Cornell, Illinois

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Coordinates: 40°59′27″N 88°43′47″W / 40.99083°N 88.72972°W / 40.99083; -88.72972
Cornell
Village
Country United States
State Illinois
County Livingston
Elevation 632 ft (193 m)
Coordinates 40°59′27″N 88°43′47″W / 40.99083°N 88.72972°W / 40.99083; -88.72972
Area 0.64 sq mi (2 km2)
 - land 0.64 sq mi (2 km2)
 - water 0.00 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 511 (2000)
Density 803.8 / sq mi (310 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code XXXXX
Area code 815 & 779
Location of Cornell within Illinois
Location of Cornell within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Cornell, Illinois

Cornell is a village in Livingston County, Illinois, United States. The population was 511 at the 2000 census. It is a part of the geographic region known as Streatorland.

Geography[edit]

Cornell is located at 40°59′27″N 88°43′47″W / 40.990817°N 88.729832°W / 40.990817; -88.729832.[1]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.64 square miles (1.7 km2), all land.[2]

History[edit]

The modern town of Cornell is a blending of two towns founded at almost the same time. Both were attempting to attract a station on the new Fairbury Pontiac and Northwestern Railroad, which eventually became part of the Wabash Railroad.[3] The Town of Cornell was laid out by Walter P. Cornell (3 April 1811-5 May 1889) on 15 June 1871. The adjoining town of Amity was laid out two days later by Willard D. Blake (5 February 1840 – 1 June 1875).[4] Walter Cornell was born in Rhode Island, came to Illinois in 1837, served three years as County Treasurer, and was a director of the railroad.[5] Blake was a farmer who born in LaSalle County, Illinois, who died at the age of thirty-five. Ironically, while the name Cornell was kept by the new town, most of the early businesses were in the Amity part of the platt. Indeed, several early houses built in Cornell were soon moved a few blocks down to the Amity part of the town. Cornell was officially organized as a town in 1873.[6] The Original Town of Cornell was centered on a block of public land, which is today called North Park. Neither Original Town had a railroad ground, but a small triangular “Public Ground” was later added. South Park dates from a later addition to the town.[7] The town soon had several grocery stores, a bank, four churches, a stockyard, a harness shop and a newspaper the Cornell Journal.[8] The main businesses remaining in Cornell include a Casey's General Store and Fortner's Pub. Cornell Grade School is the only school in town and the mascot is the cougar. Cornell students attend high school in Flanagan, Illinois at Flanagan-Cornell High School.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 511 people, 205 households, and 142 families residing in the village. The population density was 803.8 people per square mile (308.3/km²). There were 217 housing units at an average density of 341.3 per square mile (130.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.83% White, 0.39% African American, 0.78% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population.

There were 205 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the village the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $45,313, and the median income for a family was $51,429. Males had a median income of $39,375 versus $17,273 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,655. About 8.3% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  3. ^ History of Livingston County Illinois (Chicago: LeBaron, 1878) p. 700.
  4. ^ History of Livingston, 1878, p. 413.
  5. ^ Livingston County Illinois, Biographical Record (Chicago: S. J. Clark, 1900) p. 314.
  6. ^ History of Livingston, 1878, p. 413.
  7. ^ Standard Atlas of Livingston County, Illinois (Chicago: George A. Ogle, 19ll), p.60.
  8. ^ Centennial History of Cornell, Illinois 1873–1973 (Centennial Book Committee, c. 1973, no page numbers).
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.