Copenhagen Airport

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Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup
Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup
Copenhagen Airports Logo.png
KastrupAirport Panorama.jpg
Airport type Public
Owner Københavns Lufthavne
Serves Copenhagen, Denmark
Location Kastrup, Tårnby
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611Coordinates: 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611
CPH is located in Denmark
Location within Denmark
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
12/30 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 25,627,093
Domestic 1,946,790
International 23,680,303
Aircraft movements 251,799
Source: AIP[1]

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) or Copenhagen Airport (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn; IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the entire Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden (not only Scania). It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries with 25.6 million passengers in 2014 and one of the oldest international airports in Europe. Furthermore it is by far the busiest airport for international travel in Scandinavia.[2]

The airport is located on the island of Amager, just 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre on the other side of the Øresund Bridge. The airport lies mainly in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in neighbouring Dragør.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also an operating base for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles 60 scheduled airlines and serves more than 62,000 passengers per day; 23.3 million passengers passed through the facility in 2012, making it the busiest airport in the Nordic countries, with a maximum capacity of 83 loadings/hour and with room for 108 aeroplanes. Unlike other Scandinavian airports, a considerable share of the airport's passengers are international. The domestic part of the annual passengers is lower than 10%. The airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1700 staff (excluding shops, restaurants etc.).[3]

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, which was previously called Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.


The airport was founded in April 1925 and was one of the first civil airports in the world. It consisted of a large, impressive terminal built of wood, a couple of hangars, a balloon mast, a hydroplane landing stage and a few grassy meadows that could be used as runways. The grass on the runways was kept short by sheep, which were shepherded away before take-offs and landings. From 1932 to 1939 takeoffs and landings increase form 6,000 to 50,000 and passengers number increase to 72,000. Between 1936 and 1939 a new terminal was built, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism. The terminal was designed by Vilhelm Lauritzen, who was considered a pioneer among architects, in terms not only of architecture and construction, but also of service and passenger comfort.[4]

In the years of World War II Copenhagen airport was closed for civil operations except periodic flights to destinations in Sweden, Germany and Austria. In the summer of 1941 was opened first hard-surface runway, it was 1,400 metres long and 65 metres wide. When the World War II ended in May 1945 Copenhagen airport was the most modern international airport in Europe because the airport remained untouched by actual acts of war.

On 1 August 1947 Scandinavian Airlines was founded, an important event for Copenhagen airport as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increased rapidly in the first years Scandinavian Airlines operates. Also, Copenhagen airport became Europe's third-largest. On 26 January 1947, a KLM DC-3 crashed at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people on board die, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore. In 1948 Copenhagen airport was third largest airport in Europe with 150 daily takeoffs and almost 300,000 passengers for the year. The airport continued its rapid growth. The terminal was expanded several times and new hangars were erected.

In 1954 Scandinavian Airlines begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proves to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen becomes a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe also the airport handled 11,000 tones of freight per year. In 1956 the airport handled 1 million passengers per year and wins the award for the world's best airport. The runways were lengthened and fitted with technically advanced equipment.

By 10 May 1960, when the new airport terminal (now Terminal 2) was inaugurated, the daily number of jet operations had increased to 28, and still traffic kept on growing. The large new airport terminal soon became too small, and in 1969 yet another huge expansion programme was launched. Domestic traffic was relocated to a new domestic terminal (the eastern part of Terminal 1). The (current) international terminal was supplemented with a new pier (C) and a separate arrivals hall (the building between Terminals 2 and 3). A new control tower and 3,600 metres of additional runways allowed take-offs and landings to take place at the same time. When the comprehensive expansion was completed in 1972, the number of take-offs and landings exceeded 180,000 and there were more than eight million passengers.[5]

Throughout the 1970s, airport traffic continued to grow, but the airport was not expanded further. A new large airprot located at island Saltholm (with a connecting bridge to Denmark and Sweden) was on the drawing board. It would be a huge investment, and the proposal was evaluated thoroughly by many experts. In 1980, however, the Danish parliament instead decided to expand the capacity of Copenhagen airport to 20-22 million passengers by the year 2000. This solution was far cheaper than building a new airport and because the new types of aircraft were less noisy, an airport on Saltholm did not offer a decisive environmental gain. In 1973 the airport handled 8 million passengers per year. The third (long) runway opens and the dual runway system (04L/22R-04R/22L) opens, strongly expanding the capacity of possible numbers of starts and landings.

