|City of Corona|
A view of Corona
|Nickname(s): The Circle City, Crown Colony, Queen Colony, Indianapolis of the West|
|Motto: "To Cherish Our Past, To Plan Our Future"|
Location of Corona, California
|Incorporated||July 13, 1896|
|• Mayor||Karen Spiegel|
|• Total||38.930 sq mi (100.829 km2)|
|• Land||38.825 sq mi (100.558 km2)|
|• Water||0.105 sq mi (0.272 km2) 0.27%|
|Elevation||678 ft (206 m)|
|• Rank||3rd in Riverside County
33rd in California
159th in the United States
|• Density||4,100/sq mi (1,600/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652691, 2410232|
Corona is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 152,374, up from 124,966 at the 2000 census. The cities of Norco and Riverside lie to the northeast, Chino Hills to the northwest, Yorba Linda, the Cleveland National Forest and the Santa Ana Mountains to the southwest; unincorporated areas of Riverside County line all of its other borders.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Economy
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Neighborhoods
- 6 Politics
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Missing time capsules
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Corona, founded at the height of the Southern California citrus boom in 1886, is advantageously situated at the upper end of the Santa Ana River Canyon, the only significant pass through the Santa Ana Mountains. The town of Corona was once the "Lemon Capital of the World." A museum there presents the lemon's former role in the local economy. The city derived its name (and its nickname, The Circle City) from the curious layout of its streets, with a standard grid enclosed by the circular Grand Boulevard, 2.75 miles in circumference. The street layout was designed by Hiram Clay Kellogg, a civil engineer from Anaheim who was an influential figure in the early development of Orange County. In 1896, originally named South Riverside, the city was renamed Corona for Grand Boulevard, where three international automobile races were held in 1913, 1914 and 1916.
It was established as a town when the South Riverside Land and Water Company was incorporated. Founding members included ex-Governor of Iowa, Samuel Merrill, R.B. Taylor, George L. Joy, A.S. Garretson, and Adolph Rimpau. Originally a citrus growers' organization, it purchased the lands of Rancho La Sierra of Bernardo Yorba, and the Rancho Temescal grant and the colony of South Riverside was laid out. They also secured the water rights to Temescal Creek, its tributaries and Lee Lake. Dams and pipelines were built to carry the water to the colony. In 1889, the Temescal Water Company was incorporated, to supply water for the new colony. This company purchased all the water-bearing lands in the Temescal valley and began drilling artesian wells.
In 2002, the city government considered an initiative to secede from Riverside County and form an autonomous Corona County because the city government and some residents were dissatisfied with how services were handled in nearby areas. The effort was also considered by areas in other cities in the western part of the county as far south as Murrieta. Whether nearby cities such as Norco, California would have been included in the new county are unknown. The proposed county would have been bordered by San Bernardino County to the northwest, and by Orange County to the west, but it never came to fruition.
The city of Corona has been popular among celebrities drawn to its upscale areas and relative privacy compared to Los Angeles. Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball spent time at their ranch, located in south Corona, and played golf often at Cresta Verde Golf Course in the northeastern section of the city. After their divorce, Mr. Arnaz continued to live in Corona.
In recent years Corona has been known as the Gateway to the Inland Empire. Prior to the 1980s, the city was a largely agricultural community, dominated by citrus orchards, ranches, and dairy farms. High real estate prices in Los Angeles and Orange counties made the area's land desirable to developers and industrialists, and by the late 1990s Corona was considered a major suburb of Los Angeles.
Corona has become a bedroom community for Orange County, Los Angeles, and the larger cities of the Inland Empire. The development of commerce and industry in the city has been accelerated by access to the area via the Riverside Freeway, with many firms leaving northern Orange County to be closer to their employees' homes in Corona and Riverside. The construction of the nearby Chino Valley Freeway has linked Corona to the Pomona and San Gabriel valleys.
