Coopers Brewery

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Coopers Brewery Limited
Type Unlisted Public
Industry Alcoholic beverage
Founded 1862
Founder(s) Thomas Cooper
Headquarters Adelaide, Australia
Products Beer, Homebrew
Owner(s) The Cooper Family
Website http://www.coopers.com.au/
Coopers Pale Ale

Coopers Brewery Limited, the largest Australian-owned brewery,[1] is based in the Adelaide suburb of Regency Park. Coopers is known for making a variety of beers, the most famous of which are its Pale Ale and Sparkling Ale. The brewery sold 69.7 million litres of beer in the 2013 financial year.[2] It is also the world's largest producer of homebrewing equipment. Its shares are primarily owned by the extended Cooper family, and the company's constitution and classes of shares makes it difficult to sell shares outside the family.

History[edit]

1862 - Norwood[edit]

The brewery was established by Thomas Cooper in 1862 at his home in the Adelaide suburb of Norwood. He brewed his first recorded batch on 13 May 1862.

1881 - Leabrook[edit]

In 1881 the brewery relocated to larger, commercial facilities at Leabrook.

1897 - Partnership[edit]

Thomas died in 1897. In his will, after bequests to his wife, daughters and youngest sons, he left all his property to his four eldest surviving sons, (John, Christopher, Samuel and Stanley), under instructions to "carry on my business as Brewers under the form of 'Thomas Cooper & Sons' as partners".[3]

1923 - Incorporation[edit]

Each time one of the partners retired or died, a new partnership agreement needed to be drawn up. This became unwieldy, so in 1923, the partners decided to incorporate with limited liability. An agreement was drawn up where the capital of the company was declared as £39,000, and 39,000 £1 shares were distributed. 15,953 of the shares were designated as class "A", and 15,953 as class "B". Directors were to be appointed equally by holders of "A" and "B" shares.[4]

Changes of the 1960s[edit]

The company went through the doldrums during the recession of the late 1880s, a boom time in the 1920s, the doldrums during the Great Depression, and mixed fortunes through World War II and the 1950s. By the 1960s, the brewery was still producing much the same products as in the 1880s, but the brewing environment, and consumer demand, had changed.

1962 - SA Brewing share swap[edit]

There had been much consolidation of breweries in South Australia since Coopers was established, and the South Australian Brewing Company and Coopers & Sons were the only breweries remaining in Adelaide. As both were attractive takeover targets, in 1962 (after 100 years of Cooper family sole ownership), the two companies decided to do a mutually beneficial share swap in order to reduce the risk of takeover. The traditional South Australian market leader had been the South Australian Brewing Company. The share swap gave SA Brewing a 25% interest in Coopers ("C" and "D" class shares), and Coopers received 291,404 SA Brewing shares (2.65%). The Coopers board of directors was increased from four to five, with SA Brewing's "D" shares having the right to elect the fifth director.[5] After consulting the SA Brewing board and receiving their support, Coopers sold their SA Brewing shares in 1984, (at a substantial profit). SA Brewing continued to hold their 25% interest in Coopers.[6]

1968 - Gold Crown Lager[edit]

In the early 1960s, demand for Coopers Ales was flat, had been for years in the past, and looked like it would be for years into the future. The company strongly considered adding a Lager to their range. The older members of the board were highly resistant to such change, and, as this would be in competition with SA Brewing, the new board member was also resistant. It was not until 1967 that the board voted to go ahead with the new plant, with the SA Brewing representative not voting. After 105 years of only brewing ale and stout, "Gold Crown", Coopers first Lager, was available for sale in 1968.

1970 - Profitability[edit]

In 1970, the retail price of a bottle of Coopers ale was 41 cents:[7]

  • 11.82 cents (28.8%) was brewery costs
  • 19.55 cents (47.7%) was excise and taxes
  • 8.75 cents (21.34%) went to the retailer
  • 0.88 cents (2.16%) was the brewery profit.

1987 - 125th anniversary[edit]

To celebrate the 125th anniversary, the board commissioned Adelaide historian Alison Painter,[8][9] (wife of John Painter, an engineer employed by Coopers in 1968 to oversee the upgrading of the brewery plant and the reduction in plant maintenance costs),[10] to write "Jolly Good Ale and Old : The history of the Coopers Brewery 1862–1987".[11]

1993-1995 Lion Nathan takeover of SA Brewing and Coopers' reclamation of family ownership[edit]

SA Brewing Holdings subsequently diversified into manufacturing and wine, and then refocused to form Southcorp, Southcorp Wines, and SA Brewing. SA Brewing was acquired by trans-Tasman Lion Nathan in 1993. After two years of negotiations, in 1995 family members purchased all of the "D" class shares (with their right to elect a director), and some of the "C" class shares, and Coopers Brewery Ltd purchased the remainder of the "C" class shares.[12]

