Coordinated Science Laboratory
The Coordinated Science Laboratory (CSL) is a major scientific research laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. With deep roots in information technology, CSL has invented and deployed many landmark innovations, such as the electric vacuum gyroscope, the first computer-assisted instructional program and the plasma TV. Today, research thrusts include computer vision, economics and energy systems, information trust, neuroengineering, parallel computing, robotics and more.
Established in 1951 as a classified defense laboratory, the Coordinated Science Laboratory (or CSL) was originally designed to be a center for research in control systems. Since then, CSL has evolved to cover a much broader base of research goals. During the 1970s and 1980s, additional support for the laboratory was provided by the military, which sought to establish an electronics facility at CSL to aid with the Cold War. Later, as private sources of support as well as state-appropriated funding replaced much of the military funding, the lab came to focus on circuits, communications, computational and physical electronics, decision and control, reliable and high performance computing, remote sensing and space sciences, signal, image and speech processing and thin film electronics.
Faculty and funding
Research at CSL is conducted by more than 100 faculty members spanning 11 departments in the University. The lab also employs more than 500 graduate and undergraduate students.
CSL is funded by many federal, state and private programs. It receives the majority of its operating and research budget from DARPA, the National Science Foundation, NASA, and from private corporations. Corporate funders have included AT&T, Cisco, Hewlett-Packard, Intel, Lucent, Microsoft, NVIDIA, and Sun Microsystems.
Major centers and institutes within CSL
- Advanced Digital Sciences Center
- Illinois Center for Wireless Systems
- Information Trust Institute
- National Center for Professional and Research Ethics
- Parallel Computing Institute
- "Science of Information" Science & Technology Center
Notable research contributions
- Electric vacuum gyroscope (the central component of inertial navigation systems, primarily used by submarines)
- Portable radar systems
- PLATO (the first computer-based education system)
- Flat panel plasma displays
- Deuterium Method for processing microchips (extends the life of microchips by 10 to 50 times normal length)
- Quantum wire lasers
- Quantum dots
- The first transistor
- Universal Parallel Computing Research Center-Illinois
- College of Engineering
- Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology
- Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology
- National Center for Supercomputing Applications
- Coordinated Science Laboratory
- History of the Decision and Control Laboratory, a research group within CSL