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Corn dog on stick
|Alternative name(s)||Pogo, dagwood dog, pluto pup, corny dog, dippy dog, cozy dog|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Main ingredient(s)||Hot dog, cornmeal batter|
Newly arrived German Texan sausage-makers, finding resistance to the sausages they used to make, have been credited with introducing the corn dog to the United States, though the serving stick came later. A US patent filed in 1927, granted in 1929, for a Combined Dipping, Cooking, and Article Holding Apparatus, describes corn dogs, among other fried food impaled on a stick; it reads in part:
I have discovered that articles of food such, for instance, as wieners, boiled ham, hard boiled eggs, cheese, sliced peaches, pineapples, bananas and like fruit, and cherries, dates, figs, strawberries, etc., when impaled on sticks and dipped in batter, which includes in its ingredients a self rising flour, and then deep fried in a vegetable oil at a temperature of about 390°F., the resultant food product on a stick for a handle is a clean, wholesome and tasty refreshment.
In 300 Years of Kitchen Collectibles, author Linda Campbell Franklin states that a "Krusty Korn Dog baker" machine appeared in the 1929 Albert Pick-L. Barth wholesale catalog of hotel and restaurant supplies. The 'korn dogs' were baked in a corn batter and resembled ears of corn when cooked.
A number of current corn dog vendors claim responsibility for the invention and/or popularization of the corn dog. Carl and Neil Fletcher lay such a claim, having introduced their "Corny Dogs" at the Texas State Fair sometime between 1938 and 1942. The Pronto Pup vendors at the Minnesota State Fair claim to have invented the corn dog in 1941. Cozy Dog Drive-in, in Springfield, Illinois, claims to have been the first to serve corn dogs on sticks, on June 16, 1946. Also in 1946, Dave Barham opened the first location of Hot Dog on a Stick at Muscle Beach, Santa Monica, California.
Corn dogs are often served as street food or as fast food. Some vendors or restaurateurs dip and fry their dogs just before serving. Corn dogs can also be found at almost any supermarket in North America as frozen food that can be heated and served. Some corn dog purveyors sell these premade frozen corn dogs which have been thawed and then fried again or browned in an oven. Premade frozen corn dogs can also be microwaved, but the cornbread coating will lack texture. Corn dogs may be eaten plain or with a variety of condiments, such as ketchup, mustard, relish and mayonnaise.
Another version is the "cornbrat" (or "corn brat"), which is a corn dog made with bratwurst instead of a wiener or hot dog. They are also sold in varieties of different hot dogs such as pork and turkey.
Small corn dogs, known as "corn puppies," "mini corn dogs," or "corn dog nuggets," are a variation served in some restaurants, generally on the children's menu or at fast food establishments. A serving includes multiple pieces, usually 10. In contrast to their larger counterparts, corn puppies are normally served stickless as finger food.
In Argentina a panchuker, (also panchuque, pancho chino), is a hot snack that can be bought near some train stations and in some places of heavy pedestrian transit. They are more popular in the inner country cities. Panchukers consist of a sausage covered with a waffle-like pastry, and have a stick in it (like a corn dog) so that it can be easily consumed. Some versions contain cheese, and sauces may be served to accompany them. Some variations may be found in Uruguay and other South American countries. Generally, panchuckers are offered as a low-price fast food and can only be seen at certain provinces of the inner country, like La Plata, Belgrano, Villa Albertina, Cipoletti, and in Buenos Aires they can be found in Barrio Chino. They are particularly popular in the province of Tucumán.
In Australia, a hot dog sausage on a stick, deep fried in batter, is known as a Dagwood Dog, Pluto Pup, or Dippy Dog, depending on region. Variants exist that use wheat-based or corn-based batters. These are not to be confused with the British and Australian battered sav, a saveloy deep fried in a wheat-flour-based batter, as used for fish and chips, which generally does not contain cornmeal. In New Zealand and South Korea, a similar battered sausage on a stick is called a "hot dog", whereas a "frankfurter" sausage in a long bun is referred to as an "American hot dog".
In Japan, a very similar food can be found at many supermarkets and convenience stores as "American Dogs" (katakana:アメリカンドッグ) for their American origin. These American Dogs, however, use a wheat-flour-based batter with no cornmeal at all.
- Neal, Rome (October 4, 2002). "The Science Of Corn Dogs". CBS News. Retrieved 2014-01-05. "Corn dogs are a food that we know from fall festivals, carnivals and tailgating. It actually got its start when German immigrants moved into Texas. Some of these new German immigrants were sausage-makers by trade, but had a hard time selling their wares in Texas. So, as a ploy, they took sausages, rolled them in a cornbread batter and fried them. The sticks came later."
- Stanley S. Jenkins (March 26, 1929). "Combined Dipping, Cooking, and Article Holding Apparatus". Abstract of Patent Number 1,706,491. United States Patent & Trademark Office. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "The Oregon Pedigree of the Corndog". Dave Knows Portland. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- "Corndogs & Pronto Pups". Lynne Olver. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- Schlueter, Roger (2006-09-10). "Deep-fried Coke sounds ... interesting". Belleville News-Democrat, Ill.
- "History of Cozy Dog Drive In". Ed Waldmire — Cozy Dog Drive In. Archived from the original on 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- "Hot Dog On A Stick". HDOS Enterprises. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- Kessler, Rachel (2001). "The Social Life of Street Food — Seattle — Corn Dog". Index Newspapers. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- "Corn dog fryer - United States Patent Number: 5431092". Google. 1995. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- "Month-Old Onion Rings and Frozen Corn Dogs — Adventures in Snacking". Cornell Daily Sun. 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- "Cooking Cheap - Battered Brats". cooking.mvmanila.com. 2005-08-04. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
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- "Unicorn, Seattle — Serves Latke Dogs". Unicorn. Retrieved 2010-01-29.[dead link]
- BobbiJoAZ (2008-06-25). "Corn Puppies (recipe)". Taste of Home. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- http://www.lagaceta.com.ar/nota/112768/Informacion_General/Se_venden_unos_8.500_panchuques_dia.html (spanish)
- GegeMac (August 22, 2010). "Festival Food in Australia: Dagwood Dogs". seriouseats.com. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Adams, Alison (September 2007). "Beer Battered Pluto Pups (recipe)". Taste.com.au. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
- "Battered Sav — Recipe & Taste Test Demo". Batteredsav.com. Retrieved 2008-07-03.[dead link]
- "National Corndog Day". corndogday.com. Retrieved 2012-04-28.