Copenhagen Airport

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Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup
Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup
Copenhagen Airports Logo.gif
KastrupAirport Panorama.jpg
IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Københavns Lufthavne
Serves Copenhagen, Denmark
Location Kastrup, Tårnby
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611Coordinates: 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611
Website cph.dk
Map
CPH is located in Denmark
CPH
CPH
Location within Denmark
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
12/30 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 24,067,030
Domestic 1,902,652
International 22,164,378
Aircraft movements 244,942
Source: AIP[1]

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) or Copenhagen Airport (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn; IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the entire Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden (not only Scania). It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries with 24.1 million passengers per year in 2013 and one of the oldest international airports in Europe.

The airport is located on the island of Amager, just 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre on the other side of the Øresund Bridge. The airport lies mainly in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in neighbouring Dragør.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also an operating base for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles 60 scheduled airlines and serves more than 62,000 passengers per day; 23.3 million passengers passed through the facility in 2012, making it the busiest airport in the Nordic countries, with a maximum capacity of 83 loadings/hour and with room for 108 aeroplanes. Unlike other Scandinavian airports, a considerable share of the airport's passengers are international. The domestic part of the annual passengers is lower than 10%. The airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1700 staff (excluding shops, restaurants etc.).[2]

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, which was previously called Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.

History[edit]

Aerial view of Copenhagen Airport
Aerial view of the passenger terminals at Copenhagen Airport
Outside view of Terminal 2
  • 1925 (1925) – CPH opens for service on 20 April. One of the first private airports in the world, it opens with a grass runway.
  • 1932 (1932) – 6000 take-offs and landings in the year.
  • 1936 (1936) – 1939 New terminal, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism, is built (Architect: Vilhelm Lauritzen).
  • 1941 (1941) – First hard-surface runway is built.
  • 1946 (1946) – SAS is founded, an important event for Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increases rapidly in the first years SAS operates. Also, Copenhagen Airport becomes Europe's third-largest.
  • 1947 (1947) – On 26 January, a KLM DC-3 crashes at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people die, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore.
  • 1948 (1948) – 150 take-offs and landings per day, and 3000 passengers are handled per day.
  • 1950 (1950) – 378,000 passengers are handled.
  • 1954 (1954) – 11,000 tonnes of freight handled per year. SAS begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proves to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen becomes a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe.
  • 1956 (1956) – 1 million passengers handled per year. CPH wins the award for the world's best airport.
  • 1960s[when?] – With the advent of jet airliners, debate begins about a major expansion of the airport. Jets need longer runways than had previously been used, and plans are drawn up to expand the airport either into existing communities in Kastrup or onto Saltholm, a small island. Local protests ensue and expansion is stalled for some time.
  • 1960 (1960) – On 30 April, Terminal 2, also designed by Lauritzen, opens. Also, a new control tower opens and the airport handles 2 million passengers per year.
  • 1970s (1970s) – The airport suffers from acute space shortages, especially with the advent of large jets such as 747s. After initially deciding to expand to Saltholm, the project is eventually blocked by Denmark's parliament.
  • 1973 (1973) – 8 million passengers handled per year. The third (long) runway opens and the dual runway system (04L/22R-04R/22L) opens, strongly expanding the capacity of possible numbers of starts and landings.
  • 1982 (1982) – The Cargo terminal opens.
  • 1986 (1986) – A parking garage with 2400 spaces opens.
  • 1991 (1991) – The airport is partially privatised.
  • 1998 (1998) – Terminal 3 opens, and the airport handles 17 million (international) passengers per year.
  • 1999 (1999) – Baggage handling system is modernised, and the Vilhelm Lauritzen terminal is moved 3.8 km down the runway to make room for new terminals, a hotel, and a train station for regional trains opens..
  • 2000 (2000) – The road and railway bridge to Malmö is completed, facilitating access for passengers arriving from Sweden. Trains to/from Sweden stop right beneath Terminal 3. The airport handles 18.4 million passengers per year..
  • 2001 (2001) – A five-star Hilton hotel with 382 beds opens at the airport. 267,000 take-offs and landings.
  • 2005 (2005) – Macquaire Airport buys 52% of stocks.
  • 2006 (2006) – Number of passengers exceeds 20 million for the first time (20.9 million).
  • 2007 (2007) – A metro station opens, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro.
  • 2008 (2008) – A new control tower is opened by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announce plan to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility, which is expected to be completed by 2010.
  • 2009 (2009) – Macquaire Airport is spun off as MAp Airports.
  • 2010 (2010) – The new low cost terminal CPH Go opens 31 October.
  • 2011 (2011) – 22.725.517 passengers are handled. A record high.
  • 2011 (2011) – MAp Airports sold its stake in the airport to Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan.[3]
  • 2012 (2012) – 23,336,187 passengers are handled. A record high.
  • 2013 (2013) – Voted best airport in the world in terms of route network development at the World Route conference in Las Vegas.
  • 2013 (2013) – 24,067,030 passengers are handled. A record high.
  • 2014 (2014) – Announced plans to increase capacity to 40 million passengers per year[4]

