Corona (soft drink)
|Founder||William Evans, William Thomas|
|Products||Corona bottled carbonated drinks|
Corona was a brand of carbonated beverage available in the United Kingdom produced by Thomas & Evans Ltd. The firm was created by grocers William Thomas and William Evans when they saw a market for soft drinks caused by the growing influence of the temperance movement in South Wales. The company's first factory was based in Porth, Rhondda and eventually the company had 87 depots and factories. Corona was sold to The Beecham Group in the 1950s and subsequently to Britvic Soft Drinks, but stopped trading as a brand in the late 1990s.
Creation of Thomas & Evans
William Thomas was born in 1851 in Mathry in Pembrokeshire in the west of Wales. He came from a family of farmers, and at the age of 14 he left home to take up an apprentice as a butcher in Newport. In 1874 he married Rowena Rowlands and the two moved to the village of Aberbeeg where he set up a butcher's shop, the two of them living in the premises above. The business was a success and soon a warehouse was added and the shop enlarged.
In 1882 William Evans (born 1864), who himself came from Pembrokeshire, came to work at the shop and ended up living with the family for three years. The two men became business partners setting up a chain of grocery stores and a few years later they branched into the soft drinks market. Initially, Evans had not considered producing non-alcoholic beverages, but a chance meeting with an American business man and the growing temperance movement that was prevalent in the south Wales valleys led him to the production of carbonated drinks. Although partners, Thomas provided the money to set up the business and the money he loaned to Evans was set an interest rate of 50%.
Their first major plant was based in Porth in the Rhondda Valleys, the heartland of the industrial coalfield in south Wales. Named the Welsh Hills Mineral Water Factory, the building opened during the 1890s and boasted state-of-the-art bottling machinery and a process to safely clean the glass bottles, allowing for the bottles to be reused after being returned by the customer for a small deposit. The bottles originally used Hiram Codd's globe-stopper with a wire hinged top to keep in the pressure of the carbonated drinks. Initially the firm produced mineral water and ginger beer, under the brand Thomas & Evans' Welsh Hills soft drinks, in the hope they could gain a foothold in public houses as a non-alcoholic alternative. This was an unsuccessful venture, and Evans was forced to find an alternative market for his drinks. Evans struck upon the idea of selling door-to-door using horse and wagon, and soon his venture became a success, with the company branching into other more child-friendly flavours, such as orangeade, dandelion and burdock, raspberryade and lemonade. By the turn of the century the company had over 200 salesman delivering Corona drinks by horse drawn delivery wagon across Wales, and two massive steam driven vehicles.
In the early 1920s Evans decided to re-brand his soft drinks and chose the name Corona. A logo was devised consisting of seven wire topped bottles fanned to represent a crown over the company's new name. The brand was extremely successful and expanded across south Wales, and at its peak the company consisted of 82 distribution depots and five factories, at Porth, Tredegar, Pengam, Maesteg and Bridgend. Although a common and popular sight throughout Wales, the horse and wagon were slowly phased out during the early 1930s to be replaced by a fleet of motor vehicles. These vehicles, recognizable by their red and gold livery and Corona logo, were serviced and repaired by the companies own engineering shop attached to the Porth factory. By 1934 the Porth depot had 74 vehicles and just three years later that number had risen to 200.
In 1934 William Evans died and the role of chairman and managing director was taken over by his brother Frank, a role he would maintain until 1940. Under Frank Evans' management the company continued to grow and by the end of the decade the factories of Wales were producing 170 million bottles a year. With the outbreak of war in 1939, many of Thomas and Evans motor vehicles were commandeered by the government for war service. This, along with the rationing of petrol saw a brief reintroduction of the horse and wagon delivery service. With the end of the war in 1945, the company went back into full production and reintroduced their motorized fleet. In 1950 the firm launched Tango, one of its more enduring line of drinks which would continue to be manufactured after Corona ceased as a company.
In 1958 the company was bought by The Beecham Group, who kept the company brand. Although production continued to be centralised in South Wales the depots now began to appear all over the United Kingdom. Under new management Corona reached a new audience and during the 1960s was promoted on television in a series of advertisements starring British singer and comedian Dave King. With the rise of supermarkets in the late 1960s and 1970s the public's shopping habits changed and the door-to-door sales dropped. It was during the 1970s that one of Corona's most memorable advertising campaigns was launched under the slogan "Every bubble's passed its FIZZical!". In 1987 the company again changed hands coming under the ownership of Britvic Soft Drinks. Britvic closed the Welsh Hills plant in Porth in 1987 with production being transferred to Bolton in England.
In 2000 the old Corona factory in Porth was converted into a music recording studio named The Pop Factory, a play on words where the colloquial term for a carbonated drink is 'pop' connected to the style of music, pop.
- Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Menna, Baines; Lynch, Peredur I., eds. (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.
- Bacchetta, Rudd (2000) p.63
- "Man who put the fizz into the South Wales Valleys". walesonline.co.uk. 11 October 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- Bacchetta, Rudd (2000) p.64
- Bacchetta, Rudd (2000) p.72
- Carradice, Phil (26 June 2012). "The story of Corona pop". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- Pearson, David (2013). The 20 Ps of Marketing: A Complete Guide to Marketing Strategy. Kogan Page Publishers. p. 81. ISBN 9780749471071.
- Bacchetta, Rudd (2000) p.73
- "Britvic tries Seventies revival for Corona". marketingweek.co.uk. 1 September 1995. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- Roberts, Andy (8 July 2011). "Rhondda Pop Factory taken over by Valleys Kids charity". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- Bacchetta, Aldo; Rudd, Glyn (2000). Porth, Gateway to the Rhondda. Stroud: Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-2161-1.