Copa MX

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Copa MX
Copa MX.svg
Founded 1907
Region Mexico
Number of teams Apertura: 28
Clausura: 24
Current champions Santos Laguna
Most successful club(s) Amateur era: Asturias (8 titles)
Professional era: América,
León (5 titles)
Clausura 2015 Copa MX

The Copa MX (formerly called Copa Tower, Copa Eliminatoria, and Copa México) is a Mexican football cup competition that was established in 1907. After a lengthy hiatus that began in 1997, [clarification needed] it was restored in 2012.

On early editions of the cup, it consisted of both professional and amateur stages. It was the first official tournament that included teams from different parts of Mexico, and it was an important and prestigious tournament, especially during its earlier years of existence. The original purpose of the competition was to determine a national champion, thus distinguishing it from the local league championship. Its format was different from the local leagues as well, as it employed direct elimination and culminated in a final that received much more fanfare than the local leagues. However, the goals of the Copa MX were never realized due to a number of factors, including the distances and costs of travel, the timing of the tournament, and the enmity between regional leagues.

Despite early optimism about the Copa MX, it lost its prestige over the years as it endured constant changes in format and even being placed on hiatus by the Mexican Football Federation, which occurred twice (the first between 1976 and 1988 and the second between 1992 and 1994).[clarification needed] After the 1997 edition of the tournament, the tournament was placed on an indefinite hiatus that lasted until May 31, 2012, when Liga MX president Decio de Maria announced the return of the tournament. It will be contested twice a year in an Apertura and Clausura format similar to the Liga MX.

History[edit]

Copa Tower (1907–1919)[edit]

The Copa México began in 1907 with the donation of the trophy by Reginald Tower, who was at the time the British ambassador to Mexico. For this reason, it was originally called the Copa Tower. At first, the tournament only included clubs from Mexico City and the surrounding areas. Pachuca won the inaugural tournament, in 1908, by defeating Reforma AC in the final. In 1919, Real España won the cup for the third year straight and were allowed to keep the trophy permanently. In all, the Copa Tower was contested 11 times, with Real España winning it four times in all, the best performance of the period.

Copa Eliminatoria (1919–1932)[edit]

In 1920, the tournament took place for the first time with a new trophy, the Copa Eliminatoria. It was contested six times between the years 1920 and 1926. Asturias F.C. won it three times during this period (consecutively from 1922–1924), the highest total of any team during this period.

Copa México (1932–1997)[edit]

Amateur Period (1932–1943)[edit]

After the foundation of the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol in 1927, a new trophy, named the Copa México, was donated in 1932. Following a six-year hiatus, the cup was contested again during the 1932–33 season. This time, the competition also received official support of President Lázaro Cárdenas. The first Copa México was won by Necaxa in a tournament of historical importance due to the adoption of new rules. This marked the beginning of an 11-year period that is referred to in retrospect as the Amateur Period. Once again, Asturias F.C. dominated the championship, winning it a record 5 times during this period.

Professional Period (1943–1997)[edit]

In 1943 the Professional Period of the Copa México began, a period that would last until the competition's termination in 1997. At first, it was played among teams from the then-Liga Mayor, the present-day Primera Division de Mexico. Beginning in 1950 the teams of the Segunda División de México were also included into the competition with the exception of the 1956–57, 1963–64, 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons.

Copa MX (2012–present)[edit]

The new format will be played twice a year, during each short tournament. In the Fall tournament, 14 of the Liga MX teams not involved in the CONCACAF Champions League, will play alongside 14 of the Ascenso MX teams. The 14 Ascenso MX teams will be the 13 top point-earners from the season prior, plus the newly relegated team. The teams will be placed into 7 groups of 4. The 7 group winners, plus the group runner-up with the highest point total, move on to the quarterfinals.

Teams will play 3 games in the group stage. Groups and home field advantage will be determined by a blind draw. For the group draw, 1st division teams will be placed in Pot A, while 2nd division teams will be placed in Pot B. In the home field advantage draw, no team can have more than 2 home games in the group stage. A blind draw will determine home field advantage in the KO rounds.

In the Spring tournament, the 11 Liga MX teams not involved in international tournaments, will play alongside the 13 Ascenso MX teams with the highest point total from the previous short tournament. Teams will be put in 6 groups of 4. The 11 first division teams, plus the 3 highest second division point-earners from the previous short tournament, will be in Pot A. The rest will be put in pot B. The 6 group winners, along with the 2 runners-up with the highest point total, will move on to the quarterfinals. Both tournaments will have the same draw format and number of group games. KO rounds for both tournaments will be single-elimination.

Year-by-year results[edit]

Amateur Era 1907-1943[edit]

From 1907-1919 the tournament was played under the name Copa Tower, from 1919 to 1932 the tournament was played under the name Copa Eliminatoria.In 1932 the league finally played this tournament under the name Copa Mexico.

