Corleto Monforte

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Corleto Monforte
Comune
Comune di Corleto Monforte
Corleto Monforte.jpg
Coat of arms of Corleto Monforte
Coat of arms
Corleto Monforte is located in Italy
Corleto Monforte
Corleto Monforte
Location of Corleto Monforte in Italy
Coordinates: 40°26′N 15°22′E / 40.433°N 15.367°E / 40.433; 15.367Coordinates: 40°26′N 15°22′E / 40.433°N 15.367°E / 40.433; 15.367
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno (SA)
Frazioni Carnale
Government
 • Mayor Antonio Sicilia (since May 2006)
Area
 • Total 58 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation 683 m (2,241 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 615
 • Density 11/km2 (27/sq mi)
Demonym Corletani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84020
Dialing code 0828
Patron saint St. Barbara
Saint day July 10
Website Official website

Corleto Monforte (Curléte in Neapolitan)[1] is a town and comune with 615 residents[2] in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy.

History[edit]

Corleto Monforte gets its name from the Latin word coryletum,[3] meaning a thicket of hazeltrees (Corylus avellana). "Monforte," from the Latin words mons fortis, meaning strong hill, refers to the location's history as a fortification for feudal lords.

Francesco Torre, in his book "Cenni storici di Corleto Monforte" ("A Brief History of Corleto Monforte"), published in 1893, recounts some of the theories on the origin of the town's name:

The first title given to Corleto, as is found in historical documents, was 'Cornito,' which became 'Corneto' over time by one of those simple changes which occur in the other names of towns and cities. There are various opinions regarding the origin of this name. Some believe that Cornito, or Corneto, derives from cor nitidum, [Latin, meaning splendid heart]; others from the fact that the estate was abundant in horned animals [from Italian cornuto, meaning horned]; and, finally, others maintain that the town was called Cornito on account of the cornus arbor, as there were forests of dogwood (Cornus mas) in the area. From these three versions, the third seems to us to be more plausible, because the ancient Lucani, as related by Varro, the Antonines, and other ancient historians, were accustomed to give towns their name based on the nature of the site where they settled; and Corleto in those times was abundant, as it is still now, in dogwood. The reason for which Corneto was changed to Corleto with the turn of the centuries, we do not know. Thanks only to the aid of philology and tradition are we able to posit that the Corletani, on account of a joyful heart, named their town cor laetum [Latin, joyful heart], and this too explains the fact that Corleto uses a heart on its crest.[4]

From 1811 to 1860 it was part of the region of Sant'Angelo a Fasanella, which belonged to the District of Campania during the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

From 1860 to 1927, during the Kingdom of Italy, Corleto Monforte was a part of the mandamento of Sant'Angelo a Fasanella, still within the District of Campania.

To ensure that Corleto was distinct from other towns of the same name, the Corletani appended the phrase "at Fasanella," indicating "opposite old Fasanella," to the town's name. Following the ministerial agreement of June 30, 1862, the Town Council of Corleto replaced "at Fasanella" with the word "Monforte," effective after deliberation on November 18th of the same year. Thus, from then on, the town no longer called itself Corleto at Fasanella, but rather Corleto Monforte.

Geography[edit]

Corleto is situated in the north-west of Cilento, in the vicinity of Cilento National Park in Valdiano at the foot of the Alburni Mountains.

It is located off a country road that connects it to Postiglione and continues to the Castelcivita Caves, to the south of Strada Statale 166. The old town, which constitutes almost all of the village, stands next to a ravine overlooking the Fasanella river valley.

The only hamlet is Carnale, which consists of a scattered group of houses and farmsteads and is situated along a trunk road.

Demographic Trends[edit]

Historical Population Census:[5]

Demographic Trends of Corleto Monforte, 1861 to 2011

As of December 31, 2009, 24 of the town's inhabitants were foreign nationals (16 from Romania, 8 from Moldova).[6]

Points of Interest[edit]

  • The Old Town, well preserved, has been recently renovated and equipped with tourism routes and signs. The final portion is at the tip of the ravine, and consists of a square balcony that overlooks the valley of Fasanella. The balcony, facing west, is called Capo d'Armi ("Weapons' Bluff"), as it was the first stronghold from which enemies could be repelled. On Capo d'Armi stands the Church of St. Theodore, built in 1500, as is inscribed above what remains of the main door. Tradition, ignoring the inscription, maintains that idols were once worshiped in the temple. This leads to belief that the temple existed prior to the coming of Christ. Particularly compelling is the Piazza of Diana, so-called because it was near the temple of Diana, Goddess of the Hunt. After the coming of Christ, according to the tradition, it was made into a Christian place of worship by the name St. Maria dell'Elice. This new title was given to the temple of Diana during the act of its transformation because there was an ilex plant in front of it. The Church of St. Barbara was built in 1762 in substitution of the Church of St. Maria dell'Elice, as is apparent from the inscription on its facade. It is the largest church in the town. The church contains many excellent and antique paintings, magnificent sculptures (including a very impressive statue of St. Barbara, the patron saint of Corleto), and many altars (three of which are marble, including the largest). The church's belltower was errected upon the rocks that protrude from the right side of the Piazza Diana.[7]
  • The Forest of Corleto is a large forested area situated on the soutwestern portion of the Alburni. It borders the Passo della Sentinella, with San Rufo at its end. It mainly consists of beech trees and is naturally contiguous with Pruno, further to the south.[8]
  • The Natural Museum of the Alburni Mountains, founded in 1997, is situated in the center of the town. It is a large organization dedicated to wildlife monitoring and biological research.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ AA. VV., Dizionario di toponomastica. Storia e significato dei nomi geografici italiani, Milano, GARZANTI, 1996, p. 229.
  2. ^ Dato Istat - Resident population on December 31, 2013.
  3. ^ Data on the site of Italian municipalities
  4. ^ "La prima denominazione data a Corleto fu, come rilevasi da documenti antichi, Cornito, che in prosieguo diventò Corneto, per uno di que' semplici mutamenti, che si verificano in altri nomi di città e paesi. Varii sono i pareri intorno all'origine di questa denominazione. Taluni vogliono che Cornito, o Corneto, derivasse da cor nitidum, [dal latino nitidus, florido, fiorente, rigoglioso, n.d.r.] altri dal fatto che il suo tenimento era ricco di animali cornuti; e altri, infine, sostengono che il paese fu detto Cornito, da cornus arbor, imperocché vi erano delle selve di alberi corniole. Di queste tre versioni la terza a noi sembra più plausibile, perché i primitivi Lucani, giusta il dire di Varrone, dell'Antonini, e di altri storici antichi, erano usi dare ai paesi il nome dalla natura del luogo ove li edificavano; e Corleto in quei tempi abbondava, come tuttora abbonda, di alberi corniole. La ragione per la quale Corneto fu col volgersi dei secoli cambiato in Corleto, da noi non si sa. Solo mercé l'aiuto della filologia e della tradizione, siamo in grado di poter affermare che i Corletani perché di cuore allegro, chiamarono Corleto il loro paese da cor laetum, e di ciò sia pruova anco il fatto che Corleto ha per emblema il cuore."
  5. ^ I.Stat Statistics; URL consulted 12-28-2012
  6. ^ Demographic Statistics ISTAT
  7. ^ A Photo-tour of Corleto
  8. ^ Bosco di Corleto (in Italian)
  9. ^ Museo Naturalistico degli Alburni, di Corleto Monforte (In Italian)

External links[edit]

Media related to Corleto Monforte at Wikimedia Commons