Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West (Dáil Éireann constituency)

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Cork Mid, North, South,
South East and West
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Outline map
Location of Cork Mid, North, South,
South East and West within Ireland
Former constituency
Created 1921
Abolished 1923
Seats 8
County/City council County Cork

Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West was a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas from 1921 to 1923. The constituency elected 8 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs) to the Dáil, using the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

History and boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created in 1921 as an 8 seater, under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, for the 1921 general election to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland, whose members formed the 2nd Dáil. It succeeded the constituencies of Cork Mid, Cork North, Cork South, Cork South East and Cork West which were used to elect the Members of the 1st Dáil and earlier UK House of Commons members.

The constituency covered most of County Cork except the northern eastern and eastern parts and also excluding Cork city.

It was abolished under the Electoral Act 1923, when it was replaced by the new Cork North and Cork West constituencies,[1] which were first used in the 1923 general election for the Members of the 4th Dáil.

TDs[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West 1921–1923[2]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
2nd 1921[3] Michael Collins
(SF)
Daniel Corkery
(SF)
Seán Hales
(SF)
Seán Hayes
(SF)
Seán MacSwiney
(SF)
Seán Moylan
(SF)
Seán Nolan
(SF)
Patrick O'Keeffe
(SF)
3rd 1922[4] Michael Collins
(Pro-Treaty)
Daniel Corkery
(Anti-Treaty)
Seán Hales
(Pro-Treaty)
Seán Hayes
(Pro-Treaty)
Michael Bradley
(Lab)
Seán Moylan
(Anti-Treaty)
Thomas Nagle
(Lab)
Daniel Vaughan
(FP)
4th 1923 Constituency abolished. See Cork North and Cork West

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

The constituency's most notable TD was Michael Collins, who was Minister for Finance in the First Dáil of 1919, Director of Intelligence for the IRA, and member of the Irish delegation during the Anglo-Irish Treaty negotiations. He was killed during the Civil War in an ambush on 22 August 1922 near the village of Béal na Bláth, days before the 1923 general election.

Elections[edit]

1922 general election[edit]

In Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West, Sinn Féin's eight candidates (all outgoing TDs from the 2nd Dáil) were joined by two from the Labour Party and two from the Farmers' Party. Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin candidates won a combined total of 45.74% of the first-preference votes, with their anti-Treaty counterparts winning a combined 23.04%. Both Labour Party candidates were elected, along with one Farmers' Party candidate, unseating two anti-Treaty Sinn Féin TDs and one pro-Treaty TD.

1922 general election: Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Michael Collins 17,106 31.2 1 1
Labour Party Michael Bradley 7,513 13.7 2 1
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Seán Hales 4,374 8.0 3 2
Farmers' Party Daniel Vaughan 5,811 10.6 4 2
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Seán Hayes 2,676 4.9 5 4
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Daniel Corkery 3,577 6.5 6 9
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Seán Moylan 4,585 8.4 7 9
Labour Party Thomas Nagle 3,224 5.9 8 9
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Seán MacSwiney 3,235 5.9
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Seán Nolan 1,226 2.2
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Patrick O'Keeffe 914 1.7
Farmers' Party Peadar O'Hourihan 561 1.0
Electorate: 88,053   Valid: 54,802   Quota: 6,090   Turnout: 62.2%

1921 general election[edit]

At the 1921 general election to the 2nd Dáil, no seats were contested in the 26 counties which became the Irish Free State. In Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West only eight candidates were nominated for the constituency's eight seats. No ballot was needed, and all eight Sinn Féin candidates were elected unopposed after the close of nominations on 24 May 1921. The 8 TDs elected are listed here in alphabetical order:[2]

1921 general election: Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin Michael Collins[5] Unopposed N/A 1
Sinn Féin Daniel Corkery Unopposed N/A 2
Sinn Féin Seán Hales Unopposed N/A 3
Sinn Féin Seán Hayes Unopposed N/A 4
Sinn Féin Seán MacSwiney Unopposed N/A 5
Sinn Féin Seán Moylan Unopposed N/A 6
Sinn Féin Seán Nolan Unopposed N/A 7
Sinn Féin Patrick O'Keeffe Unopposed N/A 8

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electoral Act, 1923: Eighth Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 2 March 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286. 
  3. ^ "1921 general election: Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 March 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "1922 general election: Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 March 2009. 
  5. ^ Michael Collins was elected to the Dáil both for Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West and also for Armagh. He chose to sit in the 2nd Dáil for the Cork constituency.

External links[edit]