Cornell Law School
|Cornell Law School|
|Motto||"Lawyers in the Best Sense"|
|Parent endowment||$6.2 billion|
|Dean||Eduardo M. Peñalver (Dean)|
|Location||Ithaca, New York, US|
|Bar pass rate||90.54%|
|ABA profile||Cornell Law School Profile|
Cornell Law School is the law school of Cornell University, a private Ivy League university located in Ithaca, New York. It is one of the five Ivy League law schools and offers three law degree programs (JD, LL.M., and J.S.D.) along with several dual-degree programs in conjunction with other professional schools at the university.
Cornell Law has the third lowest faculty-to-student ratio (10.4 to 1) of ABA–accredited law schools in the United States, and for the Class of 2013, 88.6% of graduates obtained full-time, long-term, JD-required employment nine months after graduation.
The Law Department at Cornell opened in 1887 in Morrill Hall with Judge Douglas Boardman as its first dean. At that time, admission did not require even a high school diploma. In 1917, two years of undergraduate education were required for admission, and in 1924, it became a graduate degree program. The department was renamed the Cornell Law School in 1925. In 1890, George Washington Fields graduated, one of the first law-school-graduates of color in the United States. In 1893, Cornell had its first female graduate, Mary Kennedy Brown. Future Governor, Secretary of State, and Chief Justice of the United States, Charles Evans Hughes, was a professor of law at Cornell from 1891–1893, and after returning to legal practice he continued to teach at the law school as a special lecturer from 1893–1895. The law school’s residence hall is named in honor of Hughes.
In 1892, the school moved into Boardman Hall, which was constructed specifically for legal instruction. The school moved from Boardman Hall (now the site of Olin Library) to its present-day location at Myron Taylor Hall in 1937. The law school building, an ornate, Gothic structure, was the result of a donation by Myron Charles Taylor, a former CEO of US Steel, and a member of the Cornell class of 1894. Hughes Hall was built as an addition to Myron Taylor Hall and completed in 1963. It was also funded by a gift from Taylor. Another addition to Myron Taylor Hall, the Jane M.G. Foster wing, was completed in 1988 and added more space to the library. Foster was a member of the class of 1918, and was an editor of the Cornell Law Review (then Cornell Law Quarterly) and an Order of the Coif graduate. In June 2012 the school embarked on a three-year, multi-phase expansion and renovation. The first phase will create additional classroom space underground, adjacent to Myron Taylor Hall along College Avenue. The second phase will include the removal and digitization of printed materials from the library stacks so that the space can be converted to additional classroom and student space. The third phase involves converting Hughes Hall into office space.
In 1948, Cornell Law School established a program of specialization in international affairs and also started awarding LL.B. degrees. In 1968, the school began to publish the Cornell International Law Journal. In 1991, the school established the Berger International Legal Studies Program. In 1994, the school established a partnership with the University of Paris I law faculty to establish a Paris-based Summer Institute of International and Comparative Law. From 1999–2004 the school hosted the Feminism and Legal Theory Project. In 2006, the school established its second summer law institute in Suzhou, China. The Clarke Program in East Asian Law and Culture was established in 2002.
Cornell Law is housed within Myron Taylor Hall (erected 1932), which contains the Law Library, classrooms, offices, a moot court room, Hughes dining facility, dormitory space for students of the Law School, and the Cornell Legal Aid Clinic.
The law library contains 700,000 books and microforms and includes rare historical texts relevant to the legal history of the United States. The library is one of the 12 national depositories for print records of briefs filed with the United States Supreme Court. Also, there is a large collection of print copies of the records and briefs of the New York Court of Appeals. The large microfilm collection has sets of Congressional, Supreme Court, and United Nations documents, as well as a large collection of World Law Reform commission materials. Microfiche records and briefs for the United States Supreme Court, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and D.C. Circuit, and the New York State Court of Appeals are also collected. The library also has a large collection of international, foreign, and comparative law, with the main focus being on the Commonwealth of Nations and Europe. Along with this, there are also collections of public international law and international trade law. A new initiative by the library is to collect Chinese, Japanese, and Korean resources to support the Law School’s Clarke Program in East Asian Law and Culture.
Rare books in the library include the Samuel Thorne collection, which has 175 of the some of the earliest and most rare books on law. Other significant collections include the Nathaniel C. Moak library and the Edwin J. Marshall Collection of early works on equity and the Earl J. Bennett Collection of Statutory Material, a print collection of original colonial, territorial, and state session laws and statutory codes. Among the library’s special collections are 19th Century Trials Collection, Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection, Scottsboro Collection, William P. and Adele Langston Rogers Collection and the Chile Declassification Project.
For the class entering in the fall of 2012, 1,181 out of 4,054 applicants (29%) were offered admission, with 191 matriculating. The 25th and 75th LSAT percentiles for the 2012 entering class were 166 and 169, respectively, with a median of 167. The 25th and 75th undergraduate GPA percentiles were 3.54 and 3.77, respectively, with a median of 3.68.