Thus, SA Brewing had a seat on the Cooper's board of Directors from 1962 to 1995, but in 1995 the Cooper family once again became sole owners of the company.[11]

2001 - Regency Park[edit]

In 2001, the brewery relocated to much larger premises at Regency Park.[13]

Since 2003, the Regency Park brewery has used a gas turbine based cogeneration plant to supply steam and electric power requirements. Fired with natural gas with a thermal efficiency of 80%, the $6.2 million plant produces power with a 90% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to a separate electricity generation and steam production plant. The plant is operated by AGL Energy and is rated at 4.4MW. Generation above the brewery's electrical load of 1.2MW is fed back into the grid.[14]

2005 - Lion Nathan takeover bid[edit]

In late 2005, Lion Nathan made an unsolicited takeover bid for Coopers, which was strongly opposed by the board and by the Cooper family. It was ultimately rejected at an Extraordinary General Meeting when the holders of 93.4% of the shares voted in favour of permanently removing the 3rd tier purchasing rights of Lion Nathan, effectively preventing any current or future takeover bid.[15][16][17][18]

Liquidity of shares[edit]

Due to various restrictions imposed by the company's constitution, the selling of Coopers' shares is a tedious and complicated exercise. The constitution restricts and defines who can buy shares. Shares may not be owned by competitors, there are "Tiers" of rights to buy shares, and the constitution also imposes other terms and conditions. A further complication is that although all shares have the same voting rights on the floor of a general meeting, the four classes of shares have different rights to nominate directors.

The process of selling involves several steps:

  • A seller declares to the board that they wish to sell x shares of class y
  • The first tier rights of purchase are to existing shareholders. If there are no first tier buyers,
  • The second tier rights of purchase are to the Coopers employees superannuation fund.
  • From 1962 to 1995, the third tier rights of purchase were to SA Brewing.
  • From 1995 to 2005, the third tier rights of purchase were to Lion Nathan.
  • (At an Extraordinary General Meeting in 2005, the third tier rights were removed from the constitution.)
  • The price of the shares is determined by an independent valuation. (i.e. NOT by negotiation between seller and buyer.)

A significant issue of the takeover bid was that the offer was five times the last price determined by an independent valuation.

As a result of the Lion Nathan saga, the company has improved the liquidity of shares by offering regular buy-backs.

Prior to the takeover offer, there were 117 shareholders of 1,353,358 shares.

By the end of 2010, the number of shares on issue had reduced by about 20% to 1.15 million, held by 129 shareholders.[19]

2011 - Largest Australian-owned brewery[edit]

With Lion Nathan wholly owned by Kirin Brewing Company since 2009, and Fosters owned by SABMiller since 2011, Coopers is the only wholly Australian-owned major brewery.[1]

2012 - 150th anniversary[edit]

Coopers released a limited-edition "Celebration Ale" to celebrate the 150th anniversary, as well as celebratory labels on their other beers.

Beers[edit]

Brewhouse at Regency Park

Coopers beers are widely available on tap in South Australia and Victoria, and in some bars in the rest of Australia as speciality beers. They are widely available in bottles and (to a lesser extent) cans around Australia and New Zealand, and occasionally at specialist importers in other countries. The distribution of the beers outside of South Australia has been largely promoted since 2003 by the subsidiary Premium Beverages Pty. Ltd.

Coopers bottled beers are characterised by their secondary fermentation technique - some yeast remains in the bottle after bottling - thus the bottled beer contains some sediment. There are two schools of thought with regard to the sediment - some drinkers like to mix the sediment throughout the beer by tipping or rolling the beer before drinking, while others prefer to decant the beer into a glass leaving (most of) the sediment at the base of the bottle. Coopers have made such choice a strong element in their marketing strategy. Some find that mixing the sediment results in a shaken beer and prefer not to mix the sediment at all, simply opening the bottle and drinking. The action of drinking from the bottle serves to distribute the sediment anyway without shaking one's beer up.

Coopers also produce a large range of homebrew kits. Among these are, English Bitter, Dark Ale, Real Ale and Lager, as well as several others. Coopers homebrew kits provide the starting place for many new homebrewers across the world and are a highly successful brand.

