Coromandel (New Zealand electorate)

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Coromandel electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.

Population centres[edit]

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Coromandel, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

The current Coromandel seat is based around the Coromandel Peninsula, and contains the main Coromandel towns of Thames, Whitianga, Whangamata. To the south of the electorate is the Hauraki District which contains the main townships of Paeroa, Waihi and Ngatea. It also extends an arm down into the Bay of Plenty, to take the town of Katikati, with its southern boundary on the edge of the Tauranga urban area.

2007 boundary review[edit]

Following the 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings, the Representation Commission decided to move the southern boundary of Coromandel away from Tauranga, so that Katikati will be the only large Bay of Plenty town in the seat. In exchange for this, the eastern Waikato town of Te Aroha has been transferred from the newly abolished seat of Piako. This is the largest change in Coromandel's makeup to date, and the new seat was fought for the first time at the 2008 election.

History[edit]

The Coromandel electorate was first created in 1881 for the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for three terms until 1890 and was represented by Alfred Cadman.[2]

The electorate was recreated in 1972 for the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1978 and was represented by Leo Schultz of the National Party, who had previously represented the Hauraki electorate. The Coromandel electorate was abolished again and the area again covered by the Hauraki electorate.

The electorate was once again recreated in 1987 for the 42nd session of the New Zealand Parliament. It existed for two terms until 1993 and was represented by Graeme Lee representing the National Party. The Coromandel Peninsula was afterwards covered by the Hauraki electorate, with its southern portion going into the Matakana electorate.

The electorate was again recreated in 1996 for the 45th session, which was the first term under the Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) electoral system.

The new MMP Coromandel electorate was won by Murray McLean of the National Party in 1996. In 1999, Green party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons won the electorate, after then Labour Leader (and Prime Minister after the election) Helen Clark openly encouraged Labour supporters to give their constituency vote to Fitzsimons[3] and their party vote to Labour.[4] The Green Party believes that this was the first time in the world that a Green MP had won an electorate in the first past the post voting system.[5] The electorate returned to National in the 2002 election, with Sandra Goudie the representative. Goudie retired at the 2011 election.[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key  Independent    National    Green    Alliance    NZ First  

Election Winner
1881 election Alfred Cadman
1884 election
1887 election
(Electorate abolished 1890–1972)
1972 election Leo Schultz
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978–1987)
1987 election Graeme Lee
1990 election
(Electorate abolished 1993–1996)
1996 election Murray McLean
1999 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
2002 election Sandra Goudie
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Scott Simpson
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Coromandel electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Jeanette Fitzsimons
Robyn McDonald
2002 election Jeanette Fitzsimons1
2005 election
2011 election Catherine Delahunty
2014 election

1Jeanette Fitzsimons retired on 11 February 2010, and was replaced by the next candidate on the Green Party list, Gareth Hughes.

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election 2014: Coromandel[7]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Scott Simpson 21,934 58.72 +3.67 20,547 54.17 +2.03
Green Catherine Delahunty 6,133 16.42 -0.36 3,724 9.82 -1.55
Labour Korbinian Poschl 4,236 11.34 -5.94 5,960 15.71 -2.34
NZ First Grant Ertel 3,158 8.45 +2.17 4,741 12.50 +1.47
Ban 1080 Mike Downard 420 1.12 +1.12 112 0.30 +0.30
Māori Hiria Pakinga 176 0.47 +0.47 184 0.49 +0.05
ACT David Edward Olsen 161 0.43 +0.43 142 0.37 -1.00
Internet Mana   259 0.68 +0.43
Legalise Cannabis   139 0.37 -0.26
United Future   64 0.17 -0.51
Democrats   20 0.05 -0.01
Independent Coalition   17 0.04 +0.04
Civilian   11 0.03 +0.03
Focus   7 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 313 117
Total Valid votes 37,664 38,048
National hold Majority 15,801 42.30 +4.54

2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: Coromandel[8]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Scott Simpson 18,571 55.05 -8.00 18,021 52.14 +0.49
Labour Hugh Kininmonth 5,831 17.28 -5.24 6,239 18.05 -7.94
Green Catherine Delahunty 5,660 16.18 +5.09 3,929 11.37 +3.77
NZ First Kevin Stone 2,118 6.28 +6.28 3,813 11.03 +4.70
Conservative Bruce Rurehe 853 2.53 +2.53 1,349 3.90 +3.90
Legalise Cannabis Jay Fitton 454 1.35 +1.35 217 0.63 +0.24
United Future Steve Graf 195 0.58 +0.58 236 0.68 -0.06
Independent Mapuna Turner 54 0.16 +0.16
ACT   473 1.37 -3.03
Māori   151 0.44 -0.30
Mana   87 0.25 +0.25
Libertarianz   24 0.07 +0.03
Democrats   21 0.06 +0.02
Alliance   4 0.01 -0.07
Informal votes 843 286
Total Valid votes 33,736 34,564
National hold Majority 12,740 37.76 -2.76

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,697[9]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: Coromandel[10]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Sandra Goudie 22,653 63.05 +10.10 18,855 51.65 +7.49
Labour Hugh Kininmonth 8093 22.52 -1.05 9487 25.99 -5.72
Green James Redwood 4201 11.69 -3.73 2773 7.60 +0.14
ACT Ray Basett 624 1.74 +1.26 1605 4.40 +3.42
Kiwi Huey Rurehe 360 1.00 239 0.65
NZ First   2312 6.33 -3.74
United Future   272 0.75 -1.71
Māori   269 0.74 +0.29
Progressive   217 0.59 -0.39
Bill and Ben   196 0.54
Legalise Cannabis   141 0.39 +0.10
Family Party   51 0.14
Alliance   29 0.08 +0.06
Democrats   16 0.04 -0.02
Libertarianz   13 0.04 -0.03
Pacific   11 0.03
Workers Party   11 0.03
RAM   4 0.01
RONZ   3 0.01 -0.01
Informal votes 463 204
Total Valid votes 35,931 36,504
National hold Majority 14,560 40.52 +11.14

Note: lines coloured green denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.

