Cork East (Dáil Éireann constituency)

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Cork East
Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Outline map
Location of Cork East within Ireland
Current constituency
Created 1981
Seats 4
TDs
County/City council County Cork
EP constituency South
Cork East
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Former constituency
Created 1923
Abolished 1937
Seats 4
County/City council County Cork
Cork East
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Former constituency
Created 1948
Abolished 1961
Seats 3
County/City council County Cork

Cork East is a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas. The constituency elects 4 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs). The method of election is the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

History[edit]

The constituency was first created in 1923 under the Electoral Act 1923 as a 4 seat constituency and was first used for the 1923 general election. It was abolished under the Electoral (Revision of Constituencies) Act 1935. It was recreated under the Electoral (Amendment) Act 1947 as a 3 seat constituency and used for the 1948 general election until it was abolished under the Electoral (Amendment) Act 1961. It was recreated under the Electoral (Amendment) Act 1980 as a 4 seat constituency for the 1981 general election, and has been used at all elections since then.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency runs from Mitchelstown and Mallow in the north, through Fermoy, to Cobh, Midleton and Youghal in the south. It encompasses almost all of the Fermoy, Midleton, and Mallow electoral areas of Cork County Council.[2]

The Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009 defines the constituency as:

"In the county of Cork the electoral divisions of:
Cobh Rural, Knockraha, in the former Rural District of Cork;
Aghern, Ballyhooly, Ballynoe, Castlecooke, Castle Hyde, Castlelyons, Castletownroche, Coole, Curraglass, Fermoy Rural, Glanworth East, Glanworth West, Gortnaskehy, Gortroe, Kilcor, Kilcummer, Killathy, Kilworth, Knockmourne, Leitrim, Rathcormack, in the former Rural District of Fermoy;
Ballyclogh, Buttevant, Caherduggan, Carrig, Clenor, Doneraile, Kilmaclenine, Mallow Rural, Monanimy, Shanballymore, Skahanagh, Wallstown, in the former Rural District of Mallow;
Ballintemple, Ballycottin, Ballyspillane, Carrigtohill, Castlemartyr, Clonmult, Cloyne, Corkbeg, Dangan, Dungourney, Garryvoe, Ightermurragh, Inch, Lisgoold, Midleton Rural, Mogeely, Rostellan, Templebodan, Templenacarriga, in the former Rural District of Midleton;
Ballyarthur, Derryvillane, Farahy, Kildorrery, Kilgullane, Kilphelan, Marshalstown, Mitchelstown, Templemolaga, in the former Rural District of Mitchelstown No. 1;
Ardagh, Clonpriest, Kilcronat, Killeagh, Kilmacdonagh, Youghal Rural, in the former Rural District of Youghal No. 1;
and the towns of Cobh, Fermoy, Mallow, Midleton and Youghal."

TDs[edit]

TDs 1923–1937[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Cork East 1923–1937[3]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
4th 1923[4] John Daly
(Ind)
Michael Hennessy
(CnaG)
David Kent
(Rep)
John Dinneen
(FP)
Thomas O'Mahony
(CnaG)
1924 by-election[5] Michael K. Noonan
(CnaG)
5th 1927 (Jun)[6] David Kent
(SF)
David O'Gorman
(FP)
Martin Corry
(FF)
6th 1927 (Sep)[7] John Daly
(CnaG)
William Kent
(FF)
Edmond Carey
(CnaG)
7th 1932[8] William Broderick
(CnaG)
Brook Brasier
(Ind)
Patrick Murphy
(FF)
8th 1933[9] Patrick Daly
(CnaG)
William Kent
(NCP)
9th 1937 Constituency abolished

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

TDs 1948–1961[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Cork East 1948–1961[3]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
13th 1948[10] Martin Corry
(FF)
Seán Keane
(Lab)
Patrick O'Gorman
(FG)
14th 1951[11]
1953 by-election[12] Richard Barry
(FG)
15th 1954[13] John Moher
(FF)
16th 1957[14]
17th 1961 Constituency abolished