Coopers Beers [20]
Beer ABV Available Label Colour Details
Tap Bottle Can
Sparkling Ale 5.8% Y Y - Red An English style golden ale. It has a distinctive cloudy appearance due to the sediment being left in the bottle. The Sparkling Ale has a slightly different flavour and higher alcoholic content than the Pale Ale.
Pale Ale 4.5% Y Y - Green A pale ale.
Best Extra Stout 6.3% Y Y - Yellow A stout.
Dark Ale 4.5% Y Y - Brown A dark ale, which in other parts of the world is called a brown ale.
Mild Ale 3.5% Y Y Y Orange A Midstrength Ale. Coopers entry into the lager dominated mid-strength market.
Premium Lager 4.8% Y Y - Green A lager.
62 Pilsner 5.0% Y Y - Black
(neck only)
A pilsner.
Premium Light 2.9% Y Y Y Blue A low-alcohol beer by Australian standards. In Australia, any beer with less than 3% alcohol is called "light".
Clear 4.5% Y Y Y Gold A full strength low carbohydrate dry beer.
Extra Strong Vintage Ale 7.5% Y Y - Cream An English strong ale, also known as real ale.
Birell 0.5% - Y Y White A non-alcoholic lager style beer.
Dr. Tim's Traditional Ale 4.5% - - Y Green A pale ale naturally conditioned in an Aluminium Can.
Part of the Coopers range of beers: Clear, 62 Pilsner, Premium Lager, Mild Ale, Dr. Tim's Traditional Ale, Pale Ale, Sparkling Ale, Dark Ale, Best Extra Stout, Extra Strong Vintage Ale.

These beers were made at one point in time, but have since been dropped from production due to poor sales or the release of replacement products

  • Coopers Regency Draught
  • Coopers Regency Light
  • Coopers DB
  • Thomas Coopers Finest Export Ale
  • Coopers Premium Ale
  • Coopers Clear Ale
  • Coopers Black Crow
  • Coopers Adelaide Bitter
  • Coopers Heritage
  • Coopers Special Old Stout

The company also produces a range of malt extracts and concentrate for homebrewers.

Distribution[edit]

Coopers distributes Carlsberg, Kronenbourg, Mythos, and Sapporo in Australia.[21][22][23]

The Cooper Family[edit]

To date, six generations of the family have been involved in the brewery.[24] In addition to those who served as Partners and/or Directors, many other family members have worked in the brewery.

Thomas married twice, leading to two branches of the family, known as the "A side" and "B side" of the family. This has led to the company having multiple classes of shares with different voting rights.[25]

Generations:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Thomas married Ann Laycock Brown (1827–1872) at Skipton in 1849, resulting in 11 children:
2 William (1850–1882) - 3 children - Worked in the brewery prior to illness and early death (aged 32). Pre-deceased Thomas, and hence was not mentioned in Thomas's will.[25]
3 "Will" (William John (1876–1966)) - Worked in the brewery, but was not mentioned in Thomas's will.[25]
A1: 2 John Thomas (1857–1935) - 9 children - Partner 1897-1923; Chairman 1923-1935
A1: 3 Francis Thomas (1885–1944) - 4 children - Director 1935-1938; Chairman 1938-1944
A1: 4 "Geoff" (Geoffrey Day Thomas (1912-?)) married Jessie McAndrew - 1 child - Director 1945-1969; Chairman 1969-1990[26]
A1: 5 Dr James McAndrew (1954-) - 2 children - Director since 1990[27]
3 John Cecil Gunner (1887–1951) - Worked in the brewery
A2: 3 Andrew Ashgar (1891–1960) - 3 children - Director 1935–1959
A2: 4 "Ken" (Kenneth Andrew (1916-?)) - 2 children - Director 1959–1988
A2: 5 Glenn Andrew (1950-) - 2 children - Director 1988-2002; Chairman since 2002
6 Rachel Ann (1980-) - First of the sixth generation employed by the brewery.[24]
7 Annabel May (2010-) - First born of the seventh generation.[28]
2 Christopher (1859–1910) - 7 children - Partner 1897-1910; Died before incorporation. None of his children worked in the brewery.[25]
C: 2 Samuel (1871–1921) - 4 children - Partner 1897-1921; Both he and his wife died in the few years before incorporation. At incorporation, their estate was allotted a substantial number of what are now called "C" class shares. None of their children worked in the brewery.[25]
Thomas married Sarah Louisa Perry (1842–1928) at Adelaide in 1874, resulting in 8 children:
B1: 2 Stanley Reasey (1875–1938) - 5 children - Partner 1897-1923; Director 1923-1935; Chairman 1935-1938
B1: 3 Thomas Edwards (1899–1974) - 2 children - Director 1935-1944; Chairman 1944-1969
4 "Bob" (Stanley Robert (1930–1956)) - Worked in the brewery. Died aged 26.
B1: 4 "Bill" (William Thomas (1932-?)) - 4 children - Director 1969-1977; Managing Director 1977-2002
B2: 5 "Dr Tim" (Timothy James (1956-)) - 3 children - Director 1997-2002; Managing Director since 2002
B1: 5 Melanie Ann (1961-) - Director since 2009 - First female member of the Cooper's board[24][29]
5 Matthew Simon (1963-) - Has worked in the brewery since the 1990s[25]
B2: 3 Raymond Stanley (1904–1987) - 2 children - Director 1938-1969
B2:1969-1995;
D:1995-2002[30][31]
4 "Max" (Maxwell (1928–2010) - 3 children - 8 grandchildren - Director 1969-1990; Chairman 1990-2002[32]
D: 5 Robyn (1958-) married Cameron Pearce
"Cam" has been a Director since 2002, and has worked in the brewery since 2010[33]
5 Nick (Nicholas Keith) (1960-) - 2 children - Worked in partially owned subsidiary Adelaide Malting Co 1987–1998 and in the brewery from 1998 to 1999[25][34]
3 Phyliss Mary (1910-?) - Worked in the brewery
2 Frederic (1878–1952) - never married - Spent all of his working life at the brewery.
2 Charles Edward (1881–1936) - 4 children - Worked in the brewery for many years.
2 Walter Astley (1882–1909) - Worked in the brewery for several years. Died aged 26.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Thomas Cooper[edit]