Professional Period (1943–1997)[edit]

1: On penalties
2: Group Round (In 1971–72 the 4 teams were León, Puebla, Guadalajara, and Cruz Azul)
3: On away goals

Copa MX[edit]

Year Champion Score Runner-up Manager
Apertura 2012 Dorados 2–2
(5–4)1
Correcaminos Mexico Francisco Javier Ramírez
Clausura 2013 Cruz Azul 0-0
(4–2)1
Atlante Mexico Guillermo Vázquez
Apertura 2013 Monarcas Morelia 3–3
(3–1)1
Atlas Argentina Carlos Bustos
Clausura 2014 Tigres UANL 3–0
Alebrijes Brazil Ricardo Ferretti
Apertura 2014 Santos Laguna 2-2
(4–2)1
Puebla Portugal Pedro Caixinha

Champions[edit]

Amateur Era Champions[edit]

Club Champion Runner-up
Asturias 8 6
Club España 4 6
Necaxa 4 2
Pachuca 2 2
Reforma AC 2 3
México FC 2 2
América 1 3
British FC 1 0
Rovers FC 1 0
Atlante 1 0
Moctezuma 1 0

Professional Era Champions and Runners-up[edit]

Club Champion Runner-up
León 5 4
América 5 3
Puebla 4 3
Atlas 4 1
Cruz Azul 3 2
Tigres UANL 3 1
Necaxa 3 0
Guadalajara 2 5
Atlante 2 4
Zacatepec 2 2
Toluca 2 1
Veracruz 1 3
Tampico Madero 1 2
U. de G. 1 2
Monterrey 1 2
Morelia 1 1
Club España 1 0
Moctezuma 1 0
UNAM 1 0
Dorados de Sinaloa 1 0
Oro 0 1
Irapuato 0 1
Torreón 0 1
Cobras 0 1
Neza 0 1
Correcaminos 0 1
Alebrijes 0 1

Mexico - All-Time Table Cup Tournament[edit]

Includes all results since 1942-43 (first professional Cup Tournament) to 1996-97 Three points per victory since 1995

Position Equipo JJ G E P GF GC DIF PTS
1 América 217 98 47 72 385 296 89 253
2 Guadalajara 209 92 55 62 348 294 54 244
3 León 181 84 34 63 308 263 45 206
4 Toluca 169 78 42 49 261 209 52 203
5 Atlas 184 70 39 75 307 307 0 186
6 Atlante 184 73 32 79 275 294 -19 182
7 Cruz Azul 124 61 28 35 192 142 50 162
8 Necaxa 146 60 34 52 244 219 25 161
9 Puebla 136 55 39 42 233 201 32 152
10 Monterrey 139 58 31 50 219 208 11 149
11 Zacatepec 120 46 29 45 185 175 10 125
12 Veracruz 126 50 21 55 205 206 -1 121
13 U.N.A.M. 111 38 29 44 157 161 -4 111
14 Irapuato 107 36 27 44 157 171 -14 102
15 Oro 114 37 27 50 184 203 -19 101
16 Tampico 81 32 21 28 143 146 -3 87
17 Morelia 93 31 19 43 118 151 -33 86
18 U.A.N.L. 64 22 20 21 100 95 5 77
19 U de G 56 29 16 11 92 57 35 74
20 U.A.G. 52 21 10 21 84 75 9 58
21 Laguna 40 15 8 17 48 66 -18 38
22 Pachuca 36 11 10 15 47 55 -8 35
23 Atlético Español 30 15 4 11 62 50 12 34
24 Marte 51 11 12 28 77 121 -44 35
25 Santos Laguna 38 11 12 15 44 54 -10 34
26 Cobras 29 11 6 12 30 37 -7 28
27 Jalisco 26 10 7 9 38 37 1 27
28 Toros Neza 15 9 1 5 22 15 7 26
29 San Luis 20 9 2 9 33 32 1 25
30 U.A.T. 35 11 7 17 40 52 -12 25
31 Moctezuma 21 10 2 9 46 49 -3 22
32 Potosino 24 7 8 9 27 36 -9 22
33 La Piedad 24 6 6 12 27 47 -20 22
34 España 19 10 1 8 55 41 14 21
35 Torreón 23 7 7 9 25 23 2 21
36 Cruz Azul Hidalgo 11 4 2 5 12 18 -6 14
37 Nacional 20 5 4 11 26 34 -8 14
38 Celaya 23 3 6 14 22 52 -30 14
39 Tampico Madero 13 6 1 6 20 19 1 13
40 Curtidores 14 4 5 5 20 24 -4 13
41 Nuevo León 18 4 5 9 21 30 -9 13
42 Tigrillos 7 2 2 3 7 10 -3 12
43 A.D.O. 15 6 0 9 24 35 -11 12
44 Asturias 17 6 0 11 40 50 -10 12
45 Ciudad Madero 23 2 7 14 20 54 -34 11
46 San Francisco 11 4 1 6 13 17 -4 10
47 Tijuana 9 3 1 5 7 12 -5 10
48 Poza Rica 6 4 1 1 11 8 3 9
49 Saltillo 8 3 0 5 8 10 -2 9
50 Querétaro 14 2 3 9 13 24 -11 7
51 Zamora 14 1 4 9 20 40 -20 6
52 Bachilleres 3 2 1 0 7 3 4 5
53 Cuautla 8 2 1 5 11 20 -9 5
54 Gallos Blancos 3 1 2 0 5 3 2 4
55 Acapulco 10 1 1 9 5 22 -17 3
56 Orizaba 4 1 1 2 5 4 1 3
57 Yucatán 4 1 1 2 3 5 -2 3
58 Angeles 4 1 1 2 6 9 -3 3
59 Hermosillo 7 0 1 6 7 19 -12 3
60 Xalapa 2 1 0 1 2 4 -2 2
61 Tabasco 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
62 Neza 2 0 1 1 3 4 -1 1
63 Cancún 2 0 1 1 0 1 -1 1
64 Texcoco 2 0 1 1 1 6 -5 1
65 Tepic 4 0 1 3 5 11 -6 1
66 U.A.Querétaro 1 0 0 1 1 2 -1 0
67 Aguascalientes 1 0 0 1 0 1 -1 0
68 Ciudad Victoria 2 0 0 2 0 3 -3 0
69 San Sebastian 6 0 0 6 7 21 -14 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources say that the Copa Tower was played in 1912–1913 and the champions were Rovers FC
  2. ^ Some sources say that Germania won the cup in 1919

External links[edit]