Cornet (military rank)
Cornet was originally the third and lowest grade of commissioned officer in a British cavalry troop, after captain and lieutenant. It is equivalent to today's Second Lieutenant. It was abolished in 1871, except in the Blues and Royals and Queen's Royal Hussars, where it is still used.
The rank also existed in other nation's cavalry troops, such as those of Sweden (Kornett) and Imperial Russia (корнет), and by the Continental Army in the American War of Independence. General Alexander Macomb was initially commissioned a Cornet in a career in which he eventually became Commanding General of the United States Army. It is still used in the artillery and cavalry divisions of the Netherlands (Kornet).
The rank of Veld-Cornet (Field Cornet) was used for the senior officer of a ward or sub-district in the independent republican states of the Transvaal and Oranje-Vrystaat (Orange Free State) in late 19th century South Africa. They were elected by the commandos of their ward for periods of three years. In the case of large wards, an Assistant Field Cornet could also be chosen. The rank is reminiscent of the Dutch use in cavalry troops that the commandos most closely resembled.
- Bell, William Gardner, Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer (Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 2006). ISBN 0-16-072376-0.
- Major-General Sir Frederick Maurice, History of the War in South Africa 1899-1902 v. 1 (of 4) (Hurst and Blackett Limited, 1906)
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