Copa América

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"Copa America" redirects here. For other uses, see Copa America (disambiguation).
Copa América
Founded 1916; 98 years ago (1916)
Region South America (CONMEBOL)
Number of teams 12
Current champions  Uruguay (15th title)
Most successful team(s)  Uruguay (15 titles)
Website 2015 Copa América

The Campeonato Sudamericano Copa América, commonly known as Copa América (Spanish and Portuguese for "America Cup"),[1] is an international association football competition contested between the men's national football teams of CONMEBOL, determining the continental champion of South America. It is the oldest international continental football competition.[2]

The current tournament format involves twelve teams competing at venues in a host nation over a period of about a month. The confederation has only ten members, so national teams from other FIFA confederations are invited to fill the other 2 places; Costa Rica, Mexico and the United States have been regular since being invited for the first time in 1993. In 43 tournaments, seven national teams have won the title. Uruguay is the current champion and the most successful team in the tournament, having won it fifteen times.

The Copa América is one of the most prestigious and most widely viewed sporting events in the world.[3] The highest finishing member of CONMEBOL has the right to participate in the next edition of the FIFA Confederations Cup, but is not obligated to do so.[4]

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

The Uruguay team that won its second title in 1917.
Brazil achieved its first championship in 1919.

The first recorded association football match in South America was played in Argentina in 1867 by British railway workers. The first association football team in South America, Gimnasia y Esgrima de La Plata was created in Argentina in 1887, and the Argentine Football Association was founded in 1893. By the early 20th century, football was growing in popularity, and the first international competition held between national teams of the continent occurred in 1910 when Argentina organized an event to commemorate the centenary of the May Revolution. Chile and Uruguay participated, but this event is not considered official by CONMEBOL. Similarly, for the centennial celebration of its independence, Argentina held a tournament between July 2 and July 17 of 1916 with Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Brazil being the first participants of the tournament. This so-called Campeonato Sudamericano de Football would be the first edition of what is currently known as Copa América; Uruguay would triumph in this first edition after tying 0-0 with hosts Argentina in the deciding, last match held in Estadio Racing Club in Avellaneda.

Seeing the success of the tournament, a boardmember of the Asociación Uruguaya de Fútbol or Uruguayan Football Association, Héctor Rivadavia, proposed the establishment of a confederation of the associations of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, and on July 9, independence day in Argentina, CONMEBOL was founded. The following year, the competition was played again, this time in Uruguay. Uruguay would win the title again to win their bicampeonato after defeating Argentina 1-0 in the last match of the tournament. The success of the tournament on Charrúan soil would help consolidate the tournament. After a flu outbreak in Rio de Janeiro canceled the tournament in 1918, Brazil hosted the tournament in 1919 and was crowned champion for the first time after defeating the defending champions 1-0 in a playoff match to decide the title, while the Chilean city of Viña del Mar would host the 1920 event which was won by Uruguay.

For the 1921 event, Paraguay participated for the first time after its football association affiliated to CONMEBOL earlier that same year. Argentina won the competition for the first time thanks to the goals of Julio Libonatti. In subsequent years, Uruguay would dominate the tournament, which at that time was the largest football tournament in the world. Argentina, however, would not be far behind and disputed the supremacy with the Charruas. After losing the 1928 final at the 1928 Summer Olympics held in Amsterdam, Argentina would gain revenge in the 1929 South American Championship by defeating the Uruguayans in the last, decisive match. During this period, both Bolivia and Peru debuted in the tournament in 1926 and 1927, respectively.

Disorganization and intermittency[edit]

The Carasucias or dirty faces, a name that was known for Argentina who won the 1957 South American Championship held in Peru.

After the first World Cup held in Uruguay in 1930, the enmity between the football federations of Uruguay and Argentina prevented the competition from being played for a number of years. Only in 1935 was it possible to dispute a special edition of the event to be officially reinstated in 1939. Peru became the host nation of the 1939 edition and won the competition for the first time ever after a 2-1 victory over Uruguay. Ecuador made their debut at that tournament.

