Cornelius Rost

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Cornelius Rost
Cornelius rost small.JPG
Rost at a London press conference in 1958
Born (1919-03-27)27 March 1919
Kufstein, Tyrol, Austria
Died 18 October 1983(1983-10-18) (aged 64)
Munich, Bavaria, Germany
Occupation Printer

Cornelius Rost (born 27 March 1919 in Kufstein, Austria; died 18 October 1983 in Munich, Germany)[1][2][3] was a German World War II soldier who escaped from a Soviet Gulag camp in Siberia. The experiences he described were the basis for a book, a television series and a film.

Life[edit]

Rost was born on 27 March 1919 in Kufstein, Tyrol, Austria. He was living in Munich when World War II broke out, and during the war he was captured by the Russian Army. By his own admission made in 1942, he held the rank of private, although Clemens Forell, his alias in his novel, was depicted as a Wehrmacht officer.

According to the Munich registration office, Rost returned from war imprisonment in Russia on 28 October 1947. In 1953 he started working in the in-house printing division of the Franz Ehrenwirth publishing house in Munich. He ruined numerous book covers because he had been made color blind in Russia's lead mines, where he was forced to work during his imprisonment. Ehrenwirth sought an explanation for this and thus learned about Rost's war experiences. Sensing a good story, Ehrenwirth asked Rost to write down his recollections. Rost's script was of very poor quality, but Ehrenwirth was keen on the story and hired professional writer Josef Martin Bauer to get the material into shape.[4]

Book[edit]

Personal dedication of C. Rost in an early book edition

Fearing a possible backlash by the post-war Allied authorities, Rost agreed to an oral interview only after being granted the use of the alias Clemens Forell. Bauer then processed the eight hours of taped material into his famous 1955 novel So weit die Füße tragen (As far as feet can carry).

In the 1960s Rost used some of his recollections in his own paperback, Unternehmen Konterbande (Mission Contraband), but it was never printed or published.[5] Bauer’s novel, however, was translated into at least 15 languages and is still being re-published.[6]

Death[edit]

Rost died on 18 October 1983 and was interred at Munich's Central Cemetery.[3]

True identity[edit]

Almost 20 years after Rost's death, Ehrenwirth's son Martin revealed Rost's true identity to radio journalist Arthur Dittlmann, who researched the life of Bauer for a radio feature-documentary for the author's 100th birthday anniversary.[7]

Doubts of the authenticity of Rost's claims[edit]

Comprehensive researches, condensed in 2010 into a three-hour radio feature by radio journalist Arthur Dittlmann for the Bayerischer Rundfunk (Bavarian Broadcasting Company),[8] left serious doubts about the authenticity of the events told in Rost's original story. For example, no prisoner of war camp existed at Cape Dezhnev in the Far East of Siberia at the time claimed in the book; Rost was not a Wehrmacht officer as depicted in the story; the German Red Cross, with headquarters in Munich, never received any inquiry about his whereabouts, which is unusual for a ten-year imprisonment; and Rost had been released from a Russian prisoner of war camp on 28 October 1947, about two years before his alleged escape in 1949-1952, which he therefore could not have accomplished.[9]

It is suspected[by whom?] that his story consists only partly of real experiences, and partly of hearsay and knowledge possibly acquired by reading. Among other errors, the main street in Moscow, along which he and his captured comrades were driven at the beginning of the novel, was named by Rost as Nevsky Prospekt, which is actually located in Saint Petersburg. Bauer, as the author of the book, is now blamed for not having critically cross-checked the most unreliable details in Rost's story.[citation needed]

Adaptations[edit]

In 1959 Rost's story was the subject of a six-part television adaption, starring the German character actor Heinz Weiss. When it was first aired it quickly became Germany's first television blockbuster. In 2001 it was remade as the film As Far as My Feet Will Carry Me, starring Bernhard Bettermann as Forell. Added to the story was a duel between Forell and a Soviet officer who was chasing him, ending in a showdown on a bridge on the Soviet-Iranian border. Many scenes feature characters speaking Russian and other foreign languages, without any subtitles; the intention was to convey to German and other non-Russian viewers the feeling of helplessness experienced by the protagonist with his limited knowledge of Russian.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die Odyssee des Clemens F. (German) Kölnische Rundschau, published: 27 January 2009, accessed: 21 December 2011
  2. ^ Falsche Nachkriegserinnerungen - Der Schnee von gestern (German) Sueddeutsche Zeitung, published: 23 March 2010, accessed: 21 December 2011
  3. ^ a b a short biography with a small image of his gravestone. Accessed 23 December 2011.
  4. ^ [1] (Suddeutsche Zeitung - Online), accessed: 23 December 2011
  5. ^ Archived October 20, 2010 at the Wayback Machine (Section Unbekantes Manuskript/Unknown script), accessed: 23 December 2011
  6. ^ [2] (Amazon.de - latest edition as of March, 2011.), accessed: 23 December 2011
  7. ^ [3] (Sueddeutsche Zeitung - Online), accessed: 23 December 2011
  8. ^ Arthur Dittlmann (2010-03-23). "False war-recollections...". Sueddeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "As far as your feet will cary you - A global hit - Fiction and Truth (A four-tape-interview as the basis for the novel)". Bayerischer Rundfunk (Bavarian Broadcasting Company). 2010-03-23. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 

External links[edit]