Cooper River (New Jersey)
The Cooper River (known upstream near Haddonfield as Cooper's Creek) was named after the Cooper family, who were some of the first European settlers in the area of Camden County, New Jersey. This tributary of the Delaware River is 16 miles (25.7 km) long measuring from its headwater in Gibbsboro (it is notable that the Northern Branch begins in Voorhees Township). The Cooper River Watershed is 40 sq mi (103.6 km²), and includes the tributaries Chandlers Run, Millard Creek, Nicholson Branch, the North Branch, and Tindale Run (the last two being the most significant). Although historically a tidal river (the most severe tide reportedly reached Kings Highway), all present tidal influence stops at the Kaighn Avenue Bridge, in Camden, where it is impounded.
The Cooper flows through Barrington, Berlin, Camden, Cherry Hill, Collingswood, Gibbsboro, Haddon Township, Haddonfield, Lawnside, Lindenwold, Magnolia, Merchantville, Pennsauken Township, Somerdale, Stratford, Tavistock, and Voorhees.
The Cooper also has seven impoundments, not listed in geographical order: Cooper River Lake, Evans Pond, Hopkins Pond, Kirkwood Lake, Linden Lake, Square Circle Lake, Wallworth Lake.
Benjamin Franklin made a brief visit to Cooper's Creek on his way to Philadelphia, as a run-away apprentice from Boston in 1723: "However, walking in the evening by the side of the river, a boat came by, which I found was going towards Philadelphia, with several people in her. They took me in, and, as there was no wind, we row'd all the way; and about midnight, not having yet seen the city, some of the company were confident we must have passed it, and would row no farther; the others knew not where we were; so we put toward the shore, got into a creek, landed near an old fence, with the rails of which we made a fire, the night being cold, in October, and there we remained till daylight. Then one of the company knew the place to be Cooper's Creek, a little above Philadelphia, which we saw as soon as we got out of the creek, and arriv'd there about eight or nine o'clock on the Sunday morning, and landed at the Market-street wharf."
The Camden County Boathouse sits on the banks of the Cooper River and is home to eight area rowing clubs, which are active February thru November.
The Cooper River Yacht Club is situated on the Cooper River and offers sailing instruction courses during the summer to children and adults, as well as organizing racing events from time to time.
Using a canoe the Cooper is navigable from its mouth to southern Haddonfield, however it is necessary to cross several impoundments. Canoeing the Cooper into and farther than Greenwald Park in Cherry Hill is technically a violation of local watercraft laws.
Fishing in the river has improved since the installation of fish ladders along the impoundments. In season, small fish such as sunnies and smallmouth bass can be caught.
Since 1955, the Cooper River has been the site of the Intercollegiate Rowing Association's IRA Championship Regatta, which is considered to be the United States collegiate national championship of rowing.
- Franklin, Benjamin. "The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin". Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Gertler, Edward. Garden State, Seneca Press, 2002. ISBN 0-9605908-8-9
- Franklin, Benjamin The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/148/pg148.html
- U.S. Geological Survey: NJ stream gaging stations
- Delaware Riverkeeper Fact Sheet
- Cooper River Yacht Club