Corinth, Mississippi

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Corinth, Mississippi
City
Downtown Corinth in 2010
Downtown Corinth in 2010
Location of Corinth, Mississippi
Location of Corinth, Mississippi
Coordinates: 34°56′14″N 88°30′55″W / 34.93722°N 88.51528°W / 34.93722; -88.51528Coordinates: 34°56′14″N 88°30′55″W / 34.93722°N 88.51528°W / 34.93722; -88.51528
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Alcorn
Area
 • Total 30.3 sq mi (78.4 km2)
 • Land 30.2 sq mi (78.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 440 ft (134 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,573
 • Density 483/sq mi (186.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 38834–38835
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-15700
GNIS feature ID 0668825
Website cityofcorinthms.com

Corinth is a city in and the county seat of Alcorn County, Mississippi, United States.[1] The population was 14,573 at the 2010 census.[2] Its ZIP codes are 38834 and 38835.

History[edit]

"Taylor Street Looking North, Oct. 1930." Work crew repaving street.[3]

Corinth was founded in 1853 as Cross City, so-called because it served as a junction for the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads. It was the town's early newspaper editor, W. E. Gibson, who suggested the name of Corinth, named for the city in Greece that also served as a crossroads.

Corinth's location at the junction of two railroads made it strategically important to the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard retreated to Corinth after the Battle of Shiloh, pursued by Union Major General Henry W. Halleck. General Beauregard abandoned the town when General Halleck approached, letting it fall into the Union's hands. Since Halleck approached so cautiously, digging entrenchments at every stop for over a month, this action has been known as the Siege of Corinth.

The Union sent Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to Corinth as well and concentrated its forces in the city. The Second Battle of Corinth took place on October 3−4, 1862, when Confederate Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn attempted to retake the city. The Confederate troops won back the city for a very brief period but were quickly forced out again on the same day when the Union troops were reinforced.

Locales on the National Register of Historic Places[edit]

  • Battery Williams (also known as Fort Williams)
  • Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites
  • Coliseum Theatre- built in the early 20th century in the Colonial Revival style
  • Corinth National Cemetery
  • Downtown Corinth Historic District
  • Dr. Joseph M. Bynum House—a home in the Late Gothic Revival style built in the late 19th century
  • Federal Siege Trench (also known as Harper Road Trench)
  • Fort Robinette (also known as Battery Robinette)—site of the Civil War Interpretive Center
  • Jacinto Courthouse (also called the Old Tishomingo County Courthouse)—built in the mid-19th century in the Federal style
  • L.C. Steele House
  • Midtown Corinth Historic District
  • Moores Creek site—a prehistoric Native American site from 3000 to 3500 B.C.
  • Old U.S. Post Office
  • Rienzi Commercial Historic District
  • Thomas F. Dilworth House
  • Union Battery F, Battle of Corinth
  • Union Earthworks
  • Veranda House (also known as the Curlee House)—built in 1857, it served as headquarters for Confederate generals during the Battle of Corinth

Geography[edit]

Alcorn County Courthouse located in Corinth, Mississippi.

Corinth is located in northeast Mississippi at the intersection of (north/south) U.S. Route 45 and (east/west) U.S. Route 72. It is the county seat of Alcorn County, which is the smallest county in area in the state of Mississippi. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.3 square miles (78.4 km2), of which 30.2 square miles (78.1 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.43%, is water.[4]

Communities near Corinth[edit]

Rivers and streams[edit]

  • Bridge Creek
  • Elam Creek
  • Phillips Creek
  • Turner Creek

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Corinth, Mississippi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
86
(30)
89
(32)
94
(34)
100
(38)
106
(41)
111
(44)
110
(43)
105
(41)
96
(36)
88
(31)
80
(27)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 49
(9)
54
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
80
(27)
87
(31)
90
(32)
90
(32)
84
(29)
73
(23)
62
(17)
51
(11)
71.3
(21.8)
Average low °F (°C) 28
(−2)
32
(0)
39
(4)
46
(8)
56
(13)
64
(18)
68
(20)
67
(19)
59
(15)
47
(8)
38
(3)
31
(−1)
47.9
(8.8)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(−28)
−6
(−21)
9
(−13)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
43
(6)
51
(11)
49
(9)
36
(2)
24
(−4)
4
(−16)
−6
(−21)
−19
(−28)
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 14,054 people, 6,220 households, and 3,800 families residing in the city. The population density was 461.5 people per square mile (178.2/km²). There were 7,058 housing units at an average density of 231.8 per square mile (89.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.28% White, 21.60% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.73% of the population.

There were 6,220 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. Of all households, 35.6% were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,436, and the median income for a family was $35,232. Males had a median income of $29,027 versus $21,071 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,452. About 18.2% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Corinth School District:[7]

  • Alcorn Alternative School
  • Alcorn Central Elementary[8]—grades K–4, with enrollment of 520
  • Alcorn Central Middle School[9]—grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 539
  • Alcorn Central High School[10]—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 515
  • Biggersville Elementary—grades K–6 with an enrollment of 161
  • Biggersville High School—grades 7–12 with an enrollment of 236
  • Corinth High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 473
  • Corinth Junior High School—grades 7–8 with an enrollment of 265
  • Corinth Elementary School—grades K–4
  • Kossuth Elementary School—grades K–4 with an enrollment of 562
  • Kossuth High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 438
  • Kossuth Middle School—grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 499
  • Easom High School (the only African American school in the city before the segregation; currently home of South Corinth Elementary School)

Libraries[edit]

  • Corinth Public Library—part of the Northeast Regional Library System

Museums[edit]

  • Northeast Mississippi Museum[11]
  • Corinth Civil War Interpretive Center[12] (part of the National Park Service)
  • Artist Guild Museum and Shop
  • Museum of Southern Culture
  • Black History Museum

Health care[edit]

  • Veranda Health Center
  • Magnolia Regional Health Center

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Air travel[edit]

  • Roscoe Turner Airport[13]
  • Dilworth Airport[14]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

FM & AM radio stations[edit]

  • WKCU 1350, Christian music
  • WXRZ 94.3, News and Talk / Supertalk Mississippi (Mississippi political and local)
  • WADI 95.3, 95.3 The Bee / Country

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

External images
Corinth, Miss. CollectionMississippi Department of Archives and History