Fairfield, California

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City of Fairfield
City
The "Welcome to Fairfield" roadside sign along Interstate 80
The "Welcome to Fairfield" roadside sign along Interstate 80
Official seal of City of Fairfield
Seal
Nickname(s): The Flats
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°15′28″N 122°3′15″W / 38.25778°N 122.05417°W / 38.25778; -122.05417Coordinates: 38°15′28″N 122°3′15″W / 38.25778°N 122.05417°W / 38.25778; -122.05417
Country United States
State California
County Solano
Incorporated 1903
Government
 • Mayor Harry T. Price
 • Senate Lois Wolk (D)
 • Assembly Mariko Yamada (D)
 • U. S. Congress John Garamendi (D)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 37.635 sq mi (97.475 km2)
 • Land 34.390 sq mi (94.839 km2)
 • Water 3.245 sq mi (2.635 km2)  5.65%
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 108,321
 • Rank 2nd in Solano County
60th in California
257th in the United States
 • Density 2,900/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 94533, 94534
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-23182
GNIS feature ID 1656005
Website Official City website

Fairfield is a city in, and the county seat of, Solano County, California, United States. It is generally considered the midpoint between the cities of San Francisco and Sacramento, approximately 36 miles (58 km) from the city center of both cities, approximately 31 miles (50 km) from the city center of Oakland, less than 19 miles (31 km) from Napa Valley, 16 miles from the Carquinez Bridge, and 14 miles from the Benicia Bridge. It is located in the North-eastern part of the Bay Area. Fairfield was founded in 1856 by clippership captain Robert H. Waterman, and named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticut.

It is the home of Travis Air Force Base and the headquarters of Jelly Belly. With a population of 108,321 at the 2010 census, it is slightly smaller in population than Vallejo. Other nearby cities include Vacaville, Rio Vista, Benicia, and Napa.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.6 square miles (97 km2), of which, 34.4 square miles (89 km2) of it is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) of it is water. The total area is 5.65% water.

The city is located within the California Coastal Ranges. The city is centered directly north of the Suisun Bay and northeast of the San Pablo Bay. Much of the Suisun Bay contains the Suisun Marsh, the largest saltwater marsh on the west coast of the United States.

History[edit]

According to the City of Fairfield website,[3] Native Americans, such as those from the Ion culture, settled in the Rockville and Green Valley areas. Artifacts that have been found from some of the earliest human inhabitants of the Fairfield area are dated to be around five to six thousand years old, making them some of the oldest Native American settlements in Northern California.

The first European contact came in 1810 when the Spanish army was ordered to attack the Suisin Indians. In 1835 the Mexican General Vallejo was so magnanimous in victory over the Indian Chief Sem Yeto that the chief later became his ally in conflicts against other tribes. In 1837 the Indian Chief Solano received the Rancho Suisun Mexican land grant. This grant eventually came into the hands of a clipper ship captain from Connecticut named Robert H. Waterman. He not only parceled out the town in 1856, but also, in a commercially shrewd move, entered Fairfield in the race for Solano County seat in 1858, and won it from Benicia. As an inducement he granted 16 acres (6.5 ha) of land for the construction of county buildings. In 1903 Fairfield was incorporated as a city.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Fairfield had a population of 105,321. The population density was 2,798.5 people per square mile (1,080.5/km²). The racial makeup of Fairfield was 48,407 (46.0%) White, 16,586 (15.7%) African American, 869 (0.8%) Native American, 15,700 (14.9%) Asian (9.1% Filipino, 1.8% Indian, 1.0% Chinese, 0.6% Vietnamese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Korean, 0.3% Laotian, 0.2% Thai, 0.1% Pakistani), 1,149 (1.1%) Pacific Islander, 13,301 (12.6%) from other races, and 9,309 (8.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28,789 persons (27.3%); 21.2% of Fairfield is Mexican, 1.1% Puerto Rican, 1.0% Salvadoran, 0.5% Nicaraguan, 0.3% Guatemalan, 0.2% Cuban, and 0.2% Peruvian.

The Census reported that 102,832 people (97.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,221 (1.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,268 (1.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 34,484 households, out of which 14,725 (42.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18,461 (53.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,203 (15.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,179 (6.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,052 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 237 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,802 households (19.7%) were made up of individuals and 2,500 (7.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98. There were 25,843 families (74.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.42.

The population was spread out with 28,499 people (27.1%) under the age of 18, 11,246 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 28,917 people (27.5%) aged 25 to 44, 25,884 people (24.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,775 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

There were 37,184 housing units at an average density of 988.0 per square mile (381.5/km²), of which 20,835 (60.4%) were owner-occupied, and 13,649 (39.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.1%. 61,652 people (58.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 41,180 people (39.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there are 96,178 people, 30,870 households, and 24,016 families residing in the city. The population density is 986.3/km² (2,554.2/mi²). There are 31,792 housing units at an average density of 326.0/km² (844.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 56.21% White, 15.02% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 10.89% Asian, 0.93% Pacific Islander, 8.77% from other races, and 7.41% from two or more races. 18.77% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 30,870 households out of which 43.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% are married couples living together, 14.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% are non-families. 17.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.98 and the average family size is 3.33.