Thomas Cooper (17 December 1826 – 30 December 1897) was born in Carleton, North Yorkshire, the youngest of 12 children of Christopher and Sarah (née Booth). His parents died when he was young, (Sarah in 1830 and Christopher in 1832), and he was raised by his sister Ann. Thomas was apprenticed to a shoe-maker, and by the late 1840s, six of the seven living children had moved to Skipton. John, a shuttlemaker, lived in Bradford; Jane and Mary married; Ann was a housekeeper; Elizabeth and Martha were domestic servants.[35]

In 1849 he married Ann Laycock Brown (1827–1872) in the Wesleyan Chapel in Skipton. Their first child, William (1850–1882), was born in 1850, and Sarah Ann (1851–1852) in 1851. In 1852, Thomas, the pregnant Ann, and their two children emigrated to South Australia, setting sail from Plymouth on the SS Omega on 29 May 1852. During the 86-day voyage, Sarah Ann was one of the six children who died, but their third child was born as they rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and was named Sarah Ann (1852–1854) in memory of her sister. The family arrived in Port Adelaide on 24 August 1852. Their first home was a rented two-room cottage near the Rising Sun Inn on Bridge Sreett in the then village of Kensington, about three miles east of the city.[36] In the ten years before he commenced brewing in Norwood, Thomas worked initially as a shoemaker, then as a mason, and then as a dairyman, while Ann bore four more children: Mary Ann (1855–1856); John Thomas (1857–1935); Christopher (1859–1910); and Annie Elizabeth (1861–1921). In 1856 he purchased land in George Street, Norwood, and using his new skills as a mason, built a house which he described to his brother as having "6 rooms & Cellar & Passage" and 12 ft ceilings "on acct of Sumr heat".[37] In the same letter, and many others, he urged his brother and family to join him in South Australia, but this never eventuated.[38]

On 13 May 1862, Thomas brewed his first recorded batch. He did all the work himself, (purchasing, calling for orders, brewing, washing, filling, corking and wiring the bottles, delivering the finished product), possibly with the help of then 12-year-old son William, while continuing to attend the cows, run the dairy, and do the daily milk deliveries. Being unlicensed, in early June he sought "professional advice on the sale of beer" from a solicitor, which his ledger records as having cost 7s 6d. Towards the end of 1862 Thomas realised that to make a living as a brewer, he would need to increase his brewing capacity, so he mortgaged his property to Frederick Scarfe, the Mayor of Norwood, a butcher, and a customer of Thomas's ale, for £300, and built a new brewhouse. In January 1863 he sold his cows and the milk delivery run. Although with half-a-dozen breweries in Adelaide, there was a lot of competition, Thomas's ale was unique in that he used no sugar, "consequently, ours being pure, the Doctors recommend it to their patients".[39] Although one of the smaller South Australian brewers, Thomas gained a reputation for quality. By 1867 he had over 120 customers, some quite notable (e.g. Samuel Davenport, John Barton Hack, George Hawker, Dr Penfold and the Lord Bishop of Adelaide, but he did not supply public houses, "apparently because it was against his principles".[40]

Ann bore four more children before dying suddenly in 1872: Joseph Brown (1863–1888); Jane Amelia (1865–1943); Margaret Alice (1868–1869) and Samuel (1871–1921). She was survived by all five of her sons, and two of her six daughters.[25]

