Cornet (military rank)

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Cornet was originally the third and lowest grade of commissioned officer in a British cavalry troop, after captain and lieutenant. Abolished in 1871, it is equivalent to today's Second Lieutenant, except in the Blues and Royals and Queen's Royal Hussars, where it is still used.

History[edit]

The rank was in use by the time of the English Civil War. Among famous cornets in that conflict were George Joyce, Robert Stetson, and Ninian Beall.[1]

It was abolished along with the purchase of commissions in the Army Reform Act of 1871, replaced by Second Lieutenant.

The ranks of Ensign and Cornet were abolished in the US Army in the year 1800.[2]

The rank also existed in other nation's cavalry troops, such as those of Sweden (Kornett) and Imperial Russia (корнет), and by the Continental Army in the American War of Independence. General Alexander Macomb was initially commissioned a Cornet in a career in which he eventually became Commanding General of the United States Army.[3] It is still used in the artillery and cavalry divisions of the Netherlands (Kornet).

The rank of Veld-Cornet (Field Cornet) was used for the senior officer of a ward or sub-district in the independent republican states of the Transvaal and Oranje-Vrystaat (Orange Free State) in late 19th century South Africa. They were elected by the commandos of their ward for periods of three years. In the case of large wards, an Assistant Field Cornet could also be chosen.[4] The rank is reminiscent of the Dutch use in cavalry troops that the commandos most closely resembled.

Traditional duties[edit]

The subaltern rank of Cornet was the equivalent of the contemporary infantry rank of ensign, today's Second lieutenant in each. The cornet carried the troop standard, known as a "Guidon".

References[edit]