Facilities[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Check-in desks at Terminal 2

Copenhagen Airport has three terminals. Terminal 1 is currently used for all domestic flights. Terminals 2 and 3 handle international flights (both Schengen and non-Schengen) and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3. The newest section, CPH Go, dedicated to low-cost carriers opened in October 2010. So far, EasyJet and Transavia.com are the only airlines operating from this terminal, which is accessed from terminal 3. As of 2015 Terminal 1 will shut down, letting Terminals 2 and 3 handle all flights.[5] An all new Terminal 4 has been discussed, but replaced by plans to expand the current facilities in appropriate increments.[6]

Runways[edit]

Despite the short distance to the city centre, approaches to, and departures from, the airport do not disturb the inhabitants of the city, due to the heading of the dual parallel runway system (04R/22L & 04L/22R). Those runways are located very close to the Øresund strait, in both directions. The supplementary runway (30/12) causes no noise problems for landings at runway 30 or take-offs from runway 12. In the opposite direction, the 30/12 runway has noise restrictions. Other advantages are the low altitude of the airport and absence of hills and high buildings below the approach directions. In case of fog, the runway 22L is equipped with an ILS of category III C system, which allows modern aircraft to land in zero sight.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 3
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 26 June 2015)[7]
2
Aer Lingus Dublin 2
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga 2
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf 2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 3
Air Europa Madrid 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air Greenland Kangerlussuaq
Seasonal: Iqaluit (begins 25 December 2014)
2
Air Greenland
operated by Jet Time
Kangerlussuaq
Seasonal: Narsarsuaq
2
Air Serbia Belgrade 3
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
Seasonal: Milan-Linate
2
Alsie Express Sønderborg 1
Atlantic Airways Vágar 2
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck
2
B&H Airlines Sarajevo-International 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Croatia Airlines Zagreb 2
Corendon Airlines Marrakech
Seasonal: Ercan
2
Czech Airlines Prague 2
Danish Air Transport Bornholm, Karup (begins 29 March 2015) 1
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York-JFK 2
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, Hamburg, London-Gatwick, London-Luton,[8] London-Stansted, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino CPH Go1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva CPH Go1
EgyptAir Cairo 3
Emirates Dubai-International 2
Es-Air
operated by Jet Time
Esbjerg (begins 1 February 2015) [9] 1
Estonian Air Tallinn 3
Etihad Regional
operated by Darwin Airline
Dresden (begins 29 March 2015)[10] TBA
Finnair Helsinki 2
Iberia Express Madrid 2
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík 3
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Erbil, Najaf 2
Jet Time Charter: Aqaba, Antalya, Bodrum, Bourgas, Chambéry, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Gazipasa, Gran Canaria, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kangerlussuaq, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Rhodes, Salzburg, Samos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skiathos, Tenerife-South 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 3
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 3
Luxair Luxembourg 2
Middle East Airlines Seasonal: Beirut 2
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Karup (ends 27 March 2015) 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Dubai-International, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Fort Lauderdale,[11] Funchal, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Kraków, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan-Malpensa, New York-JFK, Nice, Orlando (begins 30 March 2015),[12] Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Orly, Prague, Riga, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion,[13] Trondheim
Seasonal: Agadir, Athens, Belgrade, Bratislava, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Malta, Marseille, Montpellier, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo, Zagreb
2
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 2
Pegasus Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 2
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 2
Ryanair Bergamo, London-Luton, Warsaw-Modlin (all begin 26 March 2015)[14] CPH Go
Scandinavian Airlines3 Aalborg, Aarhus, Billund 1
Scandinavian Airlines3 Aberdeen, Ålesund, Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Bologna, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh (begins 29 March 2015), Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Kristiansand, Leeds/Bradford (ends 1 December 2014), Linköping, London-Heathrow, Luxembourg, Málaga, Manchester, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Newark, Newcastle, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palanga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Poznań, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Trondheim, Vaasa, Venice-Marco Polo, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Wrocław, Zurich
Seasonal: Ankara (begins 4 April 2015), Bastia, Biarritz, Cagliari, Chania, Dubrovnik, Faro, Gazipaşa, Ivalo, Kiruna, Montpellier, Naples, Kittilä, Palermo, Pisa, Pristina, Pula, Salzburg, Split, Thessaloniki
3
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Sun Express İzmir 2
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zurich 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Seasonal: Phuket2
3
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Montego Bay (begins 24 December 2014) TBA
Transavia.com Seasonal: Eindhoven CPH Go1
Turkish Airlines Konya, Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Malaga
Seasonal: Florence
2
Widerøe Haugesund, Kristiansand, Molde, Sandefjord 3
WOW air Reykjavík-Keflavík 2
Notes