Thomas remarried in 1874, and Sarah Louisa Perry bore eight children: Stanley Reasey (1875–1938); Thomas Perry (1876–1876); Francis Scowby (1877–1878) Frederic (1878–1952); Edward Booth (1880–1881); Charles Edward (1881–1936); Lily Louise (1881–1893); and Walter Astley (1882–1909).[25]

When he died in 1897, Thomas was survived by his wife, and nine of his nineteen children - seven of his sons, and two of his daughters.[25]

Tim Cooper[edit]

Dr Tim Cooper AM[41] MBBS MD MSc MBA MRCP(UK), the brewery's Managing Director and Chief Brewer, is a fifth generation family member from the "B" side of the family. Tim entered the family business in 1990 after training as a medical doctor and surgeon. He gained qualifications in medicine ((MBBS, Adelaide), (MD, Bristol)), before acquiring qualifications in brewing science (MSc, Birmingham) and business administration (MBA, Adelaide). Tim was responsible for, and was the driving force behind, the design and construction of the new brewery development at Regency Park. In 2004 the company introduced the first naturally conditioned beer in an aluminum can, Dr Tim's Traditional Ale, which was named after him.[42]

Glenn Cooper[edit]

Glenn Cooper AM,[43] is Chairman of the company and a fifth generation family member from the "A" side of the family. He is a third half-cousin of Tim. Glenn entered the business in 1990, having previously worked in IT and marketing roles for both Anderson Digital Equipment and his own Adelaide-based business. Glenn is credited with the highly successful marketing campaign which has increased the market share of Cooper's beers from well below, to well above, that of historical South Australian market leader "West End".[42]

Family trivia[edit]

Fourth generation family member and the then chairman, Max, and the current chairman Glenn, were the focus of the television advertising campaign for the initial release of Coopers Dark Ale. The slogan used was "meet the dark side of the family". As Max was from the "B" side of the family, and Glenn is from the "A" side, it remains unspecified as to which is "the dark side of the family".

Company Structure[edit]

Cooper & Sons - 1862-1897[edit]

Thomas started recording his brews in 1862, and by the late 1860s he was employing one man, and his teenage son William. After initial success and expansion, in the late 1860s Thomas had many problems with the quality of the brews, and the business did not fare well for the next decade. In 1870 he sold all his property to meet his debts, and moved to rented premises in High Street, Kensington. By 1877, Thomas had resolved many of the quality problems, and in 1878 sales were back up to the level of the good years of the 1860s. In 1878, second son John went to work in the brewery full-time.[44]

Although Thomas continued to refuse to sell to public houses, and the licensing laws required his minimum sale to be five gallons, his customer base continued to expand, and on 23 July 1881, the first ale was brewed at the much larger newly purchased and built premises in Statenborough Street, Upper Kensington. Although eldest son William died in 1882 (aged 32), by this time second and third sons Thomas and Christopher were working in the brewery, and fourth son Joseph joined them when he finished his schooling. Under John's influence and monitoring, there was greater uniformity of the materials used, and the quality of the products steadily improved. In 1882, production increased to 30,000 gallons, and in the mid-1880s, 48,000 gallons, with the brewery employing seven men. The South Australian economic depression of the 1880s and 1890s suppressed demand, and for the next 10 years, production was level at around 30,000 gallons per year. Thomas retired from general work in the early 1890s, with John running the business with Christopher. Joseph died in 1888 (aged 25). Fifth son Samuel and sixth son Stanley (the eldest of second wife Sarah's children) came to the brewery when they finished school, as did William's son, Will, and younger sons Frederic, Charles and Walter.[45]

Thos Cooper & Sons - Partnership - 1897-1923[edit]

Thomas died on 30 December 1897. After bequests to his wife, daughters and youngest sons, his will left all of his property to his four eldest surviving sons, (John, Christopher, Samuel and Stanley), under instructions to "carry on my business as Brewers under the form of 'Thos Cooper & Sons' as partners". Younger sons Frederic, (who spent all of his working life at the brewery), and Charles, (who worked at the brewery for many years), received no interest in the business. Nor did grandson Will, who also worked at the brewery. Youngest son Walter was bequethed an interest in the business when he reached age 25, but died of malaria aged 26.[46]

Cooper & Sons Ltd - 1923-1988[edit]

Each time one of the partners retired or died, a new partnership agreement needed to be drawn up. This became unwieldy, so in 1923, the partners decided to incorporate with limited liability. An agreement was drawn up where the capital of the company was declared as £39,000, and the 39,000 £1 shares were distributed:

