Cork Borough (Dáil Éireann constituency)

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Cork Borough
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Former constituency
Created 1921
Abolished 1969
Seats 4 (1921–1923)
5 (1923–1937)
4 (1937–1948)
5 (1948–1969)
County/City council Cork City,
County Cork

Cork Borough was a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas from 1921 to 1969. The method of election was the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1921 as a 4 seater, under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, for the 1921 general election to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland, whose members formed the 2nd Dáil. It elected 4 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs) to the Dáil in 1921 and 1922.

Under the Electoral Act 1923, it became a 5 seat constituency for the 1923 general election to the 4th Dáil.[1] Its representation fluctuated between 4 and 5 seats until its abolition for the 1969 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consisted of Cork city and the county electoral area of Ballincollig.[1]

TDs[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Cork Borough 1921–1969[2]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
2nd 1921[3] Liam de Róiste
(SF)
Mary MacSwiney
(SF)
Daniel O'Callaghan
(SF)
James Walsh
(SF)
4 seats
1921–1923
3rd 1922[4] Liam de Róiste
(Pro-Treaty)
Mary MacSwiney
(Anti-Treaty)
Robert Day
(Lab)
James Walsh
(Pro-Treaty)
4th 1923[5] Richard Beamish[6]
(Ind)
Mary MacSwiney
(Rep)
Andrew O'Shaughnessy[6]
(Ind)
James Walsh
(CnaG)
Alfred O'Rahilly
(CnaG)
1924 by-election[7] Michael Egan
(CnaG)
5th 1927 (Jun)[8] John Horgan
(NL)
Seán French
(FF)
Richard Anthony
(Lab)
Barry Egan
(CnaG)
6th 1927 (Sep)[9] W. T. Cosgrave
(CnaG)
Hugo Flinn
(FF)
7th 1932[10] Thomas Dowdall
(FF)
Richard Anthony
(Ind)
William Desmond
(CnaG)
8th 1933[11]
9th 1937[12] W. T. Cosgrave
(FG)
4 seats
1937–1948
10th 1938[13] James Hickey
(Lab)
11th 1943[14] Frank Daly
(FF)
Richard Anthony
(Ind)
Séamus Fitzgerald
(FF)
12th 1944[15] William Dwyer
(Ind)
Walter Furlong
(FF)
1946 by-election[16] Patrick McGrath
(FF)
13th 1948[17] Michael Sheehan
(Ind)
James Hickey
(NLP)
Jack Lynch
(FF)
Thomas F. O'Higgins
(FG)
14th 1951[18] Seán McCarthy
(FF)
James Hickey
(Lab)
1954 by-election[19] Stephen Barrett
(FG)
15th 1954[20] Anthony Barry
(FG)
Seán Casey
(Lab)
1956 by-election[21] John Galvin
(FF)
16th 1957[22] Gus Healy
(FF)
17th 1961[23] Anthony Barry
(FG)
1964 by-election[24] Sheila Galvin
(FF)
18th 1965[25] Gus Healy
(FF)
Pearse Wyse
(FF)
1967 by-election[26] Seán French
(FF)
19th 1969 Constituency abolished. See Cork City North–West and Cork City South–East

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Elections[edit]

1967 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Labour Party TD Seán Casey, a by-election was held on 9 November 1967. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Seán French.

1967 by-election: Cork Borough[26]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Seán French 18,417 47.1 1
Fine Gael Liam Burke 10,272 26.3
Labour Party Patrick Kerrigan 9,622 24.6
Independent Eoin O'Mahony 815 2.1
Electorate: 59,019   Valid: 39,126   Quota: 19,564   Turnout: 66.3%

1965 general election[edit]

1965 general election: Cork Borough[25]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 12,852 30.8 1 1
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 8,637 20.7 2 1
Labour Party Seán Casey 7,076 16.9 3 1
Fianna Fáil Gus Healy 4,230 10.1 4
Fianna Fáil Pearse Wyse 3,027 7.2 5
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,441 3.5
Fianna Fáil John Harrington 1,425 3.4
Independent Thomas Leahy 803 1.9
Independent Frank Mockler 782 1.9
Independent Alexander Miller 547 1.3
Fine Gael Seán O'Leary 489 1.2
Fine Gael Ronald Murphy 485 1.2
Electorate: ?   Valid: 41,794   Quota: 6,966   Turnout:

1964 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD John Galvin, a by-election was held on 19 February 1964. The seat was on by the Fianna Fáil candidate Sheila Galvin, widow of the deceased TD.