The expansion of the airport began in 1982, after the necessary period of planning. The intention was not to build Europe’s largest airport, but to build transit passengers’ favourite airport. A stay at the airport was supposed to be an integral part of the travel experience. Efficiency and precision were obvious demands, but focus was also on generating an oasis where international travellers could relax: beautiful architecture, Scandinavian design, and pleasant, light and comfortable surroundings with plenty of shops, restaurants and other facilities providing enjoyment and pleasure. The new cargo terminal was built in eastern area of the airport.

A number of important construction projects were completed in 1998: a pier connecting the domestic and international terminals; a new arrivals hall; new modern baggage handling facilities; an underground railway station with two large underground parking facilities with 2400 spaces opens; and above it all the spacious and impressive delta-shaped terminal (Terminal 3) with 17 million passengers capacity. The first stage of the new Pier D was completed in the spring of 1999.[6]

On 1 July 2000 is opened Øresund Bridge wich connect with motorway and train Denmark and Sweden. In 2001 was opened and five-star Hilton hotel with 382 rooms. In 2006 for the first time in his history Copenhagen airport exceeds 20 million passengers and reach 20,900,000 passengers. In October 2007 the metro station is opens, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro. A new control tower is opened in 2008 by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announce plan to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility, which is expected to be completed by 2010. On 31 October 2010 is opened new low cost terminal CPH Go. The first airline made flights on the new terminal is easyJet.[7] In 2013 airport are handled 24,067,030 passengers wich is a record high. In 2014 announced plans to increase capacity to 40 million passengers per year [8]



Check-in desks at Terminal 2

Copenhagen Airport has two terminals. Terminal 1 is currently used for all domestic flights. Terminals 2 and 3 handle international flights (both Schengen and non-Schengen) and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3. The newest section, CPH Go, dedicated to low-cost carriers opened in October 2010. So far, EasyJet and are the only airlines operating from this terminal, which is accessed from terminal 3. But in 2015 Ryanair begins flying from CPH Go terminal, as ryanair is starting a new base in Copenhagen. As of 2015 Terminal 1 will shut down, letting Terminals 2 and 3 handle all flights.[9] An all new Terminal 4 has been discussed, but replaced by plans to expand the current facilities in appropriate increments.[10] Copenhagen airport offers passengers easy transfer possibilities.[11]


