Coral Harbour

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For the place in Vancouver, see Coal Harbour.
Coral Harbour
ᓴᓪᓕᖅ/ᓴᓪᓖᑦ
Salliq/Salliit
Hamlet
Coral Harbour
Coral Harbour
Coral Harbour is located in Nunavut
Coral Harbour
Coral Harbour
Coordinates: 64°08′13″N 083°09′51″W / 64.13694°N 83.16417°W / 64.13694; -83.16417Coordinates: 64°08′13″N 083°09′51″W / 64.13694°N 83.16417°W / 64.13694; -83.16417
Country Canada
Territory Nunavut
Region Kivalliq Region
Electoral district Aivilik
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Willie Nakoolak[1]
 • MLA Steve Mapsalak
Area[4]
 • Land 137.91 km2 (53.25 sq mi)
Elevation[5] 64 m (210 ft)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 834
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Canadian Postal code X0C 0C0
Area code(s) 867
Website www.coralharbour.ca

Coral Harbour (Inuktitut: Salliq/Salliit, Syllabics: ᓴᓪᓕᖅ/ᓴᓪᓖᑦ),[6][7][8][9] is a small Inuit community that is located on Southampton Island, Kivalliq Region, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. Its name is derived from the fossilized coral that can be found around the waters of the community which is situated at the head of South Bay. The name of the settlement in Inuktitut is Salliq, sometimes used to refer to all of Southampton Island.[10] The plural Salliit, means large flat island(s) in front of the mainland.[6][11]

History[edit]

The Sadlermiut ("inhabitants of Salliq") whose name is derived from Salliq[12] previously occupied the area. The Sadlermiut are thought to be the last vestige of the Tuniit. The Tuniit, a pre-Inuit culture, officially went ethnically and culturally extinct in 1902-03[13] when a Western illness killed all of the Sallirmiut in a matter of weeks. However, others believe that the Sadlermiut were in fact descendants of the Thule, whose geographically isolated culture would have developed idiosyncratically from the mainland Thule culture. A third theory indicates that the Sadlermiut did not necessarily belong to either group, but because of intermarriage, their roots may have in fact been part of both Dorset and Thule cultures.[13][14]

At the beginning of the 20th century, the area was repopulated by Aivilingmiut, whose name was to be later adapted for the Aivilik electoral district, from the Repulse Bay and Chesterfield Inlet areas, influenced to do so by whaler Capt. George Comer and others. Baffin Islanders arrived 25 years later. John Ell, who as a young child travelled with his mother Shoofly on Comer's schooners, eventually became the most famous of Southampton Island's re-settled population.[15]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census the population was 834,[4] an increase of 8.5% from the 2006 census. Coral Harbour is the only Nunavut community that does not observe daylight saving time, remaining on Eastern Standard Time year-round.

Transportation[edit]

The only way to reach this community is by plane at Coral Harbour Airport or by water (such as the resupply barges that come from Churchill, Manitoba every summer) and the main transportation on the island itself (nearly the same size as Switzerland) is by snowmobile and dog sleigh in the winter and all-terrain vehicle in the summer. Despite the harsh climate there is plentiful wildlife around the island. Among some of the species found there are Walruses, Polar bears, Barren-ground Caribou, Ringed Seals, Gyrfalcons, and (rarely) Peregrine Falcons.

Notable residents[edit]

The Hamlet Office in Coral Harbour

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Coral Harbour Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex −0.6 −1.9 −0.5 4.4 8.9 22.8 32.8 30.1 19.9 7.6 3.7 3.2 32.8
Record high °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
−1.1
(30)
0.0
(32)
5.0
(41)
9.4
(48.9)
23.3
(73.9)
28.0
(82.4)
26.1
(79)
18.5
(65.3)
7.6
(45.7)
4.0
(39.2)
3.4
(38.1)
28.0
(82.4)
Average high °C (°F) −25.5
(−13.9)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−10.9
(12.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
6.4
(43.5)
14.7
(58.5)
11.7
(53.1)
4.6
(40.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
−11.9
(10.6)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −29.6
(−21.3)
−29.7
(−21.5)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−16.1
(3)
−6.7
(19.9)
3.1
(37.6)
10.0
(50)
7.7
(45.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−6.1
(21)
−16.1
(3)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−11.0
(12.2)
Average low °C (°F) −33.7
(−28.7)
−33.9
(−29)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−21.1
(−6)
−10.5
(13.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.3
(41.5)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−15.0
(5)
Record low °C (°F) −52.8
(−63)
−51.4
(−60.5)
−49.4
(−56.9)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−31.1
(−24)
−15.6
(3.9)
−1.1
(30)
−3.3
(26.1)
−17.2
(1)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−40.6
(−41.1)
−48.9
(−56)
−52.8
(−63)
Wind chill −69.5 −69.3 −64.3 −55.1 −39.7 −23.2 −8.2 −11.8 −23.7 −43.7 −54.8 −64.2 −69.5
Precipitation mm (inches) 9.5
(0.374)
7.0
(0.276)
11.2
(0.441)
18.2
(0.717)
19.0
(0.748)
27.6
(1.087)
34.1
(1.343)
59.4
(2.339)
45.4
(1.787)
33.8
(1.331)
22.9
(0.902)
14.8
(0.583)
302.9
(11.925)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(0.016)
4.3
(0.169)
20.8
(0.819)
34.1
(1.343)
58.9
(2.319)
36.7
(1.445)
7.2
(0.283)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
163.0
(6.417)
Snowfall cm (inches) 9.6
(3.78)
7.1
(2.8)
11.3
(4.45)
18.2
(7.17)
14.9
(5.87)
6.9
(2.72)
0.0
(0)
0.6
(0.24)
8.6
(3.39)
26.7
(10.51)
22.9
(9.02)
14.8
(5.83)
141.6
(55.75)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.5 6.7 9.0 9.5 10.4 9.6 9.6 12.6 11.2 14.6 13.0 10.4 125.1
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.8 7.2 9.6 12.5 8.2 3.6 0.6 0.1 43.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.6 6.6 9.0 9.5 9.4 3.3 0.0 0.3 4.3 13.1 12.9 10.4 87.3
 % humidity 64.9 64.2 67.5 73.8 80.3 73.9 63.1 68.9 75.6 84.8 77.6 69.7 72.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 37.9 112.1 187.4 240.2 239.9 262.2 312.3 220.4 109.8 70.8 47.9 18.8 1,859.7
Percent possible sunshine 22.4 47.0 51.6 53.2 42.0 41.9 51.2 43.3 27.9 23.3 24.3 13.9 36.8
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[18]

