|Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup
Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup
|IATA: CPH – ICAO: EKCH|
|Elevation AMSL||5 m / 17 ft|
Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) or Copenhagen Airport (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn; IATA: CPH, ICAO: EKCH) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the entire Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden (not only Scania). It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries with 24.1 million passengers per year in 2013 and one of the oldest international airports in Europe.
The airport is located on the island of Amager, just 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre on the other side of the Øresund Bridge. The airport lies mainly in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in neighbouring Dragør.
The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also an operating base for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles 60 scheduled airlines and serves more than 62,000 passengers per day; 23.3 million passengers passed through the facility in 2012, making it the busiest airport in the Nordic countries, with a maximum capacity of 83 loadings/hour and with room for 108 aeroplanes. Unlike other Scandinavian airports, a considerable share of the airport's passengers are international. The domestic part of the annual passengers is lower than 10%. The airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1700 staff (excluding shops, restaurants etc.).
Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, which was previously called Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.
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- 1925CPH opens for service on 20 April. One of the first private airports in the world, it opens with a grass runway. –
- 19326000 take-offs and landings in the year. –
- 19361939 New terminal, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism, is built (Architect: Vilhelm Lauritzen). –
- 1941First hard-surface runway is built. –
- 1946SAS is founded, an important event for Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increases rapidly in the first years SAS operates. Also, Copenhagen Airport becomes Europe's third-largest. –
- 1947On 26 January, a KLM DC-3 crashes at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people die, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore. –
- 1948150 take-offs and landings per day, and 3000 passengers are handled per day. –
- 1950378,000 passengers are handled. –
- 195411,000 tonnes of freight handled per year. SAS begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proves to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen becomes a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe. –
- 19561 million passengers handled per year. CPH wins the award for the world's best airport. –
- 1960s[when?] – With the advent of jet airliners, debate begins about a major expansion of the airport. Jets need longer runways than had previously been used, and plans are drawn up to expand the airport either into existing communities in Kastrup or onto Saltholm, a small island. Local protests ensue and expansion is stalled for some time.
- 1960On 30 April, Terminal 2, also designed by Lauritzen, opens. Also, a new control tower opens and the airport handles 2 million passengers per year. –
- 1970sThe airport suffers from acute space shortages, especially with the advent of large jets such as 747s. After initially deciding to expand to Saltholm, the project is eventually blocked by Denmark's parliament. –
- 19738 million passengers handled per year. The third (long) runway opens and the dual runway system (04L/22R-04R/22L) opens, strongly expanding the capacity of possible numbers of starts and landings. –
- 1982The Cargo terminal opens. –
- 1986A parking garage with 2400 spaces opens. –
- 1991The airport is partially privatised. –
- 1998Terminal 3 opens, and the airport handles 17 million (international) passengers per year. –
- 1999Baggage handling system is modernised, and the Vilhelm Lauritzen terminal is moved 3.8 km down the runway to make room for new terminals, a hotel, and a train station for regional trains opens.. –
- 2000The road and railway bridge to Malmö is completed, facilitating access for passengers arriving from Sweden. Trains to/from Sweden stop right beneath Terminal 3. The airport handles 18.4 million passengers per year.. –
- 2001A five-star Hilton hotel with 382 beds opens at the airport. 267,000 take-offs and landings. –
- 2005Macquaire Airport buys 52% of stocks. –
- 2006Number of passengers exceeds 20 million for the first time (20.9 million). –
- 2007A metro station opens, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro. –
- 2008A new control tower is opened by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announce plan to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility, which is expected to be completed by 2010. –
- 2009Macquaire Airport is spun off as MAp Airports. –
- 2010The new low cost terminal CPH Go opens 31 October. –
- 201122.725.517 passengers are handled. A record high. –
- 2011MAp Airports sold its stake in the airport to Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan. – 
- 201223,336,187 passengers are handled. A record high. –
- 2013Voted best airport in the world in terms of route network development at the World Route conference in Las Vegas. –
- 201324,067,030 passengers are handled. A record high. –
- 2014Announced plans to increase capacity to 40 million passengers per year –
Copenhagen Airport has three terminals. Terminal 1 is currently used for all domestic flights. Terminals 2 and 3 handle international flights (both Schengen and non-Schengen) and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3. The newest section, CPH Go, dedicated to low-cost carriers opened in October 2010. So far, EasyJet and Transavia.com are the only airlines operating from this terminal, which is accessed from terminal 3. As of 2015 Terminal 1 will shut down, letting Terminals 2 and 3 handle all flights. An all new Terminal 4 has been discussed, but replaced by plans to expand the current facilities in appropriate increments.