In 1941, Chile hosted that year's edition in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the founding of Santiago for which the capacity of the newly built Estadio Nacional was expanded from 30,000 to 70,000 spectators. Despite the large investment and initial success of the team, the Chileans would be defeated in the last match by eventual champions Argentina. Uruguay hosted and won the 1942 edition. Chile would host again in 1945 only to come agonizingly close to disputing the title with Argentina only for Brazil to spoil the possibility; Argentina would win the tournament once again on Chilean soil.

The event entered a period of great disruption. The championship was not played on a regular basis and many editions would be deemed unofficial, only to be considered valid later on by CONMEBOL. For example, Argentina would be the first (and so far only) team to win three consecutive titles by winning the championships of 1945, 1946 and 1947. After those three annual tournaments, the competition returned to being held every two years, then three and later four. There were even two tournaments held in 1959, one in Argentina and a second in Ecuador. During this period, some of the national teams were indifferent to the tournament. Some did not participate every year, others sent lesser teams; in the 1959 edition held in Ecuador, Brazil entered a team from the state of Pernambuco. Bolivia won for the first time when it hosted in 1963, but was defeated in the first game of the 1967 tournament by debutant Venezuela. The founding of the Copa Libertadores in 1959 also affected the way the tournament was viewed by its participants.

After eight years of absence, the event resumed in 1975 and officially acquired the name Copa América. The tournament had no fixed venue, and all matches were played throughout the year in each country. Nine teams participated in the group stages with the defending champions receiving a bye into the semifinals. The tournament was contested every four years using this system until 1987.

Renewal[edit]

Aftermath of a match in the 2007 Copa América, held for the first time in Venezuela.

In 1986, CONMEBOL decided to return to having one country host the tournament and to dispute it every other year. From 1987 until 2001, the event was hosted every two years in rotation by the ten members of the confederation. The format would remain constant with a first round of groups, but the final round stage ranged from being a new, final round-robin group or a single-elimination system to decide the winner. This renewal helped the tournament, which began television coverage in Europe and North America. The 1987 Copa América was held in Argentina; this was the first time the nation had hosted an edition in 28 years. Despite entering as heavy favorites for being the reigning world champions (having won the 1986 FIFA World Cup), playing at home and having a team largely composed of its World Cup winners led by the legendary Diego Maradona, Argentina would finish in a disappointing fourth place after being beaten by defending champions Uruguay 0-1 in the semifinals. Uruguay would defeat a surprisingly strong Chilean squad who made it to the final, disposing of the powerful Brazil 4-0 on the group stage.

Brazil lifted its first official international title since the 1970 FIFA World Cup after winning the 1989 Copa América held on home soil. Argentina, in turn, won the Copa América after 32 long years in 1991 in Chile, thanks to a refreshed squad led by the prolific goalscorer Gabriel Batistuta. The 1993 Copa América tournament in Ecuador would take its current form. Along with the usual ten teams, CONMEBOL invited two countries from CONCACAF to participate, Mexico and the United States.

Uruguay managed to win, as host, the competition in 1995 ending a period of decline for Uruguayan football. With the implementation of rotating hosts, Colombia, Paraguay and Venezuela hosted the tournament for the first time. Brazil entered a successful series of victories, winning four of the five continental titles between 1997 and 2007. The first, in 1997, was won after defeating host nation Bolivia 1-3 with goals from Leonardo, Denílson and Ronaldo becoming crucial in the Verde-Amarela's consagration on Bolivia's altitude. Brazil would successfully defend the title in 1999 after thumping Uruguay 3-0 in Asuncion, Paraguay. However, the 2001 Copa América saw one of the biggest surprises of the history of the sport as Honduras eliminated Brazil in the quarterfinals. Colombia, the host nation, would go on to win the competition for the first time ever.

Ruing from the embarrassing performance in 2001, Brazil reestablished itself in the South American pantheon after defeating Argentina, on penalties, in order to win the 2004 competition held in Peru. Three years later, the two teams met again in the final, this time in Venezuela. Once again, Brazil came out victorious after crushing Argentina 3-0.

Argentina hosted the 2011 competition and was ousted by Uruguay in the quarterfinals by penalty shootout. Uruguay would go on defeating Peru 2-0 in the semis to reach the finals and overpower Paraguay 3-0, thus winning the trophy on Argentinean soil for the third time and second in a row. This, the 43rd edition, was the first time that neither Argentina nor Brazil reached the semifinals stage in the tournament.

