Corophium

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Corophium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Amphipoda
Suborder: Corophiidea
Family: Corophiidae
Genus: Corophium
Latreille, 1806
Species

See text

Corophium is a genus of the amphipod family Corophiidae.[1] Formerly a much larger genus, many species have been transferred to segregate genera such as Monocorophium and Crassicorophium.

Species[edit]

Corophium contains 12 species,[2] after the genus was divided into a number of new genera in 1997:[3]

Corophium arenarium[edit]

C. arenarium may reach 7 mm long and looks very similar to C. volutator. It burrows in bottom sediments, between 10 and 60 metres deep. C. arenarium occurs on the coasts of France and the North Sea.[4]

Corophium multisetosum[edit]

C. multisetosum may grow to 9 mm and builds mud burrows in clay or sand in fresh or weakly brackish habitats. It occurs on the coasts of the Netherlands, France, Germany, Poland and the British Isles.[5]

Corophium volutator[edit]

Main article: Corophium volutator

C. volutator inhabits the upper layers of sand on the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany, the United Kingdom and France, as well as in the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. They grow to 10 mm, and can occur in huge quantities: up to 40,000 per square metre have been observed.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ERMS taxon details: Corophium Latreille, 1806". European Register of Marine Species. December 21, 2004. 
  2. ^ Jim Lowry, Mark Costello & Denise Bellan-Santini (2011). J. Lowry, ed. "Corophium Latreille, 1806". World Amphipoda database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved November 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ E. L. Bousfield & P. M. Hoover (1997). "The amphipod superfamily Corophioidea on the Pacific coast of North America: 5. Family Corophiidae: Corophiinae, new subfamily: systematics and distributional ecology". Amphipacifica 2 (3): 67–139. 
  4. ^ M. J. de Kluijver & S. S. Ingalsuo (1999). "Corophium arenarium". Macrobenthos of the North Sea. 
  5. ^ M. J. de Kluijver & S. S. Ingalsuo (1999). "Corophium multisetosum". Macrobenthos of the North Sea. 
  6. ^ M. J. de Kluijver & S. S. Ingalsuo (1999). "Corophium volutator". Macrobenthos of the North Sea. 
  7. ^ J. A. Percy (1999). "Master of the Mudflats". Bay of Fundy Ecosystem Partnership.