1964 by-election: Cork Borough[24]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Sheila Galvin 20,276 53.3 1 1
Fine Gael Tadhg Manley 11,475 30.2
Labour Party Donal Hurley 6,296 16.6
Electorate: 55,076   Valid: 38,047   Quota: 19,024   Turnout: 69.1%

1961 general election[edit]

1961 general election: Cork Borough[23]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 9,929 26.6 1 1
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 9,515 25.5 2 1
Labour Party Seán Casey 5,616 15.1 3
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 4,257 11.4 4
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,637 4.4 5
Sinn Féin Dáithí Ó Conaill 1,956 5.2
Fianna Fáil Gus Healy 1,846 5.0
Fianna Fáil Donal Daly 1,281 3.4
Independent Seán Twomey 794 2.1
Fine Gael Dominic O'Brien 462 1.2
Electorate: ?   Valid: 37,293   Quota: 6,216   Turnout:

1957 general election[edit]

1957 general election: Cork Borough[22]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 8,600 20.0 1 1
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 7,647 17.8 2 1
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 7,107 16.5 3
Labour Party Seán Casey 6,074 14.1 4
Fianna Fáil Gus Healy 3,519 8.2 5
Sinn Féin Seán Ó hÉigeartaigh 4,789 11.1
Fianna Fáil Donal Daly 2,747 6.4
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,663 3.9
Fine Gael John Bermingham 911 2.1
Electorate: ?   Valid: 43,057   Quota: 7,177   Turnout:

1956 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD Patrick McGrath, a by-election was held on 2 August 1956. The seat was won by Fianna Fáil candidate John Galvin.

1956 by-election: Cork Borough[21]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 18,704 52.6 1 1
Fine Gael Michael Sheehan 10,166 28.6
Labour Party Cornelius Desmond 3,919 11.0
Independent Seán Twomey 1,630 4.6
Independent John Reidy 1,149 3.2
Electorate: 63,495   Valid: 35,568   Quota: 17,785   Turnout: 56.0%

1954 general election[edit]

1954 general election: Cork Borough[20]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 16,393 34.2 1 1
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 9,190 19.2 2 1
Fine Gael Anthony Barry 1,911 4.0 3
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 6,125 12.8 4
Labour Party Seán Casey 3,052 6.4 5
Labour Party James Hickey 3,244 6.8
Fianna Fáil John Galvin 2,904 6.1
Fianna Fáil Donal Daly 2,149 4.5
Independent John Reidy 1,108 2.3
Fine Gael Laurence Neville 816 1.7
Fine Gael John Bermingham 572 1.2
Independent Seán Twomey 452 0.9
Electorate: ?   Valid: 47,916   Quota: 7,987   Turnout:

1954 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fine Gael TD Thomas F. O'Higgins, a by-election was held on 3 March 1954. The seat was won by the Fine Gael candidate Stephen Barrett.

1954 by-election: Cork Borough[19]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 17,332 44.3 1
Fianna Fáil Séamus Fitzgerald 15,379 39.3
Labour Party Seán Casey 6,402 16.4
Electorate: 63,332   Valid: 39,113   Quota: 19,55   Turnout:

1951 general election[edit]

1951 general election: Cork Borough[18]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 8,923 19.2 1 1
Fine Gael Thomas F. O'Higgins 7,858 16.9 2 1
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 6,233 13.4 3
Fianna Fáil Seán MacCarthy 5,096 11.0 4
Labour Party James Hickey 3,376 7.3 5
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 4,359 9.4
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 3,434 7.4
Labour Party Richard Anthony 3,018 6.5
Fine Gael Michael Sheehan 2,442 5.3
Labour Party Seán Casey 1,657 3.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 46,396   Quota: 7,733   Turnout:

1948 general election[edit]

1948 general election: Cork Borough[17]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Thomas F. O'Higgins 7,351 16.4 1
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 5,594 12.5 2
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 5,092 11.4 3
Independent Michael Sheehan 4,898 10.9 4
National Labour Party James Hickey 4,507 10.0 5
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 3,601 8.02
Fianna Fáil Seán MacCarthy 2,747 6.1
Labour Party Richard Anthony 2,688 6.0
Clann na Poblachta Patrick McCartan 2,346 5.2
Fine Gael Stephen Barrett 1,496 3.3
Clann na Poblachta John Fennessy 1,423 3.2
Labour Party Seán Casey 987 2.2
Fine Gael David Allen 911 2.0
Clann na Poblachta Liam Stack 565 1.3
Fine Gael Michael Sheehan 409 0.9
Independent Seán Ó Dubhghaill 260 0.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 44,875   Quota: 7,480   Turnout:

1946 by-election[edit]

Following the resignation of Independent TD William Dwyer, a by-election was held on 14 June 1946. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Patrick McGrath.