Despite the short distance to the city centre, approaches to, and departures from, the airport do not disturb the inhabitants of the city, due to the heading of the dual parallel runway system (04R/22L & 04L/22R). Those runways are located very close to the Øresund strait, in both directions. The supplementary runway (30/12) causes no noise problems for landings at runway 30 or take-offs from runway 12. In the opposite direction, the 30/12 runway has noise restrictions. Other advantages are the low altitude of the airport and absence of hills and high buildings below the approach directions. In case of fog, the runway 22L is equipped with an ILS of category III C system, which allows modern aircraft to land in zero sight.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 3
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 26 June 2015)[12]
Aer Lingus Dublin 2
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga 2
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf 2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 3
Air Europa Madrid 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air Greenland Kangerlussuaq 2
Air Greenland
operated by Jet Time
Seasonal: Narsarsuaq 2
Air Serbia Belgrade 3
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino 2
Alsie Express Sønderborg 1
Atlantic Airways Vágar 2
Austrian Airlines Vienna (resumes 1 April 2015)
Seasonal: Innsbruck (resumes 1 April 2015)
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna (ends 31 March 2015)
Seasonal: Innsbruck (ends 31 March 2015)
BH Air Seasonal: Burgas (begins 31 May 2015) 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Varna (begins 4 April 2015)[13] 2
Croatia Airlines Zagreb 2
Czech Airlines Prague 2
Danish Air Transport Bornholm, Karup 1
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York-JFK 2
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, Hamburg, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino CPH Go1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva CPH Go1
EgyptAir Cairo 3
Emirates Dubai-International 2
Estonian Air Tallinn 3
Finnair Helsinki 2
Iberia Express Madrid 2
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík 3
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Erbil, Najaf 2
Jet Time Charter: Antalya, Aqaba, Bodrum, Bourgas, Chambéry, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Gazipasa, Gran Canaria, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kangerlussuaq, Kefalonia, Kos, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Rhodes, Salzburg, Samos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skiathos, Tenerife-South 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 3
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3
Luxair Luxembourg 2
Middle East Airlines Seasonal: Beirut 2
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica (begins 9 May 2015)[14] 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Dubai-International, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Fort Lauderdale, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Kraków, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan-Malpensa, New York-JFK, Nice, Orlando, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Orly, Prague, Riga, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Trondheim
Seasonal: Agadir, Athens, Belgrade, Bratislava, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Malta, Marseille, Montpellier, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo, Zagreb
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 2
Pegasus Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 2
Primera Air Seasonal: Dalaman, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Rhodes, Santorini, Tenerife, Varna 2
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 2
Ryanair Bergamo, Charleroi (begins 25 October 2015), Cologne-Bonn (begins 2 September 2015), Dublin, London-Luton, Madrid (begins 2 September 2015), Rome-Ciampino (begins 2 September 2015), Stockholm-Skavsta (begins 25 October 2015), Warsaw-Modlin CPH Go1
Scandinavian Airlines3 Aalborg, Aarhus, Billund 1
Scandinavian Airlines4 Aberdeen, Ålesund, Alicante, Amsterdam, Ankara (begins 6 June 2015), Athens, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Bologna, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Linköping, London-Heathrow, Luxembourg, Málaga, Manchester, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Newark, Newcastle, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palanga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Poznań, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Trondheim, Venice-Marco Polo, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Wrocław, Zürich
Seasonal: Bastia, Biarritz, Cagliari, Chania, Dubrovnik, Faro, Gazipaşa, Ivalo, Kiruna, Montpellier, Naples, Kittilä, Palermo, Pisa, Pristina, Pula, Salzburg, Split, Thessaloniki
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
SunExpress İzmir
Seasonal: Antalya, Konya (begins 10 June 2015)
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Seasonal: Phuket2
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Charter: Antalya, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Ibiza, Larnaca, Punta Cana 2
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Montego Bay 3 Eindhoven CPH Go1
TUIfly Nordic Charter: Antalya, Burgas, Gran Canaria, Izmir, Krabi, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Phuket 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Konya 2
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Málaga
Seasonal: Florence
Widerøe Haugesund, Kristiansand, Sandefjord 3
WOW air Reykjavík-Keflavík 2

^1 Check-in via Terminal 2.
^2 Two weekly flights from Copenhagen to Bangkok via Phuket. No direct flight in the other way – from Phuket to Copenhagen.[15]
^3 Some flights operated by Blue1.
^4 Some flights operated by Cimber.


Airlines Destinations
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
DHL Aviation East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle, Madrid, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Emirates SkyCargo Chicago-O'Hare, Dubai-Al Maktoum,[16] Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico City
FedEx Express Helsinki, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Brussels, Singapore
West Air Sweden Helsinki


Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-300 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
TUIfly Nordic Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
Scandinavian Airlines Airbus A330-300 taxiing for takeoff from Copenhagen Airport
Busiest routes by passenger traffic (2014)[17]
London, United Kingdom Gatwick Airport, Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport 1,732,857
Stockholm, Sweden Arlanda Airport, Bromma Airport 1,449,963
Oslo, Norway Gardermoen Airport, Sandefjord Airport 1,411,399
Amsterdam, Netherlands Schiphol Airport 888,798
Aalborg, Denmark Aalborg Airport 874,221
Helsinki, Finland Helsinki Airport 780,976
Paris, France Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly Airport 774,252
Frankfurt, Germany Frankfurt Airport 653,386
Brussels, Belgium Brussels National Airport 466,709
Berlin, Germany Tegel Airport, Schönefeld Airport 428,062
Zürich, Switzerland Zürich Airport 426,089
Rome, Italy Fiumicino Airport 423,176
Bergen, Norway Bergen Airport 419,284
Reykjavik-Keflavik, Iceland Reykjavik-Keflavik Airport 411,893
Milano, Italy Linate Airport, Malpensa Airport 411,373
Munich, Germany Munich Airport 406,832
Vienna, Austria Schwechat Airport 382,220
Düsseldorf, Germany Düsseldorf Airport 380,861
Barcelona, Spain El Prat Airport 367,925
New York City, USA John F. Kennedy Airport, Newark Airport 349,756
Gothenburg, Sweden Landvetter Airport 335,135
Istanbul, Turkey Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport 328,169
Málaga, Spain Costa del Sol Airport 315,082
Manchester, United Kingdom Manchester Airport 297,209
Stavanger, Norway Stavanger Airport 281,032
Geneva, Switzerland Geneva Airport 276,133
Nice, France Côte d'Azur Airport 274,524
Dublin, Ireland Dublin Airport 270,333
Dubai, UAE Dubai Airport 257,019
Bangkok, Thailand Suvarnabhumi Airport 254,222