|Name||Date placed||Description||Location||Placed by|
|Butterfield Stage Station||1934||First used 1858||20730 Temescal Canyon Road||Corona Woman's Improvement Club|
|Corona Founders||1936||Land purchase of May 4, 1886||Corona City Park||20-30 Club of Corona|
|Old Temescal Road||1959||Route of Luiseno and Gabrieleno Indians, and early white settlers||11 miles south on old Highway 71||Corona Woman's Improvement Club and State Park Commission|
|Painted Rock||May 4, 1927||Indian pictograph||Old Temescal Canyon Road||Corona Woman's Improvement Club|
|Third Serrano Adobe||1981||Owned by Josefa Serrano, widow of Leandro||I-15 and Old Temescal Road||E Clampus Vitus, Hydro Conduit Corp., Phil Porretta family|
|Serrano Tanning Vats||1981||Built 1819||I-15 and Old Temescal Road||E Clampus Vitus, Hydro Conduit Corp., Phil Porretta family|
Geography and climate
Corona is located at (33.8700, −117.5678).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.9 square miles (101 km2), of which, 38.8 square miles (100 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.27%) is water.
In recent years, there are talks to construct a proposed 10-mile automobile and fast-speed train tunnel under Santiago Peak to connect Interstate 15 in Corona with Interstate 5 and the 55 Freeway of Orange County, to cut down on commuter traffic on the already crowded or high-traffic 91 Freeway.
Corona experiences a warm Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification CSa) and has mild winters and hot summers. Most of the rainfall (as in all of Southern California) occurs during winter and early spring. The winter low temperatures can get cold enough for frost, with rare snowfall seen on the local foothills. Winter days are pleasant, with the mercury staying around 65 degrees Fahrenheit (occasionally warming into the 70s). Summertime is hot, with highs averaging in the low 90s. During the hottest months, daytime temperatures in Corona often exceed 100 degrees.
|Climate data for Corona, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||93
|Average high °F (°C)||68
|Average low °F (°C)||42
|Record low °F (°C)||23
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.72
Some businesses headquartered in Corona:
- Fender Musical Instruments Corporation guitar manufacturer. Includes the Fender Custom Shop and the Fender Center for Music Education, commonly known as the Fender Museum.
- Monster Beverage, a manufacturer of soft drinks, including Hansen's beverages and the Monster Energy drink line.
- Saleen, manufacturer of exotic, high-performance sports cars.
- Watson Pharmaceuticals, the 5th largest pharmaceutical company in the United States based on number of prescriptions dispensed.
- West Coast Customs, a car remodeling company featured on the MTV show Pimp My Ride, and now on Discovery Channel show Street Customs.
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Corona-Norco Unified School District||4,906|
|2||Corona Regional Medical Center||1,171|
|4||City of Corona||894|
|7||All American Asphalt||650|
Major shopping areas in Corona include:
- The Crossings at South Corona, containing over sixty-five major retailers, as well as movie theaters and restaurants
- The Shops at Dos Lagos, an open air mall with a large selection of upscale shopping and dining
- Corona Hills Plaza and Marketplace – large retail center in North Corona including grocery stores, restaurants, and other mixed retail
The 2010 United States Census reported that Corona had a population of 152,374. The population density was 3,914.0 people per square mile (1,511.2/km²). The racial makeup of Corona was 90,925 (59.7%) White (38.1% Non-Hispanic White), 8,934 (5.9%) African American, 1,153 (0.8%) Native American, 15,048 (9.9%) Asian, 552 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 28,003 (18.4%) from other races, and 7,759 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 66,447 persons (43.6%).
The Census reported that 151,863 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 229 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 282 (0.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 44,950 households, out of which 22,735 (50.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 27,357 (60.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,971 (13.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,004 (6.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,690 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 289 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,455 households (14.4%) were made up of individuals and 2,224 (4.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.38. There were 36,332 families (80.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.72.
The population was spread out with 45,674 people (30.0%) under the age of 18, 15,504 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 44,215 people (29.0%) aged 25 to 44, 35,801 people (23.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,180 people (7.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.
There were 47,174 housing units at an average density of 1,211.8 per square mile (467.9/km²), of which 30,210 (67.2%) were owner-occupied, and 14,740 (32.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 103,170 people (67.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 48,693 people (32.0%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Corona had a median household income of $78,982, with 9.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line. 
As of the census of 2000, there were 124,996 people, 37,839 households, and 30,384 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,555.5 people per square mile (1,372.7/km²). There were 39,271 housing units at an average density of 1,117.3 per square mile (431.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.0% White, 6.4% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 7.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 17.5% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. 25.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 37,839 households out of which 49.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 14.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.3 and the average family size was 3.6.