In the LL.M. program, which is geared to non-U.S.-trained lawyers, 900 applications were received for the 50 to 60 openings. LL.M. students come from over 30 different countries.
Along with consideration of the quality of an applicant's academic record and LSAT scores, the full-file-review admissions process places a heavy emphasis on an applicant's personal statement, letters of recommendation, community/extracurricular involvement, and work experience. The application also invites a statement on diversity and a short note on why an applicant particularly wants to attend Cornell. The Law School values applicants who have done their research and have particular interests or goals that would be served by attending the school versus one of its peer institutions.
Rankings include 7th in the Law School 100 rankings, 25th in the world by the QS World University Rankings by Subject: Law, 13th in the 2015 U.S. News and World Report, and its master of laws, or LL.M., program ranked 1st in the 2011, 2010, 2008 and 2006 AUAP rankings. In 2011, the National Law Journal reported that Cornell Law graduates had the 2nd highest percent placement at the top 250 law firms.
Degree programs offered by Cornell Law:
- Juris Doctor (JD)
- Master of Laws (LL.M.)
- Doctor of Juridical Science (J.S.D.)
- Joint program with Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management (JD/MBA)
- Joint program with Cornell School of Industrial & Labor Relations (JD/MILR)
- Joint program with Cornell Institute for Public Affairs (JD/MPA)
- Joint program with Cornell College of Architecture, Art, and Planning (JD/MRP)
- Joint program in international and comparative law (JD/LL.M.)
- Joint programs in various fields (JD/MA/PhD)
The advanced degrees in law, LL.M. and JSD, have been offered at Cornell since 1928. The JD/MBA has three- and four-year tracks, the JD/MILR program is four years, the JD/MPA is four years, and JD/MRP is four years.
In addition, Cornell has joint program arrangements with universities abroad to prepare students for international licensure:
- Joint program with University of Paris (La Sorbonne) (JD/Master en Droit)
- Joint program with Humboldt University of Berlin (JD/M.LL.P)
- Joint program with Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris (JD/Master in Global Business Law)
The JD/Master en Droit lasts four-years and prepares graduates for admission to the bar in the United States and in France. The JD/M.LL.P is three years and conveys a mastery of German and European law and practices. The JD/Master in Global Business Law lasts three years.
Cornell Law School runs two summer institutes overseas, providing Cornell Law students with unique opportunities to engage in rigorous international legal studies. The Cornell-Université de Paris I Summer Institute of International and Comparative Law at the Sorbonne in Paris, France offers a diverse curriculum in the historic Sorbonne and Centre Panthéon (Faculté de droit) buildings at the heart of the University of Paris I: Panthéon-Sorbonne. Coursework includes international human rights, comparative legal systems, and international commercial arbitration. French language classes are also offered.
In 2006, Cornell Law School announced that it would launch a second summer law institute, the new Workshop in International Business Transactions with Chinese Characteristics in Suzhou, China. In partnership with Bucerius Law School (Germany) and Kenneth Wang School of Law at Soochow University (China), Cornell Law provides students from the United States, Europe, and China with an academic forum in which they can collaborate on an international business problem.
According to Cornell Law School's official 2013 ABA-required disclosures, 88.6% of the Class of 2013 obtained full-time, long-term, JD-required employment nine months after graduation. Cornell Law School's Law School Transparency under-employment score is 7.8%, indicating the percentage of the Class of 2013 unemployed, pursuing an additional degree, or working in a non-professional, short-term, or part-time job nine months after graduation.
The total cost of attendance (indicating the cost of tuition, fees, and living expenses) at Cornell Law School for the 2014-2015 academic year is $79,429. The Law School Transparency estimated debt-financed cost of attendance for three years is $297,190.
Legal Information Institute
Cornell Law also is home to the Legal Information Institute (LII), an online provider of public legal information. Started in 1992, it was the first law site developed for the internet. The LII offers all opinions of the United States Supreme Court handed down since 1990, together with over 600 earlier decisions selected for their historic importance. The LII also publishes over a decade of opinions of the New York Court of Appeals, the full United States Code, the UCC, and the Code of Federal Regulations among other resources.
It recently created Wex, a free wiki legal dictionary and encyclopedia, collaboratively created by legal experts. And the LII Supreme Court Bulletin is a free email- and web-based publication that intends to serve subscribers with thorough, yet understandable, legal analysis of upcoming Court cases as well as timely email notification of Court decisions.
The school has three law journals that are student-edited: the Cornell Law Review, the Cornell International Law Journal, and the Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy. Additionally, the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies is a peer-reviewed journal that is published by Cornell Law faculty.
Cornell Law students actively participate in myriad moot court competitions annually, both in the law school itself and in external and international competitions. The Langfan First-Year Moot Court Competition, which takes place every spring, traditionally draws a large majority of the first-year class. Other internal competitions include the Cuccia Cup and the Rossi Cup.