Hosts[edit]

In 1984, CONMEBOL adopted the policy of rotating the right to host the Copa América amongst the ten member confederations. The first rotation has now been completed following the 2007 Copa América which took place in Venezuela. A second rotation has been agreed to begin in 2011, with host countries rotating in alphabetical order, starting with Argentina.[5] Chile, México and the United States expressed interest in hosting the next tournament, but the CONMEBOL Executive Committee decided to continue the execution of the rotation, giving priority of the organization to each of its member associations; each association confirms whether they will host an edition or not, having no obligation to do so. Argentina confirmed on November 24, 2008, via representatives of the Argentine Football Association, that it would host the 2011 Copa América.

The 2015 Copa América was due to be held in Brazil following the order of rotation. However, the hosting of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics in that nation resulted in the decision being reconsidered. Although CONMEBOL President Nicolas Leoz proposed hosting the continental tournament in Mexico (a member of the CONCACAF federation) and board members Brazil and Chile discussed the possibility of exchanging the 2015 and 2019 tournaments, it was decided in the end, as the CBF confirmed in February 2011, that the 2015 Copa América is to be held in Brazil. However, in March 2012 it was officially announced that it was Chile who would be hosting the 2015 Copa América, after CBF president Ricardo Teixeira resigned from his position and the CBF agreed to swap the tournament's hosting with Chile. The swap was made official in May 2012. The centennial edition of the tournament, which will occur in 2016, will be held in the United States.[6]

Each Copa América since 1987 has had its own mascot or logo. Gardelito, the mascot for the 1987 competition, was the first Copa América mascot.

Map of countries' times hosted.
Times hosted
Hosts Editions
9  Argentina (1916, 1921, 1925, 1929, 1937, 1946, 1959, 1987, 2011)
7  Uruguay (1917, 1923, 1924, 1942, 1956, 1967, 1995)
6  Chile (1920, 1926, 1941, 1945, 1955, 1991)
 Peru (1927, 1935, 1939, 1953, 1957, 2004)
4  Brazil (1919, 1922, 1949, 1989)
3  Ecuador (1947, 1959, 1993)
Location South America.png No fixed host [F] (1975, 1979, 1983)
2  Bolivia (1963, 1997)
1  Paraguay (1999)
 Colombia (2001)
 Venezuela (2007)

Format and rules[edit]

The trophy awarded to champion.

The tournament was previously known as sup Campeonato Sudamericano de Football (South American Championship of Football). South American Championship of Nations was the official English language name. The current name has been used since 1975. Between 1975 and 1983 it had no host nation, and was held in a home and away fashion. The current final tournament features 12 national teams competing over a month in the host nation. There are two stages: the group stage followed by the knockout stage. In the group stage, teams compete within three groups of four teams each. Three teams are seeded, including the hosts, with the other seeded teams selected using a formula based on the FIFA World Rankings. The other teams are assigned to different "pots", usually based also on the FIFA Rankings, and teams in each pot are drawn at random to the three groups.

Each group plays a round-robin tournament, in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group. The last round of matches of each group is not scheduled at the same time unlike many tournaments around the world. The top two teams from each group advance to the knockout stage as well as the two best third-place teams. Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Beginning in 1995, three points have been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss (before, winners received two points).

The ranking of each team in each group will be determined as follows:

a) greatest number of points obtained in all group matches;
b) goal difference in all group matches;
c) greatest number of goals scored in all group matches.

If two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings will be determined as follows:

d) greatest number of points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned;
e) goal difference resulting from the group matches between the teams concerned;
f) greater number of goals scored in all group matches between the teams concerned;
g) drawing of lots by the CONMEBOL Organising Committee (i.e. at random).

The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if a match is still tied after extra time. It begins with the quarter-finals, then semi-finals, the third-place match (contested by the losing semi-finalists), and the final.