John Thomas Cooper 15,953 shares 41% "A"
Executors of Samuel's widow's estate
(on direction of J.T. Cooper)
7,092 shares 18% "C"[47]
Stanley Reasey Cooper 15,953 shares 41% "B"
Francis Thomas Cooper 1 share "C"[47]
Wilfred Frank Cooper 1 share "C"[47]

Directors were to be appointed equally by holders of "A" and "B" shares.[4]

In 1962, when the two remaining Adelaide brewers were fearing takeover, SA Brewing and Coopers did a share swap. This gave SA Brewing a 25% interest in Coopers ("C" and "D" class shares) and Coopers received 291,404 SA Brewing shares (2.65%). The Coopers board of directors was increased from four to five, with SA Brewing's "D" shares having the right to elect the fifth director. At the time, a total of 486,750 new shares were issued, being made up of 87,751 "D" class shares and the remainder, along with other unclassified shares, becoming "C" class shares.[5]

After discussions with, and receiving support from, SA Brewing, Coopers sold their SA Brewing shares in 1984, at a substantial profit.[6]

Directors[edit]

The directors of Cooper & Sons Ltd were:

Chairman Family Board members Other Board members seats Managing Director
1923 J.T. Cooper (A) S.R. Cooper (B) 2
1935 S.R. Cooper (B) F.T. Cooper (A); T.E. Cooper (B); A.A. Cooper (A) 4
1938 F.T. Cooper (A) T.E. Cooper (B); A.A. Cooper (A); R.S. Cooper (B)
1944 T.E. Cooper (B) A.A. Cooper (A); R.S. Cooper (B); vacant (A)
1945 A.A. Cooper (A); R.S. Cooper (B); G.D.T. Cooper (A)
1959 R.S. Cooper (B); G.D.T. Cooper (A); K.A. Cooper (A) (Fifth seat created 1962)
1962 Sir Roland Jacobs (SA Brewing) (D)[48] 5
1967 Sir Norman Young (SA Brewing) (D)[49]
1969 Geoff Cooper (A) Ken Cooper (A); Max Cooper (B); Bill Cooper (B) Geoff Cooper
1977 Bill Cooper
1983 J.I.N. Winter (SA Brewing) (D)

Coopers Brewery Ltd - since 1988[edit]

With Melanie joining the company in 1985, (and subsequently becoming Company Secretary, and a Director), the name "Cooper & Sons" was no longer appropriate. She lobbied for a change in the company's name, and was eventually successful.

SA Brewing was acquired by trans-Tasman Lion Nathan in 1993. After two years of negotiations, in 1995 Cooper family members purchased all of the "D" class shares (with their right to elect a director), and some of the "C" class shares, and Coopers Brewery Ltd purchased the remainder of the "C" class shares held by SA Brewing. In return the Coopers constitution was amended to give Lion Nathan "third tier" rights to buy Coopers shares.

This resulted in Max and Bill owning more than 50% of the "D" class shares. They agreed that Bill would sell Max his "D" class shares, and Max would sell Bill his "B" class shares, resulting in Max owning the majority of the "D"s, and Bill owning the majority of the "B"s.[12]

In 2005, Lion Nathan launched a hostile takeover of Coopers, offering to buy Coopers shares at five times the price at which they had last traded. Although the 1995 negotiations resulted in Lion Nathan owning no Coopers shares, the section of the Coopers constitution, (which stated the circumstances under which shares could be sold), appeared to give Lion Nathan the avenue to buy Coopers shares. The constitution stated three tiers of purchasing rights:

The shares must first be offered to an existing shareholder. ("first rights agreement");
If existing shareholders choose not to buy, the shares must then be offered to the Coopers Superannuation Fund. ("second rights agreement");
If the Fund chooses not to buy, the shares must then be offered to Lion Nathan. ("third rights agreement")

Lots of legal activity, injunctions, claims and counter-claims followed. Eventually the Coopers Board gained a ruling that allowed them to call an Extraordinary General Meeting to decide a motion which would remove the "third rights agreement" from the constitution. At the meeting, the holders of 93.4% of the shares voted to remove the "third rights agreement" from the constitution.[18]

At the time (November 2005), Coopers had 117 Shareholders, and 4 classes of shares.[31] The Coopers Constitution and the 2005 Buy-Back Offer stated:

(a) the holders of (the 15,553) A Class shares may elect two directors to the board of Coopers (A Class directors);
(b) the holders of (the 15,953) B Class shares may elect two directors to the board of Coopers (B Class directors);
(c) the holders of (the 1,234,761) C Class shares, with the holders of Classes A, B and D Class shares, may elect one director to the board of Coopers if that director is nominated by a unanimous resolution of all directors appointed by the holders of A, B and D shares (C Class director); and
(d) the holders of (the 87,091) D Class shares may elect one director to the board of Coopers (D Class director).