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

TDs since 1981[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Cork East 1981–[3]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
22nd 1981[15] Carey Joyce
(FF)
Myra Barry
(FG)
Patrick Hegarty
(FG)
Joe Sherlock
(SFWP)
23rd 1982 (Feb)[16] Michael Ahern
(FF)
24th 1982 (Nov)[17] Ned O'Keeffe
(FF)
25th 1987[18] Joe Sherlock
(WP)
26th 1989[19] Paul Bradford
(FG)
27th 1992[20] John Mulvihill
(Lab)
28th 1997[21] David Stanton
(FG)
29th 2002[22] Joe Sherlock
(Lab)
30th 2007[23] Seán Sherlock
(Lab)
31st 2011[24] Sandra McLellan
(SF)
Tom Barry
(FG)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Elections[edit]

2011 general election[edit]

2011 general election: Cork East[24]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7
Labour Party Seán Sherlock 20.8 11,862            
Fine Gael David Stanton 17.6 10,019 10,047 10,618 11,081 12,471    
Fine Gael Tom Barry 10.2 5,798 5,888 6,097 6,397 8,898 9,726 11,450
Sinn Féin Sandra McLellan 11.1 6,292 6,345 6,877 7,203 7,528 7,586 9,785
Fianna Fáil Kevin O'Keeffe 8.8 5,024 5,066 5,145 7,811 8,401 8,478 9,136
Labour Party John Mulvihill 10.0 5,701 5,873 6,388 6,790 6,976 7,097  
Fine Gael Pa O'Driscoll 8.8 5,030 5,086 5,236 5,444      
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 8.1 4,618 4,634 4,798        
New Vision Paul O'Neill 1.9 1,056 1,064          
Green Party Malachy Harty 1.1 635 640          
Independent Claire Cullinane 0.9 510 513          
Independent Patrick Bulman 0.4 212 213          
Independent Paul Burke 0.3 176 177          
Electorate: 83,651   Valid: 56,933   Spoilt: 526 (0.9%)   Quota: 11,387   Turnout: 57,459 (68.7%)

2007 general election[edit]

2007 general election: Cork East[23]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 19.2 10,350 10,536 11,221      
Fianna Fáil Ned O'Keeffe 18.7 10,081 10,189 10,741 11,033    
Fine Gael David Stanton 14.3 7,686 8,038 8,717 8,777 10,349 10,386
Labour Party Seán Sherlock 13.6 7,295 7,650 8,287 8,324 10,100 10,162
Fine Gael Paul Bradford 16.6 8,916 9,110 9,375 9,398 9,837 9,863
Labour Party John Mulvihill 7.4 3,954 4,232 4,773 4,820    
Sinn Féin Sandra McLellan 6.8 3,672 3,943        
Green Party Sarah Iremonger 2.9 1,572          
Fathers Rights Christy Carr 0.3 166          
Independent John Cronin 0.2 116          
Electorate: 84,354   Valid: 53,808   Spoilt: 477 (0.9%)   Quota: 10,762   Turnout: 54,285 (64.4%)

2002 general election[edit]

2002 general election: Cork East[22]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4
Fianna Fáil Ned O'Keeffe 23.1 10,574      
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 18.2 8,340 9,204    
Labour Party Joe Sherlock 10.5 4,792 5,015 6,192 8,660
Fine Gael David Stanton 13.7 6,269 6,324 6,978 8,438
Fine Gael Paul Bradford 15.4 7,053 7,224 7,718 8,231
Labour Party John Mulvihill 10.5 4,813 4,838 5,559  
Sinn Féin June Murphy 5.7 2,624 2,685    
Green Party Martin O'Keeffe 2.5 1,136 1,151    
Christian Solidarity Patrick Manning 0.4 187 189    
Electorate: 72,702   Valid: 45,788   Spoilt: 546 (1.2%)   Quota: 9,158   Turnout: 46,334 (63.7%)

1997 general election[edit]