1946 by-election: Cork Borough[16]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Patrick McGrath 14,230 47.9 1
Fine Gael Michael O'Driscoll 9,707 32.7
Cork Socialist Party Michael O'Riordan 3,184 10.7
Independent Tom Barry 2,574 8.7
Electorate: 53,623   Valid: 29,695   Quota: 14,848   Turnout: 55.4%

1944 general election[edit]

1944 general election: Cork Borough[15]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent William Dwyer 11,241 29.8 1 1
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 7,705 20.4 2 1
Independent Richard Anthony 2,867 7.6 3
Fianna Fáil Frank Daly 5,551 14.7 4
Fianna Fáil Séamus Fitzgerald 3,862 10.2
Fine Gael James Crosbie 2,839 7.5
Independent Cornelius Connolly 1,334 3.5
Fine Gael Jeremiah Connolly 898 2.4
Independent Patrick O'Brien 737 2.0
Independent Seán Ó Dubhghaill 674 1.8
Electorate: ?   Valid: 37,708   Quota: 7,542   Turnout:

1943 general election[edit]

1943 general election: Cork Borough[14]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 8,871 22.6 1 1
Fianna Fáil Frank Daly 7,944 20.3 2 1
Fianna Fáil Séamus Fitzgerald 4,638 11.8 3
Independent Richard Anthony 3,941 10.1 4
Fianna Fáil Walter Furlong 4,475 11.4
Labour Party James Hickey 4,107 10.5
Fine Gael William Dwyer 2,561 6.5
Independent Seán Ó Dubhghaill 1,019 2.6
Independent Daniel Buckley 859 2.2
Labour Party Ellen Crowley 562 1.4
Fine Gael Francis McCarthy Morrogh 255 0.7
Electorate: ?   Valid: 39,232   Quota: 7,847   Turnout:

1938 general election[edit]

1938 general election: Cork Borough[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 11,528 29.4 1 1
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 8,154 20.8 2 1
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 5,560 14.2 3
Labour Party James Hickey 7,094 18.1 4
Independent Richard Anthony 5,071 13.0
Fine Gael Michael Driscoll 1,760 4.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 39,167   Quota: 7,834   Turnout:

1937 general election[edit]

1937 general election: Cork Borough[12]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 9,508 24.9 1 1
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 8,442 22.1 2 1
Independent Richard Anthony 4,946 12.9 3
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 6,450 16.9 4
Labour Party James Hickey 6,893 18.0
Fine Gael William Desmond 2,008 5.3
Electorate: ?   Valid: 38,247   Quota: 7,650   Turnout:

1933 general election[edit]

1933 general election: Cork Borough[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal W. T. Cosgrave 14,863 26.9 1 1
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 12,696 23.0 2 1
Independent Richard Anthony 5,719 10.4 3
Cumann na nGaedheal William Desmond 1,533 2.8 4
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 5,067 9.2 5
Labour Party Jeremiah Hurley 5,248 9.5
Fianna Fáil Seán French 3,812 6.9
Cumann na nGaedheal John Horgan 2,168 3.9
National Centre Party Cornelius Duggan 2,111 3.8
Cumann na nGaedheal Barry Egan 1,995 3.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 55,212   Quota: 9,203   Turnout:

1932 general election[edit]

1932 general election: Cork Borough[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal W. T. Cosgrave 18,125 36.8 1 1
Fianna Fáil Thomas Dowdall 10,058 20.4 2 1
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 3,235 6.6 3
Independent Richard Anthony 4,844 9.8 4
Cumann na nGaedheal William Desmond 1,395 2.8 5
Labour Party Jeremiah Hurley 5,058 10.3
Fianna Fáil Humphrey Kelleher 3,046 6.2
Cumann na nGaedheal John Horgan 1,380 2.8
Fianna Fáil Seán O'Leary 1,337 2.7
Cumann na nGaedheal Alexander Healy 818 1.7
Electorate: ?   Valid: 49,296   Quota: 8,217   Turnout:

September 1927 general election[edit]

September 1927 general election: Cork Borough[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal W. T. Cosgrave 17,395 38.9 1 1
Fianna Fáil Seán French 11,608 26.0 2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Barry Egan 1,383 3.1 3
Labour Party Richard Anthony 5,668 12.7 4
Fianna Fáil Hugo Flinn 1,236 2.8 5
Independent John Horgan 2,452 5.5
Independent Sir John Scott 1,344 3.0
Fianna Fáil Con Lucey 1,231 2.8
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Nagle 1,122 2.5
Cumann na nGaedheal Alexander Healy 813 1.8
Labour Party Luke Duffy 447 1.0
Electorate: ?   Valid: 44,699   Quota: 7,450   Turnout:

