Comm. ex R.Br.
Cordyline is a genus of about 15 species of woody monocotyledonous flowering plants in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae. The subfamily has previously been treated as a separate family Laxmanniaceae, or Lomandraceae. Other authors have placed the genus in the Agavaceae (now Agavoideae). Cordyline is native to the western Pacific Ocean region, from New Zealand, eastern Australia, southeastern Asia, Polynesia and Hawaii.
- Cordyline australis (G.Forst.) Endl. – Cabbage Tree (New Zealand)
- Cordyline banksii Hook.f. (New Zealand)
- Cordyline cannifolia R.Br. (Australia)
- Cordyline congesta (Sweet) Steud. (eastern Australia)
- Cordyline dracaenoides Kunth
- Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A.Chev. (southeast Asia, Melanesia, northeastern Australia, the Indian Ocean, Polynesia)
- Cordyline haageana
- Cordyline indivisa (G.Forst.) Steud. – Mountain Cabbage Tree (New Zealand)
- Cordyline manners-suttoniae F.Muell. (Queensland, Australia)
- Cordyline minutiflora Ridl.
- Cordyline murchisoniae F.Muell. (Queensland, Australia)
- Cordyline obtecta (Graham) Baker (Norfolk Island and northern New Zealand, syn. C. kaspar, C. baueri)
- Cordyline petiolaris (Domin) Pedley (eastern Australia)
- Cordyline pumilio Hook.f. (North Island of New Zealand)
- Cordyline rubra Otto & A.Dietr. (eastern Australia)
- Cordyline stricta (Sims) Endl. (eastern Australia)
Formerly placed here
- Dracaena aletriformis (Haw.) Bos (as C. rumphii Hook.)
- Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. (as C. fragrans (L.) Planch.)
Cultivation and uses
Members of the group are often grown as ornamental plants. Many species have been used as a foodstuff and medicine, for additional details on these and other uses see C. australis. The rhizome was roasted in an hāngi (earth oven) by Māori to extract sugar.
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- "Genus: Cordyline Comm. ex R. Br.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-19. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
- Bok-mun Ho (2006). "Cordyline obtecta". Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- Russell Young (June 2002). "Australian Cordylines". Australian Plants online. Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- "GRIN Species Records of Cordyline". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- Morton, Elsie K. (1964). Crusoes of Sunday Island. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed. p. 53.
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