Invitees[edit]

Since 1993, two teams from other confederations, usually from CONCACAF whose members are geographically and culturally close, are also invited. In all, seven different nations have received invitations. Nations receiving invitations are Costa Rica (1997, 2001, 2004, 2011), Honduras (2001), Japan (1999, 2011, 2015), Mexico (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2011), and the United States (1993, 1995, 2007). The United States had been invited every time from 1997 to 2007 but frequently turned down the invitation due to scheduling conflicts with Major League Soccer. However, on October 30, 2006, the US Soccer Federation accepted the invitation for participation in the 2007 tournament, ending a 12 year absence. At the 2001 Copa América, Canada was an invitee, but on July 6, 2001 withdrew because of security concerns. At the 2011 Copa América, Japan withdrew, citing difficulties with European clubs in releasing Japanese players following the earthquake.[7] South American football's governing body CONMEBOL has stated that Japan would be invited to the 2015 Copa América.[8] Spain was invited to the 2011 edition, but according to the Royal Spanish Football Federation, they declined because they did not want to interrupt the Spanish players' holidays.[9]

Invitees nations record[edit]

Team Ecuador
1993
Uruguay
1995
Bolivia
1997
Paraguay
1999
Colombia
2001
Peru
2004
Venezuela
2007
Argentina
2011
Chile
2015
Editions
 Costa Rica GS QF QF GS 4
 Honduras 3rd 1
 Jamaica TBD 1
 Japan GS w/d w/d 1
 Mexico 2nd QF 3rd 3rd 2nd QF 3rd GS TBD 9
 United States GS 4th GS 3

Trophies[edit]

Two trophies are awarded at the end of the competition: the Copa América is given to the winner, while the Copa Bolivia is awarded to the runner-up. The Copa América trophy, which is awarded to the winner of the Copa América tournament, was donated to CONMEBOL by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina in 1916. The prestigious laurel was obtained from a jewelry shop in Buenos Aires at the cost of 3,000 Swiss francs. The trophy is a silver ornament with wooden base which contains several plaques. The plaques are engraved with every winner of the competition, as well as the edition won.[10]

Results[edit]

South American Championship era[edit]

Year Host Final Tournament Results
Winners Runners-Up Third Place Fourth Place
1916
[C]
 Argentina
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Chile
1917  Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Chile
1919  Brazil
Brazil

Uruguay

Argentina

Chile
1920  Chile
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Chile
1921  Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Uruguay

Paraguay
1922  Brazil
Brazil

Paraguay

Uruguay

Argentina
1923  Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Paraguay

Brazil
1924  Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Paraguay

Chile
1925
[A]
 Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay
N/A
1926  Chile
Uruguay

Argentina

Chile

Paraguay
1927  Peru
Argentina

Uruguay

Peru

Bolivia
1929  Argentina
Argentina

Paraguay

Uruguay

Peru
1935
[D]
 Peru
Uruguay

Argentina

Peru

Chile
1937  Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Uruguay

Paraguay
1939  Peru
Peru

Uruguay

Paraguay

Chile
1941
[D]
 Chile
Argentina

Uruguay

Chile

Peru
1942  Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay
1945
[D]
 Chile
Argentina

Brazil

Chile

Uruguay
1946
[D]
 Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay

Uruguay
1947  Ecuador
Argentina

Paraguay

Uruguay

Chile
1949  Brazil
Brazil

Paraguay

Peru

Bolivia
1953  Peru
Paraguay

Brazil

Uruguay

Chile
1955  Chile
Argentina

Chile

Peru

Uruguay
1956
[D]
 Uruguay
Uruguay

Chile

Argentina

Brazil
1957  Peru
Argentina

Brazil

Uruguay

Peru
1959  Argentina
Argentina

Brazil

Paraguay

Peru
1959
[D]
 Ecuador
Uruguay

Argentina

Brazil

Ecuador
1963  Bolivia
Bolivia

Paraguay

Argentina

Brazil
1967  Uruguay
Uruguay

Argentina

Chile

Paraguay

Copa América era[edit]

Year Host Final Third place match
Winners Score Runners-Up Third Place Score Fourth Place
1975 Location South America.png No fixed host [F]
Peru
0 – 1 / 2 – 0
Play-off
1 – 0

Colombia
 Brazil
 Uruguay
N/A [B]
1979 Location South America.png No fixed host [F]
Paraguay
3 – 0 / 0 – 1
Play-off
0 – 0 a.e.t.