^1 Check-in via Terminal 2. ^2 Two weekly flights from Copenhagen to Bangkok via Phuket. No direct flight in the other way – from Phuket to Copenhagen.[15] ^3 Some flights operated by Blue1, Cimber Air, or Jet Time.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air China Cargo Beijing-Capital
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
DHL Aviation East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle, Madrid, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Emirates SkyCargo Chicago-O'Hare, Dubai-International, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico City
FedEx Express Helsinki, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Brussels, Singapore
Star Air (Maersk Air) Athens
UPS Airlines Oslo-Gardermoen
West Air Sweden Helsinki

Statistics[edit]

Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-300 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
TUIfly Nordic Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
Scandinavian Airlines Airbus A330-300 taxiing for takeoff from Copenhagen Airport
Busiest routes by passenger traffic (2013)[16]
Destination
Airport(s)
Passengers
London LGW, LHR, STN
1,637,520
Oslo OSL, TRF
1,410,384
Stockholm ARN, BMA
1,309,198
Aalborg AAL
893,882
Paris CDG, ORY
845,000
Amsterdam AMS
822,858
Helsinki HEL
777,804
Frankfurt FRA
644,956
Berlin SXF, TXL
527,191
Brussels BRU
481,878
Milan MXP, LIN
456,888
Zurich ZRH
425,176
Vienna VIE
424,472
Munich MUC
398,379
Bergen BGO
382,375
Reykjavík KEF
379,302
Bangkok BKK
372,069
Istanbul IST, SAW
367,859
Barcelona BCN
351,971
Gothenburg GOT
304,401
New York City JFK, EWR
264,687
Dubai DXB
204,394
Lisbon LIS
199,974
Antalya AYT
182,108
Doha DOH
156,492
Moscow SVO
152,398

Other facilities[edit]

SAS traffic office resides at the airport, and so do Cimber Sterling's. Thomas Cook Airlines has both its head- and traffic office here as well as a flight simulator centre. All these reside at Copenhagen Airport South and in Dragør, Dragør Municipality together with a VIP-terminal. The VIP-terminal building is actually the very first terminal building, from the 1920s. It was moved about 2 km during the 1990s.

Ground transport[edit]

Train[edit]

Train towards Copenhagen Central Station at the Copenhagen Airport train station.

The airport's station is located underneath Terminal 3 on the Øresund Railway Line.

  • DSB, the Danish national rail operator, have InterCity and InterCityExpress trains calling at this station. Domestic destinations include Esbjerg, Aarhus, Aalborg and Sønderborg. DSB additionally runs trains to border cities of Germany and Sweden, such as Flensburg (Germany) and Ystad (Sweden), where a ferry connects the station to the Danish island Bornholm.
  • Swedish SJ runs several high-speed trains with daily departures between Copenhagen central station (København H) and Stockholm central station (Stockholm C) and Gothenburg (Göteborg). These train all call at the Copenhagen Airport station (København Lufthavn/Kastrup).

Metro[edit]

Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre. The Metro station is two floors above the underground rail station and continues on elevated tracks until it goes underground after 5 stations.

Road[edit]

  • Movia buses 5A, 35, 36 and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden and Norway operated by Swebus: 820 to Oslo via Gothenburg and 832 to Uppsala via Stockholm. GoByBus and Bus4You also operate the same routes.
  • The E20 runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the toll road Øresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces. Customers can pre-book their parking space online by visiting the Copenhagen Airport website [5].

Incidents and accidents[edit]

A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947.
  • 26 January 1947 (1947-01-26) – Douglas Dakota, PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 onboard, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. Also aboard the ill-fated flight was American singer and actress Grace Moore. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten elevator gust lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realising the lock was still in place.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]

Media related to Copenhagen Airport at Wikimedia Commons