In the city the population is spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $51,151, and the median income for a family is $55,503. Males have a median income of $38,544 versus $30,616 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,617. 9.3% of the population and 7.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.1% of those under the age of 18 and 5.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Fairfield, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
80
(27)
89
(32)
98
(37)
111
(44)
111
(44)
114
(46)
111
(44)
112
(44)
104
(40)
87
(31)
78
(26)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 55.4
(13)
61.5
(16.4)
65.9
(18.8)
71.1
(21.7)
78.0
(25.6)
84.4
(29.1)
89.0
(31.7)
88.8
(31.6)
86.6
(30.3)
78.3
(25.7)
65.4
(18.6)
56.0
(13.3)
73.4
(23)
Average low °F (°C) 37.6
(3.1)
41.1
(5.1)
43.3
(6.3)
45.8
(7.7)
50.3
(10.2)
54.0
(12.2)
56.0
(13.3)
56.0
(13.3)
54.5
(12.5)
49.8
(9.9)
42.7
(5.9)
37.9
(3.3)
47.4
(8.6)
Record low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
24
(−4)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
31
(−1)
40
(4)
40
(4)
39
(4)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
15
(−9)
15
(−9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.77
(121.2)
4.04
(102.6)
3.09
(78.5)
1.39
(35.3)
0.55
(14)
0.17
(4.3)
0.02
(0.5)
0.06
(1.5)
0.24
(6.1)
1.30
(33)
2.75
(69.9)
4.30
(109.2)
22.68
(576.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11 10 9 6 3 1 0 0 1 3 7 10 60
Source #1: Western Regional Climate Center (normals and extremes 1950–present)[6]
Source #2: The Weather Channel [7]

Industry and major employers[edit]

Fairfield has a diversified economy, with government, manufacturing, health care, retail, professional and commercial construction sectors.[8] Anheuser-Busch operates a large regional Budweiser brewery, Clorox produces bleach products, and the Jelly Belly Candy Company confects its specialty jelly beans in Fairfield.[8]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[9] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Travis Air Force Base 14,353
2 County of Solano 2,850
3 Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District 2,000
4 NorthBay Medical Center 1,115
5 Solano Community College 650
6 City of Fairfield 502
7 Sutter Medical Foundation 475
8 Jelly Belly 461
9 Westamerica Bank 407
10 Pride Industries 343

Government and politics[edit]

Schools[edit]

Area high schools
Area middle schools (FSUSD)
  • Crystal Middle School;
  • Grange Middle School;
  • Green Valley Middle School;
  • Rolling Hills Middle School;

Sem Yeto Continuation School and Mary Bird Community Day School are part of the FSUSD. Vanden High School is part of the TUSD, and is located near Travis Air Force Base. All others are part of the FSUSD.

Universities nearby include National University,[10] California Maritime Academy, UC Davis, UC Berkeley, Sacramento State, CSU East Bay, Sonoma State, Trinity College of Massage, St. Mary's College, University of Phoenix and Chapman University.[11] The main campus of Trinity Biblical University and Solano Community College are located in Fairfield.

Recreation[edit]

Aerial view of Fairfield, with Travis Air Force Base in the upper center.

Downtown Fairfield offers shopping, community festivals and entertainment.

Parks
  • Rockville Hills Regional Park
    • The Park is located on Rockville Road approximately 3/4 of a mile from the corner of Suisun Valley and Rockville Roads. Allows bicycling, hiking, and provides walking trails.
  • Fairfield Linear Park
    • The Linear Park stretches through the city along a former railroad right-of-way. Picnic tables and play equipment can be found along the route. Runners, walkers, and bicyclists enjoy this park.
  • Alan Witt Park
    • Contains a brand new Aquatics Complex, the Fairfield Sports Center, and Fairfield-Suisun Rotary Skate Park. The new Aquatics Complex includes water slides, toddler play area, youth play pool, lap swimming, indoor activity pool, and a "lazy river" current for water walking or floating. The park also offers tennis courts, a recreation building, picnic area, ball fields, basketball courts, volleyball courts, a skate park, and horse shoe pits. Restroom facilities are available.
  • Dover Park
  • Sunrise Park
  • Laurel Creek Park
    • Contains softball fields, Little League baseball fields, a soccer field, a large picnic area with built in grills, a park for small children and a park for grown children, and is next to Laurel Creek Elementary School, which has outdoor basketball courts.
  • Wood Creek Park

Fairfield is home to three golf courses, two public and one private (located in unincorporated area East of Fairfield, North of TAFB for use by military personnel). Paradise Valley and Rancho Solano Golf Courses, both public, are rated in the Zagat Survey of "America's Best Golf Courses," rated 3 ½ stars by Golf Digest Magazine in 2010 and voted #1 & #2 golf courses in Solano County for consecutive years.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Fairfield has one sister city:[13]

Gallery[edit]

West Texas Street in Downtown
The Solano County Government Center in Downtown Fairfield
Military C-5 Aircraft from Travis Air Force Base takes off in Sierra Leone

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ About Fairfield
  4. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "General Climate Summary Tables - Fairfield, California". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Monthly Averages for Fairfield, CA (94534)". Weather.com. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Zuckerman, Sam (June 24, 2011). "Fairfield balances on the edge as housing prices plunge". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  9. ^ City of Fairfield CAFR
  10. ^ National University Fairfield Campus
  11. ^ Chapman University Fairfield Campus
  12. ^ "Brad Bergesen Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ "City of Fairfield,CA - Sister City Program". 

External links[edit]