Chile
 Brazil
 Peru
N/A [B]
1983 Location South America.png No fixed host [F]
Uruguay
2 – 0 / 1 – 1
Brazil
 Paraguay
 Peru
N/A [B]
1987  Argentina
Uruguay
1 – 0
Chile

Colombia
2 – 1
Argentina
1989  Brazil
Brazil
[E]
Uruguay

Argentina
[E]
Paraguay
1991  Chile
Argentina
[E]
Brazil

Chile
[E]
Colombia
1993  Ecuador
Argentina
2 – 1
Mexico

Colombia
1 – 0
Ecuador
1995  Uruguay
Uruguay
1 – 1
5–3
pens

Brazil

Colombia
4 – 1
United States
1997  Bolivia
Brazil
3 – 1
Bolivia

Mexico
1 – 0
Peru
1999  Paraguay
Brazil
3 – 0
Uruguay

Mexico
2 – 1
Chile
2001  Colombia
Colombia
1 – 0
Mexico

Honduras
2 – 2
5–4
pens

Uruguay
2004  Peru
Brazil
2 – 2
4–2
pens

Argentina

Uruguay
2 – 1
Colombia
2007  Venezuela
Brazil
3 – 0
Argentina

Mexico
3 – 1
Uruguay
2011  Argentina
Uruguay
3 – 0
Paraguay

Peru
4 – 1
Venezuela
2015  Chile
2016  United States
2019  Brazil
2023  Ecuador
Map of winning countries

Given the size of the confederation (it is the smallest with only ten members), every nation has been represented in the tournament. Recently, invitees from outside CONMEBOL have taken part in the competition in order to provide a more viable format to the competition. Seven nations have won the Copa América, only five have won it more than once and only three more than twice. With 15 titles Uruguay is the most successful Copa América team, while Argentina is second with 14 titles. 12 of Argentina's titles and 10 of Uruguay's were won before 1960. Brazil have won it eight times with half of those titles being won after 1989. Argentina has made the most appearances in the final, with 26, and on the podium, with 30, while Uruguay have made the most appearances in the top four, with 35.

Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Paraguay are the only teams able to win the Copa América outside their countries. Argentina won it eight times outside its country, Uruguay seven times, Brazil four times and Paraguay just once. Colombia and Bolivia have only won the Copa América as hosts (this does not take into account the Copa América tournaments held under a home and away format from 1975 to 1983). Uruguay and Brazil are the most successful teams as hosts winning all editions held in their country (Uruguay 7 times and Brazil 4). Uruguay is the only foreign team to have won the title in Argentina and did so 3 times out of the 9 held there. Chile is the most unsuccessful host nation being unable to win in any of the 6 tournaments held there, the last 4 of which were won by Argentina. Only Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil have won consecutive Copa Américas while Argentina is the only team to win it three times in a row. Mexico, who is from the CONCACAF, has had some success, being runner-up twice and third place on several occasions.

Teams reaching the top four[edit]

Team Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place
 Uruguay 15 (1916, 1917*, 1920, 1923*, 1924*, 1926, 1935, 1942*, 1956*, 1959 (Ecuador), 1967*, 1983, 1987, 1995*, 2011) 6 (1919, 1927, 1939, 1941, 1989, 1999) 9 (1921, 1922, 1929, 1937, 1947, 1953, 1957, 1975, 2004) 5 (1945, 1946, 1955, 2001, 2007)
 Argentina 14 (1921*, 1925*, 1927, 1929*, 1937*, 1941, 1945, 1946*, 1947, 1955, 1957, 1959 (Argentina)*, 1991, 1993) 12 (1916*, 1917, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1935, 1942, 1959 (Ecuador), 1967, 2004, 2007) 4 (1919, 1956, 1963, 1989) 2 (1922, 1987*)
 Brazil 8 (1919*, 1922*, 1949*, 1989*, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2007) 11 (1921, 1925, 1937, 1945, 1946, 1953, 1957, 1959 (Argentina), 1983, 1991, 1995) 7 (1916, 1917, 1920, 1942, 1959 (Ecuador), 1975, 1979) 3 (1923, 1956, 1963)
 Paraguay 2 (1953, 1979) 6 (1922, 1929, 1947, 1949, 1963, 2011) 7 (1923, 1924, 1925, 1939, 1946, 1959 (Argentina), 1983) 6 (1921, 1926, 1937, 1942, 1967, 1989)
 Peru 2 (1939*, 1975) 7 (1927*, 1935*, 1949, 1955, 1979, 1983, 2011) 5 (1929, 1941, 1957*, 1959 (Argentina), 1997)
 Colombia 1 (2001*) 1 (1975) 3 (1987, 1993, 1995) 2 (1991, 2004)
 Bolivia 1 (1963*) 1 (1997*) 2 (1927, 1949)
 Chile 4 (1955*, 1956, 1979, 1987) 5 (1926*, 1941*, 1945*, 1967, 1991*) 10 (1916, 1917, 1919, 1920*, 1924, 1935, 1939, 1947, 1953, 1999)
 Mexico^ 2 (1993, 2001) 3 (1997, 1999, 2007)
 Honduras^ 1 (2001)
 Ecuador 2 (1959 (Ecuador)*, 1993*)
 United States^ 1 (1995)
 Venezuela 1 (2011)
 Costa Rica^
 Japan^
*=hosts
^=invitees