The total number of shares, of all classes, was 1,353,358. If the Buy-Back was fully subscribed, 203,003 shares would be cancelled, and the total number of shares would be reduced to 1,150,335.[50]

The Takeovers Panel stated that the directors' holdings were:[31]

  • Glenn and James (or interests closely associated with them) controlled 4,834 A Class shares or approximately 31% of the A Class shares
  • Bill, (or interests closely associated with him), controlled 9,456 B Class shares or approximately 59% of the B Class shares.
  • M. Cooper Nominees Pty. Ltd., a company associated with Max, controlled 49,271 D Class shares or approximately 57% of the D Class shares.
  • The other Coopers directors (or persons closely associated with them) owned 10,420 or approximately 11.7% of the D Class shares.
  • The Coopers directors’ voting power was 28.2%.[51]

In the Chairman's address to the 2006 AGM, Glenn noted that the costs incurred by Coopers in addressing the offer were $8 million.[52]

In 2009, Coopers Brewery Ltd appointed its first female director.

Directors[edit]

The directors of Coopers Brewery Ltd have been:

Chairman Family Board members Other Board members Seats Managing
Director
A B D
1988 Geoff (A) *Glenn *Max & *Bill J.I.N. Winter
(SA Brewing) (D)
5 Bill
1990 *Max (B) *Glenn &
James
*Bill
1995 *Max (D)[53] *Bill &
N.C. Shierlaw[53]
(1995: Fifth seat
in family control)
C
1996 (Sixth seat 1996–2006)
D.R. Kingston
(Rothschild) (C)[54]
6
1997 *Bill & *Tim[53] D
2002 *Glenn (A) James Bill & *Tim Cameron Pearce[33] Tim
2007 (No external directors) 5
2009 *Tim &
*Melanie[53]
2010 *Cam Pearce
now
* = executive chairman/director

