Coprinus

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Coprinus
Coprinus comatus fresh.jpg
Coprinus comatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Coprinus
Type species
Coprinus comatus (O.F. Müll.) Gray
Cross-section of a Coprinus mushroom gill, showing basidia (magnified 400×)

Coprinus is a small genus of mushrooms consisting of Coprinus comatus (the shaggy mane) and several of its close relatives. Until 2001, Coprinus was a large genus consisting of all agaric species in which the lamellae autodigested to release their spores. (The black ink-like liquid this would create gave these species their common name "inky cap".) Molecular phylogenetic investigation found that Coprinus comatus was only a distant relative of the other members of Coprinus, and was closer to genera in the Agaricaceae. Since Coprinus comatus is the type species of Coprinus, only that species and its close relatives C. sterquilinus and C. spadiceisporus retained the name of the genus.[1]

The majority of species of Coprinus were therefore reclassified into three genera placed in Psathyrellaceae: Coprinellus, Coprinopsis, and Parasola.[1] Coprinus and these segregate genera are now referred to collectively as coprinoid fungi.

Coprinus means "living on dung".

Species list[edit]

Selected former species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple, JS. (2001). "Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato". Taxon 50 (1): 203–41. doi:10.2307/1224525. JSTOR 1224525. 
  • Pierre Montarnal : Le petit guide : Champignons (Genève, 1964; Paris-Hachette, 1969).
  • Régis Courtecuisse, Bernard Duhem : Guide des champignons de France et d'Europe (Delachaux & Niestlé, 1994–2000). ISBN 2-603-00953-2
  • Roger Phillips : Mushrooms and other fungi of Great Britain and Europe (Pan Books Ltd. 1981 / Book Club Associates 1981) - for the English names.

External links[edit]