1993 is the only edition when neither Brazil nor Uruguay has finished in the top four. There have been only 3 editions where neither Argentina nor Brazil has finished in the top four (1939, 2001, 2011). Likewise, only 3 editions have seen neither Argentina nor Uruguay finish in the top four (1949, 1979, 1997). There has never been an edition in which none of the three countries Uruguay, Argentina, and Brazil made it to the top four. All Copa America tournaments held in Brazil and Uruguay have been won by the host nation, while Argentina have won 6 South American Championships as hosts and Uruguay have won 3 of their 15 Copa Americas in Argentina (1916, 1987, 2011).

General statistics[edit]

Team Po Pl W D L GF GA GD
1  Argentina 364 173 111 31 31 422 166 +256
2  Uruguay 339 184 103 30 51 384 208 +176
3  Brazil 315 167 95 30 42 387 190 +197
4  Paraguay 213 153 61 30 62 241 270 -29
5  Chile 188 161 54 26 81 247 291 -44
6  Peru 169 132 46 31 55 193 220 -27
7  Colombia 128 99 36 20 43 120 175 -55
8  Bolivia 81 102 19 24 59 97 257 -160
9  Mexico 61 38 17 10 14 56 48 +8
10  Ecuador 61 108 14 19 75 114 296 -182
11  Venezuela 21 51 4 9 38 36 155 -120
12  Costa Rica 11 11 3 2 6 12 21 -9
13  Honduras 10 6 3 1 2 7 5 +2
14  United States 8 12 2 2 8 11 21 -10
15  Japan 1 3 0 1 2 3 8 -5

Copa América player of the tournament[edit]

Year Player
1916 Uruguay Isabelino Gradín
1917 Uruguay Héctor Scarone
1919 Brazil Arthur Friedenreich
1920 Uruguay José Piendibene
1921 Argentina Américo Tesoriere
1922 Brazil Agostinho Fortes Filho
1923 Uruguay José Nasazzi
1924 Uruguay Pedro Petrone
1925 Argentina Manuel Seoane
1926 Uruguay José Leandro Andrade
1927 Argentina Manuel Seoane
1929 Argentina Manuel Ferreira
1935 Uruguay José Nasazzi
1937 Argentina Vicente De la Mata
1939 Peru Teodoro Fernández
1941 Chile Sergio Livingstone
1942 Uruguay Obdulio Varela
1945 Brazil Domingos da Guia
1946 Argentina Adolfo Pedernera
1947 Argentina José Manuel Moreno
1949 Brazil Ademir Menezes
1953 Paraguay Heriberto Herrera
1955 Chile Enrique Hormazábal
1956 Uruguay Oscar Míguez
1957 Argentina Enrique Sívori
1959 (Argentina) Brazil Pelé
1959 (Ecuador) Uruguay Alcides Silveira
1963 Bolivia Ramiro Blacut
1967 Uruguay Pedro Rocha
1975 Peru Teófilo Cubillas
1979 Chile Carlos Caszely
1983 Uruguay Enzo Francéscoli
1987 Colombia Carlos Valderrama
1989 Uruguay Ruben Sosa
1991 Argentina Leonardo Rodríguez
1993 Argentina Sergio Goycochea
1995 Uruguay Enzo Francéscoli
1997 Brazil Ronaldo
1999 Brazil Rivaldo
2001 Honduras Amado Guevara
2004 Brazil Adriano
2007 Brazil Robinho
2011 Uruguay Luis Suárez

