Copenhagen Municipality

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Copenhagen Municipality
Københavns Kommune
City of Copenhagen
Copenhagen Skyline
Copenhagen Skyline
Anthem: m
Map DK København.PNG
A: Indre By ("Copenhagen Center"), B: Christianshavn, C: Indre Østerbro ("Inner Østerbro"), D: Ydre Østerbro ("Outer Østerbro"), E: Indre Nørrebro ("Inner Nørrebro"), F: Ydre Nørrebro ("Outer Nørrebro"), G: Bispebjerg, H: Vanløse, I: Brønshøj-Husum, J: Vesterbro, K: Kongens Enghave, L: Valby, M: Vestamager, N: Sundbyvester, O: Sundbyøster
A: Indre By ("Copenhagen Center"), B: Christianshavn, C: Indre Østerbro ("Inner Østerbro"), D: Ydre Østerbro ("Outer Østerbro"), E: Indre Nørrebro ("Inner Nørrebro"), F: Ydre Nørrebro ("Outer Nørrebro"), G: Bispebjerg, H: Vanløse, I: Brønshøj-Husum, J: Vesterbro, K: Kongens Enghave, L: Valby, M: Vestamager, N: Sundbyvester, O: Sundbyøster
Copenhagen is located in Europe
Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Coordinates: 55°40′31″N 12°34′13″E / 55.67528°N 12.57028°E / 55.67528; 12.57028Coordinates: 55°40′31″N 12°34′13″E / 55.67528°N 12.57028°E / 55.67528; 12.57028
Country Denmark
Seat Copenhagen City Hall
Districts
Government
 • Type Council
 • Body Copenhagen City Council
 • Lord Mayor Frank Jensen (Socialdemokraterne)
Area
 • Total 77.2 km2 (29.8 sq mi)
Highest elevation 91 m (299 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (1 April 2014)[1]
 • Total 572,376
 • Density 7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 1000-2300
Twin cities
 • Beijing China
 • Berlin Germany
 • Marseille France
 • Paris France
 • Prague Czech Republic
 • Reykjavík Iceland
Municipal code 101

Copenhagen Municipality (Danish: Københavns Kommune) is the largest of the municipalities making up the city of Copenhagen. It lies at the center of Copenhagen and contains the old historic city.

The municipality covers 90.47 km² (2013) according to Municipal Key Figures (Danish: De Kommunale Nøgletal (www.noegletal.dk)) from the Ministry of Economy and Interior and it has a population of 572 376 ( 1 April 2014 ).

The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen (equivalent to the Mayor of London rather than the Lord Mayor of the City of London), is the head of the largest party elected at municipality elections held regularly in fixed years every fourth year on the third Tuesday of November in accordance with the municipal elections law, the latest held on Tuesday 19 November 2013.

Since 1 January 2010 Lord Mayor of Copenhagen is Frank Jensen, a member of the Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne) political party. The Lord Mayor acts as the head of the Finance Committee. His party remained the largest after the Municipality election in November 2013, which chose the 55 members for the four-year term 2014-2017. Other mayors are Morten Kabell (Technics and Environment Committee), Carl Christian Ebbesen (Cultural and Recreational Committee), Pia Allerslev (Children and Youth Committee), Ninna Thomsen (Health and Care Committee), Jesper Christensen (Social Committee) and Anna Mee Allerslev (Employment and Integration Committee).

The municipal seat of government is the Copenhagen City Hall (Danish: Københavns Rådhus).

Overview[edit]

Copenhagen municipality was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a county — the others being Frederiksberg (the municipality with the smallest area and an enclave within Copenhagen municipality itself) and Bornholm. On 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its county privileges and became part of Region Hovedstaden (i.e. the Copenhagen Capital Region).

Neighboring municipalities are Gentofte, Gladsaxe and Herlev to the north, Rødovre and Hvidovre to the west, and Tårnby to the south. Frederiksberg is located as an enclave within the municipality, and is thus surrounded by Copenhagen.

Copenhagen municipality was not merged with other municipalities on 1 January 2007 as the result of nationwide Kommunalreformen ("The Municipal Reform" of 2007).

Districts[edit]

The municipality is divided into 10 (formerly until 2007: 15) administrative, statistical and tax districts (Danish: bydele).:[2]


Districts of Copenhagen municipality
Official districts[2] Other areas

Former division:

Demography[edit]

Historic population. The two figures for 1 February 1901 are before and after the municipality annexed some nearby parishes. The apparent decline since the mid-1900s are due to the figures not including the suburban and urban areas - notably Frederiksberg - outside Copenhagen municipality.

Date Year Population
1450 est. 4–5,000
1500 est. 10,000
1650 est. 30,000
1700 est. 65,000
15 January 1769 80,000
1 July 1787 90,032
1 February 1801 100,975
1 February 1840 120,819
1 February 1850 129,695
1 February 1860 155,143
1 February 1870 181,291
1 February 1880 234,850
1 February 1890 312,859
1 February 1901 360,787
1 February 1901 400,575
1 February 1911 462,161
1 February 1921 561,344
5 November 1930 617,069
5 November 1940 700,465
7 November 1950 768,105
26 September 1960 721,381
9 November 1970 622,773
Year Population
1971 625,671
1972 610,985
1973 595,751
1974 576,030
1975 562,405
1976 545,350
1977 529,154
1978 515,594
1979 505,974
1980 498,850
1981 493,771
1982 490,597
1983 486,593
1984 482,937
1985 478,615
1986 473,000
1987 469,706
1988 468,704
1989 467,850
1990 466,723
1991 464,773
1992 464,566
Year Population
1993 466,129
1994 467,253
1995 471,300
1996 476,751
1997 483,658
1998 487,969
1999 491,082
2000 495,699
2001 499,148
2002 500,531
2003 501,285
2004 501,664
2005 502,362
2006 501,158
2007 503,699
2008 509,861
2009 518,574
2010 528,208
2011 539,542
2012 549,050
2013 559,440
2014 569,557

Note. The two population numbers given for 1901 are the municipality's population before annexation and following annexation of neighboring municipalities, which in the process made Frederiksberg municipality an enclave within the municipality of Copenhagen.

Politics and government[edit]

The Copenhagen municipality is governed by Copenhagen's municipal council (Danish: Borgerrepræsentation). Council elections are held the third Tuesday of November every four years. The latest were held Tuesday 19 November 2013, when politicians were elected for the fouryear term of office 2014 - 2017. Following the 2013 municipal elections, the 55 seats are divided in the following way (with the 2009 election results in parenthesis):

The political leader/mayor of the Copenhagen municipality has since 1903 been a Social Democrat.

Environmental Policy[edit]

In 2009 the Copenhagen Municipal Council decided that Copenhagen will become the world's first carbon neutral capital by 2025. In 2012 the European Commission announced that Copenhagen will be the 2014 European Green Capital.

References[edit]

  1. ^ FOLK1: Population 1 October 2012 database from Statistics Denmark (Danish)
  2. ^ a b "Københavns bydele". Københavns Kommune. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 

External links[edit]