Copernicia

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Copernicia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Corypheae
Genus: Copernicia
Mart.
Synonyms[1]
  • Arrudaria Macedo
  • Coryphomia Rojas Acosta

Copernicia is a genus of palms, native to South America and the Greater Antilles. Of the known species and nothospecies (hybrids), 22 of the 27 are endemic to Cuba.[1] They are fan palms (Arecaceae tribe Corypheae), with the leaves with a bare petiole terminating in a rounded fan of numerous leaflets. The species are small to medium-sized trees growing to 5-30 m tall, typically occurring close to streams and rivers in savanna habitats.Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Species and hybrids[2]
  1. Copernicia alba Morong - Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso Sul
  2. Copernicia baileyana León - Cuba
  3. Copernicia berteroana Becc. - Hispaniola
  4. Copernicia brittonorum León - Cuba
  5. Copernicia x burretiana León - Cuba (C. hospita × C. macroglossa)
  6. Copernicia cowellii Britton & P.Wilson - Camagüey Province in Cuba
  7. Copernicia curbeloi León - Cuba
  8. Copernicia curtissii Becc. - Cuba
  9. Copernicia ekmanii Burret - Haiti
  10. Copernicia fallense León - Cuba
  11. Copernicia gigas Ekman ex Burret - Cuba
  12. Copernicia glabrescens H.Wendl. ex Becc - Cuba
  13. Copernicia hospita Mart. - Cuba
  14. Copernicia humicola León - Cuba
  15. Copernicia longiglossa León - Cuba
  16. Copernicia macroglossa Schaedtler - Cuba
  17. Copernicia molineti León - Cuba
  18. Copernicia x occidentalis León - Cuba (C. brittonanum × C. hospita)
  19. Copernicia prunifera (Mill.) H.E.Moore - northeastern Brazil
  20. Copernicia rigida Britton & P.Wilson - Cuba
  21. Copernicia roigii León - Cuba
  22. Copernicia × shaferi Dahlgren & Glassman - Cuba (C. cowellii × C. hospita)
  23. Copernicia x sueroana León - Cuba (C. hospita × C. rigida)
  24. Copernicia tectorum (Kunth) Mart. - Colombia, Venezuela
  25. Copernicia × textilis León - Cuba (C. baileyana × C. hospita)
  26. Copernicia × vespertilionum León - Cuba (C. gigas × C. rigida)
  27. Copernicia yarey Burret - Cuba

The genus is named after the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.

In some of the species, the leaves are coated with a thin layer of wax, known as carnauba wax.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ "Copernicia". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2014-08-11. 

External links[edit]