Cormorant-class ship-sloop

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HMS Blossom
His Majesty's ship Blossom off the Sandwich Islands
Class overview
Name: Cormorant-class ship-sloop
Operators:  Royal Navy
Built: 1793 - 1817
In service: 1794 - 1833
Completed: 30
Cancelled: 1
General characteristics
Type: Ship sloop
Tons burthen: 422.7 bm
Length: 108 ft 4 in (33 m) (gundeck)
90 ft 9.625 in (28 m) (keel)
Beam: 29 ft 7 in (9 m)
Depth of hold: 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 125 (121 from 1794)
Armament:

As built:

  • Sixteen 6-pounder long guns

Later:

The Cormorant class were built as a class of 16-gun ship sloops for the Royal Navy, although an extra 2 guns were added soon after completion.

Design[edit]

The class was designed jointly by the two Surveyors of the Navy - Sir William Rule and Sir John Henslow - and six vessels to this design were ordered in February 1793; a seventh vessel was ordered in the following year. Twenty-four more were ordered to the same design in 1805 - 1806, although in this new batch 32-pounder carronades were fitted instead of the 6 pounders originally mounted in the earlier batch; of this second batch one ship (Serpent) was cancelled and another (Ranger) completed to a slightly lengthened variant of the design.

Ships[edit]

Batch 1 (with 6-pounder guns)[edit]

Name Ordered Builder Launched Fate
Cormorant 18 February 1793 Randall & Brent, Rotherhithe 2 January 1794 Blew up by accident on 24 December 1796
Favourite (i) 18 February 1793 Randall & Brent, Rotherhithe 1 February 1794 Captured by the French 6 January 1806; retaken 27 January 1807 and renamed Goree; broken up in 1817,
Hornet 18 February 1793 Marmaduke Stalkart, Rotherhithe 3 February 1794 Sold on 30 October 1817
Lynx
(see Note 1)
18 February 1793 William Cleverly, Gravesend 14 February 1794 Sold on 28 April 1813
Lark 18 February 1793 Thomas Pitcher, Northfleet 15 February 1794 Foundered on 3 August 1809
Hazard 18 February 1793 Josiah & Thomas Brindley, Frindsbury 3 March 1794 Sold on 30 October 1817
Stork 6 November 1794 Deptford Royal Dockyard 29 November 1794 Sold on 30 May 1816
  • Note 1: The Lynx caused an international incident in 1795 when she fired on the USRC Eagle.

Batch 2 (with 32-pounder carronades)[edit]

Name Ordered Builder Launched Fate
Hyacinth 12 July 1805 John Preston, Great Yarmouth 30 August 1806 Broken up in December 1820
Sabrina 12 July 1805 Robert Adams, Chapel, Southampton 1 September 1806 Sold on 18 April 1816
Herald 12 July 1805 Carver & Corney, Littlehampton 27 December 1806 Broken up in September 1817
Anacreon 12 July 1805 Plymouth Royal Dockyard
(see Note 2)
1 May 1813 Foundered with all hands on 28 February 1814
Rosamund 4 October 1805 Simon Temple, South Shields 27 January 1807 Sold on 14 December 1815
Fawn 19 October 1805 Thomas Owen, Topsham 22 April 1806 Sold on 20 August 1818
Myrtle 19 October 1805 Richard Chapman, Bideford 2 October 1807 Broken up in June 1818
Acorn 19 October 1805 George Crocker, Bideford 30 October 1807 Broken up in May 1819
Racoon 19 October 1805 John Preston, Great Yarmouth 30 March 1808 Convict prison ship in 1819; sold in August 1838
North Star 19 October 1805 John Cock, Dartmouth
(see Note 3)
21 April 1810 Sold 6 March 1817
Hesper 19 October 1805 John Cock, Dartmouth
(see Note 3)
3 July 1809 Sold 8 July 1817
Cherub 19 November 1805 John King, Dover 27 December 1806 Sold on 13 January 1820
Minstrel 19 November 1805 Nicholas Bools & William Good, Bridport 25 March 1807 Sold 6 March 1817
Wanderer 19 November 1805 James Betts, Mistleythorn 29 September 1806 Sold 6 March 1817
Sapphire 19 November 1805 Josiah & Thomas Brindley, Frindsbury 11 November 1806 Sold 18 April 1822
Blossom 19 November 1805 Robert Guillaume, Northam, Southampton 10 December 1806 Broken up in August 1848
Partridge 19 November 1805 John Avery, Dartmouth 15 July 1809 Broken up in September 1816
Egeria 19 November 1805 Nicholas Bools & William Good, Bridport 31 October 1807 Receiving ship at Devonport from 1825; broken up 1864
Favourite (ii) 30 November 1805 Jabez Bailey, Ipswich 13 September 1806 Broen up in February 1821
Tweed 30 November 1805 Thomas Iremonger, Littlehampton 10 January 1807 Wrecked off Newfoundland 5 November 1813
Ranger
(see Note 4)
30 November 1805 Richard Thorne, Fremington, Barnstaple 5 September 1807 Broken up in February 1814.
Jalouse 15 January 1806 Plymouth Royal Dockyard 13 July 1809 Sold 8 March 1819
Serpent 15 January 1806 Sheerness Royal Dockyard not laid down Cancelled 8 September 1810
Dauntless 25 March 1806 Deptford Royal Dockyard 20 December 1808 Sold for breaking on 27 January 1825
  • Note 2: The initial contractor for the Anacreon, Owen of Ringmore, Devon, went bankrupt in 1810, so work was transferred to Plymouth Dockyard.
  • Note 3: The initial contractor for North Star and Hesper, Benjamin Tanner of Dartmouth, went bankrupt in 1807 and the two contracts were transferred to John Cock.
  • Note 4: The Ranger was altered on stocks and completed to a slightly longer design, being 111¼ ft on the gundeck.

References[edit]