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Coopers to become Australia's largest brewer". Cooper's press releases. 22 September 2011.  pdf
  2. ^ "Coopers raises glass to better class of beer", The Age, August 7 2013
  3. ^ Painter (1998), p. 43
  4. ^ a b Painter (1998), p. 65
  5. ^ a b Painter (1998), p. 106
  6. ^ a b Painter (1998), p. 128
  7. ^ Painter (1998), p. 114
  8. ^ Alison Painter, Professional Historians Association (SA)
  9. ^ Alison Painter (1992) Adelaide Hotels and Temperance 1860-1930, Professional Historians Association (SA)
  10. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 114, 115, 117
  11. ^ a b Alison Painter (1987) Jolly Good Ale and Old : The History of Coopers Brewery 1862–1987, published to commemorate 125 years of brewing by the Cooper family in South Australia.
    Alison Painter (1998) Jolly Good Ale and Old : The History of Coopers Brewery 1862–1998 ISBN 0-9586067-0-6
    A further updated third edition is due to be published "soon" - 13 May 2012 is the 150th anniversary of Thomas's first recorded brew.
  12. ^ a b Painter (1998), p. 156
  13. ^ "Coopers Brewery". SA Memory. www.samemory.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  14. ^ Government of Western Australia: Office of Energy. "Case Study: Coopers Brewery Cogeneration Project". www.clean.energy.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-07-21. [dead link]
  15. ^ "Coopers shareholders stymie Lion Nathan bid". The Age. theage.com.au. 14 December 2005. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  16. ^ Trevor Chappell (2 September 2005). "Lion Nathan bids for Coopers". Sydney Morning Herald. www.smh.com.au. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  17. ^ John P.G. Lessing and Renaee Johns (July 2006). "Resisting a hostile takeover: the Lion Nathan bid for Coopers Brewery". ePublications@bond. epublications.bond.edu.au. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  18. ^ a b Verity Edwards (2005) Woman controls brewery's destiny, The Australian, 1 October 2005[dead link] (Copy available at homebrewandbeer.com)
  19. ^ Blair Speedy (2010) Coopers Brewery keeps a cool head on global suitors, The Australian, 28 December 2010
  20. ^ Coopers Brewery Pale Ale, Sparkling Ale, Premium Beers and Stouts
  21. ^ Coopers claims Carlsberg crown from Foster's
  22. ^ Coopers to brew Sapporo beer for local markets
  23. ^ Mythos: Greece’s biggest export beer hits Australian shores
  24. ^ a b c Coopers now operating for six generations, Australian Brews News, 17 November 2009
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Painter (1998), inside front cover
  26. ^ GDT Cooper, MBE, 1 January 1941, itsanhonour.gov.au
    SX1435 Lieutenant Colonel Geoffrey Day Thomas Cooper, MBE, [1], [2], www.awm.gov.au; WWII Service
    Biographical cuttings on G.D.T. (Geoff) Cooper, catalogue.nla.gov.au
  27. ^ James McAndrew Cooper (1982) Host-bacteria relationships at the secretory surfaces of the lung, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Adelaide
  28. ^ Brewery celebrates seventh generation Cooper, 8 July 2010, Press release, www.coopers.com.au
  29. ^ Meredith Booth (2009) Melanie Cooper, the baroness of beer, The Advertiser, 21 October 2009
  30. ^ In 1995, Cooper family members purchased all of the "D" class shares from Lion Nathan. This resulted in Max and Bill owning more than 50% of the "D" class shares. They agreed that Bill would sell Max his "D" class shares, and Max would sell Bill his "B" class shares, resulting in Max owning the majority of the "D"s, (with the right to nominate the D Class director), and Bill owning the majority of the "B"s, (with the right to nominate the two B Class directors.
  31. ^ a b c ATP 22 (2005), Takeovers Panel, www.takeovers.gov.au
  32. ^ Meredith Booth (2010) Coopers Brewery ex-chairman Maxwell Cooper dies, The Advertiser, 1 December 2010
  33. ^ a b Cameron Pearce, the husband of one of Max's daughters, became a director on 31 January 2002 when Max retired from the board. REJECT the Lion Nathan Offer, p. 104.
    He subsequently joined the brewery as Director Business Development in September 2010, after nearly 10 years as CEO of Meals on Wheels (SA) Inc., and 21 years with the Shell Company of Australia Ltd. New appointments at Coopers, 25 November 2010, Press release, www.coopers.com.au; Cam Pearce at Linkedin; (small photo)
  34. ^ Painter (1998) pp.159&164
  35. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 1–3
  36. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 3–4
  37. ^ Letter from Thomas Cooper to his brother John, written in 1857.
  38. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 4–8
  39. ^ Letter from Thomas Cooper to his brother John, written in 1864.
  40. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 9–17
  41. ^ Timothy James Cooper, AM, 9 June 2008, Citation: For service to the brewing industry, particularly through the implementation of environmentally sustainable production and manufacturing practices, to professional organisations, and to the community.
  42. ^ a b "Tim & Glenn Cooper". Cooper's website. 
  43. ^ Glenn Andrew Cooper, AM, (Member of the Order of Australia), 13 June 2005, Citation: For service to the food and beverage industry, and to the community through support for cultural, charitable and sporting organisations.
    Centenary Medal, 1 January 2001, Citation: For long service to excellence in brewing.
  44. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 9–26
  45. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 27–42
  46. ^ Painter (1998), pp. 43–44
  47. ^ a b c Initially, these shares had no classification, but with the SA Brewing share swap of 1962, they were designated "C" class to distinguish them from the "D" class shares which had the right to nominate the "D" Class director. At that time and before, these shares had no rights to nominate a director (as subsequently described in the 2005 "takeover" documents).
  48. ^ Alison Painter (2007) 'Jacobs, Sir Roland Ellis (1891–1981)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 17, (MUP)
  49. ^ Norman Young (1991) Figuratively speaking : the reminiscences, experiences & observations of Sir Norman Young, catalogue.nla.gov.au
  50. ^ Buy-Back offer, December 2005.
  51. ^ 2005 Buy-Back offer, p. 18
  52. ^ Chairman's address to the Coopers AGM, 30 November 2006
  53. ^ a b c d After Max and Bill did their B Class & D Class share trade in 1995, Max controlled the election of the D Class director, and Bill controlled the election of the two B Class directors.
    To fill the second B class director position, Bill elected Norman Sheirlaw. Norman is a cousin of Bill's, and a long term friend. He had been a successful stockbroker, investor, and director of numerous companies. Painter (1998), p. 167; Mr. Poseidon was once a battler, The Age, 27 January 1970, p. 2
    Tim gained a seat on the board on 22 October 1997 when Norman Shierlaw resigned. Painter (1998), p. 167; REJECT the Lion Nathan Offer, p. 104
    One of Max's sons-in-law, Cameron Pearce, became the D class director when Max retired from the board in 2002.
    Melanie became a director when Bill retired from the board in 2009.
    Max died in November 2010; it is not clear who now controls the D Class shares.
  54. ^ Fleur Leyden (2007) Southern Cross hires its own, Herald Sun, 20 February 2007
    David Kingston's decision to step down as a Board member was announced in the Chairman's address at the AGM, 30 November 2006, thus returning the board to five directors.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°52′21″S 138°34′23″E / 34.8726°S 138.5731°E / -34.8726; 138.5731