Other facilities[edit]

SAS traffic office resides at the airport, and so do Cimber Sterling's. Thomas Cook Airlines has both its head- and traffic office here as well as a flight simulator centre. All these reside at Copenhagen Airport South and in Dragør, Dragør Municipality together with a VIP-terminal. The VIP-terminal building is actually the very first terminal building, from the 1920s. It was moved about 2 km during the 1990s.

Ground transport[edit]

Within the airport area, special airport buses depart every 15 minutes. The bus line connects all terminals and parking lot areas and uses in all 11 bus stops. The transport is free of charge for all. During a few night hours, the buses depart every 20 minutes instead.[18]


Train towards Copenhagen Central Station at the Copenhagen Airport train station.

The airport's station is located underneath Terminal 3 on the Øresund Railway Line.

  • The station is served by trains operated by DSBFirst as part of the Øresundståg service. These trains, running as local services between Copenhagen city centre and Helsingør, have a dense stopping pattern inside Denmark. Øresundståg also operates regional and intercity trains to destinations across the south of Sweden: Malmö, Gothenburg, Kalmar, Karlskrona, and Kristianstad.
  • DSB, the Danish national rail operator, have InterCity and InterCityExpress trains calling at this station. Domestic destinations include Esbjerg, Aarhus, Aalborg and Sønderborg. DSB additionally runs trains to border cities of Germany and Sweden, such as Flensburg (Germany) and Ystad (Sweden), where a ferry connects the station to the Danish island of Bornholm.
  • Swedish SJ runs several high-speed trains with daily departures between Copenhagen central station (København H) and Stockholm central station (Stockholm C) and Gothenburg (Göteborg). These train all call at the Copenhagen Airport station (København Lufthavn/Kastrup).


Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre. The Metro station is two floors above the underground rail station and continues on elevated tracks until it goes underground after 5 stations.


  • Movia buses 5A, 35, 36 and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden and Norway operated by Swebus: 820 to Oslo via Gothenburg and 832 to Uppsala via Stockholm. GoByBus and Bus4You also operate the same routes.
  • The E20 runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the toll road Øresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces. Customers can pre-book their parking space online by visiting the Copenhagen Airport website [3].

Incidents and accidents[edit]

A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947.
  • 26 January 1947 (1947-01-26) – Douglas Dakota, PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 onboard, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden (father of present king Carl XVI Gustaf) and American singer and actress Grace Moore. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten elevator gust lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realising the lock was still in place. See 1947 KLM Douglas DC-3 Copenhagen accident.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "EKCH – København/Kastrup" (PDF). AIP Denmark. Copenhagen: Trafikstyrelsen/Danish Transport Authority. 28 June 2012. part AD 2 – EKCH. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ - total passengers 2013 was 24,067,030 of them were 22,164,738; Stockholm Arlanda had 20,7 million passengers in total in 2013, but around a third are usually domestic; - Oslo Gardemoen had 23,159,233 passengers in 2013. But here is usually less than half international
  3. ^ Copenhagen Airports – Copenhagen Airports
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Copenhagen Airport announces expansion plans". IceNews. 7 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Københavns Lufthavn nedlægger terminal 1
  10. ^ Expanding CPH
  11. ^
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ Bulgaria Air begin summer seasonal service to Varna from April 2015
  14. ^
  15. ^ [2][dead link]
  16. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014. 
  17. ^ "CPH: Rekord med flere end 24 millioner rejsende i 2013" (in Danish). Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]

Media related to Copenhagen Airport at Wikimedia Commons