In the city the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $98,615, and the median income for a family was $83,505 (these figures had risen to $88,620 and $95,450 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $44,752 versus $31,884 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,001. About 6.0% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
The north part of the city of Corona borders the city of Norco. This area (north of CA 91) is primarily residential and commercial. The makeup is primarily middle and upper-middle income, with most housing being built after the late 1990s, and is known for being well maintained and very safe This area is home to well rated schools as well as shopping including Costco, Home Depot, and others. Prominent areas include Corona Hills and Corona Ranch.
The central city area includes the inner circle of Grand Avenue as well as all areas south of CA 91 and north of Ontario Avenue. This is the oldest area of the city by far, with most housing having been built around 1910. This part of the city has a mixed Hispanic and white population, and this historical area is home to many restored homes.
South Corona is the newest and most upscale part of the city, and is located south of Ontario Avenue. Most housing stock was built between the early 2000s to the present, and ranges from suburban neighborhoods to custom built mansions in the foothills. This area has the highest rated schools in the city (as well as some of the highest in the region) and is known for being very clean, homogeneous, and well maintained. It is primarily upper-middle class and upper class income levels. Most of the residents of south Corona are of Caucasian descent.
Temescal Valley, California is an unincorporated but census-designated area in Riverside County at the southernmost end of Corona city limits, and is included in the city's sphere of influence. It includes the neighborhoods of Sycamore Creek, Trilogy, The Retreat and Horsethief Canyon Ranch. As of 2013, the City of Corona has applied for annexation of the area through the Riverside County Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCO).
On September 26, 2013, the Commission formally denied the City of Corona's request for annexation. The contract between Corona and the County to provide its emergency services to the northern-third of Temescal Valley persists.
Although the arguments of the opponents of annexation included the fear of being "Coronians" and losing the area's identity, Temescal Valley's ZIP Code remains associated with Corona, CA.
In the state legislature Corona is located in the 37th Senate District, represented by Republican Bill Emmerson, and in the 71st Assembly District, represented by Republican Jeff Miller. Federally, Corona is located in California's 42nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +12 and is represented by Republican Ken Calvert.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2012)|
The city is served by the Chino Valley (SR 71), Ontario (I-15), and Riverside (SR 91) freeways. The city is also linked with the 91 Line and Riverside Line of the Metrolink commuter rail system, which has also expanded into Perris and Moreno Valley.
The city's downtown area is circled by Grand Boulevard, which is very unusual for being perfectly circular. The street is approximately 1 mile in diameter.
There's a proposal to erect a new four-lane freeway along/near Cajalco Road/Ramona Expressway to connect Interstate 15 with that of I-215. In addition, there is a possibly of constructing a 7.5 mile tunnel under the Santiago Peak Mountains to the Eastern Transportation Corridor of the FastTrak toll-road company system in Orange in Orange County, due to increased freeway commute traffic on State Route 91, needs to be reduced by another freeway from the OC to Riverside.
Corona Municipal Airport (FAA designator: AJO) serves the city and has a 3,200-foot (980 m) runway. On January 20, 2008, two small passenger aircraft collided over Corona, killing all four men aboard the planes and another man on the ground. In the past ten years, there have been five fatal plane crashes around Corona.
There are eight high schools in Corona: Corona, Centennial, Lee V. Pollard (formerly Buena Vista), Orange Grove, Santiago, Norco, John F. Kennedy Middle College High School and Eleanor Roosevelt High School.
There are seven middle schools in Corona: Auburndale, Citrus Hills, Corona Fundamental, El Cerrito, Raney, Norco, and River Heights.
There are also 31 elementary schools in the city: John Adams, Susan B. Anthony, Clara Barton, Cesar Chavez, Corona Ranch, Coronita, Eastvale, Dwight Eisenhower, Foothill, Ben Franklin, Garretson, Harada, Highland, Home Gardens, Jefferson, Lincoln Alternative, William McKinley, Norco, Orange, Parkridge, Prado View, Promenade, Rosa Parks, Riverview, Sierra Vista, Stallings, Temescal Valley, Dr. Bernice Todd, Vandermolen, Vicentia, Victress Bower, George Washington and Woodrow Wilson.
