Cordia sinensis

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Cordia sinensis
Cordia sinensis trees.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: (unplaced)
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Cordia
Species: C. sinensis
Binomial name
Cordia sinensis
Lam.

Cordia sinensis is a species of flowering tree in the borage family, Boraginaceae. The species’ range extend from South Africa, through East Africa Madagascar and the Middle East to the Indian Subcontinent and Eastern Indochina. There is also a disjunct native population in Senegal. The species has become naturalised in Eastern Australia.[1] Common names include grey-leaved saucer berry, grey-leaved cordia, marer, mnya mate and mkamasi.

Description[edit]

C. sinensis exhibits a range of growth forms, from low shrub to a multi-stemmed tree up to 12m in height. The stem bark is brown, to cream brown. Flowers are white or cream in colour. The fruit is conical, orange or red with a fleshy, viscid pulp overlying a 1-4 large seeds.

Habitat and range[edit]

Cordia sinensis is native to Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen and Zimbabwe It is a tree of arid and semi-arid regions, often in riparian zones.

Ecology[edit]

The fruit are an important food for monkeys and birds. The leaves provide browse for animals such as antelope, giraffe and deer.

Uses[edit]

The fruits are edible and are eaten in a variety of cuisine. The gum from the tree is also edible. The timber is used as firewood and for making furniture and tools. The leaves are an important source of animal fodder. Both roots and bark are used to treat a variety of disorders in both humans and livestock, including malaria, intestinal disorders and conjunctivitis.

Cordia sinensis fruits.

References[edit]

http://www.weeds.org.au/docs/intro_flora_australia.pdf http://www.flowersinisrael.com/Cordiasinensis_page.htm http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5327e/x5327e0v.htm http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Cordia_sinensis.pdf