|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
|Number of teams||Apertura: 28
|Most successful club(s)||Amateur era: Asturias (8 titles)
Professional era: América,
Puebla (5 titles)
|Clausura 2015 Copa MX|
The Copa MX (formerly called Copa Tower, Copa Eliminatoria, and Copa México) is a Mexican football cup competition that was established in 1907. After a lengthy hiatus that began in 1997, [clarification needed] it was restored in 2012.
On early editions of the cup, it consisted of both professional and amateur stages. It was the first official tournament that included teams from different parts of Mexico, and it was an important and prestigious tournament, especially during its earlier years of existence. The original purpose of the competition was to determine a national champion, thus distinguishing it from the local league championship. Its format was different from the local leagues as well, as it employed direct elimination and culminated in a final that received much more fanfare than the local leagues. However, the goals of the Copa MX were never realized due to a number of factors, including the distances and costs of travel, the timing of the tournament, and the enmity between regional leagues.
Despite early optimism about the Copa MX, it lost its prestige over the years as it endured constant changes in format and even being placed on hiatus by the Mexican Football Federation, which occurred twice (the first between 1976 and 1988 and the second between 1992 and 1994).[clarification needed] After the 1997 edition of the tournament, the tournament was placed on an indefinite hiatus that lasted until May 31, 2012, when Liga MX president Decio de Maria announced the return of the tournament. It will be contested twice a year in an Apertura and Clausura format similar to the Liga MX.
- 1 History
- 2 Year-by-year results
- 3 Champions
- 4 Mexico - All-Time Table Cup Tournament
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Copa Tower (1907–1919)
The Copa México began in 1907 with the donation of the trophy by Reginald Tower, who was at the time the British ambassador to Mexico. For this reason, it was originally called the Copa Tower. At first, the tournament only included clubs from Mexico City and the surrounding areas. Pachuca won the inaugural tournament, in 1908, by defeating Reforma AC in the final. In 1919, Real España won the cup for the third year straight and were allowed to keep the trophy permanently. In all, the Copa Tower was contested 11 times, with Real España winning it four times in all, the best performance of the period.
Copa Eliminatoria (1919–1932)
In 1920, the tournament took place for the first time with a new trophy, the Copa Eliminatoria. It was contested six times between the years 1920 and 1926. Asturias F.C. won it three times during this period (consecutively from 1922–1924), the highest total of any team during this period.
Copa México (1932–1997)
Amateur Period (1932–1943)
After the foundation of the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol in 1927, a new trophy, named the Copa México, was donated in 1932. Following a six-year hiatus, the cup was contested again during the 1932–33 season. This time, the competition also received official support of President Lázaro Cárdenas. The first Copa México was won by Necaxa in a tournament of historical importance due to the adoption of new rules. This marked the beginning of an 11-year period that is referred to in retrospect as the Amateur Period. Once again, Asturias F.C. dominated the championship, winning it a record 5 times during this period.
Professional Period (1943–1997)
In 1943 the Professional Period of the Copa México began, a period that would last until the competition's termination in 1997. At first, it was played among teams from the then-Liga Mayor, the present-day Primera Division de Mexico. Beginning in 1950 the teams of the Segunda División de México were also included into the competition with the exception of the 1956–57, 1963–64, 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons.
Copa MX (2012–present)
The new format will be played twice a year, during each short tournament. In the Fall tournament, 14 of the Liga MX teams not involved in the CONCACAF Champions League, will play alongside 14 of the Ascenso MX teams. The 14 Ascenso MX teams will be the 13 top point-earners from the season prior, plus the newly relegated team. The teams will be placed into 7 groups of 4. The 7 group winners, plus the group runner-up with the highest point total, move on to the quarterfinals.
Teams will play 3 games in the group stage. Groups and home field advantage will be determined by a blind draw. For the group draw, 1st division teams will be placed in Pot A, while 2nd division teams will be placed in Pot B. In the home field advantage draw, no team can have more than 2 home games in the group stage. A blind draw will determine home field advantage in the KO rounds.
In the Spring tournament, the 11 Liga MX teams not involved in international tournaments, will play alongside the 13 Ascenso MX teams with the highest point total from the previous short tournament. Teams will be put in 6 groups of 4. The 11 first division teams, plus the 3 highest second division point-earners from the previous short tournament, will be in Pot A. The rest will be put in pot B. The 6 group winners, along with the 2 runners-up with the highest point total, will move on to the quarterfinals. Both tournaments will have the same draw format and number of group games. KO rounds for both tournaments will be single-elimination.
Amateur Era 1907-1943
From 1907-1919 the tournament was played under the name Copa Tower, from 1919 to 1932 the tournament was played under the name Copa Eliminatoria.In 1932 the league finally played this tournament under the name Copa Mexico.
Professional Period (1943–1997)
|UAT||Francisco Javier Ramírez|
|Clausura 2013||Cruz Azul||0–0
|Apertura 2014||Santos Laguna||2–2
|Clausura 2015||Puebla||4–2||Guadalajara||José Guadalupe Cruz|
2: Group Round (In 1971–72 the 4 teams were León, Puebla, Guadalajara, and Cruz Azul)
3: On away goals
Amateur Era Champions
Professional Era Champions and Runners-up
|U. de G.||1||2|
|Dorados de Sinaloa||1||0|
Mexico - All-Time Table Cup Tournament
Includes all results since 1942-43 (first professional Cup Tournament) to 1996-97 Three points per victory since 1995
|19||U de G||56||29||16||11||92||57||35||74|
|36||Cruz Azul Hidalgo||11||4||2||5||12||18||-6||14|
- Mexico - List of Cup Winners, RSSSF.com