Private schools include St. Edwards Catholic School and Crossroads Christian School.
Southern California Edison services most of the electricity and a small part of the city is serviced by Corona Department of Water and Power. Waste Management Inc. provides waste disposal for the city.
- Travis Barker – drummer for Blink-182, Boxcar Racer, The Transplants, and +44
- Vontaze Burfict – linebacker for the Cincinnati Bengals
- Richard Dornbush - figure skater 
- Heath Farwell – linebacker and special teams for the Seattle Seahawks
- Cirilo Flores - Roman Catholic bishop
- Troy Glaus – former baseball player Los Angeles Angels Of Anaheim
- Larissa Hodge – (Bootz) reality television participant, (Flavor of Love 2), (Flavor of Love Girls: Charm School)
- Tyler Hoechlin – actor, baseball player
- Candy Johnson – dancer and singer in 1960s A.I.P. Beach Party movies
- Matt Kalil – offensive lineman for the Minnesota Vikings
- Ryan Kalil – offensive lineman for the Carolina Panthers
- Joe Kelly – starting pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals
- Kerry King – guitarist for Slayer
- Crystal Lewis – Christian music singer, TV actress
- Mitch Lucker – vocalist for Suicide Silence until 2012 fatal motorcycle accident
- Taylor Martinez – quarterback for the Nebraska Cornhuskers
- Taryne Mowatt – Arizona Wildcats All-American softball pitcher and two-time ESPN ESPY Award winner
- Ricky Nolasco – Major League Baseball pitcher for the Minnesota Twins
- Michael Parks - actor, Kill Bill and other films
- Lonie Paxton – former football player for the Denver Broncos, currently a free agent
- Jenni Rivera – vocalist/songwriter of banda music
- D.J. Strawberry – professional basketball player
- Jodie Sweetin – actress known for her role as Stephanie Tanner on the television sitcom Full House
- Gary Webb – investigative journalist
Missing time capsules
Corona has been referred to as the 'record holder in the fumbled time capsule category' with 17 time capsules buried – and lost.
- Rancho Temescal (Serrano)
- Freeway Complex Fire – a 2008 wildfire that started at the Yorba Linda/Corona city limit line.
- PE.com: Corona: Circle citys circle makes national register
- Corona, California: The city that doubled as a race course. Hemmings Daily. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- U.S. Census
- "Corona: 'Circle City' to mark centennial of road races". The Press-Enterprise. August 16, 2013. "...Grand Boulevard seems a quaint oddity. A perfect circle, with a circumference just over 2.75 miles, it's the rationale for Corona's tagline as the 'Circle City'."
- Hoover, Mildred B.; Hero & Ethel Rensch, and William N. Abeloe (1966). Historic Spots in California. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4482-9.
- Ellerbe, History of Temescal Valley, pp. 18–19
- Santa Barbara News Press article on the county split proposal there with a brief mention of the proposed Corona County.
- Johnson, Marael (1995). Why Stop? A Guide to California Roadside Historical Markers. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company. pp. 38–39. ISBN 978-0884159230. OCLC 32168093.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Corona weather averages". Weather. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
- Watson Pharmaceuticals: Locations
- City of Corona CAFR
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Corona city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0616350.html. Missing or empty
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0616350.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Corona 2007 Income Estimates
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- California Department of Health Services
- "Corona-Norco Unified School District". 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2009
- USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
- Corona Sunnyslope Cemetery Find A Grave
- Corona Sunnyslope Cemetery
- "International Skating Union Bio: Richard Dornbush". Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- "Autobiography: Crystal Lewis Official Website". www.crystallewis.com. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
- Dyball, Rennie. "Full House's Jodie Sweetin "I Can't Believe How Far I've Come" – Babies, Personal Success, Substance Abuse, Jodie Sweetin : People.com". www.people.com. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
- "Most Wanted Time Capsules". The Crypt of Civilization. Oglethorpe University. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Corona, California.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Corona.|
- Official website
- InnerCircleCorona – a community communications system partially sponsored by the City of Corona
- Corona, California at DMOZ