Copenhagen Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup
Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup
Copenhagen Airports Logo.gif
KastrupAirport Panorama.jpg
IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Københavns Lufthavne
Serves Copenhagen, Denmark
Location Kastrup, Tårnby
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611Coordinates: 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611
Website cph.dk
Map
CPH is located in Denmark
CPH
CPH
Location within Denmark
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
12/30 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 24,067,030
Domestic 1,902,652
International 22,164,378
Aircraft movements 244,942
Source: AIP[1]

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) or Copenhagen Airport (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn; IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the entire Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden (not only Scania). It is the busiest international airport in Scandinavia (24.1 million passengers per year in 2013), but handles relatively few domestic passengers (just below 2 million passengers per year in 2013).

The airport is located on the island of Amager, just 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre on the other side of the Øresund Bridge. The airport lies mainly in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in neighboring Dragør.

Despite the short distance to the city centre, approaches to, and departures from, the airport do not disturb the inhabitants of the city, due to the heading of the dual parallel runway system (04R/22L & 04L/22R). Those runways are located very close to the Øresund sea, in both directions. The supplementary runway (30/12) causes no noise problems for landings at runway 30 or take-offs from runway 12. In the opposite direction, the 30/12 runway has noise restrictions. Other advantages are the low altitude of the airport and absence of hills and high buildings below the approach directions. In case of fog, the runway 22L is equipped with an ILS of category III C system, which allows modern aircraft to land in zero sight.

It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries and one of the oldest international airports in Europe.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also an operating base for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles 60 scheduled airlines and serves more than 62,000 passengers per day; 23.3 million passengers passed through the facility in 2012, making it the busiest airport in the Nordic countries, with a maximum capacity of 83 loadings/hour and with room for 108 airplanes. Unlike other Scandinavian airports, a considerable share of the airport's passengers are international. The domestic part of the annual passengers is lower than 10%. The airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1700 staff (excluding shops, restaurants etc.).[2]

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, which was previously called Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.

History[edit]

Aerial view of Copenhagen Airport
Aerial view of the passenger terminals at Copenhagen Airport
  • 1925 (1925) – CPH opens for service on 20 April. One of the first private airports in the world, it opens with a grass runway.
  • 1932 (1932) – 6000 take-offs and landings in the year.
  • 1936 (1936) – 1939 New terminal, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism, is built (Architect: Vilhelm Lauritzen).
  • 1941 (1941) – First hard-surface runway is built.
  • 1946 (1946) – SAS is founded, an important event for Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increases rapidly in the first years SAS operates. Also, Copenhagen Airport becomes Europe's third-largest.
  • 1947 (1947) – On 26 January, a KLM DC-3 crashes at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people die, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore.
  • 1948 (1948) – 150 take-offs and landings per day, and 3000 passengers are handled per day.
  • 1950 (1950) – 378,000 passengers are handled.
  • 1954 (1954) – 11,000 tonnes of freight handled per year. SAS begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proves to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen becomes a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe.
  • 1956 (1956) – 1 million passengers handled per year. CPH wins the award for the world's best airport.
  • 1960s[when?] – With the advent of jet airliners, debate begins about a major expansion of the airport. Jets need longer runways than had previously been used, and plans are drawn up to expand the airport either into existing communities in Kastrup or onto Saltholm, a small island. Local protests ensue and expansion is stalled for some time.
  • 1960 (1960) – On 30 April, Terminal 2, also designed by Lauritzen, opens. Also, a new control tower opens and the airport handles 2 million passengers per year.
  • 1970s (1970s) – The airport suffers from acute space shortages, especially with the advent of large jets such as 747s. After initially deciding to expand to Saltholm, the project is eventually blocked by Denmark's parliament.
  • 1973 (1973) – 8 million passengers handled per year. The third (long) runway opens and the dual runway system (04L/22R-04R/22L) opens, strongly expanding the capacity of possible numbers of starts and landings.
  • 1982 (1982) – The Cargo terminal opens.
  • 1986 (1986) – A parking garage with 2400 spaces opens.
  • 1991 (1991) – The airport is partially privatised.
  • 1998 (1998) – Terminal 3 opens, and the airport handles 17 million (international) passengers per year.
  • 1999 (1999) – Baggage handling system is modernised, and the Vilhelm Lauritzen terminal is moved 3.8 km down the runway to make room for new terminals, a hotel, and a train station for regional trains opens..
  • 2000 (2000) – The airport handles 18.4 million passengers per year. The train system becomes international, linking the airport also to southern Sweden.
  • 2001 (2001) – A five-star Hilton hotel with 382 beds opens at the airport. 267,000 take-offs and landings.
  • 2005 (2005) – Macquaire Airport buys 52% of stocks.
  • 2006 (2006) – Number of passengers exceeds 20 million for the first time (20.9 million).
  • 2007 (2007) – A metro station opens, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro.
  • 2008 (2008) – A new control tower is opened by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announce plan to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility, which is expected to be completed by 2010.
  • 2009 (2009) – Macquaire Airport is spun off as MAp Airports.
  • 2010 (2010) – The new low cost terminal CPH Go opens the 31st of October.
  • 2011 (2011) – 22.725.517 passengers are handled. A record high.
  • 2011 (2011) – MAp Airports sold its stake in the airport to Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan.[3]
  • 2012 (2012) – 23,336,187 passengers are handled. A record high.
  • 2013 (2013) – Voted best airport in the world in terms of route network development at the World Route conference in Las Vegas.
  • 2013 (2013) – 24,067,030 passengers are handled. A record high.
  • 2014 (2014) – Announced plans to increase capacity to 40 million passengers per year[4]