- Cynthia Grant Bowman, Gender Equality, Women's Rights, Feminist Jurisprudence
- Michael C. Dorf, Constitutional Law (and noted legal blogger)
- Annelise Riles, Comparative Law, International Law, Legal Anthropology
- Lynn Stout, Corporate Law, Securities Regulation, Law and Economics
- Robert S. Summers, Contract and Commercial Law
- Rob Andrews, United States Representative for New Jersey's 1st congressional district (1990-2014).
- Mark J. Bennett (1979), served as Attorney General of Hawaii
- Arnold Burns (1953), served as United States Deputy Attorney General
- Katherine Clark, United States Representative for Massachusetts's 5th congressional district (2013-Present).
- Barber Conable, United States Representative for New York's 30th congressional district (1983-1985), President of the World Bank (1986-1991).
- William vanden Heuvel, diplomat, businessman, and author.
- Philip H. Hoff (1951), served as Governor of Vermont
- Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwanese politician, chair of the Democratic Progressive Party (2014-Present).
- Norman F. Lent, United States Representative for New York's 4th congressional district (1973-1993)
- Edmund Muskie (1939), served as Governor of Maine, as a U.S. Senator, and as U.S. Secretary of State
- Peter N. Perretti, Jr. (1956), served as Attorney General of New Jersey
- Philip Perry, general counsel to the Office of Management and Budget and the Department of Homeland Security, partner at Latham and Watkins.
- Samuel Pierce (1949), served as U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- William P. Rogers (1937), U.S. Attorney General, U.S. Secretary of State, Presidential Medal of Freedom (1973).
- William Sorrell, Vermont Attorney General (1997-Present).
- Henry P. Smith, United States Representative for New York's 40th congressional district (1965-1973).
- Mary Donlon Alger (1920), first woman editor-in-chief of a US law review and Judge of the United States Customs Court (now the United States Court of International Trade)
- Peter W. Hall (1977), United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (2004-Present).
- Pamela Pepper (1989), United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin (2014-Present).
- Sang-Hyun Song (J.S.D. 1970), President of the International Criminal Court (2009-Present).
- Elbert Parr Tuttle (1923), one of the "Fifth Circuit Four," United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (1954–1981), United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (1981–1996), and as Chief Judge of the Fifth Circuit from 1960–1967. Presidential Medal of Freedom (1981).
- Richard C. Wesley (1974), United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (2003-Present).
Law and Business
- Milton S. Gould (1933), founding partner of Shea & Gould. The Milton Gould Award for Outstanding Advocacy is named in his honor.
- Ron Kuby, criminal and civil rights lawyer, counsel on cases such as Texas v. Johnson.
- Sol Linowitz (1938), Chairman of Xerox. Linowitz received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998.
- Myron Charles Taylor (1894), CEO of U.S. Steel
- Shannon Minter (1993), civil rights attorney
- Thomas A. Russo, general counsel at American International Group
- Jan Schlichtmann (1977), toxic tort plaintiffs' attorney and subject of the book and film, A Civil Action
- Edward J. Bloustein (1959), President of Rutgers University
- Bob DuPuy (1973), President of Major League Baseball
- Ari Melber (2009), Journalist and host of the MSNBC show The Cycle
- Glenn Scobey Warner (1894), legendary football coach and innovator
- Cornell Law School Official ABA Data
- "Law – Best Graduate Schools – Education – US News and World Report". Grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- ABA – LSAC Official Guide to Law Schools.
- "Cornell Law School: History". Lawschool.cornell.edu. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- "Cornell Law School: Historical Timeline". Lawschool.cornell.edu. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- Okin, Harrison. (2011-11-22) As Law Faculty Increases, School Plans Expansion | The Cornell Daily Sun. Cornellsun.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-27.
- "Tax Proof Blog: Rankings of Law Libraries". Tax Proof Blog. Retrieved 2006-06-23.
- "Cornell Law School Library". Cornell University. Retrieved 2006-06-23.
- "ABA Consumer Information". Lawschool.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
- "Cornell Law School". JDAadmission.com. Retrieved 2006-06-23.
- "Law School 100 Rankings". Retrieved 2010-11-22.
- QS World University Rankings by Subject 2012 – Law. Top Universities (2013-01-02). Retrieved on 2013-08-27.
- "Best Law School Rankings | Law Program Rankings | US News". Grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- "AUAP Rankings". Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "Top 250 firms hire most from big names". The National Law Journal. Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- "Robert S. Stevens, Cornell Law School (1919–1954)". Retrieved 2010-03-03.
- Cornell Law School: Joint Degrees. Lawschool.cornell.edu (2012-09-21). Retrieved on 2013-08-27.
- "Cornell University Profile".
- "Tuition and Expenses".
- "Cornell University Profile".
- "Legal Information Institute". Law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- Laurence, Helen; William Miller (2000). Academic research on the Internet: options for scholars and libraries. Routledge. p. 160. ISBN 0-7890-1177-8.
- Hall, Kermit; John J. Patrick (2006). The pursuit of justice: Supreme Court decisions that shaped America. Oxford University Press US. p. 244. ISBN 0-19-532568-0.
- "Wex Legal Dictionary and Encyclopedia". Topics.law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- "LII Supreme Court Bulletin". Topics.law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
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