Copper Queen Mine
The Copper Queen Mine was the copper mine in Cochise County, Arizona, United States, that gave birth to the surrounding town of Bisbee. In the early 1900s it was the most productive copper mine in Arizona.
The original claim to the mine was staked in 1877 by a prospector named George Warren, attracted by outcrops with the lead mineral cerussite, which often carried silver. An option on the mine was acquired in 1880 by entrepreneur Ed Reilly who raised $80,000 capital from Dewitt Bisbee to begin production. The surface pockets of cerussite were soon exhausted, but the owners found that the orebody ran 23% copper, with silver and gold as byproducts. Most mines of that era could profitably mine ore containing 3% or 4% copper, so the Copper Queen orebody was considered extraordinarily high grade. The surface oxide ore was exhausted after three or four years, but miners explored deeper and eventually found even larger orebodies.
- For a photo of the Smithsonian display case of Dr. Douglas's specimens, see File:Minerals from Bisbee at the Smithsonian.jpg
- Horace J. Stevens (1909) The Copper Handbook, v.8, Houghton, Mich.: Horace Stevens, p.1457.
- R.W. Graeme (1987) Bisbee, Arizona's dowager queen of mining camps, a look at her first 50 years, in History of Mining in Arizona, Tucson: Mining Club of the Southwest, p.51.
- Nicholl, Boyd; Coggin, Janice (2003). Bisbee, Arizona, Then and Now. Cowboy Miner Productions. pp. p. 55. ISBN 1-931725-10-1.
- Horace J. Stevens (1909) The Copper Handbook, v.8, Houghton, Mich.: Horace Stevens, p.586.
- Casson, Mark (2000). The Evolution of International Business, 1800-1945. Taylor & Francis. pp. p. 89. ISBN 0-415-19009-6.
- Kingsolver, Barbara (1996). Holding the Line: Women in the Great Arizona Mine Strike of 1983. Cornell University Press. pp. p. 11. ISBN 0-8014-8389-1.
- Foner, Philip Sheldon (1947). History of the Labor Movement in the United States. International Publishers Co. pp. v. 2, p.269. ISBN 0-7178-0627-8.
- "The Bisbee Deportation 1917". Web exhibits. University of Arizona. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Leonard P. Larson and William C. Henkes, The mineral industry of Arizona, US Bureau of Mines, 1966 Minerals Yearbook, v.3, p.93.
- Fields, Terri (2003). Counting Arizona's Treasures. Kiva Publishing. pp. p. 33. ISBN 1-885772-03-3.