Terminals[edit]

Outside view of Terminal 2
Check-in desks at Terminal 2

Copenhagen Airport has four terminals. Terminal 1 is used for all domestic flights. Terminals 2 and 3 handle international flights (both Schengen and non-Schengen) and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section – which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3. The newest terminal, CPH Go, dedicated to low-cost carriers opened in October 2010. So far EasyJet and Transavia.com are the only airlines operating from this terminal, which is accessed from terminal 2. An all new Terminal 4 is currently being planned but no firm decision have been taken as of December 2012.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-300 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
Estonian Air Boeing 737-300 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
Danish Air Transport ATR 42-300 landing at Copenhagen Airport
TUIfly Nordic Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
Scandinavian Airlines Airbus A330-300 taxiing for takeoff from Copenhagen Airport
Air Greenland Airbus A330-200 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 2
Aegean Airlines Athens (begins 22 May 2014) 2
Aer Lingus Dublin 2
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga 2
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
2
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson[5] 3
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Marseille
2
Air Greenland Kangerlussuaq 2
Air Greenland
operated by Jet Time
Seasonal: Narsarsuaq 2
Air One Seasonal: Venice-Marco Polo[6] 2
Air Serbia Belgrade 2
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
Seasonal: Milan-Linate
2
Alsie Express Sønderborg 1
Atlantic Airways Vágar 2
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck
3
B&H Airlines Sarajevo-International 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Croatia Airlines Zagreb 2
Czech Airlines Prague 2
Danish Air Transport Bornholm 1
Danish Air Transport Norrköping 2
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York-JFK 2
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, Hamburg, London-Gatwick, London-Luton (begins 3 November 2014),[7] London-Stansted (ends 2 November 2014), Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino CPH Go1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva CPH Go1
EgyptAir Cairo 3
Emirates Dubai-International 3
Estonian Air Tallinn 3
Finnair Helsinki 2
Iberia Express Madrid 2
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavík 3
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Erbil, Najaf 2
Jet Time Charter: Aqaba, Antalya, Bodrum, Bourgas, Chambéry, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kangerlussuaq, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Rhodes, Salzburg, Samos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skiathos, Tenerife-South 3
KLM Amsterdam 2
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 3
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 3
Luxair Luxembourg 2
Middle East Airlines Seasonal: Beirut 2
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica 2
Niki Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck, Salzburg
2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Karup 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Dubai-International, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Fort Lauderdale,[8] Funchal, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Kraków, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan-Malpensa, New York-JFK, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Orly, Prague, Riga, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion,[9] Trondheim
Seasonal: Agadir, Athens, Belgrade, Bratislava, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Malta, Marseille, Montpellier, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo, Zagreb
2
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 2
Pegasus Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 2
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 2
Scandinavian Airlines4 Aalborg, Aarhus, Billund 1
Scandinavian Airlines4 Aberdeen, Ålesund, Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Bologna, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Humberside (ends 6 April 2014, resumes 26 October 2014),[10] Kristiansand-Kjevik, Leeds/Bradford, Linköping, London-Heathrow, Luxembourg, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Newark, Newcastle, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palanga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Poznań, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Trondheim, Turku, Vaasa, Venice-Marco Polo, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Wrocław, Zurich
Seasonal: Bastia (begins 2 July 2014), Biarritz, Cagliari, Chania (begins 30 June 2014), Dubrovnik, Faro (begins 2 July 2014), Gazipaşa, Ivalo, Kaliningrad,[11] Kiruna, Montpellier (begins 28 June 2014), Naples (begins 1 July 2014), Kittilä, Palermo, Pisa (begins 28 June 2014), Pristina, Pula, Salzburg, Split, Thessaloniki
3
Singapore Airlines Singapore 3
Sun Express İzmir 2
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zurich 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Seasonal: Phuket2
3
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Montego Bay (begins 24 December 2014)
Transavia.com Seasonal: Eindhoven CPH Go1
Turkish Airlines Konya, Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Malaga
Seasonal: Florence
2
Widerøe Haugesund, Kristiansand, Molde, Sandefjord 3
WOW air Reykjavík-Keflavík 2
Notes

^1 Check-in via Terminal 2. ^2 2 weekly flights from Copenhagen to Bangkok via Phuket. No direct flight in the other way – from Phuket to Copenhagen.[12] ^4 Some flight operated by Blue1, Cimber Air, or Jet Time.

