|European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus sensu lato)|
There are widely different concepts about the delimitation of the species Coregonus lavaretus and about the number of species in the genus Coregonus in general.
In a narrow sense, Coregonus lavaretus, or the lavaret, is considered to be endemic to Lake Bourget and Lake Aiguebelette in the Rhône river basin in France, whereas it formerly also occurred in Lake Geneva. According to this view there is a great number of distinct whitefish species in lakes, rivers and brackish waters of Central and Northern Europe.
European whitefish (common whitefish)
In the broad sense, Coregonus lavaretus, referred to as the common whitefish or European whitefish, is widespread from central and northwest Europe to Siberia. Often called the C. lavaretus complex and considered as a superspecies, it encompasses many of the whitefish populations suggested by others to be locally restricted species (such as the British powan and the gwyniad or the Alpine gravenche, as well as distinct intralacustrine morphs and populations characterized by different feeding habits, gill raker numbers, growth patterns and migration behaviour. Genetic studies suggest that the whitefish diversity within this complex is mostly of post-glacial origin. The resource polymorphism represented by the feeding morphs has evolved repeatedly and independently within individual lakes, and similar morphs in different lakes are not related to each other.
- Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2008). "Coregonus lavaretus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- "Coregonus lavaretus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 12 December 2004.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2010). "Coregonus lavaretus" in FishBase. June 2010 version.
- Østbye, K.; Bernatchez, L.; Naesje, T. F.; Himberg, K.-J. M.; Hindar, K. (2005). "Evolutionary history of the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) species complex as inferred from mtDNA phylogeography and gill-raker numbers". Molecular Ecology 14 (14): 4371–4387. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02737.x. PMID 16313599.
|This Salmonidae article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|