1997 general election: Cork East[21]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Ned O'Keeffe 8,737 20.3 1 1
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 6,959 16.2 2 6
Fine Gael Paul Bradford 7,859 18.3 3 7
Fine Gael David Stanton 5,117 11.9 4 8
Democratic Left Joe Sherlock 4,622 10.7
Labour Party John Mulvihill 3,500 8.1
Progressive Democrats J. J. Flavin 1,830 4.3
National Party Mairead Scannell 1,637 3.8
Sinn Féin Kieran McCarthy 1,534 3.6
Independent Seán O'Connor 1,281 3.0
Electorate: 63,653   Valid: 43,076   Spoilt: 331 (0.8%)   Quota: 8,616   Turnout: 43,407 (68.2%)

1992 general election[edit]

1992 general election: Cork East[20]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Ned O'Keeffe 8,380 20.2 1 1
Fine Gael Paul Bradford 6,750 16.3 2 7
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 7,418 17.9 3 7
Labour Party John Mulvihill 5,703 13.8 4 7
Fine Gael Patrick Hegarty 4,594 11.1
Democratic Left Joe Sherlock 5,351 12.9
Fine Gael Michael Hegarty 2,562 6.2
Sinn Féin Kieran McCarthy 366 0.9
Independent Maurice Quinlan 212 0.5
Workers' Party Sandra Doyle Condon 153 0.4
Electorate: 58,556   Valid: 41,489   Spoilt: 684 (1.6%)   Quota: 8,298   Turnout: 42,173 (72.0%)

1989 general election[edit]

1989 general election: Cork East[19]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Ned O'Keeffe 8,851 21.6 1
Fine Gael Paul Bradford 7,663 18.7 2
Workers' Party Joe Sherlock 7,414 18.1 3
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 7,396 18.0 4
Fine Gael Patrick Hegarty 7,068 17.2
Labour Party Anthony Hobbs 1,377 3.4
Progressive Democrats Thomas Nagle 1,098 2.7
Independent William Fitzsimon 131 0.3
Electorate: ?   Valid: 40,998   Quota: 8,200   Turnout:

1987 general election[edit]

1987 general election: Cork East[18]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 8,169 19.6 1
Fianna Fáil Ned O'Keeffe 8,178 19.6 2
Fine Gael Patrick Hegarty 6,831 16.4 3
Workers' Party Joe Sherlock 6,986 16.7 4
Fine Gael Paul Bradford 5,908 14.1
Progressive Democrats John Guinevan 2,340 5.6
Progressive Democrats Hugh Hall 1,936 4.6
Labour Party Anthony Hobbs 888 2.1
Sinn Féin Kieran McCarthy 534 1.3
Electorate: ?   Valid: 41,770   Quota: 8,355   Turnout:

November 1982 general election[edit]

November 1982 general election: Cork East[17]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Myra Barry 8,461 20.4 1 1
Fianna Fáil Ned O'Keeffe 8,324 20.0 2 1
Fine Gael Patrick Hegarty 7,662 18.4 3
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 8,061 19.4 4
Workers' Party Joe Sherlock 6,186 14.9
Fine Gael Tommy Sheahan 1,565 3.8
Labour Party Tomás Ó Conaill 1,191 2.9
Independent Mary Duggan 117 0.3
Electorate: ?   Valid: 41,567   Quota: 8,314   Turnout:

February 1982 general election[edit]

February 1982 general election: Cork East[16]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Fine Gael Myra Barry 21.5 8,870        
Fine Gael Patrick Hegarty 20.2 8,309        
Fianna Fáil Michael Ahern 17.0 7,011 7,149 8,830    
Sinn Féin (Workers' Party) Joe Sherlock 16.2 6,677 7,200 7,674 8,102 8,137
Fianna Fáil Carey Joyce 13.6 5,601 5,659 7,257 7,456 8,008
Fianna Fáil William Cronin 9.2 3,799 3,845      
Labour Party Tomás Ó Conaill 2.3 946        
Electorate: 52,647   Valid: 41,213   Spoilt: 321 (0.8%)   Quota: 8,243   Turnout: 41,534 (78.9%)