Destination maps[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes by passenger traffic (2013)[13]
Destination
Airport(s)
Passengers
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London LGW, LHR, STN
1,637,520
Flag of Norway.svg Oslo OSL, TRF
1,410,384
Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm ARN, BMA
1,309,198
Flag of Denmark.svg Aalborg AAL
893,882
Flag of France.svg Paris CDG, ORY
845,000
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam AMS
822,858
Flag of Finland.svg Helsinki HEL
777,804
Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt FRA
644,956
Flag of Germany.svg Berlin SXF, TXL
527,191
Flag of Belgium.svg Brussels BRU
481,878
Flag of Italy.svg Milan MXP, LIN
456,888
Flag of Switzerland.svg Zürich ZRH
425,176
Flag of Austria.svg Vienna VIE
424,472
Flag of Germany.svg Münich MUC
398,379
Flag of Norway.svg Bergen BGO
382,375
Flag of Iceland.svg Reykjavik KEF
379,302
Flag of Thailand.svg Bangkok BKK
372,069
Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul IST, SAW
367,859
Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona BCN
351,971
Flag of the United States.svg New York JFK, EWR
264,687
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai DXB
204,394
Flag of Portugal.svg Lisbon LIS
199,974
Flag of Turkey.svg Antalya AYT
182,108
Flag of Qatar.svg Doha DOH
156,492
Flag of Russia.svg Moscow SVO
152,398

Other facilities[edit]

SAS traffic office resides at the airport, and so do Cimber Sterling's. Thomas Cook Airlines has both its head- and traffic office here as well as a flight simulator centre. All these reside at Copenhagen Airport South and in Dragør, Dragør Municipality together with a VIP-terminal. The VIP-terminal building is actually the very first terminal building, from the 1920s. It was moved about 2 km during the 1990s.

Ground transport[edit]

Train towards Copenhagen Central Station at the Copenhagen Airport train station.

The airport can be accessed in various ways:

  • Rail – the airport's station is located underneath Terminal 3 on the Øresund Railway Line.
    • The station is served by Øresundstogene which are operated by DSBFirst. These trains have a dense stopping pattern insde Denmark, like local trains, going to the city centre and to Helsingør. They also go as regional/interregional trains to Sweden, to Malmö, Gothenburg, Kalmar and Karlskrona, with many intermediate stops.
    • DSB, the national Danish operator have InterCity and InterCityExpress trains using this station, going to domestic cities such as Esbjerg, Århus, Ålborg and Sønderborg or German Flensburg just by the border, and to Ystad in Sweden with a connecting ferry to the Danish island Bornholm
    • Also Swedish SJ have a few daily Express trains departures between Copenhagen central station to Stockholm and Gothenburg which stops at Kastrup underground train station.
  • Metro – Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre. The Metro station is two floors above the underground rail station and continues on elevated tracks until it goes underground after 5 stations.
  • Bus – Movia buses 5A, 35, 36 and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden and Norway operated by Swebus: 820 to Oslo via Gothenburg and 832 to Uppsala via Stockholm. GoByBus and Bus4You also operate the same routes.
  • Motorway – the E20 runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the toll road Øresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces. Customers can pre-book their parking space online by visiting the Copenhagen Airport website [2].

Incidents and accidents[edit]

A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947.
  • 26 January 1947 (1947-01-26) – Douglas Dakota, PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 onboard, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. Also aboard the ill-fated flight was American singer and actress Grace Moore. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten elevator gust lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realizing the lock was still in place.
  • 17 November 1957 (1957-11-17) – Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways crashed at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause was a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft.[14]
  • 28 August 1971 (1971-08-28) – a Malév Ilyushin Il-18, HA-MOC crashed into the sea while executing an instrument approach. The main cause of the accident was microburst, a particularly dangerous and unpredictable meteorological phenomenon. 23 passengers and the crew of 9 died. 2 passengers survived. The captain of the plane was World War II flying ace of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Dezső Szentgyörgyi. He was due to retire in less than 3 weeks.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ "EKCH – København/Kastrup" (PDF). AIP Denmark. Copenhagen: Trafikstyrelsen/Danish Transport Authority. 28 June 2012. part AD 2 – EKCH. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Copenhagen Airports – Copenhagen Airports
  3. ^ "Financial Report". Sydney Airport Holdings. 31 December 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Copenhagen Airport announces expansion plans". IceNews. 2013-02-07. 
  5. ^ "Air Canada flight number AC882 (AC 882) | YYZ to CPH". Aviability. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  6. ^ Air One Destinations Map
  7. ^ New EZY route to LTN
  8. ^ Arlene Satchell (2013-03-14). "Fort Lauderdale airport to get Scandinavia routes in fall 2013 - Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  9. ^ http://www.iaa.gov.il/Rashat/en-US/Airports/BenGurion/InformationforTravelers/ScheduleFlights.htm
  10. ^ http://www.flysas.com/en/uk/
  11. ^ "Авиакомпания SAS приостанавливает полеты в Калининград до марта 2014 года". «Новый Калининград.Ru». 20 August 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ "CPH: Rekord med flere end 24 millioner rejsende i 2013" (in Danish). Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Copenhagen Airport at Wikimedia Commons