Despite the short distance to the city centre, approaches to, and departures from, the airport do not disturb the inhabitants of the city, due to the heading of the dual parallel runway system (04R/22L & 04L/22R). Those runways are located very close to the Øresund strait, in both directions. The supplementary runway (30/12) causes no noise problems for landings at runway 30 or take-offs from runway 12. In the opposite direction, the 30/12 runway has noise restrictions. Other advantages are the low altitude of the airport and absence of hills and high buildings below the approach directions. In case of fog, the runway 22L is equipped with an ILS of category III C system, which allows modern aircraft to land in zero sight.
Airlines and destinations
^1 Check-in via Terminal 2. ^2 Two weekly flights from Copenhagen to Bangkok via Phuket. No direct flight in the other way – from Phuket to Copenhagen. ^3 Some flights operated by Blue1, Cimber Air, or Jet Time.
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SAS traffic office resides at the airport, and so do Cimber Sterling's. Thomas Cook Airlines has both its head- and traffic office here as well as a flight simulator centre. All these reside at Copenhagen Airport South and in Dragør, Dragør Municipality together with a VIP-terminal. The VIP-terminal building is actually the very first terminal building, from the 1920s. It was moved about 2 km during the 1990s.
- The station is served by Øresundstogene and trains are operated by DSBFirst. These trains have a dense stopping pattern insde Denmark as local trains between Copenhagen's city centre and Helsingør. The Øresundståg operates regional and intercity trains to destinations across the south of Sweden: Malmö, Gothenburg, Kalmar, Karlskrona and Kristianstad.
- DSB, the Danish national rail operator, have InterCity and InterCityExpress trains calling at this station. Domestic destinations include Esbjerg, Aarhus, Aalborg and Sønderborg. DSB additionally runs trains to border cities of Germany and Sweden, such as Flensburg (Germany) and Ystad (Sweden), where a ferry connects the station to the Danish island Bornholm.
- Swedish SJ runs several high-speed trains with daily departures between Copenhagen central station (København H) and Stockholm central station (Stockholm C) and Gothenburg (Göteborg). These train all call at the Copenhagen Airport station (København Lufthavn/Kastrup).
Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre. The Metro station is two floors above the underground rail station and continues on elevated tracks until it goes underground after 5 stations.
- Movia buses 5A, 35, 36 and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden and Norway operated by Swebus: 820 to Oslo via Gothenburg and 832 to Uppsala via Stockholm. GoByBus and Bus4You also operate the same routes.
- The E20 runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the toll road Øresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces. Customers can pre-book their parking space online by visiting the Copenhagen Airport website .
Incidents and accidents
- 26 January 1947Douglas Dakota, PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 onboard, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. Also aboard the ill-fated flight was American singer and actress Grace Moore. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten elevator gust lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realising the lock was still in place. –
- 17 November 1957Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways crashed at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause was a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft. –
- 28 August 1971a Malév Ilyushin Il-18, HA-MOC crashed into the sea while executing an instrument approach. The main cause of the accident was microburst, a particularly dangerous and unpredictable meteorological phenomenon. 23 passengers and the crew of 9 died. 2 passengers survived. The captain of the plane was World War II flying ace of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Dezső Szentgyörgyi. He was due to retire in less than 3 weeks. –
- "EKCH – København/Kastrup" (PDF). AIP Denmark. Copenhagen: Trafikstyrelsen/Danish Transport Authority. 28 June 2012. part AD 2 – EKCH. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- Copenhagen Airports – Copenhagen Airports
- "Financial Report". Sydney Airport Holdings. 31 December 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- "Copenhagen Airport announces expansion plans". IceNews. 7 February 2013.
- Københavns Lufthavn nedlægger terminal 1
- Expanding CPH
- New EZY route to LTN
- Arlene Satchell (14 March 2013). "Fort Lauderdale airport to get Scandinavia routes in fall 2013 – Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- [dead link]
- "CPH: Rekord med flere end 24 millioner rejsende i 2013" (in Danish). Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
Media related to Copenhagen Airport at Wikimedia Commons