Copa América winning managers[edit]

Year Head coach Champions
1916 Uruguay Alfredo Foglino  Uruguay
1917 Uruguay Ramón Platero  Uruguay
1919 Brazil Haroldo Domingues  Brazil
1920 Uruguay Ernesto Fígoli  Uruguay
1921 Argentina Pedro Calomino  Argentina
1922 Brazil Laís  Brazil
1923 Uruguay Leonardo De Lucca  Uruguay
1924 Uruguay Ernesto Meliante  Uruguay
1925 Argentina Américo Tesoriere  Argentina
1926 Uruguay Ernesto Fígoli  Uruguay
1927 Argentina José Lago Millón  Argentina
1929 Argentina Fransisco Olazar  Argentina
1935 Uruguay Raúl Blanco  Uruguay
1937 Argentina Manuel Seoane  Argentina
1939 England Jack Greenwell  Peru
1941 Argentina Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
1942 Uruguay Pedro Cea  Uruguay
1945 Argentina Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
1946 Argentina Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
1947 Argentina Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
1949 Brazil Flavio Costa  Brazil
1953 Paraguay Manuel Fleitas Solich  Paraguay
1955 Argentina Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
1956 Uruguay Hugo Bagnulo  Uruguay
1957 Argentina Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
1959 (Argentina) Argentina Victorio Spinetto  Argentina
1959 (Ecuador) Uruguay Juan Carlos Corazzo  Uruguay
1963 Brazil Danilo Alvim  Bolivia
1967 Uruguay Juan Carlos Corazzo  Uruguay
1975 Peru Marcos Calderón  Peru
1979 Paraguay Ranulfo Miranda  Paraguay
1983 Uruguay Omar Borrás  Uruguay
1987 Uruguay Roberto Fleitas  Uruguay
1989 Brazil Sebastião Lazaroni  Brazil
1991 Argentina Alfio Basile  Argentina
1993 Argentina Alfio Basile  Argentina
1995 Uruguay Héctor Núñez  Uruguay
1997 Brazil Mário Zagallo  Brazil
1999 Brazil Vanderlei Luxemburgo  Brazil
2001 Colombia Francisco Maturana  Colombia
2004 Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira  Brazil
2007 Brazil Dunga  Brazil
2011 Uruguay Óscar Tabárez  Uruguay

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CONCACAF and CONMEBOL Announce Agreement to Bring Copa America 2016 to the United States". CONCACAF.com. May 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "The oldest continental tournament in the world". CONMEBOL.com. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "50 Reasons Why World Football Is the Best and Biggest Sport in the World". Bleacher Report. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "2005/2006 season: final worldwide matchday to be 14 May 2006". FIFA.com. 19 December 2004. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Copa America: a new cycle begins and the revolving calendar remains". 21 December 2007. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. 
  6. ^ "Reunión de Presidentes y el C. Ejecutivo". CONMEBOL.com. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "Copa América Argentina 2011: Japón comunicó que no participará del torneo" [Copa America Argentine 2011: Japan announced that they will not participate in the tournament]. CONMEBOL. May 16, 2011. Retrieved May 16, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Japan to miss Copa America tournament in Argentina". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 4 April 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Japón se Copa en América". 14 April 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Trofeo de la Copa América" on DePeru.com

Footnotes[edit]

A. ^ Only three teams entered the tournament.
B. ^ No third place match was played; third place was shared.
C. ^ There was no trophy being competed for in the 1916 tournament. It was competed for the first time in the 1917 tournament.
D. ^ The tournament was an extra edition, with no trophy handed to the winners, but still considered official by CONMEBOL.
E. ^ Final stage was a round-robin group.
F. ^ Matches were played in "Home - Away" basis.

External links[edit]