2005 election[edit]

General election 2005: Coromandel[11]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Sandra Goudie 19,064 52.95 +9.39 16,062 44.16 +21.78
Labour Max Purnell 8,486 23.57 -2.34 11,535 31.71 -2.68
Green Jeanette Fitzsimons 5,554 15.42 -7.46 2,713 7.46 -2.02
NZ First John Foote 1,792 4.98 3,661 10.07 -6.93
United Future Lee Robertson 652 1.81 -1.49 895 2.46 -3.84
Progressive Annette Anderson 280 0.78 -0.31 358 0.98 -0.18
ACT Ray Bassett 172 0.48 -1.80 322 0.98 -5.26
Destiny   211 0.58
Māori   165 0.45
Legalise Cannabis   104 0.29 -0.12
Christian Heritage   25 0.07 -0.82
Democrats   24 0.07
Libertarianz   24 0.07
One NZ   6 0.02 -0.06
RONZ   9 0.02
99 MP   8 0.02
Family Rights   7 0.02
Alliance   6 0.02 -0.49
Direct Democracy   2 0.01
Informal votes 260 133
Total Valid votes 36,007 36,372
National hold Majority 10,578 29.38

2002 election[edit]

General election 2002: Coromandel[12]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Sandra Goudie 14,706 43.56 +4.31 7,663 22.38 -8.75
Labour Max Purnell 8,748 25.91 +14.54 11,778 34.39 -1.49
Green Red XN Jeanette Fitzsimons 7,724 22.88 -17.10 3,232 9.48 +1.83
United Future Lee Robertson 1,113 3.30 2,159 6.30 +1.88
[note 1]
ACT David Olsen 771 2.28 2,137 6.24 -0.09
Progressive Annette Anderson 367 1.09 398 1.16
Christian Heritage David Parlour 329 0.97 306 0.89 -1.59
NZ First   5,740 17.00 +10.03
ORNZ   473 1.38
Alliance   175 0.51 -5.98
Legalise Cannabis   139 0.41 -0.37
One NZ   27 0.08 -0.02
Mana Māori   10 0.03 +0.01
NMP   7 0.02 -0.06
Informal votes 386 111
Total Valid votes 33,758 34,244
National gain from Green Majority 5,958 17.65
  1. ^ United Future swing is compared to the 1999 results of United New Zealand and Future New Zealand, who merged in 2000

1999 election[edit]

General election 1999: Coromandel[13][14]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Green Jeanette Fitzsimons[notes 1] 13,682 39.98 +39.98 2,640 7.65
National Red XN Murray McLean 13,432 39.25 +6.34 10,747 31.13
Labour Margaret Hawkeswood 3,892 11.37 -0.55 12,390 35.88
NZ First Robyn McDonald 1,237 3.61 -18.61 2,406 6.97
Alliance Tony Bird 1,217 3.56 -23.22 2,241 6.49
Christian Heritage David Parlour 760 2.22 855 2.45
ACT   2,187 6.33 +1.58
United NZ   156 0.45
Informal votes 660 353
Total Valid votes 34,880 34,880
Green gain from National Majority 250 0.73
  1. ^ The Green Party split from the Alliance Party, who Jeanette Fitzsimons stood for in 1996.

1996 election[edit]

General election 1996: Coromandel[15][16][17]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Murray McLean 12,011 33.64 11,476 31.90
Alliance Jeanette Fitzsimons 9,561 26.78 4,561 12.68
NZ First Robyn McDonald 7,932 22.22 7,251 20.15
Labour Margaret Hawkeswood 4,255 11.92 7,823 21.74
ACT Thomas Howard 833 2.33 1,710 4.75
United NZ Gail McIntosh 433 1.21 276 0.77
McGillicuddy Serious Gary Young 267 0.75 116 0.32
Superannuitants & Youth Vern Byrne 189 0.53 43 0.12
Progressive Greens Ralph Dell 145 0.41 79 0.22
Natural Law Mimousse Hodgson 76 0.21 64 0.18
Christian Coalition   1,877 5.22
Legalise Cannabis   576 1.60
Animals First   48 0.13
Green Society   23 0.06
Libertarianz   20 0.06
Conservatives   14 0.04
Advance New Zealand 5 0.01
Asia Pacific United 5 0.01
Ethnic Minority Party 5 0.01
Mana Māori   5 0.01
Te Tawharau 3 0.01
Informal votes 394 116
Total Valid votes 35,702 35,980
National win new seat Majority 2,450 6.86

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 99, 156.
  3. ^ Bernard Orsman (28 October 1999). "Key electorate: Coromandel". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Left Turn: The New Zealand General Election of 1999. Victoria University Press. 2000. p. 237. ISBN 9780864734044. 
  5. ^ "Fitzsimons to Pass Co-leadership Torch in June". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  6. ^ "Coromandel MP Sandra Goudie to retire". New Zealand Herald. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  7. ^ Coromandel results, 2014
  8. ^ Coromandel results, 2011
  9. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011. 
  10. ^ Coromandel result 2008
  11. ^ Official Count Results – Coromandel
  12. ^ Official Count Results – Coromandel
  13. ^ "Official Count Results – Coromandel - Electorate Candidate Vote". 
  14. ^ "Official Count Results - Coramandel - Party Vote". 
  15. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Coromandel, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]