1981 general election[edit]

1981 general election: Cork East[15]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Myra Barry 9,373 21.9 1 1
Fine Gael Patrick Hegarty 7,686 17.9 2
Sinn Féin (Workers' Party) Joe Sherlock 6,241 14.6 3
Fianna Fáil Carey Joyce 5,661 13.2 4
Fianna Fáil John Brosnan 4,401 10.3
Fianna Fáil Joe Dowling 3,489 8.1
Fianna Fáil Charles Mortell 2,773 6.5
Fine Gael Tommy Sheahan 2,363 5.5
Labour Party Edward Allen 457 1.1
Labour Party Mary Noonan 267 0.6
Independent Mary Duggan 150 0.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 42,861   Quota: 8,573   Turnout:

1957 general election[edit]

1957 general election: Cork East[14]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 6,873 25.0 1 1
Fianna Fáil John Moher 6,628 24.1 2
Fine Gael Richard Barry 5,255 19.1 3
Fine Gael Patrick O'Gorman 4,618 16.8
Sinn Féin Liam Ó Mochloir 2,365 8.6
Labour Party Michael Devane 1,750 6.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 27,489   Quota: 6,873   Turnout:

1954 general election[edit]

1954 general election: Cork East[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Richard Barry 7,026 23.6 1
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 6,714 22.6 2
Fianna Fáil John Moher 5,925 19.9 3
Fine Gael Patrick O'Gorman 4,489 15.1
Labour Party Seán Keane, Jnr 4,081 13.7
Clann na Talmhan Denis Heskin 1,492 5.0
Electorate: ?   Valid: 29,727   Quota: 7,432   Turnout:

1953 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Labour Party TD Seán Keane, Snr, a by-election was held on 18 June 1953. The seat was won by the Fine Gael candidate Richard Barry.

1953 by-election: Cork East[12]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Richard Barry 12,497 42.8 1
Fianna Fáil John Moher 11,823 40.4
Labour Party Seán Keane, Jnr 4,902 16.8
Electorate: 37,057   Valid: 29,222   Quota: 14,612   Turnout: 78.9%

1951 general election[edit]

1951 general election: Cork East[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 7,430 24.6 1
Fine Gael Patrick O'Gorman 4,688 15.5 2
Labour Party Seán Keane, Snr 5,296 17.6 3
Fianna Fáil John Moher 5,261 17.4
Fine Gael Richard Barry 4,337 14.4
Clann na Talmhan John Ryall 1,792 5.9
Independent Veronica Hartland 1,360 4.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 30,164   Quota: 7,542   Turnout:

1948 general election[edit]

1948 general election: Cork East[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 7,172 24.5 1
Fine Gael Patrick O'Gorman 4,072 13.9 2
Labour Party Seán Keane, Snr 4,066 13.9 3
Fianna Fáil Leo Skinner 4,013 13.7
Clann na Talmhan Daniel Cashman 3,352 11.4
Fine Gael Joseph Ahern 2,170 7.4
Clann na Poblachta Michael Burke 1,638 5.6
Independent William Dwyer 1,167 4.0
Clann na Poblachta Garrett Roche 833 2.8
Independent Patrick O'Brien 823 2.8
Electorate: ?   Valid: 29,306   Quota: 7,327   Turnout:

1933 general election[edit]

1933 general election: Cork East[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 10,923 25.0 1 1
National Centre Party William Kent 7,712 17.6 2 1
Fianna Fáil Patrick Murphy 5,092 11.6 3
Cumann na nGaedheal William Broderick 4,432 10.1 4
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Daly 3,645 8.3 5
Independent Brook Brasier 4,389 10.0
Fianna Fáil Patrick O'Brien 4,244 9.7
Cumann na nGaedheal Edward Cronin 3,324 7.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 43,761   Quota: 7,294   Turnout:

1932 general election[edit]