Throughout December 2010 and early January 2011, Nunavut, northern Quebec and western Greenland set many high temperature records. In Coral Harbour, a high of 3.3 °C (37.9 °F) in mid-December broke the old record of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F) set in 1963.[19] The daily minimum temperature on 6 January 2011, was about 30 °C (54 °F) warmer than normal.[20][21] The unusual warmth was due largely to an unseasonal area of high pressure over Greenland, and very negative values of the Arctic oscillation and North Atlantic oscillation. Mostly in the 21st century, the conditions have combined to produce an Arctic dipole anomaly that brings warm air to the Arctic regions and cold air to the continents.

Geological resources[edit]

The limestones around Coral Harbour (and nearby regions of Bad Cache Rapids) predominantly have a "Low Purity" value for industrial use.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Willie Nakoolak elected mayor of Coral Harbour
  2. ^ Nunavummiut elect new municipal leaders
  3. ^ Results for the constituency of Aivilik at Elections Nunavut
  4. ^ a b c "2011 Coral Harbour Census". Statistics Canada. 
  5. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 29 May 2014 to 0901Z 24 July 2014
  6. ^ a b Nunavut Communities
  7. ^ TRPS 2008 December Innuinaqtun
  8. ^ Nunavummi Nangminiqaqtunik Ikajuuti · Qiniqhiajun Nunaliktigun
  9. ^ Nunavummi Nangminiqaqtunik Ikajuuti · ᕿᓂᕈᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᒃᑎᒍᑦ
  10. ^ Mourir et renaître: la réception du christianisme par les Inuit de l'Arctique de l'Est canadien (1890-1940)
  11. ^ Tusaalanga
  12. ^ Petrone, Penny (1988). Northern Voices: Inuit Writing in English. University of Toronto Press. pp. 12–14. ISBN 0-8020-7717-X. 
  13. ^ a b Briggs, Jean L.; J. Garth Taylor. "The Canadian Encyclopedia: Sadlermiut Inuit". Historica Foundation of Canada. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  14. ^ "Canadian Arctic historical archaeology in review". Revista de Arqueología Americana. 1 January 2004. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  15. ^ Rowley, Graham. Cold comfort : my love affair with the Arctic. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-7735-1393-0. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  16. ^ Arvaluk victorious in Nunavut byelection
  17. ^ a b Nanulik
  18. ^ "Coral Harbour A" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2301000. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  19. ^ Colton, Jill (22 December 2010). "Jet stream causing abnormal weather pattern". The Weather Network news. Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  20. ^ Freedman, Andrew (7 February 2011). "The winter the Arctic shifted south". The Washington Post - Capital Weather Gang. Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  21. ^ Henson, Bob. "Cold comfort: Canada's record-smashing mildness". NCAR & UCAR. Currents. Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  22. ^ Industrial Limestone (carbonate) Resources, Southampton Island

Further reading[edit]

  • Bower, Margaret E. Aeromagnetic Surveys Across Hudson Bay from Churchill to Coral Harbour and Churchill to Great Whale River. Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys, Canada, 1960.
  • Feheley Fine Arts (Toronto). Contemporary Coral Harbour. Toronto, Ont: Feheley Fine Arts, 2002.

Aldene Meis Mason, Leo Paul Dana, and Robert Brent Anderson, “Entrepreneurship in Coral Harbour, Nunavut” International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation 9 (2), June 2008, pp. 1–10.

External links[edit]