Cornish Library

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cornish Library
Cornish Library Winnipeg.jpg
Country Canada
Established 1914
Location Winnipeg, Manitoba
Coordinates 49°52.708′N 097°09.593′W / 49.878467°N 97.159883°W / 49.878467; -97.159883Coordinates: 49°52.708′N 097°09.593′W / 49.878467°N 97.159883°W / 49.878467; -97.159883
Other information
Director Rick Watkins, Branch Head
Phone number (204) 986-4679

The Cornish Library, is a branch of the Winnipeg Public Library, located in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Like the St. John's Library, the Cornish is one of two Carnegie libraries in the city. It is a Grade II listed building and a Winnipeg Landmark Heritage Structure. It was gazetted in January 15, 1993.[1] It is named in honor of Winnipeg’s first mayor, Francis Evans Cornish.[2]

Designed by the architect S. Frank Peters, the plans had to be approved by Carnegie's personal secretary, James Bertram, to assure money was not wasted on exterior ornamentation at the expense of book shelves and furniture.[3] The library is located at 20 West Gate in Cornish Park[3] on a small piece of land at one of the entrances to Armstrong's Point, near the Maryland Bridge.[4] It replaced the Winnipeg Waterworks building.[2] It is situated opposite the Shaare Zedek Synagogue on the eastern bank of the Assinboine River with the library's west elevation facing the river.[5] The Cornish Baths, Winnipeg's first indoor pool,[6] were formerly located beside the Library.[2]

History[edit]

Construction by the National Construction Company of Winnipeg began in 1914. The library opened on June 15, 1915. The foundation was damaged by flooding in 1918 and it was repaired using a $7,000 Carnegie grant.[3]

Architecture and fittings[edit]

The library, 4,600 square feet (430 m2) in size, was built in keeping with Andrew Carnegie's specifications, being of a simple plan that was characterized by classical details, fenestration and modest interior appointments.[5] Resting on a concrete foundation, it has nearly 4,000 cu. m. (141,074 cu. ft.) of interior space, 75 million bricks, 1,002 superficial sq. m. of plaster, and 229 cu. m. of concrete. The building cost approximately $30,000.[5]

Exterior[edit]

The one-storey building is rectangular and has a raised concrete basement. An ornamental, smooth-cut belt encircles both levels. There are red brick walls and limestone details. Sills are made of stone. Windows are tall and rectangular. While the hip roof is low-pitched, a centred front portico and centred rear pavilion have a gabled roof. The main entrance has a pedimented double-door. This is framed by stone columns. An carved entablature includes the words: "PUBLIC LIBRARY", "CORNISH BRANCH", and "A.D. 1914". The pediment on top of the rear pavilion haas an oculus with decorative brick and stone detailing. There are block modillions in the pediments and under the eaves. Other features include red brick chimneys with stone caps as well as a brick and stone porch with a gable roof.[5]

Interior[edit]

The library has high ceilings and windows. The basement ceilings are 12 feet (3.7 m), while the main floor ceilings are 18 feet (5.5 m).[5] The main floor has built-in perimeter bookshelves. Reading areas include partial wall and screened wall areas. The lower level is reached via stairs from the front vestibule. A central hallway in the basement separates lecture rooms. Interior doors are made of oak and glass. Other interior features include solid, wide, oak tables,[4] wood paneling, and tiled fireplaces with oak mantels.[5]

The collections are situated on the main floor while the basement has a program room that seats 60 people.[7]

Nellie McClung

Notable people[edit]

The Canadian novelist, prohibitionist, and women's rights and reform movement activist Nellie McClung lectured at the Cornish Library.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipally Designated Sites in Winnipeg Buildings Conservation List". winnipeg.ca. September 30, 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Melnick, Christine (Spring 1985). "Famous Places: The Cornish Library - 70 Years Old". Manitoba History (Winnipeg: The Manitoba Historical Society) 9. 
  3. ^ a b c d "20 WEST GATE CORNISH LIBRARY". City of Winnipeg Historical Buildings Committee. August 1992. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Casey, Stephen (1 April 2007). The greater glory: thirty-seven years with the Jesuits. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. pp. 53–. ISBN 978-0-7735-3243-4. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Cornish Library 20 West Gate, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3C, Canada". Canada's Historic Places. Parks Canada. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "PRITCHARD AVE PUBLIC BATHS". April 12, 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Cornish Library". winnipeg.mb.ca. April 21, 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.