1932 general election: Cork East[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal William Broderick 5,453 13.8 1
Cumann na nGaedheal John Daly 4,477 11.3 2
Independent Brook Brasier 4,245 10.7 3
Fianna Fáil Patrick Murphy 5,518 13.9 4
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 4,939 12.5 5
Fianna Fáil William Kent 4,870 12.3
Cumann na nGaedheal Edmond Carey 3,519 8.9
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hennessy 2,703 6.8
Labour Party Eamonn Lynch 2,154 5.4
Farmers' Party David O'Gorman 1,746 4.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 39,624   Quota: 6,605   Turnout:

September 1927 general election[edit]

September 1927 general election: Cork East[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 4,208 11.8 1
Cumann na nGaedheal John Daly 5,125 14.4 2
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hennessy 5,130 14.4 3
Cumann na nGaedheal Edmond Carey 3,851 10.8 4
Fianna Fáil William Kent 3,014 8.5 5
Farmers' Party David O'Gorman 2,988 8.4
Labour Party Eamonn Lynch 2,918 8.2
Fianna Fáil John Barry 2,888 8.1
Farmers' Party Brook Brasier 1,951 5.5
Independent Philip Barry 1,812 5.1
Fianna Fáil Séamus Fitzgerald 1,700 4.8
Electorate: ?   Valid: 35,585   Quota: 5,931   Turnout:

June 1927 general election[edit]

June 1927 general election: Cork East[6]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hennessy 3,743 11.1 1
Independent John Daly 3,704 10.9 2
Fianna Fáil Martin Corry 3,666 10.8 3
Sinn Féin David Kent 3,870 11.4 4
Farmers' Party David O'Gorman 2,251 6.7 5
Independent Edmond Carey 2,976 8.8
Independent Frederick McCabe 2,714 8.0
Fianna Fáil John Barry 2,210 6.5
Farmers' Party John Dinneen 1,853 5.5
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Cahill 1,830 5.4
Labour Party Patrick Murphy 1,793 5.3
Farmers' Party Brook Brasier 1,724 5.1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael K. Noonan 1,379 4.1
Independent Eugene Joyce 161 0.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 33,874   Quota: 5,646   Turnout:

1924 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Cumann na nGaedheal TD Thomas O'Mahony, a by-election was held on 18 November 1924. The seat was won by the Cumann na nGaedheal candidate Michael K. Noonan.

1924 by-election: Cork East[5]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael K. Noonan 17,717 58.8 1 1
Republican Michael Walsh 12,399 41.2
Electorate: 53,752   Valid: 30,116   Quota: 15,059   Turnout: 56.0%

1923 general election[edit]

1923 general election: Cork East[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent John Daly 6,391 21.1 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hennessy 6,152 20.3 2 1
Republican David Kent 5,524 18.2 3 1
Farmers' Party John Dinneen 3,927 12.9 4 6
Cumann na nGaedheal Thomas O'Mahony 2,023 6.7 5 8
Farmers' Party David O'Gorman 1,672 5.5
Farmers' Party William Fahy 1,539 5.1
Cumann na nGaedheal Daniel Hegarty 1,516 5.0
Republican Séamus Fitzgerald 1,428 4.7
Republican Cornelius Molan 179 0.6
Electorate: 56,600   Valid: 30,351   Quota: 5,059   Turnout: 53.6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act, 1980: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 15 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286. 
  4. ^ a b "General election 1923: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "By-election 1924: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 28 February 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "General election June 1927: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "General election September 1927: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "General election 1932: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "General election 1933: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "General election 1948: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "General election 1951: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "By-election 1953: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "General election 1954: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  14. ^ a b "General election 1957: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  15. ^ a b "General election 1981: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  16. ^ a b "General election February 1982: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  17. ^ a b "General election November 1982: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  18. ^ a b "General election 1987: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "General election 1989: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  20. ^ a b "General election 1992: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "General election 1997: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  22. ^ a b "General election 2002: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  23. ^ a b "General election 2007: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  24. ^ a b "General election 2011: Cork East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 27 February 2011. 

External links[edit]