (76 cu in) engine from an MG TD was built, and won on its first outing. Cliff Davis was the most successful driver to campaign one.
Cars were supplied without engines, which the customer provided. (This would become routine in Formula One in later years.) The T12s were best-suited for hillclimbs and sprints, not being durable enough for longer events.
The F2 Mark IV, based on the TD-engined variant, appeared in 1952. It was powered by a 127 hp (95 kW) 1,971 cc (120.3 cu in) Bristol inline six, giving up 50 hp (37 kW) to the Ferraris. At just 1,000 lb (450 kg), they had 400 lb (180 kg) on the Ferraris, and better cornering, due to their mid-mounted engines. It made its debut in at Goodwood on Easter Monday, run by Eric Brandon and Alan Brown (for Ecurie Richmond) and Mike Hawthorn (driving for Bob Chase). Hawthorn took the Formula Two event and one of the two Formula Libre races, and came second behind González' 4½ l Ferrari in another Libre outing. It marked the first mid-engined entrant in Formula Two, and only the second marque in top-rank European racing, following Auto Union.
Mark IVs competed successfully in F2 throughout 1952 and 1953, driven by Hawthorn, Peter Collins, and of course John Cooper himself, among others. (Stirling Moss' unsuccessful Cooper-Alta was actually built by a different John Cooper, Autocar's sport editor.) In September 1950, Raymond Sommer died in a wreck at Cadours in a T12. It sold used at £425 in 1952.
- Kettlewell, p.429.
- Kettlewell, p.430.
- Kettlewell, Mike. "Cooper: Forerunner of the Modern Racing Car", in Northey, Tom, editor. World of Automobiles, Volume 4, pp. 427–433. London: Phoebus, 1974.