June 1927 general election[edit]

June 1927 general election: Cork Borough[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal James Walsh 8,480 18.8 1 1
Labour Party Richard Anthony 6,548 14.5 2
Fianna Fáil Seán French 5,989 13.2 3
National League Party John Horgan 5,177 11.4 4
Cumann na nGaedheal Barry Egan 1,994 4.4 5
Sinn Féin Mary MacSwiney 3,527 7.8
Independent Sir John Scott 2,638 5.8
Independent Patrick Bradley 2,246 5.0
Farmers' Party Timothy Corcoran 2,060 4.55
Labour Party Edward Fitzgerald 1,910 4.2
Farmers' Party Frank Daly 1,527 3.4
Cumann na nGaedheal Liam de Róiste 1,447 3.2
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Egan 920 2.0
Fianna Fáil Con Lucey 607 1.3
Fianna Fáil Seán O'Leary 166 0.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 45,236   Quota: 7,540   Turnout:

1924 by-election[edit]

Following the resignation of Cumann na nGaedheal TD Alfred O'Rahilly, a by-election was held on 19 November 1924. The seat was won by the Cumann na nGaedheal candidate Michael Egan.

1924 by-election: Cork Borough[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Egan 27,717 69.1 1 1
Republican Seán French 12,399 30.9
Electorate: 64,931   Valid: 40,116   Quota: 20,059   Turnout: 61.8%

1923 general election[edit]

1923 general election: Cork Borough[5]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal James Walsh 17,151 40.3 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Alfred O'Rahilly 2,506 5.9 2 2
Independent Richard Beamish 5,822 13.7 3 3
Republican Mary MacSwiney 6,109 14.3 4 10
Businessmen's Party Andrew O'Shaughnessy 766 1.8 5 12
Labour Party Richard Anthony 2,492 5.9
Republican Con Lucey 1,870 4.4
Farmers' Party Timothy Corcoran 1,616 3.8
Labour Party Robert Day 1,431 3.4
Labour Party William Kenneally 1,358 3.2
Independent Sir John Scott 786 1.8
Republican Frederick Murray 461 1.1
Independent Jeremiah Collins 243 0.6
Electorate: 64,100   Valid: 42,611   Quota: 7,102   Turnout: 66.5%

1922 general election[edit]

1922 general election: Cork Borough[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Labour Party Robert Day 6,836 22.5 1 1
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Liam de Róiste 5,657 18.6 2 3
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) James Walsh 5,731 18.9 3 4
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Mary MacSwiney 4,016 13.2 4 5
Independent Richard Beamish 3,485 11.5
Independent Frank Daly 2,826 9.3
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Daniel O'Callaghan 1,796 5.9
Electorate: 48,817   Valid: 30,347   Quota: 6,070   Turnout: 62.2%

1921 general election[edit]

1921 general election: Cork Borough[3]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin Liam de Róiste Unopposed N/A 1
Sinn Féin Mary MacSwiney Unopposed N/A 2
Sinn Féin Daniel O'Callaghan Unopposed N/A 3
Sinn Féin James Walsh Unopposed N/A 4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Electoral (Amendment) Act, 1923: (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  2. ^ Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286. 
  3. ^ a b "General election 1921: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "General election 1922: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "General election 1923: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Andrew O'Shaughnessy and Richard Beamish were both elected under the banner of the "Cork Progressive Association", a quasi-party inspired by the Progressive Reform movement in the United States. They supported the Treaty and stressed the importance of sound public finance. In 1924 they helped bring about the dissolution of Cork Corporation and its replacement with a commissioner. See Mark Callanan and Justin F. Keogan, ed. (2003). Local Government in Ireland. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration (Ireland). p. 125.  and Peter Barberis, John McHugh, and Mike Tyldesley, ed. (2000). Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations. London: Continuum International. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-8264-5814-8. 
  7. ^ a b "By-election 1924: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "General election June 1927: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "General election September 1927: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "General election 1932: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "General election 1933: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "General election 1937: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "General election 1938: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  14. ^ a b "General election 1943: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  15. ^ a b "General election 1944: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  16. ^ a b "By-election 1946: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  17. ^ a b "General election 1948: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  18. ^ a b "General election 1951: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "By-election 1954: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  20. ^ a b "General election 1954: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "By-election 1956: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  22. ^ a b "General election 1957: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  23. ^ a b "General election 1961: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  24. ^ a b "By-election 1964: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  25. ^ a b "General election 1965: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  26. ^ a b "By-election 1967: Cork Borough". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 

External links[edit]